Human Resource Management

stephen.marland
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

Mind Map on Human Resource Management, created by stephen.marland on 06/10/2014.

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stephen.marland
Created by stephen.marland over 5 years ago
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Human Resource Management
1 Definition of Human Resource Management: The effective use of humane resources in order to enhance organisatrional performance
2 Three Key Elements
2.1 Attracting

Annotations:

  • Planning, recruitment and selection
2.2 Developing

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  • Training, learning career planning
2.3 Maintaining

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  • Retention, performance reviews, and remmuneration
3 HR planning
3.1 Identifying

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  • identifying the need and availability of human resources so the organisation can meet its objectives
3.2 Right, right, right & right

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  • right person, right time, right skill, right place
3.3 Control

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  • good planning acts as a form of control
3.4 Change

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  • helps anticipate changes internally and externally
4 HR Planning process
4.1 1. Identify requirements

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  • identify staffing requirements in the organisation
4.2 2. Gap analysis

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  • Assess existing demand for human resources in the organisation
4.3 3. Forecasting

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  • assess the future demand for human resources in the organisation
4.4 4. Supply

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  • assess the internal and external supply of human resources
4.5 5. Action

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  • create an action plan (short and long term) to staff the organisation adequately
5 Staffing

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  • Process of planning, acquiring, deploying and retaining a workforce. Determine who will work and what they will do. Allows an organisation to execute its strategy through the people employed.
5.1 1. Job design

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  • how tasks that are to be performed are combined to form the job.
5.2 2. Job analysis

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  • analysing tasks, content and responsibilities of job through gathering information by various methods, with the outcome givig a job description and person specification.
5.2.1 Job requirements approach
5.2.1.1
5.2.2 General Competencies based approach
5.2.2.1 Methods
5.2.2.1.1 Prior information, observations
5.2.2.1.2 Work diaries, interviews
5.2.2.1.3 Questionnaires, Task forces
5.2.2.1.4 Computerized systems
5.2.3 Outcomes
5.2.3.1
5.2.3.2
5.3 5. Recruitment

Annotations:

  • The process of attracting a pool of candidates to apply for a position. Need to decide on recruitment method: internal or external
5.4 6. Selection

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  • The process of selecting the most suitable applicant for the position. Use of more than one data collection method ensures quality information to base selection on.
5.4.1 Practicability

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  • Cost effectiveness. ensure the selection method is appropriate for the position
5.4.2 Sensitivity

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  • ensure the selection methods are based on job-related factors only
5.4.3 Reliability

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  • Consistency in approaches
5.4.4 Validity

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  • Does the method measure what it is meant to 
5.4.5 Selection Methods
5.4.5.1 Reference Checks
5.4.5.2 Interviews
5.4.5.3 Personality testing
5.5 7. Appointment

Annotations:

  • the process of confirming a selected candidate will accept the position offered.
5.6 3. Job description

Annotations:

  • Describes the activities to be done, identifies the tasks, duties and responsibilities of a job.  It describes what is done, where it is done, why is it done, and briefly how it is done.
5.7 4. Person specification

Annotations:

  • includes attributes specific to the person including knowledge, skills, and abilities needed to perform the job.

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