Philosophy [FINAL EXAM | PART 2, V2]

Good Guy Beket
Quiz by Good Guy Beket, updated more than 1 year ago
Good Guy Beket
Created by Good Guy Beket about 1 year ago
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Expert Philosophy [Teacher: Tuleubekov Assyl ; Final Exam + Hardcore Edition] ▼ Quiz on Philosophy [FINAL EXAM | PART 2, V2], created by Good Guy Beket on 12/26/2018.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
One of the main philosophic works of Baruch Spinoza:
Answer
  • “Will to power”
  • “Critique of practical reason”
  • “The Phenomenology of Spirit”
  • “The Critique of Pure Reason”
  • “Ethics”

Question 2

Question
The title of the Great Baconian social utopia is
Answer
  • “Will to power”
  • “Critique of practical reason”
  • “The Phenomenology of Spirit”
  • “New Atlantis”
  • “Ethics”

Question 3

Question
The first Baconian idol of mind is
Answer
  • Cave
  • Marketplace
  • Tribe
  • Theatre
  • Mind

Question 4

Question
The second Baconian idol of mind is
Answer
  • Cave
  • Marketplace
  • Tribe
  • Theatre
  • Mind

Question 5

Question
The third Baconian idol of mind is
Answer
  • Cave
  • Marketplace
  • Tribe
  • Theatre
  • Mind

Question 6

Question
The fourth Baconian idol of mind is
Answer
  • Cave
  • Marketplace
  • Tribe
  • Theatre
  • Mind

Question 7

Question
The principal Baconian gnoseological work is
Answer
  • “Either-or”
  • “Critique of practical reason”
  • “The Phenomenology of Spirit”
  • “New Atlantis”
  • “Novum Organum, New Instrument”

Question 8

Question
What European notion corresponds to the concept of Tao?
Answer
  • God
  • Word
  • Happiness
  • War
  • Desire

Question 9

Question
The most famous of the cynics is:
Answer
  • Thales
  • Pythagoras
  • Diogenus
  • Plato
  • Protagoras

Question 10

Question
An important tradition borrowed by Al-Farabi from ancient philosophy is called:
Answer
  • Mysticism
  • Peripateticism
  • Gilosoism
  • Materialism
  • Idealism

Question 11

Question
The doctrine about that knowledge is based on experience is:
Answer
  • Empiricism
  • Rationalism
  • Agnosticism
  • Abstract general ideas
  • Complexity

Question 12

Question
E.Kant’s categorical imperative is about…
Answer
  • There’s no place like home.
  • The world is round.
  • Moral problems.
  • Everybody everywhere is pretty much the same.
  • Physical problems.

Question 13

Question
What schools in ancient India developed logic explanation of the world?
Answer
  • Mimamsa
  • Nyaya
  • Sankhya
  • Buddhism
  • Vaiseshika

Question 14

Question
The famous representative of patristic studies, author of the books “The City of God”, “Confessions”:
Answer
  • Thomas
  • Origen
  • St. Albert
  • St.Aquinas
  • St. Augustine.

Question 15

Question
Who belongs to the Pluralists school?
Answer
  • Thales
  • Pythagoras
  • Democritus
  • Socrates
  • Anaxagoras

Question 16

Question
The translation of the word “philosophy”:
Answer
  • Pantheism
  • Love wisdom.
  • Cosmo centrism.
  • Love Theo
  • Love Human

Question 17

Question
The word “Sophist” is translated from Greek as:
Answer
  • Wise man
  • Warrior
  • Judge
  • Man
  • Thinker

Question 18

Question
What school do Leucippus and Democritus belong to?
Answer
  • Eley school
  • Milesian school
  • Atomists school
  • Alexandrian school
  • Pythagorean school

Question 19

Question
The most prominent student of Plato’s Academy:
Answer
  • Euclid
  • Pythagoras
  • Aristotle
  • Democritus
  • Protagoras

Question 20

Question
Plato founded the school of Philosophy called:
Answer
  • Lyceum
  • Gymnasium
  • Academy
  • Agora
  • Dialectics of Athens.

