Unit 4 (Final Exam) Practice Test

Krystal Tellez
Quiz by Krystal Tellez, updated 12 months ago
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11th grade US History Quiz on Unit 4 (Final Exam) Practice Test, created by Krystal Tellez on 12/09/2018.
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Question 1

Question
The largest group of whites in the South _______.
Answer
  • owned between ten and ninety-nine slaves each
  • owned between one and nine slaves each
  • owned no slaves
  • owned over one hundred slaves each

Question 2

Question
Which of the following was not one of the effects of the cotton boom?
Answer
  • U.S. trade increased with France and Spain.
  • Port cities like New Orleans expanded.
  • Northern manufacturing expanded.
  • The need for slave labor grew.

Question 3

Question
In the 1850's, some southerners demanded reopening the international slave trade. This caused a rift between the Upper South and the Lower South. Whites in the Upper South believed
Answer
  • it would hurt their profits
  • it would harm race relations
  • it make slaves more expensive
  • It was immoral

Question 4

Question
Eli Whitney’s invention of the cotton gin changed the industry of the South in which way?
Answer
  • It created a new source of cheap alcohol.
  • It led to more land in the South being dedicated to cotton farming.
  • It created greater competition between Southern cotton farmers.
  • It decreased the dependence on slave labor in cotton farming.

Question 5

Question
In the early United States, sectionalism first arose due to conflict over which divisive issue?
Answer
  • voting
  • religion
  • immigration
  • slavery

Question 6

Question
John C. Calhoun argued for greater rights for southerners with which idea?
Answer
  • paternalism
  • polygenism
  • majority rule
  • concurrent majority

Question 7

Question
Why did southern expansionists conduct filibuster expeditions?
Answer
  • to prove they could raise an army
  • to map unknown territories
  • to find runaway slaves
  • to annex new slave states

Question 8

Question
The abolition of the foreign slave trade in 1807 led to _______.
Answer
  • a reform movement calling for the complete end to slavery in the United States
  • a dramatic decrease in the price and demand for slaves
  • the decline of cotton production
  • the rise of a thriving domestic slave trade

Question 9

Question
Under the law in the antebellum South, slaves were ________.
Answer
  • servants
  • animals
  • property
  • indentures

Question 10

Question
The controversy at the heart of the Ostend Manifesto centered on the fate of:
Answer
  • Louisiana
  • Ostend, Belgium
  • Cuba
  • Nicaragua

Question 11

Question
Which new church grew quickly in spite of being met with hostility after it was founded in the 1830s?
Answer
  • Pentecostalism
  • Mormonism
  • Protestantism
  • Catholicism

Question 12

Question
Sylvester Graham's reformers targeted
Answer
  • nutrition
  • sexuality
  • the human body
  • all of these

Question 13

Question
In the context of the antebellum era, what does colonization refer to?
Answer
  • American colonization of the Caribbean
  • the relocation of slaves to Africa
  • the American annexation of Africa
  • Great Britain's colonization of North America

Question 14

Question
How did abolitionists use the political system to fight slavery?
Answer
  • by bringing lawsuits against slave-owners on constitutional grounds
  • by encouraging slaves and free black workers to refuse to work
  • by forming third parties that advocated laws against slavery

Question 15

Question
Transcendentalists were most concerned with
Answer
  • predestination
  • the individual
  • the afterlife
  • democracy

Question 16

Question
Which of the following did William Lloyd Garrison not employ in his abolitionist efforts?
Answer
  • immediatism
  • pamphleteering
  • political involvement
  • moral suasion

Question 17

Question
Which religious community focused on the power of patriarchy?
Answer
  • Mormons
  • Owenites
  • Rappites
  • Shakers

Question 18

Question
Why did William Lloyd Garrison's endorsement of the Grimke sisters divide the abolitionist movement?
Answer
  • They attended the Seneca Falls Convention
  • They lectured to co-ed audiences
  • They supported colonization
  • They advocated equal rights for women

Question 19

Question
In the nineteenth century, which Protestant denomination grew in numbers in the United States due to increased immigration from Germany?
Answer
  • Lutheranism
  • Methodism
  • Episcopalism

Question 20

Question
How did the abolitionist views of William Lloyd Garrison differ from those of earlier anti-slavery advocates?
Answer
  • He opposed foreign colonization of former slaves.
  • He believed that violent revolt should not always be discouraged.
  • He supported gradual rather than sudden emancipation.

