Meteorology Midterm Quiz

james sutter
Quiz by james sutter, updated more than 1 year ago
james sutter
Created by james sutter almost 3 years ago
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Midterm Quiz

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
The Corilois force is the force that causes the wind to blow.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 2

Question
Hot air with a low relative humidity may actually contain more water vapor than cool air with a high relative humidity.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 3

Question
On a cloudless day, the tropopause is easily visible with the naked eye.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 4

Question
The ground is a better emitter of infrared radiation and cools more quickly than air.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 5

Question
The temperature in a rising parcel of air will always be the same as that of the surrounding air.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 6

Question
Visibility generally improves after a rain storm.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 7

Question
The air pressure at the summit of Mount Everest is higher than the air pressure at sea level.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 8

Question
Clouds, fogs, and precipitation are more likely to form where prevailing winds are upslope than where the winds are downslope.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 9

Question
Dense fog is more prevalent in mountainous areas (especially those regions where rising cold air cools and condenses) than coastal margins.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 10

Question
Frost occurs when dew freezes.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 11

Question
On a windy day, you would expect to record warmer daytime and warmer nighttime temperatures than on a day with calm winds.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 12

Question
The formation of ice releases heat and warms the surroundings.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 13

Question
A cloud with an anvil-shaped top is most often associated with
Answer
  • cumulonimbus
  • altocumulus
  • cumulus congestus
  • cumulus humilis

Question 14

Question
Which process results in a decrease in relative humidity?
Answer
  • increasing the actual water vapor pressure
  • cooling the air
  • warming the air
  • decreasing the saturation water vapor pressure

Question 15

Question
The moist adiabatic rate is ___ than the dry adiabatic heat because latent heat is ___ the rising air.
Answer
  • less; removed from
  • less; added to
  • greater; removed from
  • greater; added to

Question 16

Question
During atmospheric convection, rising air bubbles are called ___.
Answer
  • clouds
  • vapors
  • thermals
  • wind

Question 17

Question
The ___ force is an apparent force created by Earth's rotation.
Answer
  • pressure gradient
  • gravitational
  • centripetal
  • Corilois

Question 18

Question
Which cloud type would most lickely form in absolutely stable air?
Answer
  • stratus
  • altocumulus
  • cumulus congestus
  • cumulonimbus

Question 19

Question
On an upper-air chart, normally we find warm air associated with ___ pressure, and cold air associated with ___ pressure.
Answer
  • low; low
  • low; high
  • high; high
  • high; low

Question 20

Question
In clear weather, the air next to the ground is usually ___ than the air above it at night, and ___ than the air above it during the day.
Answer
  • warmer; warmer
  • cooler; warmer
  • colder; colder
  • warmer; colder

Question 21

Question
The letter H and L on a surface weather map refer to regions of high and low ___.
Answer
  • latitude
  • winds
  • pressure
  • temperature

Question 22

Question
Beneath a lenticular cloud downwind of a mountain, a large swirling eddy forms what type of cloud?
Answer
  • nimbus
  • rotor
  • lee wave
  • mountain wave

Question 23

Question
If you observe large raindrops hitting the ground, you could conclude that the cloud overhead was ___ and had ___ updrafts.
Answer
  • thick; strong
  • thin; strong
  • thin; weak
  • thick; weak

Question 24

Question
Clouds often form in ___.
Answer
  • sinking air in the center of a high pressure area
  • rising air in the center of a low pressure area
  • sinking air in the center of a low pressure area
  • rising air in the center of a high pressure area

Question 25

Question
The energy of motion is known as ___.
Answer
  • specific heat
  • radiant energy
  • potential energy
  • kinetic energy

Question 26

Question
What is responsible for the cold feeling that you experience after leaving a swimming pool on a hot, dry summer day?
Answer
  • heat transport by convection
  • heat transport by radiation
  • heat transport by conduction
  • heat transport by latent heat

Question 27

Question
As the air temperature increases, the air's capacity for water vapor ___.
Answer
  • decreases
  • can either increase or decrease because it is unrelated to air temperature
  • remains constant
  • increases