Question 21

Question
What writing did Confucius write?
Answer
  • Tao Te Ching
  • Lunyu, or Analects
  • I-Ching
  • Li-Ching
  • Shu-Ching

Question 22

Question
He was called «the first teacher»:
Answer
  • Socrates
  • Aristotle
  • Plato
  • Diogenus
  • Heraclitus

Question 23

Question
The teacher of Alexander the Great was:
Answer
  • Aristotle
  • Socrates
  • Plato
  • Heraclitus
  • Pythagoras

Question 24

Question
According to Aristotle, the opposition to monarchy is:
Answer
  • Tyranny
  • Junta
  • Oligarchy
  • Democracy

Question 25

Question
According to Aristotle, the opposition to aristocracy is:
Answer
  • Tyranny
  • Junta
  • Oligarchy
  • Democracy

Question 26

Question
According to Aristotle, the opposition to politia is:
Answer
  • Tyranny
  • Junta
  • Oligarchy
  • Democracy

Question 27

Question
What beginning (Arche) did Heraclitus recognize?
Answer
  • Logos
  • Virtue
  • Intelligence
  • Honor
  • Pleasure

Question 28

Question
What beginning did Pythagoras recognize?
Answer
  • Numbers
  • Dialectical argument
  • Rational instruction
  • Learning from our mistakes
  • Breathing

Question 29

Question
Miletus school was named after:
Answer
  • Name of the city.
  • Name of philosopher
  • Name of founder.
  • Name of the river.
  • Name of book.

Question 30

Question
Teachings of Aristotle called
Answer
  • Academicism
  • Peripatetism
  • Buddhism
  • Atheism
  • Pantheism

Question 31

Question
«Emanation» means:
Answer
  • The process of formation of things through confluence of matter and form.
  • Universe “flows” from the beyond a single principle and exists eternally.
  • Process of cognition by recollecting the soul.
  • Process of developing of inference.
  • Process of development of the world of natural phenomena.

Question 32

Question
The author of “The Kazakhs”:
Answer
  • Al-Biruni.
  • Ualikhanov
  • Al-Khorezmi
  • Abai
  • Altynsarin

Question 33

Question
The author of “Chinese Turkestan and Dzungaria”:
Answer
  • Al-Biruni.
  • Al-Khorezmi
  • Ualikhanov
  • Abai
  • Altynsarin

Question 34

Question
The author of “The Treatise of the views of the citizens of a Virtuous City” is called “the second teacher”:
Answer
  • Al-Biruni.
  • Al-Khorezmi.
  • Al-Farabi.
  • Al-Gazali.
  • Ibn Sina.

Question 35

Question
The author of the book «Three Truths»:
Answer
  • Yassaui
  • Kudaiberdiyev
  • Al-Farabi.
  • Ulugbek
  • Al-Gazali.

Question 36

Question
Under the Renaissance man was considered to be as
Answer
  • Man – political creature.
  • Man – thinking being.
  • Man – political creature possessing the soul.
  • Human – creator, artist, enriched microcosm.
  • Man – siner.

Question 37

Question
He founded the Philosophy of politics in the epoch of formation of the early bourgeois relations…
Answer
  • Mirandola
  • Machiavelli
  • Campanella
  • Cardinal Mazzarini
  • Cardinal Rischelier

Question 38

Question
Primordial substance of the nature according to Heraclitus is:
Answer
  • Water
  • Air
  • Fire
  • Earth
  • Wood

Question 39

Question
Expression «You can’t enter the same water twice» belongs to:
Answer
  • Heraclitus
  • Protagoras
  • Pythagoras
  • Anaximander
  • Plato

Question 40

Question
Outstanding philosopher and doctor of the Arab medieval world, author of «Canon of medical science»:
Answer
  • Ibn Rushd
  • Ibn Badj
  • Ibn Sina.
  • Al-Farabi.
  • Ibn Tufeil.

Question 41

Question
One of the representatives of the stoics was
Answer
  • Epicurus
  • Seneca
  • Aristotle
  • Plato
  • Socrates

Question 42

Question
He was a student at the Sophists school first, and then became their opponent:
Answer
  • Protagoras
  • Pythagoras
  • Heraclitus
  • Socrates
  • Diogenus

Question 43

Question
One of the prominent representatives of the older sophists was:
Answer
  • Thales
  • Pythagorus
  • Democritus
  • Seneka
  • Protagoras

Question 44

Question
One of the main philosophical books of St. Thomas Aquinas is:
Answer
  • Summa Theologica.
  • Summa of All Summas.
  • Summa in Defence of God.
  • Summa of Evidences.
  • Summa contra Devil.

