Forensics Test Chp.1

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Quiz by , created about 5 years ago

Forensic Science Midterm study questions

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cheetahgoddess
Created by cheetahgoddess about 5 years ago
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Question 1

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Forensic Science is the application of science to:
Answer
  • Crime Scene Reconstruction
  • Civil Laws
  • Criminal Laws
  • Both Criminal and civil laws

Question 2

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The fictional character of Sherlock Holmes was created by:
Answer
  • Dalton
  • Doyle
  • Darwin
  • Denton

Question 3

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Who is known as the "father of forensic toxicology"?
Answer
  • Orfilia
  • Locard
  • Osborn
  • Lattes

Question 4

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Who developed the system known as anthropometry?
Answer
  • Bertillion
  • Goddard
  • Gross
  • Galton

Question 5

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Who undertook the first definitive study of fingerprints as a method of personal identification?
Answer
  • Gross
  • Lattes
  • Goddard
  • Galton

Question 6

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Who devised a technique for determining the blood group of a dried bloodstain, which he applied to criminal investigations?
Answer
  • Lattes
  • Gross
  • Locard
  • Bertillion

Question 7

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Who established the comparison microscope as the indispensable tool of the modern firearms examiner?
Answer
  • Goddard
  • Lattes
  • Gross
  • Osborn

Question 8

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Who wrote the first treatise describing the application of science to the field of criminal investigation?
Answer
  • Locard
  • Osborn
  • Lattes
  • Gross

Question 9

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Who established the first workable crime laboratory?
Answer
  • Galton
  • Bertillon
  • Locard
  • Osborn

Question 10

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The exchange of evidence principle was theorized be:
Answer
  • Gross
  • Locard
  • Galton
  • Osborn

Question 11

Question
The oldest forensic laboratory in the United States is that of the:
Answer
  • N.Y.C. Police Department
  • FBI
  • Los Angeles Police Department
  • Secret Service

Question 12

Question
Which of the following can be rightfully cited as an explanation for the rapid growth of crime labs during the last 40 years?
Answer
  • Supreme Court decisions in the 1960s
  • Staggering increase in crime rates in the United States
  • Advent of DNA profiling
  • All of the above

Question 13

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Which entity maintains the largest crime laboratory in the world?
Answer
  • FBI
  • Royal Canadian Mounted Police
  • Scotland Yard
  • ATF

Question 14

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Which would NOT be included in the work of the biology unit of a crime lab?
Answer
  • Blood typing
  • Comparison of hairs
  • DNA profiling
  • Fingerprint analysis

Question 15

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Which unit is responsible for the examination of body fluids and organs for the presence of drugs and poisons?
Answer
  • Toxicology unit
  • Physical science unit
  • Evidence collection unit
  • Biology unit

Question 16

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The concept of "general acceptance" of scientific evidence relates to the:
Answer
  • First Amendment
  • Exclusionary rule
  • Frye standard
  • Miranda warnings

Question 17

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In the case of Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceutical, Inc., the U.S. Supreme Court advocated that a "gatekeeper" determine the admissibility and reliability of scientific evidence. This gatekeeper is the:
Answer
  • Expert witness
  • Prosecutor
  • Jury
  • Trial judge

Question 18

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Which of the following is NOT true? An expert witness must be able to demonstrate:
Answer
  • Skill in trade of profession of interest to the court
  • Significant experience in a relevant field
  • A formal degree in forensic science
  • Education in his/her area of expertise

Question 19

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The final evaluate of forensic evidence is the:
Answer
  • Police
  • Jury
  • Accused
  • Prosecutor

Question 20

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What is the LEAST important consideration in the gathering of evidence at a crime scene?
Answer
  • Adequate preservation of samples
  • Competent collection of materials
  • Guilt of the suspect(s)
  • Proper recognition of the evidence

Question 21

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Bite marks would be LEAST likely to be found in cases involving:
Answer
  • Murder
  • Child abuse
  • Arson
  • Sexual abust

