Diet and Health

morgihowler
Note by morgihowler, updated more than 1 year ago More Less
morgihowler
Created by morgihowler almost 5 years ago
17
2
0

Description

GCSE Biology (Mine) Note on Diet and Health, created by morgihowler on 02/17/2015.
Tags

Resource summary

Page 1

Biology 1 Part 1- Diet and HealthBalanced diet- contains the right amount of different foods and the right amount of energy to keep healthy Carbohydrates- for slow releasing energyFats- for fast releasing energy, insulation Proteins- to build cells and repair tissueMineral ions and vitamins- keeps body functioningFibre- prevents constipation and bowel cancerCholesterol is a waxy substance. It is only present in animal tissues. Some is needed because: It helps strengthen the cell membranes The body uses it to make sex hormones and vitamin D However, having too much cholesterol in the blood increases the risk of heart disease. Some cholesterol is taken from directly eating animal products, like meat, prawns and eggs. The liver also makes it from saturated fats eaten, like butter, chocolate and fatty meat. Some people have a lot of cholesterol in their blood due to their genes. Their liver makes too much cholesterol. They can take drugs called statins to reduce cholesterol made by the body. They take the statins in the evening because the body makes cholesterol during sleep. Statins inhibit an enzyme involved in making cholesterol. State one health problem linked with being underweight Immune system failsWhat does obese mean?Very overweight- BMI of 30 or aboveWhat are statins?Drugs which inhibit an enzyme involved in making cholesterol to reduce the amount of cholesterol made in the body Why is some cholesterol needed in the body and how does the body get cholesterol?Strengthens cell membranes, makes sex hormones and vitamin D. Made in the liver or from saturated fats or animal productsExplain how statins workStatins inhibit an enzyme involved in making cholesterol to reduce the amount of cholesterol made in the body. They are taken in the evening as cholesterol is made during sleep

Show full summary Hide full summary

Similar

Light microscopes
Jessica Phillips
FLASHCARDS ABOUT DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
Ahmed Almohammed
Ecology
R P
AQA Biology 8.1 structure of DNA
Charlotte Hewson
BIOLOGY HL DEFINITIONS IB
Luisa Mandacaru
Haemoglobin
Elena Cade
AS Biology Unit 1
lilli.atkin
Food Chains and Food Webs Quiz
Selam H
Variation and evolution Quiz
James Edwards22201
The structure of the Heart, AS Biology
mill-bill
Digestive System Flash Cards
Ahmed Almohammed