GCSE English Literature Mind Map on MACBETH pt 2, created by Mayibongwe Chivizhe on 04/24/2017.
Mayibongwe Chivizhe
Mind Map by Mayibongwe Chivizhe, updated more than 1 year ago
Mayibongwe Chivizhe
Created by Mayibongwe Chivizhe about 7 years ago

Resource summary

    1. This is where Macbeth becomes more murderous, It begins with Macbeth and Banquo talking about what Banquo has planned to do for the day so macbeth can tell the murderes where he is going to be so the Murder can take place. Lady Macebth is not involved in this plan but she notices that achieving their ambition will not make them happier ('our desire is got without content'). At this point there is a change in the relationship between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth as Macbeth tells her to be 'innocent of the knowledge' until 'thou applaud the deed' this is contrary to the murder of Duncan when Lady Macbeth was pushing for the murder
      1. After the murder of Banquo there is Macbeths banquet. The murderers tell Macbeth that they killed Banquo but Fleance got away. Lady Macbeth reminds macbeth that they have to attend to the guest so Macbeth attempts to be brave and carry on with the feast. Banquo's ghost appears adding to the supernatural element of the play but also alludes to the fact that Macbeth's sanity is being pushed to the limit. Lady Macbeth at this points references her first speech in the act by asking Macbeth 'Are you a Man' Lady Macbeth attmepts to cover for Macbeth by saying this is an illness he has had from childhood. Macbeth now says he has to go and see the witches despite Lady Macbeth's discouragement.He says he has stepped too 'far in' that he cannot stop now.
        1. The final act in this scene is where the lords start to doubt Macbeth and they refer to him as the 'tyrant'.
          1. The witches scene emphasises the depths of their evil. The ingredients added into the cauldron are described in a very demonic way. The lexical set used includes words like 'posioned, venom and hellbroth' shows they intend to bring evil. They even include parts of humans. The witches seem to have no conscience. When the second witch 'By the pricking of my thumbs, something wicked this way comes' underlines how evil Macbeth has become. The witches are clearly wicked beings themselves and even they think Macbeth is evil. The witches tell Macbeth to'Beware Macduff' . The second prediction contradicts the first as they say 'None of woman born Shall harm Macbeth' . The final prediction which says 'Great Birnam wood to high dynsinane shall come'' Macbeth will not be harmed leads macbeth to believe he is untouchabke as the forest cant move. The last vision shows Banquo's children reigning scotland he calls this a 'horrible sight'.
            1. Macbeth then says 'damnd all those that trust them!' in re ference to the witches. This is ironic as he has put his trust in them. This forebodes his death as since he trusts them he will be damned. Macbeth decides to act quick and send people to muder Macbeth's family including his 'babes' The killing of innocents brings Macbeth to his lowest point.
            2. Lady Macduff knows that she is in danger and questions her husbands dcision to leave the country which is against status quo for women at that time
              1. Final scene features Macduff trying to persuade Malcolm to return to Scotland and take back the throne. Malcolm does not know whether Macduff is loyal so he sets up a test fir him: he goes to the ectent of syaing if that if everyone knew about his sins Macbeth would appear 'white as snow'. Macduff tries to prove that Macbeth is not the better man which in trun proves Macduff's loyalty. Ross arrives after this and tells Macduff that Macbeth has killed his children. He is told to 'dispute it like a man'
              2. IMPORTANT QUOTES ACT 5
                1. Lady macbeth suffers for her earlier actions. She is watched by her maid and a Doctor as she walks in her sleep. Lady Macbeth 'has light by her Continually; tis her command'' this is to emphasise that Lady Macbeth can no longer bear night and darkness. She is washing her hands as she is replaying the events that happened earlier in the night of the murder. She says 'Yet who would have thought the old man to have had so much blood in him', 'Will this ne'er be clean?' . It is at this point that she realises the consequences of what she has done and her conscience cant rest.
                  1. The Doctor and the Maid cant talk freely about what they are hearing because they can not accuse Lady Macbeth of the murder without being disloyal. As Malcolm and the aenglish army approach Macbeth asks the Doctor about his wife and the Doctor says he cant cure here
                    1. The 'thanes fly from Macbeth' but he keeps repeating to them that he is safe until 'Birnham forest come to dunsinane'. Te futility of his words is made clear when Malcolm tells this soliders to cut down trees and walk with them in front to hide their numbers.
