Pharmacology Final Exam

April Woodland
Quiz by April Woodland, updated more than 1 year ago
April Woodland
Created by April Woodland over 3 years ago
69
1

Description

Quiz on Pharmacology FInal Exam, created by April Woodland on 03/08/2018.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
How does salmeterol work ?
Answer
  • decrease inflammation in the bronchi
  • increase inflammation in the bronchi
  • vasodilation
  • vasoconstriction

Question 2

Question
what are some adverse reactions of opioids? select all that apply
Answer
  • respiratory depression
  • sedation
  • itchiness
  • Tachy/Brady cardia
  • hypotension

Question 3

Question
What is the therapeutic effect of adrenergic drugs?
Answer
  • relax smooth muscle
  • constrict smooth muscle
  • bronchoconstriction

Question 4

Question
What is the most common side effect of an antiemetic?
Answer
  • drowsiness
  • lethargy
  • indigestion
  • polydipsia

Question 5

Question
What are some nursing interventions for antiemetics? Select all that apply
Answer
  • I & O
  • Fluid and electrolyte balance
  • comfort measures ( cold compress, Dim lights)
  • monitor heart rate

Question 6

Question
How long can insulin be stored in room temperature?
Answer
  • 30 days
  • 60 days
  • 24 hours
  • 48 hours

Question 7

Question
What would you include in patient teaching for insulin ? select all that apply
Answer
  • If insulin is cloudy , get rid of it
  • rotate injection sites
  • watch for s/s of hypo/hyperglycemia
  • you do not need to refridgerate insulin at all

Question 8

Question
What is considered hypoglycemia?
Answer
  • under 60
  • under 100
  • 75
  • 150

Question 9

Question
What would you do for a patient who is hypoglycemic , with a gag reflex ?
Answer
  • Give OJ & PB crackers
  • glucagon shot
  • lots of water
  • CPR

Question 10

Question
What should you do for a patient who is hypoglycemic and has no gag relfex?
Answer
  • glucagon shot
  • Pb crackers and OJ
  • lots of water
  • CPR

Question 11

Question
What are some signs of hyperglycemia? Select all that apply
Answer
  • Polydipsia
  • polyuria
  • polyphagia
  • lethargic
  • hypertension

Question 12

Question
What is the insulin that can be given IV?
Answer
  • NPH
  • regular
  • short acting
  • long acting

Question 13

Question
What is Type 1 diabetes?
Answer
  • the beta cells do not produce insulin properly
  • the body is resistant to insulin

Question 14

Question
What is Type 2 Diabetes?
Answer
  • Body is resistant to insulin
  • the beta cells in the pancreas do not produce insulin

Question 15

Question
When Mixing insulin, how do you mix it?
Answer
  • cloudy- clear-clear - cloudy
  • clear- cloudy - cloudy - clear
  • Clear- cloudy -Clear - Cloudy

Question 16

Question
What is the onset, peak, and duration of the rapid insulin?
Answer
  • 15 minutes, 1 hour, 3 hours
  • 30 minutes, 2 hours, 8 hours
  • 2 hours, 8 hours, 16 hours
  • 2 hours, none, 24 hours

Question 17

Question
What is the onset, peak, and duration for short acting insulin?
Answer
  • 15 minutes, 1 hours, 3 hours
  • 30 minutes, 2 hours, 8 hours
  • 2 hours, 8 hours, 16 hours
  • 2 hours, no peak, 24 hours

Question 18

Question
What is the onset, peak, and duration of intermediate insulin?
Answer
  • 15 minutes, 1 hour, 3 hours
  • 30 minutes, 2 hours, 8 hours
  • 2 hours, 8 hours, 16 hours
  • 2 hours, none, 24 hours

Question 19

Question
What is the onset, peak and duration of long acting insulin?
Answer
  • 15 minutes, 1 hour, 3 hours
  • 30 minutes, 2 hours, 8 hours
  • 2 hours, 8 hours , 16 hours
  • 2 hours, none, 24 hours

Question 20

Question
What does prednisone do to blood sugar?
Answer
  • raises them
  • lowers them
  • no changes