Question 21

Question
Which community or movement is associated with transcendentalism?
Answer
  • Brook Farm
  • the Ephrata Cloister
  • the Oneida Community
  • Fourierism

Question 22

Question
Which American philosophical movement influenced many early reform efforts in New England?
Answer
  • Existentialism
  • Lutheranism
  • Rationalism
  • Transcendentalism

Question 23

Question
Why did female abolitionists often meet resistance within their own movement?
Answer
  • Women had the same social status as slaves at the time.
  • Religious leaders often used the Bible to justify female inferiority.
  • It was feared that female members would slow the movement's progression.

Question 24

Question
How did Charles G. Finney’s brand of Christian revivalism differ from those of previous Evangelical leaders?
Answer
  • He advocated withdrawal from society in favor of communalism.
  • He believed Christianity needed to be purged of its worldly nature.
  • He stressed the control that humans have over their own destinies.

Question 25

Question
Which reformer focused on women's roles as the educators of children
Answer
  • Catherine Beecher
  • Sarah Grimke
  • Susan B. Anthony
  • Lydia Maria Child

Question 26

Question
The utopian community begun by Robert Owen in 1825 was founded around which principle?
Answer
  • cooperative labor
  • secular humanism
  • mental independence

Question 27

Question
The first temperance laws were enacted by
Answer
  • state governments
  • the Federal government
  • local governments
  • the Supreme Court

Question 28

Question
Which of the following is not a characteristic of the Second GreatAwakening?
Answer
  • greater emphasis on nature
  • greater emphasis on religious education of children
  • greater church attendance
  • belief in the possibility of a better world

Question 29

Question
On what grounds did Dred Scott sue for freedom?
Answer
  • the fact that he had lived in free states
  • the fact that his family would be torn apart
  • the cruelty of his master
  • the inherent inhumanity of slavery

Question 30

Question
Which of the following was not a component of the Compromise of 1850?
Answer
  • the passage of the Fugitive Slave Act
  • the admission of Kansas as a free state
  • the admission of California as a free state
  • a ban on the slave trade in Washington, DC

Question 31

Question
What was President Zachary Taylor’s top priority as president?
Answer
  • enlarging the state of Texas
  • expanding slavery
  • ensuring the recapture of runaway slaves
  • preserving the Union

Question 32

Question
"Border ruffians" helped to ________.
Answer
  • elect a proslavery legislature in Kansas
  • capture runaway slaves
  • chase abolitionists out of Missouri
  • disseminate abolitionist literature in Kansas

Question 33

Question
Which of the following was a provision of the Compromise of 1850?
Answer
  • New Mexico and Utah would be admitted as slave states.
  • Slavery would no longer be allowed in the District of Columbia.
  • Free states would be forced to return slaves who escaped to those states.

Question 34

Question
In 1856, in which territory did confrontations between free- and slave-state factions become violent?
Answer
  • Kansas
  • Utah
  • Oregon

Question 35

Question
Which of the following was not a result of the Lincoln-Douglas debates?
Answer
  • Douglas was elected senator of Illinois.
  • Lincoln successfully defended the principle of popular sovereignty.
  • Citizens in both the North and South followed the debates closely.
  • Lincoln’s national profile was raised.

Question 36

Question
Which of the following was a focus of the new Republican Party?
Answer
  • promoting states’ rights
  • encouraging the use of popular sovereignty to determine where slavery could exist
  • supporting Irish Catholic immigration
  • halting the spread of slavery

Question 37

Question
Which of the following did not contribute to Lincoln’s victory in the election of 1860?
Answer
  • Lincoln’s improved national standing after his senatorial debates with Stephen Douglas
  • the defeat of the Whig party
  • the Constitutional Union party’s further splintering the vote
  • the split between northern and southern democrats

Question 38

Question
Why did John Brown attack the armory at Harpers Ferry?
Answer
  • in revenge after the sacking of Lawrence
  • to hold as a military base against proslavery forces
  • to seize weapons to distribute to slaves for a massive uprising
  • to prevent southern states from seceding

Question 39

Question
Why was the constitutionality of President Lincoln?s suspension of habeas corpus brought into question?
Answer
  • It allowed people to be jailed without being charged before a judge.
  • It ignored the will of Congress in approving funds for military expenditures.
  • It gave the federal government undue power over the states.