Question 45

Question
Which of the following subjects did Descartes most admire when he was a student?
Answer
  • Mathematics
  • Philosophy
  • Poetry
  • Zoology
  • Chemistry

Question 46

Question
A thinker who formulated 5 proofs of existence of God:
Answer
  • Augustine
  • Erasmus of Rotterdam.
  • Thomas Aquinas.
  • Makiavelli
  • Abelyar

Question 47

Question
In considering of that problem there emerged nominalism and realism in the Middle Ages:
Answer
  • Faith and reason
  • God and world
  • Universals
  • Learning of God
  • Learning of man

Question 48

Question
What social group did Confucius compare with state?
Answer
  • War
  • Community
  • struggle
  • conflict
  • family

Question 49

Question
Which of these schools is from the heterodox direction of Ancient India?
Answer
  • Mimamsa
  • Yoga
  • Sankhya
  • Buddhism
  • Vaiseshika

Question 50

Question
Title of school based by Aristotle is…
Answer
  • Academy
  • Legism
  • Pantheism
  • Deism
  • Lyceum

Question 51

Question
A teaching which enhanced the emergence of philosophy in Islamic countries:
Answer
  • Kalam
  • Something mystical
  • Poetics
  • Sufism
  • Hegelianism

Question 52

Question
Defining characteristic of the religious outlook is:
Answer
  • Belief in art of superstitions
  • Belief in contemptuous attitude to science, the denial of their validity
  • Belief in wisdom
  • Belief in the supernatural, otherworldly forces, having the opportunity to influence the course of world events
  • Belief in denial of human freedom, the belief that all actions originally defined by God

Question 53

Question
One of the characteristics of the Renaissance is:
Answer
  • Atheism
  • Theologism
  • Sociocentrism
  • Cosmocentrism
  • Antropocentrism

Question 54

Question
Searching human individuality is the peculiar feature of Philosophy of...
Answer
  • Conventialism
  • Life
  • Renaissance
  • Rationalism
  • Conformism

Question 55

Question
Outstanding philosopher of the Renaissance blamed in heresy and burnt by Inquisition
Answer
  • Leonardo da Vinci
  • Kusansky
  • L. Valla
  • Campanella
  • Jordano Bruno

Question 56

Question
Definition of outlook …
Answer
  • system of views, evaluations, and emotions that characterize the relationship of man to the world and to himself
  • system of body of knowledge possessed by people
  • system of reflection of human consciousness of the social relations that objectively exist in society
  • system of adequate system of preferences of adult personality
  • system of historical forms of daily mind

Question 57

Question
A characteristic feature of the Philosophy of the Renaissance is:
Answer
  • Atheism
  • Theologism
  • Sociocentrism
  • Cosmocentrism
  • Antropocentrism

Question 58

Question
Philosophic views of ……………….. gave the rise to the utopian ideas of the Renaissance:
Answer
  • Dante Alighieri
  • Erasmus of Rotterdam
  • Thomas More
  • Lorenzo Valla
  • Francesco Petrarch

Question 59

Question
The main category in Taoism is…
Answer
  • Freedom
  • Desire
  • Canon
  • Path
  • Emotions

Question 60

Question
One of the representatives of the stoics was…
Answer
  • Epicurus
  • Seneca
  • Aristotle
  • Plato
  • Socrates

Question 61

Question
Primordial Being in Indian philosophy is termed as…
Answer
  • Atma
  • Caste
  • Karma
  • Samsara
  • Brahma

Question 62

Question
The lowest level in Indian society who was not considered as a social caste is…
Answer
  • Brahmans
  • Kshatriyas
  • Untouchables
  • Vaisya
  • Sudra

Question 63

Question
Expression «You can't enter the same water twice» belongs to:
Answer
  • Heraclitus
  • Protagoras
  • Pythagoras
  • Anaximander
  • Plato

Question 64

Question
Who was considered to be the first philosopher of Greece?
Answer
  • Socrates
  • Aristotle
  • Cicero
  • Thales
  • Epicurus

Question 65

Question
Teachings of Aristotle called
Answer
  • Peripatetizm
  • Academicism
  • Buddhism
  • Atheism
  • Pantheism

