Clinical Pathology (1-100) MCQs- 4th Year- PMU

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Clinical Pathology Final MCQs- 4th Year- PMU

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Is the rapid distribution of the inflammatory process in the peribronchial tissue typical for bronchiolitis?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 2

Question
Can angina complicate with hyperplasia of the lymph follicles of the tonsils?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 3

Question
Can chronic adhesive leptomeningitis complicate with nerve injury?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 4

Question
Podocytes are located on
Answer
  • the proximal convoluted tubule
  • the visceral sheet of Bauman capsule

Question 5

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Are the basal membranes of the endometrial glands in glandular hyperplasia preserved?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 6

Question
ls jaundice a feature of hemolytic anemia?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 7

Question
Is the sago spleen characteristic for Hodgkin lymphoma?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 8

Question
Can aneurysms be caused by inflammatory changes in the vascular wall?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 9

Question
Is the cortical surface of the kidney in chronic glomerulonephritis smooth and even?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 10

Question
Can rheumatism affect the pericardium?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 11

Question
Is the basement membrane of the epithelium destroyed in cervical carcinoma in situ?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 12

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Are both kidneys symmetrically affected in chronic obstructive pyelonephritis?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 13

Question
Is hemorrhage of the adrenal glands typical in septic form of epidemic meningitis?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 14

Question
Is fibrinoid necrosis at the base of a chronic peptic ulcer typical for recovery phase?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 15

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Do we often see staphylococcal pneumonia in adults?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 16

Question
Can acute toxic necrosis of liver develop after poisoning with mushrooms?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 17

Question
Are there cortical abscesses in the kidney in acute post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 18

Question
Can eclampsia develop without pregnancy?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 19

Question
Are there light microsoopy changes in the glomeruli in minimal change kidney disease (lipoid nephrosis)
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 20

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Epulis is a benign tumor
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 21

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Is fibrinoid necrosis observed at the base of chronic ulcer in the phase of remission?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 22

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Is it true that the pericardium may be affected in rheumatism?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 23

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Is the symmetrical involvement of the kidneys in chronic pyelonephritis typical?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 24

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Are there abscesses in the kidneys in acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 25

Question
Fibroadenoma of breast is a malignant tumor
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 26

Question
Can a tubal pregnancy end with live birth?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 27

Question
The changes in the spleen in Hodgkin's lymphoma are called "sago" spleen
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 28

Question
Can tuberculosis cause sepsis?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 29

Question
For the second phase of pneumonia crouposa is characteristic the existence of leukocytes and fibrin in alveolar spaces
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 30

Question
Arteriolo-necrotic nephrosclerosis is found in benign hypertension
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 31

Question
Dystrophic calcification can be found in complicated atherosclerotic plaques
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 32

Question
Arteriolo-sclerotic nephrosclerosis is found in malignant hypertension
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 33

Question
In recent myocardial infarction an acute aneurysm can be formed as a complication
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 34

Question
The cicatrix of the heart forms during the recent myocardial infarction
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 35

Question
In anemic infarction of the brain, pericellular and perivascular oedema can be seen in the adjacent brain tissue
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 36

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Acute purulent bronchitis can lead to bronchopneumonia
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 37

Question
Lung cancer can be a complication of chronic bronchitis
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 38

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Fungal pneumonias are usually interstitial
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 39

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In the stage of congestion of pneumonia crouposa there can be heard crepitation
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 40

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In fungal pneumonia histologically we observe ‘mycetomas’
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 41

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Diabetes accelerates the process of atherosclerosis
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 42

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How many histological stages do we observe in lobar pneumonia?
Answer
  • 4
  • 5

Question 43

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Is asbestosis a precancerous condition?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 44

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In glomerulonephritis the urine is sterile
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 45

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Minimal change disease of the kidneys is associated with nephritic syndrome
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 46

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Membranous glomerulonephritis is associated with nephrotic syndrome
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 47

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In rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis the prognosis is excellent
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 48

Question
Can giant fibroadenoma have a malignant type of behavior?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 49

Question
Thecoma of the ovary is a benign tumor
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 50

Question
Cysadenocarcinoma of the ovary is an epithelial tumor
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 51

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Endodermal yolk sac tumor of the ovary is an epithelial tumor
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 52