Question 28

Question
On an upper-air chart, the wind aloft tends to blow ___.
Answer
  • at right angles to the isobars or contour lines
  • at an angle between 10 degrees and 30 degrees to the contours and towards lower pressure
  • at constant speed
  • parallel to the isobar or contours

Question 29

Question
A ridge on an upper-air isobaric chart indicates ___.
Answer
  • a region with calm winds
  • average heights
  • lower-than-average heights
  • higher-than-average heights

Question 30

Question
Cyclonic flow means ___ in either the Northern or Southern Hemisphere.
Answer
  • clockwise wind flow
  • circulation around a high pressure center
  • circulation around a low pressure center
  • counterclockwise flow

Question 31

Question
If upper-level divergence exceeds surface convergence, the air pressure at the center of the low will ___, and the isobars will become ___ tightly packed.
Answer
  • decrease; less
  • increase; less
  • increase; more
  • decrease; more

Question 32

Question
An inversion represents an extremely stable atmosphere because ___.
Answer
  • surface air becomes warmer than air aloft
  • inversions allow air pollutants to escape freely from surface air
  • air becomes cooler with height
  • inversions act as a lid on vertical air motion

Question 33

Question
Particles that serve as surfaces on which water vapor may condense are called ___.
Answer
  • nacreous nuclei
  • hydrophobic nuclei
  • scud
  • condensation nuclei

Question 34

Question
A good example of ___ fog is observed along the Pacific Coast during summer, when warm, moist air from the ocean is carried over colder coastal waters.
Answer
  • advection
  • radiation
  • evaporation
  • high

Question 35

Question
In the lower atmosphere, any air that rises will ___ and cool.
Answer
  • vaporize
  • expand
  • compress
  • evaporate

Question 36

Question
As the air temperature increases, with no addition of water vapor to the air, the dew point will ___.
Answer
  • increase
  • remain the same
  • decrease
  • become equal to the air temperature

Question 37

Question
If an air parcel is given a small push upward and it continues to move upward on its own accord, the atmosphere is said to be ___.
Answer
  • dynamic
  • stable
  • buoyant
  • unstable

Question 38

Question
The movement of smoke in the atmosphere from one area to another by wind is an example of ___.
Answer
  • advection
  • conduction
  • reflection
  • radiation

Question 39

Question
Which environmental lapse rate represents the most unstable condition in a layer of unsaturated air?
Answer
  • 3 degrees Celsius per 1000 m
  • 6 degrees Celsius per 1000 m
  • 11 degrees Celsius per 1000 m
  • 9 degrees Celsius per 1000 m

Question 40

Question
In a temperature inversion, air temperature ___.
Answer
  • increases with decreasing height
  • decreases with increasing height
  • increases with increasing height
  • remains constant with increasing height

Question 41

Question
Condensation is more likely to occur when air ___.
Answer
  • warms and the speed of the water vapor molecules decreases
  • cools and the speed of the water vapor molecules decreases
  • cools and the speed of the water vapor molecules increases
  • warms and the speed of the water vapor molecules increases

Question 42

Question
Which chemical process is an example of condensation?
Answer
  • ice formation
  • cloud droplet formation
  • photosynthesis
  • water vapor formation

Question 43

Question
Nightime radiation inversions occur on most ___ nights.
Answer
  • rainy, calm
  • rainy, windy
  • clear, windy
  • clear, calm

Question 44

Question
Which type of cloud shows the greatest vertical growth?
Answer
  • cirrocumulus
  • cumulus humilis
  • cumulonimbus
  • cumulus congestus

Question 45

Question
Which cloud type would be most likely to form ina an unstable atmophere?
Answer
  • cumulus humilis
  • nimbostratus
  • cumulonimbus
  • cirrostratus

Question 46

Question
What set of conditions, working together, will make the atmophere the most unstable?
Answer
  • cooling the surface and cooling the air aloft
  • warming the surface and cooling the air aloft
  • cooling the surface and warming the air aloft
  • warming the surface and warming the air aloft

Question 47

Question
Which set of conditions, working together, will make the atmosphere the most stable?
Answer
  • cooling the surface and warming the air aloft
  • warming the surface and cooling the air aloft
  • warming the surface and warming the air aloft
  • cooling the surface and cooling the air aloft