Question 22

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Forensic ontology refers to the study of:
Answer
  • Drugs
  • Pollen
  • Teeth
  • Bones

Question 23

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Which of the following services are typically provided to law enforcement by crime laboratories?
Answer
  • Pathology
  • Criminalistics
  • Odontology
  • Psychology

Question 24

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The case of Coppolino v. State highlights issues dealing with:
Answer
  • Search and seizure
  • The admissibility of the polygraph
  • The evidential value of confessions
  • The acceptability of new scientific test

Question 25

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The scientific method requires that scientific evidence be validated by:
Answer
  • formulating pertinent questions
  • Formulating hypotheticals
  • Performing experiments
  • All of the above

Question 26

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The eleven sections of The American Academy of Forensic Science include all of the following EXCEPT
Answer
  • General
  • Arson/Explosives
  • Jurisprudence
  • Criminalistics

Question 27

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The tendency of the public to believe that every crime scene will yield forensic evidence and their unrealistic expectations that a prosecutor’s case should always be bolstered and supported by forensic evidence is known as:
Answer
  • Jurisprudence
  • Locard's Principle
  • The Scientific Method
  • The CSI Effect

Question 28

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What is the major problem facing the forensic DNA community?
Answer
  • Contamination of DNA samples by evidence collectors
  • Backlog of unanalyzed DNA samples
  • Lack of recent advancements in DNA technology
  • Existence of computerized DNA databases

Question 29

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Which unit applies principles and techniques of chemistry, physics, and geology to the identification and comparison of crime scene evidence?
Answer
  • Forensic geology
  • Physical Science
  • Toxicology
  • Biology

Question 30

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Which specialized area of forensic science examines the relationship between human behavior and legal proceedings?
Answer
  • Forensic jury selection
  • Jurisprudence
  • Forensic psychiatry
  • Forensic psychology

Question 31

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A crime scene which involved the collapse of a structure would be analyzed by specialists in the area of:
Answer
  • Forensic computer and digital analysis
  • Forensic error analysis
  • Criminialistics
  • Forensic engineering

Question 32

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What factor(s) do(es) the court usually take into consideration as sufficient grounds for qualification as an expert witness?
Answer
  • Experience
  • Training
  • Education
  • All of the Above

Question 33

Question
Specially trained personnel called _____ are employed by some crime laboratories on 24-hour call to retrieve evidence and have all the proper tools and supplies for proper collection and packaging of evidence at their disposal.
Answer
  • Evidence officers
  • Crime Scene investigators
  • Evidence technicians
  • Forensic pathologist

Question 34

Question
In Kumho Tire Co., Ltd. v. Carmichael, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the “gatekeeping” role of a trial judge:
Answer
  • Was restricted to scientific testimony
  • Applied only to cases involving capital crimes
  • Was subject to appeal by a higher court
  • Applied to all expert testimony

Question 35

Question
The judicial case that set forth the most current guidelines for determining the admissibility of scientific examinations in the federal courts is:
Answer
  • Frye v. United States
  • Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals
  • Coppolino v. State of Florida
  • Mapp v. United States

Question 36

Question
The dramatization of forensic science on television has led to a phenomenon known as the
Answer
  • NCSI effect
  • NYPD effect
  • CSI effect
  • LAPD effect

Question 37

Question
The necessity for the forensic scientist to appear in court comes from the U.S. Supreme Court case:
Answer
  • Melendez-Diaz v. Massachusetts
  • Crawford v. Washington
  • Coppolino v. State
  • Frye v. United States

Question 38

Question
The current system of crime laboratories in the United States can best be described as:
Answer
  • Centralized
  • Regional
  • Decentralized
  • National

Question 39

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The lay witness provides testimony that relies on:
Answer
  • Scientific education
  • Personal opinions
  • Personal knowledge
  • Scientific experience