Alternative Treatments

Jennifer Gay
Quiz by Jennifer Gay, updated more than 1 year ago
Jennifer Gay
Created by Jennifer Gay over 3 years ago
9
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Description

Quiz on Alternative Treatments , created by Jennifer Gay on 03/24/2018.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
How many Adults in the US report taking an herbal product?
Answer
  • 1 in 5
  • 1 in 7
  • 1 in 3
  • 1 in 10

Question 2

Question
What is the GRAS list, and how many products are on it?
Answer
  • An FDA developed list - Generally Recognized as Safe; 250 herbals
  • An FDA developed list - Generously Regulated and Sold; 400 herbals
  • A DEA developed list - Get Regional as Supplied; 300 herbals
  • A DEA developed list - Get Rich: A Scam; 500 herbals

Question 3

Question
The Dietary Supplement health Education Act shifted the burden of proof for safety and efficacy to the DEA
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 4

Question
33-50% of modern drugs have botanical origins. Match the medication to the source. digoxin: [blank_start]foxglove[blank_end] morphine: [blank_start]poppies[blank_end] aspirin: [blank_start]willow bark[blank_end] tamoxifen: [blank_start]pacific yew tree[blank_end]
Answer
  • foxglove
  • poppies
  • willow bark
  • pacific yew tree

Question 5

Question
An herb can be any part of a plant.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 6

Question
Its easy to reproduce an herbal product.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 7

Question
Herbs can be sold...
Answer
  • raw
  • as extracts
  • as a standardized product

Question 8

Question
What of the following is true about Echinacea
Answer
  • Used for common cold treatment
  • Safe with minimal side effects
  • Long term use may suppress immunity
  • All strains are equal

Question 9

Question
Why use ginseng?
Answer
  • energy and physical or cognitive performance
  • sleep
  • focus
  • heart health

Question 10

Question
Ginseng is on the GRAS list
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 11

Question
What of the following is TRUE about Ginseng?
Answer
  • Not recommended for pregnant or lactating females
  • Approved for use in children
  • Avoid use with other stimulants or CV disease
  • Siberian Ginseng contains no Ginseng

Question 12

Question
Ginkgo is typically used for [blank_start]dementia[blank_end] and [blank_start]claudication[blank_end]
Answer
  • dementia
  • energy
  • claudication
  • clotting disorders

Question 13

Question
Ginkgo is effective for improving cognitive function in elderly without dementia
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 14

Question
Ginkgo can improve pain-free walking distance in patients with claudication
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 15

Question
Ginkgo has a reported association with
Answer
  • spontaneous bleeding
  • shortness of breath
  • slowed bowel function

Question 16

Question
It's perfectly ok to use Ginkgo seeds medicinally.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 17

Question
Garlic can be effective in any form
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 18

Question
Which of the following is true about Garlic?
Answer
  • Can lower cholesterol 4-6%
  • Can cause increased bleeding with use
  • Considered safe by the FDA
  • Side effects include GI problems, garlic breath, rare allergies and contact dermatitis

Question 19

Question
St John's Wort is effective in moderate-severe depression
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 20

Question
What is true about St John's Wort?
Answer
  • Photosensitivity common
  • Few drug interactions
  • Contraindicated in pregnancy

Question 21

Question
Peppermint can be used as a treatment for IBS
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 22

Question
What is true about ginger
Answer
  • Used for treatment of nausea
  • Numerous side effects
  • Included on the GRAS list

Question 23

Question
Soy is used for
Answer
  • hot flashes
  • lowering cholesterol
  • nausea
  • depression

Question 24

Question
Its perfectly safe to use chamomile with any allergy
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 25

Question
Chamomile
Answer
  • Used as a sedative, anxiolytic, and intestinal spasms
  • has the active ingredient Apigenin, which binds to the same receptors as benzos
  • Considered safe by the FDA
  • Uses verified by numerous studeis

Question 26

Question
Both kava and valerian are used as sedative/relaxants
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 27

Question
Kava has been associated with
Answer
  • severe hepatotoxicity
  • renal failure
  • contact dermatitis
  • respiratory distress

Question 28

Question
Some people get paradoxical effect with stimulation from valerian
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 29

Question
Avoid using kava and valerian ...
Answer
  • in pregnancy
  • with other sedatives
  • before any activity where alertness is necessary

Question 30

Question
Sam E is
Answer
  • contraindicated in pregnancy
  • used as a sedative
  • an alternative to insulin
  • extremely stable

Question 31

Question
When do you used feverfew?
Answer
  • for headaches
  • in pregnancy
  • in clotting disorders

Question 32

Question
Saw Palmetto is best used for
Answer
  • BPH
  • ADHD
  • CAD
  • HIV

Question 33

Question
Passionflower can be used for
Answer
  • Anxiety
  • Insomnia
  • menopause
  • muscle relaxation
  • nausea

Question 34

Question
Biotin is vitamin B7
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 35

Question
Most biotin supplements contain far more than the daily recommended value
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 36

Question
Biotin can alter thyroid tests
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 37

Question
What is true about L-methylfolate
Answer
  • helps regulate 5HT, NE & DA production
  • Uncommon side effects
  • No contraindications

Question 38

Question
Up to 70% of patients with depression may have genetic factor that limits the ability to convert folic acid/folate from mood to l-methylfolate
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 39

Question
N-acetylcycsteine...
Answer
  • trial showed improved depression in bipolar depression
  • great for hair and nails
  • improves insomnia
  • enhances memory and concentration

Question 40

Question
Melatonin...
Answer
  • used for sleep maintenance insomnia
  • contraindicated in pregnancy
  • used for jetlag

Question 41

Question
Vit D, L-lysine & L-arginie, Magnesium have unsubstantiated restuls
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 42

Question
Other avenues of treatment include
Answer
  • Psychotherapy
  • Bright light therapy
  • Exercise
  • Omega 3
  • Netflix & margaritas

Question 43

Question
Psychotherapy has well documented used for anxiety and depression
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 44

Question
Bright light therapy...
Answer
  • Useful for SAD and "hibernation effects"
  • has no established guidelines
  • Can be from any light source

Question 45

Question
Omega 3
Answer
  • has shown modest efficacy in MDD and BPD
  • has shown reduction in risk for MS
  • can cause toxicity in large doses

Question 46

Question
When prescribing Omega 3, use caution in patients with High LDL, risk for bleeding, ventricular arrhythmia/tachycardia, and fish allergies
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 47

Question
[blank_start]Accupuncture[blank_end]: depression and anxiety [blank_start]Tai Chi[blank_end]: depression, anxiety and stress reduction; fibromyalgia [blank_start]Qui Gong[blank_end]: elderly depression and fibromyalgia [blank_start]Massage & Aromatherapy[blank_end]: relaxation and stress control
Answer
  • Accupuncture
  • Tai Chi
  • Qui Gong
  • Massage & Aromatherapy

Question 48

Question
Lavender activates which pathway, leading to decreased anxiety?
Answer
  • 5HT1A
  • 5HT2A
  • DA
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