Enzymes/Digestion

Gemmar787
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

A mind map of enzymes and digestion

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Gemmar787
Created by Gemmar787 over 5 years ago
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Enzymes/Digestion
1 Enzymes
1.1 acts as a biological Catalyst which speeds up reaction without changing
1.1.1 Enzymes are large protein molecules
1.1.2 Lower the actervation energy - speed up reaction
1.1.3 PH 3 - Pepsin
1.1.3.1 Wrong PH = Dentured
1.1.4 PH8 - amylase
2 Actervation site
2.1 Actervation engergy = minimum temp
2.1.1 Lower temp = slower reaction
2.1.1.1 Catabolic reaction - Breacks things up
2.1.1.2 Anabolic reaction - builds things up
2.2 Actervation site is where the reactant binds together with the reactant
3 Bile
3.1 Produced in the liver
3.1.1 stored in the gall bladder
3.1.1.1 added to the small intestine
3.1.1.1.1 Small intestine absorbs water
3.1.1.1.1.1 Large surface area
3.1.1.1.1.2 Good blood surpply
3.1.1.1.1.3 one cell thick
3.2 Emulsifies fats
3.2.1 Breaks down large fats droplets into small ones
3.2.1.1 Creating a larger surface area for LIPASE to act apon
3.3 Neutrailsed stomach acid, creating an alkine
3.3.1 Creating the best conditions for enzymes to work bes at
4 Types of enzymes
4.1 Carbohydrase (amalaze)
4.1.1 Carbohydrates
4.1.1.1 Sugar/Gloucose
4.2 Protease
4.2.1 Protein
4.2.1.1 Amino acids
4.3 Lipase
4.3.1 Fats and oils
4.3.1.1 fatty acids