Question 21

Question
What drug is used for opioid overdose?
Answer
  • naloxone
  • levothyroxine
  • niacin
  • digoxin

Question 22

Question
When taking niacin do you take the med with food?
Answer
  • yes
  • no

Question 23

Question
When teaching a patient about levothyroxine (synthroid) , what should be included? Select all that apply
Answer
  • Do not take with omeprazole
  • do not crush
  • watch for s/s of hyperthyroidism
  • take on an empty stomach
  • take at night

Question 24

Question
When taking aspirin, what do you need to be watching for?
Answer
  • bleeding
  • vomiting
  • diarrhea
  • rashes

Question 25

Question
If a child has chicken pox , what medication can cause reyes syndrome?
Answer
  • acetaminophen
  • aspirin
  • NSAIDS
  • opioids

Question 26

Question
What are some contributing factors for peptic ulcers? Select all that apply
Answer
  • medications
  • acidic foods
  • stress
  • low blood sugar

Question 27

Question
What is subjective data?
Answer
  • symptoms
  • measurable data
  • goals
  • interventions

Question 28

Question
What is objective data?
Answer
  • symptoms
  • measurable data
  • goals
  • interventions

Question 29

Question
When teaching a patient about oral drugs, what should be included? select all that apply
Answer
  • take with a full glass of water
  • it is okay to crush or chew medications
  • do not change the dose of medications without informing doctor first
  • keep a list

Question 30

Question
What are controlled substances?
Answer
  • substance that everyone has access too
  • drugs that have a high potential for dependency/ abuse
  • over the counter drugs
  • drugs that have a low potention for dependency/ abuse

Question 31

Question
What does the liver do with medications?
Answer
  • metabolizes the medications
  • does nothing
  • turns it into energy
  • excretes it

Question 32

Question
What is the slowest drug action route?
Answer
  • oral
  • IM
  • IV
  • dermal

Question 33

Question
What is a major side effect of nitroglycerin?
Answer
  • headache
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • hypertension

Question 34

Question
what is the main adverse effect of spironolactone?
Answer
  • hyperkalemia
  • hypokalemia
  • hypercalcemia
  • hypocalcemia

Question 35

Question
when patient teaching with alprazolam (xanax) , what should be included? select all that apply
Answer
  • do not d/c abruptly
  • take as directed, dependency possible
  • can cause drowsiness
  • can cause constipation

Question 36

Question
When a patient is taking furosemide (lasix) , what lab values should be monitored? Select all that apply
Answer
  • potassium
  • electrolytes
  • BUN/creatinine
  • RBC

Question 37

Question
What is monitored when a patient is on warfarin?
Answer
  • PT/ INR
  • CMP
  • BUN
  • BMP

Question 38

Question
When teaching for a patient on statins, what all should be included? Select all that apply
Answer
  • avoid grapefruit juice
  • take in the evening
  • monitor liver function tests
  • do not mix with omeprazole

Question 39

Question
What are some s/s of digoxin toxicity? select all that apply
Answer
  • seeing yellow
  • tachycardia
  • blurred vision
  • muscle weakness

Question 40

Question
What should be included in patient teaching for a patient taking Montelukast (singluar) ? Select all that apply
Answer
  • take in the evening
  • only take if 12 years old or older
  • avoid grapefruit juice
  • take in the morning

Question 41

Question
When taking a beta blocker, such as propranolol or atenlol , what would be included in patient teaching? select all that apply
Answer
  • sit on the side of bed before standing up
  • check pulse before taking medication
  • avoid grapefruit juice
  • do not take if depressed

Question 42

Question
what is the transmitting substance for the parasympathetic nervous system?
Answer
  • acetylcholine
  • dopamine
  • epinephrine
  • serotonin

Question 43

Question
How do you read a culture sensitivity test?
Answer
  • no growth around the disk = right antibiotic
  • growth around the disk= right antibiotic

Question 44

Question
what are some side effects of sulfonamides? select all that apply
Answer
  • SJS; lesions
  • thrombocytopenia (GI Bleeding)
  • leukopenia
  • orange urine

Question 45

Question
What are some examples of bulk-forming laxatives? select all that apply
Answer
  • psyllium
  • polycarbophil
  • imodium
  • lamactil