Question 66

Question
The author of “Monadology” is…
Answer
  • T. Hobbes
  • J. Locke
  • R. Descartes
  • G. Leibniz
  • F. Bacon

Question 67

Question
Origenes Adamantius is a philosopher of…
Answer
  • Patristics
  • Scholasticism
  • Epistemology
  • Apologetics
  • Aesthetics

Question 68

Question
The founder of social agreement (Leviathan) theory is…
Answer
  • T. Hobbes
  • J. Locke
  • R. Descartes
  • D. Hume
  • F. Bacon

Question 69

Question
Outlook is:
Answer
  • system of views, evaluations, and emotions that characterize the relationship of man to the world and to himself
  • body of knowledge possessed by people
  • reflection of human consciousness of the social relations that objectively exist in society
  • adequate system of preferences of adult personality
  • form of history

Question 70

Question
A thinker Thomas Aquinas formulated 5 proofs of…
Answer
  • existence of Soul
  • existence of Matter
  • existence of God
  • existence of Logos
  • existence of Eidos Urania

Question 71

Question
Belief in the supernatural, otherworldly forces, having the opportunity to influence the course of world events is…
Answer
  • Science
  • Religion
  • Denial of human freedom
  • Art
  • Wisdom

Question 72

Question
Who were the classical philosophers in the Ancient Greek-Roman philosophy?
Answer
  • Machiavelli, Socrates, Plato
  • Socrates, Plato, Aristotle
  • Abay, Pushkin, Machiavelli
  • Aristotle, Machiavelli, Plato
  • Napoleon, Chingizkhan, Marx

Question 73

Question
Where did Socrates contribute his ideas?
Answer
  • In the cloister, church and grave
  • In the streets, market place, and gymnasiums
  • In the house, forest, and sky
  • In the grave, university, and school
  • In the church, mosque, and synagogue

Question 74

Question
Philosophic views of ……………….. gave the dualistic approach (thinking and extended) to the substance of reality:
Answer
  • Dante Alighieri
  • Rene Descartes
  • Erasmus of Rotterdam
  • Lorenzo Valla
  • Petrarch

Question 75

Question
Who offered psychoanalytic theory in human nature?
Answer
  • Leonardo da Vinci
  • Nikolas of Cusa
  • Loranzo Valla
  • Tomaso Campanella
  • Sigmund Freud

Question 76

Question
The main postulate of empiricism
Answer
  • Knowing the world causes doubts
  • Reason - is the main source to know the world.
  • Intuition is the highest form of knowledge.
  • All knowledge is based on experience.
  • The source of knowledge is God's revelation.

Question 77

Question
Under the Renaissance human was considered as:
Answer
  • political being
  • reasonable being
  • product of the society possessing the soul
  • creator, artist, rich microcosm.
  • Microcosmos

Question 78

Question
Who defended ideas of intuitivism in the 19th century?
Answer
  • Henry Bergson
  • Martin Heidegger
  • Karl Marx
  • Plato
  • Albert Camus

Question 79

Question
Representative of the Early Modern Philosophy, who said "I think, therefore I am"
Answer
  • Descartes
  • Locke
  • Bacon
  • Hume
  • Spinoza

Question 80

Question
Searching human individuality is a peculiar feature of human creature can be met in Philosophy of...
Answer
  • Conventialism
  • Life
  • Renaissance
  • Rationalism
  • Conformism

Question 81

Question
“Thus Spoke Zaratushtra” is a work of …
Answer
  • R.Descartes
  • F.Nietzsche
  • Albert Camus
  • Karl Marx
  • Martin Heidegger

Question 82

Question
The most characteristic feature of the Early Modern Philosophy:
Answer
  • Pantheism
  • Knowledge centrism.
  • Cosmo centrism.
  • Theo centrism.
  • Humanism

Question 83

Question
Branch of philosophy that studies historical knowledge and interpretation of historical process:
Answer
  • Philosophy of history
  • Logics
  • Ontology
  • History of philosophy
  • Epistemology

Question 84

Question
“The Divine Comedy” is written by...
Answer
  • Dante
  • Protagoras
  • Hippocrates
  • Hippias
  • Raphael

Question 85

Question
Sh.Valikhanov’s work is
Answer
  • “On Islam in the Steppe”
  • “Bogde Adam”
  • “Metaphysics”
  • “Abay’s way”
  • “Book of Words”

