BIO 100 Test #1

Raquel Wood
Quiz by Raquel Wood, updated more than 1 year ago
Raquel Wood
Created by Raquel Wood over 3 years ago
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Description

Spring 2018

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
What is biology?
Answer
  • the study of life
  • the study of the environment
  • the study of DNA
  • the study of ecosystems
  • the study of organelles

Question 2

Question
Which of the following is NOT a property of life?
Answer
  • populations or organisms that are unable to change over time
  • living things exhibit complex but ordered organization
  • organisms take in energy and use it to perform all of life's activities
  • organisms reproduce their own kind
  • organisms respond to environmental stimuli

Question 3

Question
You try to start your car, but it does not start. Which of there is a hypothesis?
Answer
  • my car does not start
  • my car's battery might be dead
  • if I recharge the battery, then my car will start
  • my car is too old to function properly
  • what's wrong with my car?

Question 4

Question
Discovery science is primarily based on ____________.
Answer
  • hypothesis testing
  • deduction
  • experimentation
  • theory
  • observation

Question 5

Question
Which of the following is a producer?
Answer
  • house plant
  • earthworm
  • dog
  • sun
  • cow

Question 6

Question
Humans are ____________.
Answer
  • ecosystems
  • producers
  • cells
  • consumers
  • decomposers

Question 7

Question
Relative to prokaryotic cells, eukaryotic cells are usually ____________.
Answer
  • smaller and more complex
  • smaller and simpler
  • smaller and equally complex
  • larger and equally complex
  • larger and more complex

Question 8

Question
Humans are composed of ____________ cells.
Answer
  • bacterial
  • archaeal
  • eukaryotic
  • plant
  • prokaryotic

Question 9

Question
Which of the following is NOT recycled, but is lost from ecosystems?
Answer
  • nitrogen
  • energy
  • magnesium
  • carbon
  • sodium

Question 10

Question
Which domain(s) consist(s) of prokaryotic cells?
Answer
  • bacteria only
  • eukarya only
  • archaea and eukarya
  • achaea only
  • bacteria and archaea

Question 11

Question
Ecology is the study of ____________.
Answer
  • life
  • relationships among different species
  • human effects on the environment
  • interactions between humans and other species
  • interactions between organisms and their enironment

Question 12

Question
Which of the following is abiotic?
Answer
  • a protist
  • an animal
  • a plant
  • a fungus
  • a rock

Question 13

Question
What level of ecology is concerned with groups of individuals of the SAME species?
Answer
  • community
  • tissue
  • organism
  • ecosystem
  • population

Question 14

Question
What level of ecology is concerned with groups of individuals of DIFFERENT species?
Answer
  • community
  • tissue
  • organism
  • ecosystem
  • population

Question 15

Question
What level of ecology is concerned with both the biotic and abiotic aspects of an environment?
Answer
  • community
  • tissue
  • organism
  • ecosystem
  • population

Question 16

Question
What is the primary source of energy for nearly ALL of the earth's ecosystems?
Answer
  • sunlight
  • geothermal vents
  • volcanoes
  • wind
  • rocks and soil

Question 17

Question
Water moves from land to the atmosphere through ____________.
Answer
  • evaporation only
  • precipitation
  • transpiration only
  • transpiration and evaporation
  • evaporation and precipitation

Question 18

Question
Which part of the earth receives the greatest intensity of solar radiation?
Answer
  • Tropic of Cancer
  • Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn
  • equator
  • North and South Poles
  • all parts of the earth receive the same intensity of solar radiation

Question 19

Question
Areas of the earth with similar climate, plants, and animals.
Answer
  • life zone
  • photic zone
  • benthis zone
  • biomes
  • none of the above

Question 20

Question
Terrestrial biomes distribution is primarily determined by temperature and rainfall.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 21

Question
What is a population?
Answer
  • a group of organisms that occupy the same general area plus all the abiotic factors
  • a group of organisms that occupy the same general are
  • a group of organisms of the same species that occupy the same general area
  • all the organisms of a single species existing at a particular time
  • none of the above

Question 22

Question
The number of individuals of a population per unit area ois the ____________.
Answer
  • population dispersion pattern
  • population density
  • population age structure
  • population
  • population's intrinsic rate of increase

Question 23

Question
In the absence of all limiting factors, a population's growth follows a(n) ____________ model.
Answer
  • exponential
  • hypergeometric
  • mathmatical
  • arithmetic
  • logistic

Question 24

Question
____________ is the maximum population size that a particular habitat can support and at which the population stabilizes.
Answer
  • survivorship curve
  • carrying capacity
  • population growth rate
  • population size
  • intrinsic rate of increase

Question 25

Question
Factors that tend to reduce population numbers are called ____________.
Answer
  • carrying capacities
  • reproductive potentials
  • density limits
  • environmental resistances

Question 26

Question
Potential of a species to increase its numbers is termed ____________.
Answer
  • environmental resistances
  • reproductive (biotic) potential
  • carrying capacity
  • density limits
  • migration limits

Question 27

Question
A population-limiting factor whose effects intensify as the population increases in density.
Answer
  • carrying capacity
  • density-dependent factor
  • density-independent factor
  • reproductive potential
  • none of the above

Question 28

Question
Which one of the following factors that limits population growth is density dependent?
Answer
  • nutrients
  • water
  • weather
  • soil
  • competition

Question 29

Question
When the biotic potential is GREATER than the environmental resistance, then a population INCREASES.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 30

Question
The role (or function) that a species plays in its community, including its habitat and its interations with other organisms.
Answer
  • habitat designation
  • niche
  • producer
  • primary consumer
  • none of the above

Question 31

Question
Energy is recycled within and between ecosystems.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 32

Question
An interaction between organisms using the same resource, which is often present in limited supplies.
Answer
  • carrying capacity factors
  • competition
  • ecological niche
  • biological magnification
  • biological amplification

Question 33

Question
When one species benefits at the expense of the other.
Answer
  • mutualism
  • parasitism
  • commensualism
  • abiotic inversion
  • none of the above

Question 34

Question
Which of the following is NOT a component of biological diversity?
Answer
  • genetic diversity
  • species diversity
  • ecosystem diversity
  • sub species diversity

Question 35

Question
A species whose impact on its community is much larger than its total mass or abundance would indicate.
Answer
  • keystone species
  • producer species
  • mutualistic species
  • predatory species
  • biophilic species
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