Question
In leptomeningitis purulenta there is a thick yellowish-grey exudate covering the convex surface of the brain
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 53

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Schwanomma is a benign tumor of the sheeth of the peripheral nerves
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 54

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Meningioma is a malignant tumor of the meninges of the brains
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 55

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Sepsis is poly-etiological
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 56

Question
Sepsis is contagious
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 57

Question
Silicotic nodules are located close to
Answer
  • lymph vessels
  • bronchi

Question 58

Question
Apically located peripheral lung carcinoma is represented by the eponym:
Answer
  • Pancoast-Tobias
  • Claude-Bernard-Homer

Question 59

Question
‘Thyroidization’ of the kidney can be seen in
Answer
  • chronic pyelonephritis
  • chronic glomerulonephritis

Question 60

Question
In which type of acute tubular necrosis is the basement membrane necrotic?
Answer
  • nephrotoxic
  • ischemic

Question 61

Question
In rapidly progressing glomerulonephritis, the usual clinical syndrome is that of
Answer
  • nephritic syndrome
  • nephrotic syndrome

Question 62

Question
Diffuse endocapillary glomerulonephritis is clinically associated with
Answer
  • nephritic syndrome
  • nephrotic syndrome

Question 63

Question
GoodPasture syndrome affects mainly the kidneys and which other organ?
Answer
  • lungs
  • blood vessels of the lower limbs

Question 64

Question
Which type of glomerulonephritis can be observed in Goodpasture syndrome?
Answer
  • rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis
  • membranous glomerulonephritis

Question 65

Question
Which is the most common type of malignant tumor found in the urinary bladder?
Answer
  • papillary transitional cell carcinoma
  • leiomyosarcoma

Question 66

Question
What metaphor do we use to describe the tumor glands in adenocarcinoma of the uterus?
Answer
  • front-to-back
  • back-to-back

Question 67

Question
Hyperthyroidism is:
Answer
  • increased function of the thyroid gland
  • increased function of the pituitary gland

Question 68

Question
In leptomeningitis tuberculosa the exudate is found on the
Answer
  • convex surface of the brain
  • basal surface of the brain

Question 69

Question
One of the most common complications of tuberculous meningitis is
Answer
  • remaining flaccid paralysis
  • adhesions causing hydrocephalia

Question 70

Question
Which localization of the tumors of the CNS is most common in children?
Answer
  • subtentorial
  • supratentorial

Question 71

Question
Which localization of the tumors of the CNS is most common in adults?
Answer
  • subtentorial
  • supratentorial

Question 72

Question
Metastatic abscesses can be seen in
Answer
  • septicemia
  • septicopyemia

Question 73

Question
A well circumscribed nodule attached to dura mater was resected, greyish-white in color, firm and measuring 4cm in diameter. The tumor is easily detached from the underlying dura and the underlying brain tissue shows a compression ‘pit’. Name the changes in the brain.
Answer
  • focal atrophy
  • focal tumor infiltration

Question 74

Question
Where can we observe atherosclerotic changes?
Answer
  • in arterioles
  • in medium size arteries
  • in the aorta
  • in the femoral vein

Question 75

Question
Where can we observe atherosclerotic changes?
Answer
  • carotid arteries
  • renal arteries
  • descending branch of left coronary artery
  • all of the above

Question 76

Question
What type of process do we notice in calcified atherosclerotic plaque?
Answer
  • metastatic calcification
  • hyaline accumulation
  • dystrophic calcification
  • fibrinoid necrosis

Question 77

Question
Arteriolosclerosis can be seen in
Answer
  • malignant hypertension
  • benign hypertension
  • both kidneys
  • a.renalis

Question 78

Question
Which changes can be observed in the kidneys of a patient with hypertension and diabetes?
Answer
  • Kimelstil-Wilson lesions ( nodular glomerulosclerosis)
  • Arteriolohyalinosis
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Mesangial hyperplasia

Question 79

Question
Which changes are usual findings in atherosclerosis of the aorta?
Answer
  • smooth, even endothelial surface
  • firm, yellow-white plaques
  • narrowed opening at the places of branching of smaller arteries
  • aneurysm

Question 80

Question
Which statements are true for aneurysms of the aorta
Answer
  • they are pulsating with the rate of the pulse
  • can be the source of thromboembolism to other organs
  • they can cause wet gangrene of the foot
  • none of the above

