14 CATEGORIES OF DISABILITIES: IDEA

analiakim
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Mind Map on 14 CATEGORIES OF DISABILITIES: IDEA, created by analiakim on 06/01/2014.

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analiakim
Created by analiakim over 5 years ago
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14 CATEGORIES OF DISABILITIES: IDEA
1 MULTIPLE DISABILITIES

Annotations:

  • Simultaneous impairments where the combinations of these causes severe educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in a special education program. *Does not include deaf-blindness
1.1 Teacher Recommendation
1.1.1 One to one aid
1.1.2 Integration/inclusion with nondisabled peers
1.2 Intervention
1.2.1 IEP
1.2.2 Least Restrictive Environment (LRE)
1.3 Assistive Technology
1.3.1 Various tools: Braille, hearing aids, voice recognizing technology
2 OTHER HEALTH IMPAIRMENT

Annotations:

  • Having limited strength, vitality, or alertness, including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, resulting in limited alertness to educational environment that adversely affects educational performance.
2.1 Teacher Recommendation
2.1.1 Learn about your child’s impairment
2.1.2 Keep informed about new treatments and technologies that may help
2.2 Intervention
2.2.1 Special Education
2.2.2 IEP
2.2.3 Medication
2.3 Assistive Technology
2.3.1 Inhalers
3 MENTAL DISABILITY
3.1 AUTISM

Annotations:

  • - Neurological disorder affecting verbal and non-verbal communication and ability to relate to others.  - Unknown cause
3.1.1 Intervention
3.1.1.1 IEP
3.1.1.2 One to one aid
3.1.1.3 Classroom Enviroment

Annotations:

  • Classes should be very structured.
3.1.2 Assistive Technology
3.1.2.1 ipad
3.1.3 Teacher Recommendation
3.1.3.1 Keep a strict routine
3.1.3.2 Know their comfort zones and materials.
3.1.4 Sue's Story

Annotations:

  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U1wsiVYCqn0Sue  Sue is an highly intelligent woman. Doctors thought she was cognitively deficient but it was severe autism. She goes to college and types words to communicate. She also needs supervision 24/7. As an educator one must really be aware of their students and not just classify them as mentally challenged without taking in tests and factors. 
3.2 INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY

Annotations:

  • Sub-average intellectual functioning, trouble with communicating and taking care of oneself
3.2.1 Teacher Recommendation
3.2.1.1 One to three student ration maximum
3.2.1.2 Provide quiet workspace
3.2.2 Intervention
3.2.2.1 IQ Test
3.2.2.2 IEP
3.2.3 Assistive Technology
3.2.3.1 Devices with big/colorful buttons
3.2.4 Matthew's Story

Annotations:

  • http://nichcy.org/disability/specific/intellectual#story
3.3 EMOTIONAL DISTURBANCE

Annotations:

  • -General pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression including:  -anxiety disorders -bipolar disorders -eating disorders -conduct disorders -OCD -phsychotic disorders
3.3.1 Teacher Recommendation
3.3.1.1 PBS Problem Behavior Support
3.3.1.2 Counseling
3.3.2 Intervention
3.3.2.1 Include them in many activities with classmates
3.3.2.2 Make a behavior plan and reinforce it
3.3.2.3 Develop short and long term goals.
3.3.3 Assistive Technology
3.3.3.1 Video games with learning activities to reward good behavior
3.3.4 Megan's Story

Annotations:

  • Megan has emotional stress. She attends counseling and receives extra help with her school work.
4 DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITY
4.1 SPEECH OR LANGUAGE IMPAIRMENT

Annotations:

  • A communication disorder, such as stuttering, difficulty with articulation, language, or voice that affects a child's education performance.
4.1.1 Teacher Recommendation
4.1.1.1 Speak in a normal tone of voice as it is not a hearing impairment
4.1.1.2 Use simple phrases to avoid misunderstandings
4.1.2 Intervention
4.1.2.1 Pathologist
4.1.2.2 IEP
4.1.2.3 Professional Assessment
4.1.3 Assistive Technology
4.1.3.1 Sigh language translating glove
4.2 SPECIFIC LEARNING DISABILITY

Annotations:

  • A disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes which deal with understanding or using language, spoken or written
4.2.1 Teacher Recommendation
4.2.1.1 Break tasks into smaller steps
4.2.1.2 Give the student more time to finish schoolwork or tests
4.2.2 Intervention
4.2.2.1 IEP
4.2.2.2 Response to Intervention (RTI)
4.2.3 Assistive Technology
4.2.3.1 Voice recognizing technology
4.2.4 Nick's Story

