Pharm -Nervous / Respiratory exam

April Woodland
Quiz by April Woodland, updated more than 1 year ago
April Woodland
Created by April Woodland over 3 years ago
46
1

Description

Quiz on Nervous / Respiratory exam, created by April Woodland on 02/07/2018.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
What neurotransmitters do the sympathetic nervous system run off of? select all that apply
Answer
  • norepinephrine
  • epinephrine
  • seratonin
  • dopamine

Question 2

Question
The depletion of what neurotransmitter causes the symptoms of parkinsons?
Answer
  • epinephrine
  • dopamine
  • acetylcholine
  • norepinephrine

Question 3

Question
what does the alpha 1 receptor do?
Answer
  • vasoconstriction
  • reduces BP
  • Increases heart rate, and force of the contractions
  • bronchodilation

Question 4

Question
what does the receptor alpha 2 do?
Answer
  • bronchodilation
  • reduces BP
  • vasoconstriction
  • increases heart rate and force of contractions

Question 5

Question
what does the receptor Beta 1 do?
Answer
  • Increase heart rate and force of contractions
  • bronchodilation
  • vasoconstriction
  • reduces BP

Question 6

Question
what does the receptor Beta 2 do?
Answer
  • reduces BP
  • increases BP and force of contractions
  • vasoconstriction
  • bronchodilation

Question 7

Question
How do adrenergic drugs work on the bronchi?
Answer
  • Relax and dilate
  • vasoconstriction

Question 8

Question
What are the main uses of adrenergic drugs? select all that apply
Answer
  • hypovolemia
  • hypotension
  • septic shock
  • vasodilation
  • bronchodilation

Question 9

Question
What are the main uses for Beta-Adrenergic drugs? select all that apply
Answer
  • hypertension
  • glaucoma
  • hyperthyroidism
  • arrhythmias

Question 10

Question
When treating glaucoma with a beta-adrenergic drug what side effect will be seen?
Answer
  • dizziness
  • decrease in blood sugar
  • decreased blood pressure
  • increased blood pressure

Question 11

Question
What do we monitor when treating cardiac arrhythmia?
Answer
  • respirations
  • pulse
  • blood pressure
  • input and output

Question 12

Question
what is atenolol used for?
Answer
  • to inrease blood pressure
  • to decrease pain level
  • to decrease blood pressure
  • to increase blood glucose level

Question 13

Question
when should atenolol not be administered?
Answer
  • when pulse is over 100
  • when pulse is under 60
  • when systolic blood pressure is under 120
  • when blood sugar is under 140

Question 14

Question
propanolol should be used cautiously in a patient with what condition?
Answer
  • renal failure
  • cardiac arrhythmia
  • heart failure
  • hypertension

Question 15

Question
propanolol decreases muscles contractions of the heart, increasing heart failure
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 16

Question
what intervention should be in place for a patient taking propanolol
Answer
  • have them sit on the side of the bed before standing
  • monitor I & O
  • restrict fluids
  • check BP before administering

Question 17

Question
what do nicotinic receptors stimulate?
Answer
  • smooth muscle
  • skeletal muscle
  • tendons
  • joints

Question 18

Question
what does the muscurinic receptor stimulate?
Answer
  • smooth muscle
  • skeletal muscle
  • joints
  • tendons

Question 19

Question
what receptors do cholinergic drugs use?
Answer
  • serotonin
  • nicotinic
  • neurotransmitter
  • muscurinic

Question 20

Question
what is mydriasis?
Answer
  • dry eye
  • pupil dilation
  • pupil constriction
  • farsightedness

Question 21

Question
what drug causes mydriasis?
Answer
  • cholinergic drugs
  • cholinergic blocking drugs
  • adrenergic drugs
  • antiadrenergic drugs

Question 22

Question
how do antihistamines work?
Answer
  • attract histamines to the receptors
  • initiate release of histamines
  • prevent histamines from entering the receptors
  • produces histamines

Question 23

Question
what are the most common adverse reactions of histamines? select all that apply
Answer
  • drowsiness
  • nausea
  • sedation
  • disturbed coordination

Question 24

Question
what is the trade name for diphenhydramine?
Answer
  • tylenol
  • benadryl
  • singular
  • claritin

Question 25

Question
what is diphenhydramine used for?
Answer
  • increase respiration
  • decrease blood pressure
  • suppress urticaria
  • alleviate pain

Question 26

Question
what is Loratadine?
Answer
  • benadryl
  • tylenol
  • singular
  • claritin

Question 27

Question
what do we asses before administering an opioid with an antihistamine?
Answer
  • blood pressure
  • temperature
  • respirations
  • pulse

Question 28

Question
what is the purpose of an antitussive medication?
Answer
  • relieve a nonproductive cough
  • break up mucus
  • relieve allergies
  • relieve a productive cough

Question 29

Question
we should offer sips of water and ice chips for relief of a nonproductive cough
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 30

Question
what does an expectorant do?
Answer
  • relieves nonproductive cough
  • stimulates secretions
  • thins secretions
  • relieves productive cough

Question 31

Question
why would a patient be taking a mucolytic drug?
Answer
  • pain
  • break up mucus
  • stimulate secretions
  • nonproductive cough

Question 32

Question
what causes rebound nasal congestion?
Answer
  • overusing medications
  • not taking medications at all
  • taking it properly

Question 33

Question
what happens in to the bronchi in a bronchospasm?
Answer
  • lumen constricts
  • lumen dilates
  • mucus gets stuck

Question 34

Question
what bronchodilator would you use in an emergency asthma attack?
Answer
  • fast acting (salmeterol)
  • short acting (albuterol)

Question 35

Question
what bronchodilator is used as a preventative?
Answer
  • long acting (salmeterol)
  • short acting (albuterol)

Question 36

Question
how does salmeterol work?
Answer
  • decreases inflammation
  • dilation
  • vasoconstriction
  • increases inflammation

Question 37

Question
what corticosteriod causes fungal infections?
Answer
  • flovent
  • flonase
  • budenoside
  • ketoconazole

Question 38

Question
what is the trade name for montelukast?
Answer
  • singular
  • claritin
  • benadryl
  • tylenol

Question 39

Question
when in the day should you take montelukast?
Answer
  • morning
  • evening
  • afternoon
  • every 6 hours

Question 40

Question
when using an inhaler how do you ensure that the medication makes it way to the important parts of the lungs?
Answer
  • asses lung sounds
  • have patient hold the medication in for ten seconds before exhaling
  • asses vital signs
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