Anti-infective, Anti-inflammatory, Anti-Allergy, and Immunosupressive Drugs

Rebecca  Kaspers
Quiz by Rebecca Kaspers, updated more than 1 year ago
Rebecca  Kaspers
Created by Rebecca Kaspers about 3 years ago
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Description

Ahep 100 pharmacology

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Antibiotic resistance is due to:
Answer
  • a. antibiotic over use
  • b. antibiotics given for viral infections
  • c. use of broad vs narrow spectrum antibiotics in non-emergency situations
  • d. patient not taking complete dosage
  • e. all the above are correct

Question 2

Question
Antibiotics:
Answer
  • a. are derived from living organisms
  • b. are used systemically
  • c. are harmful to normal gut flora with long-term usage
  • d. all the above are true

Question 3

Question
__________ means killing bacteria.
Answer
  • Bacteriostatic
  • Bactericidal

Question 4

Question
Which of the following mechanisms is how antibiotics work?
Answer
  • a. inhibit cell wall synthesis
  • b. inhibit nucleic acid synthesis
  • c. alter membrane permeability
  • d. inhibit protein synthesis
  • e. all the above are correct

Question 5

Question
Viruses have cell walls.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 6

Question
Anti-mycotics treat __________.
Answer
  • bacteria
  • fungus
  • viruses
  • TB

Question 7

Question
Nosocomial infections are those acquired while in the hospital.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 8

Question
__________ drugs inhibit growth; whereas __________ drugs kill.
Answer
  • Fungistatic; fungicidal
  • Fungicidal; fungistatic

Question 9

Question
Systemic Candida should be treated with __________.
Answer
  • antibiotics
  • anti-virals
  • anti-tubercular drugs
  • anti-mycotics

Question 10

Question
Allergic reactions are __________ hypersensitivity reactions.
Answer
  • Type 1
  • Type 2
  • Type 3
  • Type 4

Question 11

Question
Anti-histamine drugs displace already bound histamine to H1 receptors.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 12

Question
Which of the following do anti-histamines NOT do?
Answer
  • Decrease dilation of small arterioles
  • Decrease tissue engorgement
  • Increase fluid leakage
  • Inhibit smooth muscle constriction
  • Relieve itching symptoms

Question 13

Question
Corticosteroids:
Answer
  • a. suppress immune responses
  • b. reduce inflammation
  • c. can be natural or synthetic
  • d. affect almost all body systems
  • e. all the above are correct

Question 14

Question
__________ affect carbohydrate metabolism; whereas __________ regulate electrolyte and water balance.
Answer
  • Glucocorticoids; mineralocorticoids
  • Mineralocorticoids; glucocorticoids

Question 15

Question
One of the major adverse effects of uricosurics is uric acid stone formation.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 16

Question
Cyclosporine is a non-corticosteroid immunosuppressant used to prevent transplant organ rejection.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 17

Question
Natural steroids are hormones produced by the adrenal cortex.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 18

Question
Treating presumptively means giving an anti-microbial drug before identifying the infecting organism.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 19

Question
Tetracyclines can discolor teeth in the young because of its ability to bind divalent metals like calcium.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 20

Question
There are 4 generations of Cephalosporins, each specific for different types of organisms.
Answer
  • True
  • False
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