Week 3 Patho

Mitch Thornell
Quiz by Mitch Thornell, updated more than 1 year ago
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Tri 2 patho Quiz on Week 3 Patho, created by Mitch Thornell on 07/31/2018.
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Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Those who live at high altitudes, or who receive extra erythropoietin, are likely to suffer:
Answer
  • primary polycythaemia
  • sickle cell anaemia
  • secondary polycythaemia
  • haemolytic disease

Question 2

Question
Which blood disorder results from an autoimmune attack on parietal cells of the stomach wall?
Answer
  • microcytic anaemia
  • pernicious anaemia
  • haemolytic disease of the newborn
  • thalassaemia

Question 3

Question
Which of the following is typically not associated with anaemia?
Answer
  • disruption of haemoglobin chains
  • increased haemolysis
  • lack of intrinsic factor
  • high dietary iron intake

Question 4

Question
What term is used to describe a marked reduction in platelets?
Answer
  • haemorrhoids
  • haemophilia
  • polycythaemia
  • thrombocytopenia

Question 5

Question
Anaemia due to inherited mutations that reduce the production of either alpha or beta haemoglobin chains is known as:
Answer
  • haemolytic anaemia
  • thalassaemia
  • all answers are correct
  • pernicious anaemia

Question 6

Question
Which of the following applies to the leukemias?
Answer
  • Chronic leukemias are more common in older people.
  • Exposure to chemicals is not considered a predisposing factor.
  • Lymphoid tissue produces abnormal leukocytes.
  • All answers are correct

Question 7

Question
The Reed-Sternberg cell is diagnostic for:
Answer
  • multiple myeloma
  • non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
  • Hodgkin’s lymphoma
  • chronic myeloblastic leukemia.

Question 8

Question
Predisposing factors to leukemia commonly include:
Answer
  • exposure to radiation.
  • cigarette smoking.
  • certain fungal and protozoal infections.
  • familial tendency.

Question 9

Question
Multiple myeloma is a malignant tumor involving:
Answer
  • bone cells.
  • plasma cells.
  • lymph nodes.
  • granulocytes

Question 10

Question
What is the primary treatment for the leukemias?
Answer
  • Radiation
  • Immunotherapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Surgery

Question 11

Question
What medical term is given to describe a marked reduction in platelets?
Answer
  • thrombocytopenia
  • polycythaemia
  • haemophilia
  • thrombocythemia

Question 12

Question
Chronic blood loss causes anaemia because of the:
Answer
  • smaller amount of recycled iron available
  • loss of protein and electrolytes
  • lower metabolic rate
  • shortened life span of the erythrocytes

Question 13

Question
Which blood disorder results from an autoimmune attack on parietal cells of the stomach wall?
Answer
  • pernicious anaemia
  • thalassaemia
  • haemolytic disease of the newborn
  • microcytic anaemia

Question 14

Question
What are the typical early clinical manifestations of anaemia?
Answer
  • Bradycardia, cyanosis
  • Pallor, dyspnea, and fatigue
  • Chest pain, palpitations
  • Jaundice, cyanosis

Question 15

Question
In cases of polycythemia vera, blood pressure is most likely elevated as a result of:
Answer
  • increased blood volume/viscosity
  • congested spleen and bone marrow.
  • increased renin and aldosterone secretions.
  • frequent infarcts in the coronary circulation

Question 16

Question
In disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), active bleeding occurs after intravascular clotting because:
Answer
  • clotting factors are depleted.
  • prothrombin is activated.
  • inflammatory mediators are released.
  • tissue factor (TF) is inactivated.

Question 17

Question
A neoplastic disorder that involves malignant plasma cells that replace the bone marrow and erodes bone is referred to as:
Answer
  • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Aplastic anemia
  • Leukaemia

Question 18

Question
In which of the following individuals would a clinician most suspect multiple myeloma as a diagnosis?
Answer
  • A 40-year-old man who has had three broken bones over the past 6 months and whose serum calcium and creatinine levels are elevated
  • A 70-year-old woman whose blood work reveals large numbers of immature granulocytes
  • An 81-year-old male resident of a long-term care home who has an uncommon bacterial pneumonia and who is unable to produce a fever
  • A 68-year-old former coal miner who has white cell levels exponentially higher than normal ranges

Question 19

Question
Leukemias describe white blood cell malignancies that:
Answer
  • none of the answers are correct
  • arise as tumours of erythrocytes
  • reduce the white blood cell count
  • begin in the bone marrow

Question 20

Question
A diverse group of neoplasms developing from the proliferation of malignant lymphocytes in the lymphoid system is referred to as:
Answer
  • Lymphomas
  • Lymphatic anaemias
  • Microcytic anaemias
  • Leukaemias
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