Pediatric Language Disorders

Jennifer Gay
Quiz by Jennifer Gay, updated more than 1 year ago
Jennifer Gay
Created by Jennifer Gay over 3 years ago
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Description

Quiz on Pediatric Language Disorders , created by Jennifer Gay on 03/27/2018.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
What is SLI?
Answer
  • Specific Language Impairment
  • Speech Language Interruption
  • Slow Language Involvement

Question 2

Question
Specific language impairment is characterized by difficulty with language that is not caused by neurological, sensory, intellectual, or emotional deficit.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 3

Question
Children with SLI often only show deficits in one domain of language.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 4

Question
What is true about specific language impairment?
Answer
  • Approzimately 7.4% of 5-year-olds are affected.
  • There is a 25% chance that another family member also has SLI if a child is diagnosed
  • The majority of children diagnosed will continue with low language performance into adulthood
  • There may be long-term impact on social, emotional, vocational, and academic outcomes.

Question 5

Question
SLI is purely a language disorder.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 6

Question
SLI is universally recognized as a neurobiologically based disorder.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 7

Question
Structural findings: One neuropathological study showed [blank_start]atypical symmetry[blank_end] of the planum temporale, and a dysplastic gyrus on the inferior surface of the [blank_start]left frontal cortex[blank_end] along the ingerior surgace of the sylvian fissure.
Answer
  • atypical symmetry
  • atypical asymmetry
  • asymmetry
  • left frontal cortex
  • right frontal cotex
  • prefrontal cortex

Question 8

Question
Structural MRI scan study: Children with SLI showed [blank_start]atypical[blank_end] patterns of [blank_start]asymmetry[blank_end] in the perisylvian area.
Answer
  • atypical
  • expected
  • asymmetry
  • symmetry

Question 9

Question
Study results: children with SLI were more likely to have rightward asymmetry of posterior language structures.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 10

Question
fMRI results: children with SLI displayed a lack of [blank_start]left[blank_end] lateralization in all core language regions, but not for the rest of the brain
Answer
  • left
  • right

Question 11

Question
fMRI results: Children with SLI showed [blank_start]hypo[blank_end]activation of [blank_start]Wernicke's[blank_end] area
Answer
  • hypo
  • Wernicke's

Question 12

Question
fMRI: the SLI group performed [blank_start]more poorly[blank_end] than the normal language group fro both encoding and recognition
Answer
  • more poorly
  • better

Question 13

Question
fMRI: subjects with SLI had slower reaction times than the control group.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 14

Question
fMRI: the SLI group showed [blank_start]reduced[blank_end] activation during word recognition in regions associated with [blank_start]language[blank_end] processing.
Answer
  • reduced
  • increased
  • language
  • higher order

Question 15

Question
Adolescents with SLI exhibited [blank_start]atypical[blank_end] coordination among brain regions, suggesting that adolescents with SLI may rely on a less [blank_start]functional[blank_end] network for [blank_start]language[blank_end] processing.
Answer
  • atypical
  • functional
  • language

Question 16

Question
When tested after [blank_start]6 months[blank_end] of treatment, children with SLI showed [blank_start]markedly improved[blank_end] speech processing times when compared with pre-treatment processing times.
Answer
  • 6 months
  • 3 months
  • 12 months
  • 18 months
  • markedly improved
  • markedly decreased
  • unremarkable

Question 17

Question
What are functional differences in SLI?
Answer
  • reduced activation in Broca's area, auditory areas, and sensory motor areas
  • Atypical/reduced functional connectivity
  • Slower/immature speech processing

Question 18

Question
Structural difference in SLI: Consistent see less left hemisphere dominance, specifically in the planum temporale and pars triangularis
Answer
  • True
  • False
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