W6: Hearing

wadey
Quiz by wadey, updated more than 1 year ago
wadey
Created by wadey over 7 years ago
34
1

Description

HPS775 (Week 06: Hearing) Quiz on W6: Hearing, created by wadey on 10/10/2014.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
The amplitude of a sound wave is its intensity
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 2

Question
After sound waves pass through the auditory canal, they strike the tympanic membrane
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 3

Question
According to the place theory, the basilar membrane resembles the strings of a piano in that each is tuned to a specific frequency
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 4

Question
Amusia refers to impaired detection of frequency changes
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 5

Question
Most cells in the auditory cortex respond best to pure tones
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 6

Question
Conductive deafness is primarily a problem with the auditory nerve
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 7

Question
Opiates exert their pain relieving effects by their action in the periphery of the body
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 8

Question
Endorphins are only released when painful stimuli are present
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 9

Question
What is the intensity of a sound wave called?
Answer
  • Tone
  • Loudness
  • Amplitude
  • Frequency

Question 10

Question
Loudness is to _____ as pitch is to _____
Answer
  • Amplitude; intensity
  • Amplitude; frequency
  • Pitch; tone
  • Frequency; intensity

Question 11

Question
What is another name for the tympanic membrane?
Answer
  • Cochlea
  • Pinna
  • Auditory nerve
  • Eardrum

Question 12

Question
The malleus, incus and stapes are small bones
Answer
  • That transmit information from the tympanic membrane to the oval window
  • In the outer ear
  • That transmit information from the outer ear to the middle ear
  • In the inner ear

Question 13

Question
The fact that the various parts of the basilar membrane are tightly bound together is problematic for which of the following?
Answer
  • Both the frequency theory and the place theory
  • The place theory
  • Then volley theory
  • The frequency theory

Question 14

Question
People with massive damage to the primary auditory cortex:
Answer
  • Can no longer hear and recognise simple sounds
  • Are rendered deaf to only high-frequency sounds
  • Cannot reorganise combinations or sequences of sounds
  • Are rendered completely deaf

Question 15

Question
Conductive deafness is also known as:
Answer
  • An outer ear deafness
  • Middle ear deafness
  • Inner ear deafness
  • Nerve deafness

Question 16

Question
Damage to part of the cochlea that sends information about high frequency sounds to the primary auditory cortex could result in:
Answer
  • Complete hearing loss
  • Inability to hear sounds
  • Tinnitus
  • Hearing loss in the opposite ear

Question 17

Question
A sound shadow refers to:
Answer
  • How much louder a high-frequency sound is for the ear closest to the sound
  • In phase sound waves
  • The time it takes sound waves to reach the ear
  • Out of phase sound waves

Question 18

Question
In the otoliths organs, the otoliths are calcium carbonate particles that:
Answer
  • Enhance sound localisation
  • Vibrate with different frequencies
  • Stabilise the semicircular canals
  • Push against hair cells when moved

Question 19

Question
The function of the semicircular canals is to:
Answer
  • Establish a sense of direction whilst travelling
  • Locate the source of high frequency tones
  • Detect movement of the head
  • Locate the source of low frequency tones

Question 20

Question
Endorphins
Answer
  • Are human-made drugs which mimic endorphins
  • Have chemical structures just like morphine
  • Increase pain
  • Can interact with the same receptors as morphine

Question 21

Question
Which of the following is true according to the law of specific nerve energies?
Answer
  • Any stimulation of the auditory nerve is perceived as sound
  • A single nerve can convey either auditory or visual information
  • Each sensory system as a unique electrical charge
  • If one sensory system becomes inactive, others will compensate

Question 22

Question
What is the name of the receptor cells of the auditory system?
Answer
  • Rods and cones
  • Sound bulbs
  • Hair cells
  • Basilar membranes

Question 23

Question
Perception of low tone is to _____ as perception of high tone is to _____.
Answer
  • Volley principle; frequency theory.
  • Frequency theory; place theory
  • Place theory; volley principle
  • Gate theory; frequency theory

Question 24

Question
What is the major problem for the frequency theory of sound perception?
Answer
  • It cannot account for the perception of low pitch sounds
  • It cannot account for the perception of low amplitude sounds
  • It requires the cochlea to vibrate, but it does not
  • Neurons cannot respond as quickly as the theory requires

Question 25

Question
The frequency theory of pitch perception works well for _____ frequencies, while the place theory works well for the perception of _____ frequencies
Answer
  • Low; low
  • High; low
  • High; high
  • Low; high

Question 26

Question
High frequency tones produce maximum displacement
Answer
  • At the base of the basilar membrane
  • At the apex of the basilar membrane
  • In the middle of the basilar membrane
  • Across the entire length of the basilar membrane

Question 27

Question
To what lobe of the cerebral cortex is auditory information sent?
Answer
  • Occipital
  • Temporal
  • Parietal
  • Frontal

Question 28

Question
What is the basic path of sound waves from the outside world through to the inner ear.
Answer
  • a. Auditory canal, pinna, ossicles, tympanic membrane, small oval window, cochlea, auditory nerve
  • b. Pinna, auditory canal, small oval window, ossicles, tympanic membrane, cochlea, auditory nerve
  • c. Pinna, auditory canal, tympanic membrane, ossicles, small oval window, cochlea, auditory nerve
  • d. Auditory canal, pinna, tympanic membrane, ossicles, small oval window, cochlea, auditory nerve

Question 29

Question
Which theory accounts for each frequency activating hair cells at one place along the basilar membrane like piano strings in the higher frequencies
Answer
  • a. Frequency theory
  • b. Volley principle
  • c. Place theory
  • d. Tonotopic theory

Question 30

Question
Which theory explains that the basilar membrane vibrates in synchrony with a sound, causing the auditory nerve axons to produce action potentials at the same frequency for the lower frequencies?
Answer
  • a. Frequency theory
  • b. Volley principle
  • c. Place theory
  • d. Tonotopic theory

Question 31

Question
Which theory says that it is cooperation between hair cells that allows each cell to capture a bit of sound in the mid range frequencies?
Answer
  • a. Frequency theory
  • b. Volley principle
  • c. Place theory
  • d. Tonotopic theory
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