Annotations:

  • http://www.pearsonassessments.com/hai/images/ca/rti/downloads/Nick.pdf
4.3 DEVELOPMENTAL DELAY

Annotations:

  • A delay in one or more of the following area: physical, cognitive, social, emotional or adaptive development.
4.3.1 Teacher Recommendation
4.3.1.1 Speech and Language services
4.3.1.2 Counseling
4.3.1.3 Nutritional services
4.3.2 Intervention
4.3.2.1 Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP)
4.3.2.2 IEP
4.3.3 Assistive Technology
4.3.3.1 Stimulating apps
5 PHYSICAL DISABILITY
5.1 TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY

Annotations:

  • Acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force, resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment, or both, that affects educational performance. *Does not apply to brain injuries that are congenial or degenerative, or to brain injuries induced by birth trauma. 
5.1.1 Teacher Recommendation
5.1.1.1 select a classroom buddy
5.1.1.2 provide preferential seating
5.1.2 Intervention
5.1.2.1 IEP
5.1.2.2 Re-evaluation
5.1.3 Assistive Technology
5.1.3.1 Technological devices with wide buttons, colors and keys
5.1.4 John's Story

Annotations:

  • http://www.dlcak.org/files/pdf/Publications/EducatingStudentswtihTBI.pdf
5.2 DEAF-BLINDNESS

Annotations:

  • Concomitant hearing and visual impairment which affect learning abilities.
5.2.1 Teacher Recommendation
5.2.1.1 Lip-reading speech
5.2.1.2 Emphasize major points
5.2.2 Intervention
5.2.2.1 IEP
5.2.2.2 Professional Tests
5.2.2.3 Braile
5.2.3 Assistive Technology
5.2.3.1 Telebraile
5.2.4 Matthew's Story

Annotations:

  • http://www.med.unc.edu/ahs/clds/resources/deaf-blind-model-classroom-resources/db-case-studies/matthews-story-1/matthews-story
5.3 ORTHOPEDIC IMPAIRMENT

Annotations:

  • Severe orthopaedic impairment that adversely affects a child's educational performance
5.3.1 Teacher Recommendation
5.3.1.1 Special seating arrangements
5.3.1.2 Modification during physical activities
5.3.2 Intervention
5.3.2.1 Physical therapy
5.3.2.2 IEP
5.3.2.3 Special Education
5.3.3 Assistive Technology
5.3.3.1 orthopaedic boot
5.3.4 Jennifer's Story

Annotations:

  • http://aac.unl.edu/csl/jennifer.html
5.4 HEARING IMPAIRMENT

Annotations:

  • Impairment in hearing whether permanent or fluctuating, that adversely affects educational performance. * Not included under "deafness".
5.4.1 Teacher Recommendation
5.4.1.1 Seat children with a hearing loss near the activity
5.4.1.2 Determine how close and on which side you need to be for the child to hear best
5.4.2 Intervention
5.4.2.1 Professional screenings
5.4.2.2 IEP
5.4.2.3 Sign Language
5.4.3 Assistive Technology
5.4.3.1 Hearing Assitsive Technology for Children (HAT)
5.4.4 Caroline's Story

Annotations:

  • http://nichcy.org/disability/specific/hearingloss#story
5.5 DEAFNESS

Annotations:

  • Hearing impairment that is so severe that the child is impaired in processing linguistic information through hearing
5.5.1 Teacher Recommendation
5.5.1.1 Lights used as signals
5.5.1.2 Rely more on visual cues
5.5.2 Intervention
5.5.2.1 Professional hearing tests
5.5.2.2 Sign Language
5.5.3 Assistive Technology
5.5.3.1 Video Communication
5.6 VISUAL IMPAIRMENT, INCLUDING BLINDNESS

Annotations:

  • Impairment in vision that even with correction, adversely affects educational performance. *Includes both partial sight and blindness.
5.6.1 Teacher Recommendation
5.6.1.1 Seat closer to activity
5.6.1.2 Larger fonts on worksheets
5.6.2 Intervention
5.6.2.1 Professional Eye Exam
5.6.2.2 Braile
5.6.3 Assistive Technology
5.6.3.1 Font enlarging programs
5.6.4 Emily's Story

Annotations:

  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sZu1CwSfm0g