Question 46

Question
What are the side effects of clindamycin hydrochloride? select all that apply
Answer
  • N/V/D
  • abdominal pain
  • rash/ thrush
  • bruising

Question 47

Question
What is a side effect of activase (thrombolytic drug) ?
Answer
  • Bleeding
  • spasms
  • hypertension
  • heartburn

Question 48

Question
What does heparin do?
Answer
  • prevents aggregation of platelets
  • decreases blood pressure
  • increases heart rate
  • increases respirations

Question 49

Question
What medication treats h-pylori?
Answer
  • tetracyclines
  • sulfonamides
  • macrolides
  • metformin

Question 50

Question
What effects does methimazole have on the body? select all that apply
Answer
  • inhibits the manufacture of thyroid hormones
  • manufacture thyroid hormones
  • weight gain
  • decreased heart rate
  • decrease respiratory rate

Question 51

Question
What are MAOI drugs used for?
Answer
  • depression
  • infections
  • blood thinner
  • seiures

Question 52

Question
What are side effects of antiparkinsonism drugs? select all that apply
Answer
  • dizziness/drowsiness
  • blurred vision
  • dry mouth
  • headache
  • anorexia

Question 53

Question
ferrous sulfate causes what?
Answer
  • black -tarry stool
  • diarrhea
  • constipation
  • dehydration

Question 54

Question
if you are allergic to penicillin you are most likely to be allergic to what?
Answer
  • sulfonamides
  • cephalosporins
  • anti depressants
  • macrolides

Question 55

Question
What can occur with long term use of hydantoins? select all that apply
Answer
  • toxicity
  • decrease in plasma cells
  • Gingivitis
  • hypoglycemia

Question 56

Question
what is a synergist?
Answer
  • unusal physical reaction to a drug
  • drug that interacts with another causing effects to be stronger ( 1+1=4)
  • drug that causes an adverse reaction
  • drug that causes another drug to weaken

Question 57

Question
what are examples of clotting factors
Answer
  • blood and plasma
  • Fibrinogen and prothrombin
  • blood and water
  • blood and thrombocytes

Question 58

Question
you should receive IV heparin , while starting a new prescription for warfarin for as long as it takes for you labs such as PTT and INR are stable
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 59

Question
when you have photosensitivity, what are you sensitive to?
Answer
  • sun
  • pictures
  • plants
  • air

Question 60

Question
when administering ear drops which way do you turn the head?
Answer
  • toward the unaffected side
  • toward the affected side
  • down
  • up

Question 61

Question
when administering eye drops, where do the drops go?
Answer
  • outer canthus
  • inner canthus
  • conjunctival sac
  • the whites of the eye

Question 62

Question
When taking bulk laxatives, what do you need to make sure the patient does ?
Answer
  • Increase fluid intake
  • Eat several small meals a day
  • Take everyday
  • Take with food

Question 63

Question
What kind of diet should a patient with DM follow ?
Answer
  • Carbohydrate controlled
  • No restrictions
  • Salt restricted
  • Added potassium

Question 64

Question
Aspirin shouldn’t be given to who ? Select all that apply
Answer
  • Pregnant women
  • Kids
  • Adults
  • Everybody

Question 65

Question
When should you hold a beta blocker like propranolol or atenolol ?
Answer
  • Pulse under 60
  • Pulse of 100
  • Pulse above 120
  • Pulse at 75

Question 66

Question
What is an example of rapid acting insulin ?
Answer
  • Humalog/novalog
  • Humalin/novalin
  • Nph
  • Levemir/Lantus

Question 67

Question
What is an example of short acting insulin ?
Answer
  • Humalog/novalog
  • Humalin/novalin
  • Humalin N NPH
  • Levemir /lantus

Question 68

Question
What is an example of intermediate insulin ?
Answer
  • Humalog/novalog
  • Humalin/novalin
  • Humalin R nph
  • Levemir/lantus

Question 69

Question
What is an example of long acting insulin ?
Answer
  • Humalog/novalog
  • Humalin/ novalin
  • Humalin N NPH
  • Lantus/levemir /lispro
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