Question 48

Question
Areas of high atmospheric pressure are also known as ___.
Answer
  • hurricanes
  • anticyclones
  • tornadoes
  • troughs

Question 49

Question
Dew is most likely to form on ___.
Answer
  • clear, calm nights
  • cloudy, calm nights
  • clear, windy nights
  • cloudy, windy nights

Question 50

Question
In the middle latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere, surface winds tend to blow ___ and ___ around an area of surface low pressure.
Answer
  • counterclockwise; inward
  • clockwise; inward
  • clockwise; outward
  • counterclockwise; outward

Question 51

Question
On a cold, winter morning, the most likely place for radiation fog to form is ___.
Answer
  • over a body of water
  • at the top of a hill or mountain
  • along the side of a hill
  • in a valley

Question 52

Question
The surface air around a strengthening low pressure area normally ___, while, above the system the air normally ___.
Answer
  • converges; converges
  • converges; diverges
  • diverges; converges
  • diverges; diverges

Question 53

Question
Frost forms when ___.
Answer
  • conditions are cold, cloudy, and windy
  • the dew point is 32 degrees fahernheight or below
  • the dew point is above 32 degrees fahernheight
  • dew freezes

Question 54

Question
Radiation fog forms when ___.
Answer
  • water vapor is added ro air next to the ground
  • air pressure ar the ground drops suddenly
  • air next to the ground is cooled
  • there is a increase in condensation nuclei in air at the ground

Question 55

Question
Cold and cloudy nights are warmer than cold and clear nights (other factors being equal) because ___.
Answer
  • of thermal belts
  • clouds reflect sunlight
  • of strong radiation inversions
  • clouds absorb outgoing infrared energy and radiate it back to the surface

Question 56

Question
The wind around a surface low pressure in the Southern Hemisphere blows ___ the center.
Answer
  • clockwise and inward toward
  • counterlockwise and inward toward
  • clockwise and outward from
  • counterclockwise and outward from

Question 57

Question
All of the weather we are familiar with on Earth occurs in the ___.
Answer
  • troposphere
  • stratosphere
  • mesosphere
  • exosphere

Question 58

Question
As the difference between the air temperature and the dew point increases, the relative humidity ___.
Answer
  • increases
  • decreases
  • remains constant and equal to 100%
  • remains constant at a value less than 100%

Question 59

Question
The force that causes the wind to blow is the ___ force.
Answer
  • centripetal
  • pressure gradient
  • Coriolis
  • frictional

Question 60

Question
The wind around a surface high pressure center in the Northern Hemisphere blows ___ the center.
Answer
  • clockwise and outward from
  • counterclockwise and inward from
  • counterclockwise and outward from
  • clockwise and inward from

Question 61

Question
A ___ pressure usually indicates clearing weather or fair weather.
Answer
  • constant
  • steadily falling
  • steadily rising
  • fluctuating

Question 62

Question
Light or moderate continuous precipitation is most often associated with ___ clouds.
Answer
  • cirrocumulus
  • cirrostratus
  • nimbostratus
  • cumulonimbus

Question 63

Question
What pattern is most likely associated with clear skies and fair weather?
Answer
  • high pressure regions
  • low pressure regions
  • warm regions
  • a cold front

Question 64

Question
A baseball will travel slightly farther on a ___ day.
Answer
  • hot, dry
  • cool, cloudy
  • hot, humid
  • cool, clear

Question 65

Question
Which combination produces the strongest Coriolis force?
Answer
  • slow winds and low latitude
  • fast winds and low latitude
  • fast winds and high altitude
  • slow winds and high altitude

Question 66

Question
The name given to a towering cloud that produces precipitation that is showery with frequent changes in intensity is ___.
Answer
  • altocumulus
  • cumulus congestus
  • cumulus humilis
  • cumulonimbus

Question 67

Question
The pressure gradient force is directed from higher pressure toward lower pressure ___.
Answer
  • only at the equator
  • at all places on Earth except for the equator
  • at all places on Earth
  • only at the poles

Question 68

Question
Which condition would contribute to higher surface air temperatures?
Answer
  • moist loamy soil
  • dry loamy soil with high vegitation
  • dry sandy soil with little vegetation
  • moist loamy soil with high vegitation
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