Question 86

Question
The definition of public economic formation in materialism was first developed by...
Answer
  • Engels
  • Stalin
  • Marx
  • Rousseau
  • Lenin

Question 87

Question
Who is the author of “On Learned Ignorance”?
Answer
  • Engels
  • Machiavelli
  • Nicolas of Cusa
  • Rousseau
  • Lenin

Question 88

Question
The object of knowledge according to Nicholas of Cuza is:
Answer
  • Cosmos
  • Method
  • Ideas which are generated by eidos
  • God is an absolute Maximum
  • Nature

Question 89

Question
Who indicated the difference between conscious and unconscious in human mind?
Answer
  • Plato
  • Freud
  • Hume
  • Marx
  • Sartre

Question 90

Question
“Adam bol” is a principle cultivated by...
Answer
  • S.Seifullin
  • M.Zhumabayev
  • B.Mailin
  • Y.Altynsarin
  • A.Kunanbayev

Question 91

Question
Heliocentric system of Universe was elaborated by...
Answer
  • Galilei
  • Bruno
  • Ptolemy
  • Tesla
  • Copernicus

Question 92

Question
Aesthetical values are:
Answer
  • Love, friendship
  • Beauty, art, harmony, style
  • Civil rights
  • Freedom of word and personality
  • Social justice

Question 93

Question
Miletus school’s representative Thales thought that the beginning of the world is...
Answer
  • Moisture, water
  • Apeiron
  • Air
  • Logos
  • Fire

Question 94

Question
The most famous of the cynics is:
Answer
  • Thales
  • Protagoras
  • Pythagoras
  • Diogenus from Sinopa
  • Plato

Question 95

Question
Primordial substance of the nature according to Heraclitus is:
Answer
  • Water
  • Air
  • Fire
  • Wood
  • Earth

Question 96

Question
An idea that human of newborn is “Tabula Rasa” belongs to:
Answer
  • D.Hume
  • R.Descartes
  • G.Leibniz
  • J.Locke
  • T.Hobbes

Question 97

Question
One of the representatives of the stoics was
Answer
  • Epicurus
  • Socrates
  • Seneca
  • Aristotle
  • Plato.

Question 98

Question
What was the central problem of the Greek school of Philosophy of the Pre-Socratic period:
Answer
  • The origin of man.
  • Problem of life and death
  • Acquisition of happiness and serenity
  • Cosmos and its origin.
  • Soul of the things

Question 99

Question
According to Leibniz, everything is a monad and monads can be unified into the biggest monad which was named by him as...
Answer
  • Love
  • Beauty
  • Godhead
  • Labour
  • Knowledge

Question 100

Question
One of the prominent rhetor in the Roman Empire was...
Answer
  • Thales
  • Pythagoras
  • Democritus
  • Socrates
  • Cicero

Question 101

Question
How many thinkers does German classical philosophy contain?
Answer
  • 2
  • 4
  • 9
  • 5
  • 7

Question 102

Question
The word "Sophist" is translated from Greek as:
Answer
  • Wise man
  • Warrior
  • Judge
  • Man
  • Thinker.

Question 103

Question
The most prominent student of Plato’s Academy:
Answer
  • Euclidus
  • Pythagoras.
  • Aristotle.
  • Democritus
  • Protagoras

Question 104

Question
The school founded by Plato was called:
Answer
  • Licey
  • Gimnasium.
  • Academy
  • Agora
  • Dialectics of Athens.

Question 105

Question
Arthur Schopenhauer stated that ... prevails over everything
Answer
  • Love
  • The Will
  • Godhead
  • Wisdom
  • Politics

Question 106

Question
In F.Nietzsche’s philosophy, human nature is divided into...
Answer
  • Dionysian and Apollonian beginnings
  • Positive and negative beginnings
  • Human and animal beginnings
  • Black and white beginnings
  • Eastern and western beginnings

Question 107

Question
“God is dead” said...
Answer
  • F.Nietzsche
  • Heraclitus
  • Plato
  • E.Kant
  • F.Hegel

Question 108

Question
Creationism is...
Answer
  • Idea, in which God created everything
  • Idea, in which Evil created everything
  • Idea, in which Satan created everything
  • Idea, in which human himself created everything
  • Idea, in which nature itself created everything
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