Question 81

Question
Leriche syndrome includes the following:
Answer
  • it is a peripheral artery disease caused by occlusion of the abdominal aorta at its transition into the common iliac arteries
  • it is a peripheral artery disease involving blockage of both internal iliac veins
  • it causes impotence
  • no femoral pulse can be felt

Question 82

Question
Which syndrome can cause impotence and claudication‘?
Answer
  • Kimelstil-Wilson syndrome
  • Leriche syndrome
  • Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome
  • Pancoast- Tobias tumor

Question 83

Question
Clinical manifestations of atherosclerosis can be:
Answer
  • brain hemorrhage
  • myocardial infarction
  • claudicatio intermittens
  • none of the above

Question 84

Question
Wth of the following can complicate an atherosclerotic plaque?
Answer
  • formation of an aneurysm
  • dystrophic calcification
  • lipid degeneration of the liver
  • thrombosis

Question 85

Question
Which of the following is true about arteriolosclerotic nephrosclerosis?
Answer
  • occurs in malignant hypertension
  • affects both kidneys symmetrically
  • pin-sized hemorrhages can be seen on the surface of the kidneys
  • both kidneys are smaller with finely granular surface

Question 86

Question
Which of the following can cause hypertrophy of the heart?
Answer
  • systemic benign hypertension
  • pulmonary hypertention
  • heamodynamically insignificant interatrial defect
  • chronic pulmonary thromboembolism

Question 87

Question
Which metaphor do we use to call a heart with hypertrophic left and right ventricle
Answer
  • cor hypertonicum
  • cor bovinum
  • tiger heart
  • armored heart

Question 88

Question
When can we call the heart armored?
Answer
  • in chronic myocardial aneurysm
  • in acute myocardial infarction
  • in acute heamorrhagic pericarditis
  • in chronic constrictive pericarditis

Question 89

Question
Which conditions can lead to hypertensive heart?
Answer
  • foot gangrene
  • granulation tissue after acute myocardial infarction
  • benign systemic hypertension
  • pulmonary hypertension

Question 90

Question
What is scarring in heart?
Answer
  • occurs when an acute myocardial aneurysm ruptures
  • occurs after myocardial infarction
  • forms after maturation of granulation tissue in the myocardium
  • can lead to the formation of chronic myocardial aneurysm

Question 91

Question
Which of the following can be used to prove the presence of a myocardial cicatrix?
Answer
  • Congo red
  • Feulgen staining
  • Van Gieson staining
  • Immunohistochemistry

Question 92

Question
In mitral stenosis we observe
Answer
  • left ventricular hypertrophy
  • left ventricular atrophy
  • left atrial hypertrophy and dilatation
  • detached thrombus in the left atrium

Question 93

Question
In aortic stenosis we can observe
Answer
  • left ventricular hypertrophy
  • left ventricular atrophy
  • left atrial hypertrophy and dilatation
  • detached thrombus in the left atrium

Question 94

Question
Which of the following are synonyms of polyarteriitis nodosa?
Answer
  • Periarteriitis nodosa
  • Panarteriitis nodosa
  • Wegener’s granulomatosis
  • KussmauI-Maier disease

Question 95

Question
What can we observe in fibrous endocarditis?
Answer
  • chronic valvular changes
  • thickening of valve
  • fibrinous deposits
  • mature connective tissue

Question 96

Question
Which metaphor do we use for fibrinous pericartitis?
Answer
  • armored heart
  • cor hypertonicum
  • tiger heart
  • cor villosum

Question 97

Question
What types cf acute bronchitis can be observed?
Answer
  • heamorrhagic
  • granulomatous
  • fibrinous
  • purulent

Question 98

Question
In acute bronchitis we find the following
Answer
  • mucosal oedema
  • mucosal hyperaemia
  • hyperplasia of peribronchial mucinous glands
  • neutrophils

Question 99

Question
In acute bronchitis we see
Answer
  • purulent exudate in the lumen
  • neutrophils
  • hypertrophy of the smooth muscle layer of the bronchi
  • hypersecretion from the goblet cells

Question 100

Question
In acute bronchitis we can observe
Answer
  • hypertrophy of the smooth muscle layer of the bronchi
  • cor pulmonale
  • squamous cell metaplasia of the respiratory epithelium
  • none of the above
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