Question 40

Question
Which slave state remained in the Union during the U.S. Civil War?
Answer
  • Virginia
  • Arkansas
  • Kentucky

Question 41

Question
The Confederacy was founded when which state seceded from the Union?
Answer
  • Georgia
  • South Carolina
  • Mississippi

Question 42

Question
Which U.S. Civil War event is often credited for Abraham Lincoln's re-election in 1864?
Answer
  • the capture and fall of Atlanta
  • the surrender of General Robert E. Lee
  • the siege and surrender of Vicksburg

Question 43

Question
Which statement describes how slavery created a military advantage for the Confederacy during the U.S. Civil War?
Answer
  • Union troops avoided attacking the properties of slaveholders.
  • Confederate laws required the conscription of slaves as soldiers.
  • Slaves performed necessary labor, freeing white workers to fight.

Question 44

Question
Why did many northerners consider conscription to be unfair during the U.S. Civil War?
Answer
  • It forced all men to join the draft regardless of their age or health.
  • It allowed wealthier draftees to hire substitutes and avoid fighting.
  • It favored those who lived further from the Confederate border.

Question 45

Question
In 1861, the Confederate states chose whom to serve as their provisional president?
Answer
  • Zebulon Vance
  • Jefferson Davis
  • Alexander Stephens

Question 46

Question
Which statement best describes one advantage the Confederacy had over the Union in the U.S. Civil War?
Answer
  • The Confederacy's soldiers had more experience and better training.
  • The Confederacy's soldiers were better equipped for battle.
  • The Confederacy's soldiers were more accustomed to using firearms.

Question 47

Question
Which Confederate states were generally the last to secede?
Answer
  • those closest to the Atlantic Ocean
  • those with small slave populations
  • those bordering the Union states

Question 48

Question
During the U.S. Civil War, what did Northerners do to raise money for the war effort that Southerners did not?
Answer
  • raise local taxes
  • impose direct federal taxes
  • sell government bonds

Question 49

Question
Which event officially triggered the U.S. Civil War?
Answer
  • the announcement of the Emancipation Proclamation
  • the inception of the Union naval blockade of the South
  • the Confederate attack on and capture of Fort Sumter

Question 50

Question
Why was the Presidential election of 1860 particularly complex in its scope?
Answer
  • The Republican Party was divided in their support for Abraham Lincoln's candidacy.
  • The Democratic Party was split among regional lines and nominated two candidates.
  • A third party candidate had managed to defeat the Democratic candidate in votes.

Question 51

Question
Which of the following sparked the New York City riots of July 1863?
Answer
  • food shortages
  • conscription
  • abolitionism

Question 52

Question
Which Confederate state was the last to secede from the Union?
Answer
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Louisiana

Question 53

Question
Which of the following was a significant difference between the Union and Confederate armies?
Answer
  • The Union army had far more experienced generals than the Confederate army.
  • The Union army had far more soldiers than the Confederate army.
  • The Union army had far more accessible resources than the Confederate army.

Question 54

Question
Which statement best describes Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation?
Answer
  • It made slavery illegal throughout the Union and Confederacy.
  • It freed all slaves in the Confederate states.
  • It freed all slaves in Union states that allowed slavery.

Question 55

Question
Why did the Cherokee leaders agree to fight with the Confederacy in the U.S. Civil War?
Answer
  • Confederate leaders had promised them weapons and protection from the Union.
  • The Cherokee had fought against the United States in numerous previous wars.
  • Many Cherokee were slave owners and shared other interests with the Confederacy.

Question 56

Question
Which woman was noted for supervising army nurses during the U.S. Civil War?
Answer
  • Florence Nightingale
  • Dorothea Dix
  • Rose O'Neal Greenhow

Question 57

Question
In which border state was the friction between Union and Confederate sympathizers most intense?
Answer
  • Tennessee
  • Maryland
  • Missouri

Question 58

Question
What made many Southerners disapprove of Jefferson Davis as a leader?
Answer
  • his support for reconciling with the Union over seceding from it
  • his belief in the need for a strong centralized government
  • his lack of experience in areas such as international diplomacy
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