Chapter 2

nursing fairy
Quiz by nursing fairy , updated more than 1 year ago
nursing fairy
Created by nursing fairy about 7 years ago
611
3

Description

college Geriatrics Quiz on Chapter 2, created by nursing fairy on 10/19/2014.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
A theory differs from a fact in that a theory
Answer
  • proves how different influences affect a particular phenomenon
  • attempts to explain and give some logical order to observations
  • is a collection of facts about a particular phenomenon
  • shows a relationship among facts about a particular phenomenon

Question 2

Question
The biological theory of aging uses a genetic perspective and suggests that aging is a programmed process in which:
Answer
  • each person will age exactly like those in the previous generation
  • a “biological clock” ticks off a predetermined number of cell divisions
  • genetic traits can overcome environmental influences
  • age-related physical changes are controlled only by genetic factors

Question 3

Question
The Gene Theory of aging proposes that
Answer
  • the presence of a “master gene” prolongs youth
  • genes interact with each other to resist aging
  • specific genes target specific body systems to initiate system deterioration
  • the activation of harmful genes initiates the aging process.

Question 4

Question
The theory that identifies an unstable molecule as the causative factor in aging is the _____ theory.
Answer
  • free radical
  • molecular
  • neuroendocrine
  • cross link

Question 5

Question
The nurse assesses that the patient who uses good health maintenance practices believes in the aging theory known as the _____ theory.
Answer
  • wear and tear
  • free radical
  • neuroendocrine
  • molecular

Question 6

Question
The nurse describes the neuroendocrine theory of aging as a complex process of
Answer
  • relating thyroid function to age-related changes
  • the effects of adrenal corticosteroids, which inhibit the aging process
  • stimulation and/or inhibition of the hypothalamus, causing age-related changes
  • adrenal medulla inhibition of epinephrine, causing age-related changes

Question 7

Question
The nurse explains that psychosocial theories differ from biologic theories in that psychosocial theories
Answer
  • focus on methods to delay the aging process
  • are directed at decreasing depression in the older adult
  • are organized to enhance the perception of aging
  • attempt to explain responses to the aging process.

Question 8

Question
The major objection to the disengagement theory is that the theory:
Answer
  • justifies ageism
  • addresses the diversity of older adults
  • does not clarify the aging process
  • diminishes the self-esteem of the older adult

Question 9

Question
The 80-year-old who teaches Sunday school every week and delivers food for Meals on Wheels is following _____ theory.
Answer
  • Newman's developmental
  • The life course
  • the activity
  • the disengagement

Question 10

Question
The nurse would recognize successful aging according to Jung’s theory when the nurse notes that a resident at a long-term care facility
Answer
  • takes special care to dress for dinner in a manner that pleases his tablemates.
  • asks permission to sit on the patio with other residents.
  • asks persons in his hall if his television is bothering them
  • wears a large cowboy hat at all times because he likes it.

Question 11

Question
The older adult female patient is positive that the free radical lipofuscin can be counteracted by:
Answer
  • avoiding animal fat.
  • use of antioxidants.
  • building up muscle mass
  • outdoor exercise.

Question 12

Question
A recently widowed woman moved to an assisted living community because of her hypertension and joined a group to learn how to do water color painting with other women her age. The nurse assesses that the patient is following the aging theory of:
Answer
  • Jung
  • Havighurst
  • Erikson
  • Newmon

Question 13

Question
The nurse’s list of age-related illnesses thought to cause the accumulation of free radicals includes __________. (Select all that apply.)
Answer
  • Arthritis
  • Colon Cancer
  • Osteoporosis
  • Diabetes
  • Atherosclerosis

Question 14

Question
The nurse emphasizes that the relatively new theory that correlates restricted caloric intake to slowing of the aging process would probably extend the life span of the person, provided that the person __________. (Select all that apply.)
Answer
  • consistently eats high-nutrient, low-calorie foods
  • maintains a regular exercise program
  • consumes 2000 to 3000 mL of fluid a day
  • supports the diet with adequate fat-soluble vitamins
  • eats only organically grown foods

Question 15

Question
The nurse points out that the positive outcomes from a “life review,” according to Erikson, would include __________. (Select all that apply.)
Answer
  • wisdom and integrated self-image
  • comparing self with others
  • understanding self and relationships
  • seeking another’s opinion of his or her achievement
  • acceptance of self

Question 16

Question
When a patient asks what can be done to neutralize the free radicals in his system, the nurse responds that antioxidant therapy is thought to inhibit free radicals. Antioxidants include __________. (Select all that apply.)
Answer
  • Fruits
  • Vegetables
  • Organ Meat
  • Folic Acid
  • Vitamin D
Show full summary Hide full summary

Similar

Nervous System
4everlakena
Renal System A&P
Kirsty Jayne Buckley
Diabetes Mellitus
Kirsty Jayne Buckley
Oxygenation
Jessdwill
Definitions
katherinethelma
Clostridium Difficile
Kirsty Jayne Buckley
Clinical Governance
Kirsty Jayne Buckley
CMS Interpretive Guidelines for Complaint/Grievances
Lydia Elliott, Ed.D
NCLEX RN SAMPLE TEST
MrPRCA
NURS 310 EXAM 1 PRACTIC EXAM
harlacherha
Enhancing Physical Comfort
Michael Mendez