                      1. Lady Macbeth dies and he is barely effected. He says 'Life's but a walking shadow, a poor player. That struts and frets his hour upon the stage, And then is heard no more' This suggests life is worthless. He sees at this point Birnham coming to dunsinane and notices the witches trickery and acknowledges he can do nothing but fight. Macduff during the fight says 'he was untimely ripped' from his mother's womb showing he was not born of woman,
                      2. CHARACTER MACBETH: At the beginning of the play he is a hero as he has just won a great battle. The captain of the army describes him as 'Brave Macbeth'; the king calls him his 'valiant cousin'. Macbeth clearly has invisioned himself on the throne because when Duncan names Malcolm prince of cumberland he sees this as a 'lying' in his way. Macbeth still has a conscience and when lady Macbeth suggests they kill Duncan he recalls the duties he owes to him He recognises he is King Duncan's subject and he should be protecting him and not harming him. He says 'We will proceed no further in this business' Its at this point we see Lady Macbeths power of Macbeth; she knows exactly the right things to say. She questions his love for her and calls him a coward and even questions his manhood
                        1. Macbeths dagger scene shows his increasing horror towards the idea of killing Duncan. The extreme reaction to the murder shows a man with a conscience. He understands the severity of the sin he has commited and has accepted it will be with him forever.
                          1. After the murder Macbeth adopts a persona of innocence while procedding, behind the scenes, to engage in further murders to protect himself. He kills the guards and then kills Banquo (so thatt banquo not reveal what the witches tiold them). It is a measure of his decline when he wants Felance also killed but after these murders his conscience still troubles him when he sees Banquo's ghost. )
                            1. After the banquet we can tell that Macbeth is insecure so for this reason he goes and sees the witches again. After he sees that all his attempts hof keeping the throne have been futile (he sees that Banquo's descendants will reign) he orders for Macduff's 'wife, his babes' to be murdered. This murder of the innocent marks Macbeth's lowest point.
                              1. After Lady Macbeth dies, Macbeth has lost all sense of the meaning of life. He says 'It is a tale told by an idiot, full of sounds and fury signifying nothing'. Even he thinks he has no 'honour love obedience or friends'
                                1. At the end of the play we can see Macbeth regain some of the many characterostics we saw him having at the start of the play. He becomes brave again saying 'atleast well die with harness on our back'. Even when he is about to die he says 'Yet I will try the last' he is refusing to give up. In Malcolms final speech he refers to Macbeth as a 'butcher' , a man who was so acclaimed at the beginning but brought about his own downfall
                                2. LADY MACBETH
                                  1. Lady Macbeth is shown to be evil from the first time we meet her. She is ecstatic with the witches predictions and intends for them to come true no matter the costs. The relationship between Macbeth and Lady Macbeh is pivotal to the play. At the beginning he writes to her calling her his 'dearest love'.
                                    1. She wants Macbeth to be king but she says he is 'Too full o' the milk of human kindness to catch the nearest way'. Meaning that he is too humane to do what needs to be done. She is clearly evil from the start as she calls upon 'Spirits' to unsex her so that she can become stronger. The audience at the time would have expected a woman to be compassionate and moral. She is quick to think of a plan to murder King Duncan and soon tells Macbeth her plan. She is able to lie easily as when she welcomes Duncan into their house she does so with a smile. There is no sign of guilt. When Macbeth tries to back out of the plan she accuses him of weakness and of being a coward. She clearly knows how to manipulate him. She does show a hint of weakness when she says 'had he not resembled my father as he slept, I had done't'
                                      1. As the play progresses Macbeth confides in her less and less and tells her 'Be clear of the knowledge dearest chuck, until thy appluad the deed'. She still however tries to protect Macbeth as seen in the banquet. She tells the guests 'My lord is often thus and hath been from his youth'. She tries to calm macbeth done but the techniques she used before to manipulaate Macbeth are not as succesful showing a severe change in macbeth.
                                        1. When she is sleepwalking we can see that the guilt has got to her. She relives the murders in her sleep. She also blmaes herself for the murders of others. 'The thane of fife had a wife: where is she now?' even though she did not call. She eventually commiys suicide. Mcbeth realises that their evil deeds have lead his wife to madness and asks the doctor to 'minister' to her mind.
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