Aristotle

Heloise Tudor
Mind Map by Heloise Tudor, updated more than 1 year ago
Heloise Tudor
Created by Heloise Tudor over 6 years ago
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Description

A mindmap about Aristotle's Four Causes and Potentiality + Actuality. For the AS-level Philosophy course.

Resource summary

Aristotle
1 Disagreed with his teacher - Plato. Said there aren't 2 separate realms.
2 The world we live in is the place where we can have true knowledge.
3 We come to understand things through sense experience.
4 He rejected Plato's Theory of the Forms and said the world is made of matter.
5 The Four Causes
5.1 1. Material Cause: what something's made of, the matter/substance it's made of e.g. a book is made from paper
5.2 2. Formal Cause: what its characteristics are, what gives the matter its form or structure.
5.3 3. Efficient Cause: its reason for existing, how itcomes to exist, the creator of it.
5.4 4. Final Cause: its use, the reason it is the way it is, its function.
5.5 Example - a statue: 1. marble 2. shape of a statue 3. a mason made it 4. to honour or remember someone
6 Potentiality + Actuality
6.1 Potentiality = matter has the potential to acquire its final form/telos
6.2 Everything has a purpose/telos
6.3 Potentiality is actualised by motion
6.4 Example: a tadpole has the potentiality to become a frog. The process of change (motion) from tadpole to frog is 'actualisation'. The telos of a tadpole is to become a frog.
6.5 Telos can be frustrated e.g. a tadpole could be eaten by a heron
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