Rome Practice Quiz

HANNAH HURLBURT
Quiz by HANNAH HURLBURT, updated more than 1 year ago
HANNAH HURLBURT
Created by HANNAH HURLBURT over 2 years ago
122
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Description

Everything in the study packet provided by Ms. Langford.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
The [blank_start]7[blank_end] mountains surrounding Rome were natural barriers for the empire.
Answer
  • 7
  • 6
  • 5
  • 8
  • 9
  • 10
  • 11

Question 2

Question
Livy was a Roman historian who wrote History of Rome.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 3

Question
Select the two groups that had a great influence on Rome's culture and overall civilization:
Answer
  • Etruscans
  • Greeks
  • Huns
  • Mongolians

Question 4

Question
The overthrowing of Augstus marked the beginning of the Roman Republic in 509 BC.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 5

Question
A Roman soldier was called a legionary.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 6

Question
A century is the leader of a legion.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 7

Question
A centurion was...
Answer
  • the same thing as a consul.
  • the leader of a century.
  • the shield carried by Romans into battle.

Question 8

Question
A Testudo was a defensive Roman battle formation in which the legionaries used their shields to cover all sides of the group.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 9

Question
A ballista was a large battle slingshot.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 10

Question
Greaves were Roman battle shields.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 11

Question
How long did Roman soldiers serve for?
Answer
  • 6 months
  • 2 years
  • 11 years
  • 25 years

Question 12

Question
A Scutum was a Roman soldiers' shingaurd.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 13

Question
The Roman government consisted of how many branches?
Answer
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4

Question 14

Question
The head of the Roman government consisted of 2 consuls who could not veto each other--they had to agree simultaneously for a decision to be made.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 15

Question
Which group made the laws in the Roman government?
Answer
  • Consuls
  • Senate
  • Praetors
  • Council of Plebs

Question 16

Question
In the Roman government, which group interpreted the laws?
Answer
  • Consuls
  • Senate
  • Praetors
  • Council of Plebs

Question 17

Question
Which group represented the Plebians in the Roman government?
Answer
  • Consuls
  • Senate
  • Praetors
  • Council of Plebs

Question 18

Question
Tribunes were the representatives of and speakers for the Council of Plebs.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 19

Question
Troubles grew in the Roman Republic as the gap between the [blank_start]plebians (poor)[blank_end] and the [blank_start]patricians (rich)[blank_end] widened.
Answer
  • plebians (rich)
  • plebians (poor)
  • patricians (poor)
  • patricians (rich)
  • patricians (poor)
  • plebians (rich)

Question 20

Question
Roman dictators, like the dictators of today, were seen as harsh, cruel, and oppressive rulers.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 21

Question
[blank_start]Cincinnatus[blank_end] was a Roman [blank_start]dictator[blank_end] who, after being called from his farm, built an army, defeated the threat, and returned home.
Answer
  • Cincinnatus
  • dictator

Question 22

Question
Select all of the statements true of Rome's first set of written laws.
Answer
  • They were dubbed "The Twelve Tables"
  • There were exactly 12 laws.
  • They were carved on 12 bronze tablets.
  • They were displayed in the forum.
  • They were written down only because the people wanted a professional-looking set of rules.

Question 23

Question
Select 2 principles of the Roman justice system.
Answer
  • A person is innocent until proven guilty.
  • No case may be left without punishment for at least one person.
  • The "rule of law," meaning the law must apply equally to all citizens no matter their social standing.

Question 24

Question
Put the following leaders in order (earliest to latest): [blank_start]Hamilcar[blank_end], [blank_start]Hasdrubal[blank_end], [blank_start]Hannibal[blank_end]
Answer
  • Hamilcar
  • Hasdrubal
  • Hannibal

Question 25

Question
Match the terms with their significance in the Second Punic War. [blank_start]Alps[blank_end] - A mountain range traversed by Hannibal's men leading up to the war. [blank_start]Rhone[blank_end] - A river crossed by Hannibal's men leading up to the war. Despite the tribes waiting to sabotage the military, Hannibal's men made it across. [blank_start]Cannae[blank_end] - A city in which the Carthaginians defeated the Romans (217 BC). [blank_start]Scipio[blank_end] - A Roman leader who drove the Carthaginians out of Spain and invaded North Africa. Won the Second Punic War. [blank_start]Zama[blank_end] - A city in which Scipio finally defeated Hannibal's forces, the Battle of _______ ended the Second Punic War.
Answer
  • Alps
  • Rhone
  • Cannae
  • Scipio
  • Zama

Question 26

Question
What was the cause of the First Punic War?
Answer
  • Both Rome and Carthage wanted control of Sicily.
  • Carthage wanted control of land in Spain, which made Rome bitter.
  • Rome, still considering Carthage a military threat, wanted to end the empire once and for all.

Question 27

Question
The first Punic war was a naval battle fought on ships called quinquiremes.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 28

Question
What was the cause of the Second Punic War?
Answer
  • Both Rome and Carthage wanted control of Sicily.
  • Carthage wanted to control land in Spain, which made Rome bitter.
  • Rome, still considering Carthage a military threat, wanted to end the empire once and for all.

Question 29

Question
Scipio was the Roman leader who won the Third Punic War.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 30

Question
What was the cause of the Third Punic War?
Answer
  • Both Rome and Carthage wanted control of Sicily.
  • Carthage wanted control of land in Spain, which made Rome bitter.
  • Rome, still considering Carthage a military threat, wanted to end the empire once and for all.

Question 31

Question
Because Carthage was so heavily defended, Rome had a hard time penetrating their city for a while. How long did it take for Rome to penetrate into Carthage?
Answer
  • 2 months
  • 6 months
  • 2 years
  • 3 years
  • 6 years
  • 3 months

Question 32

Question
The purpose of [blank_start]bread and circuses[blank_end] was to please the poor with free food and entertainment in order to prevent a revolt.
Answer
  • bread and circuses

Question 33

Question
Why did Roman senators grow uneasy with Julius Caesar and give their support to Pompey?
Answer
  • Pompey was becoming more powerful and displayed more potential than Caesar.
  • They feared he was becoming too powerful and would seek power like previous rulers.
  • Caesar made many reforms that the senators did not approve of.

Question 34

Question
Julius Caesar was ordered to give up his army and return to Rome. By disobeying and [blank_start]crossing the Rubicon[blank_end], he started a civil war.
Answer
  • crossing the Rubicon
  • invading Spain
  • crossing the Alps

Question 35

Question
What happened on the Ides of March?
Answer
  • Caesar's enemies, Brutus and Cassius, stabbed him to death.
  • Caesar resigned from ruling Rome.
  • The other triumvirate members murdered Caesar.
  • Caesar killed another triumvirate member.

Question 36

Question
Select the three people who were part of the First Triumvirate.
Answer
  • Julius Caesar
  • Pompey
  • Crassus
  • Octavian
  • Mark Antony
  • Markus Lepidus

Question 37

Question
Select the three people who were part of the Second Triumvirate.
Answer
  • Julius Caesar
  • Pompey
  • Crassus
  • Octavian
  • Mark Antony
  • Markus Lepidus

Question 38

Question
Octavian eventually took the title of Augustus or "New Ruler."
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 39

Question
Caesar Augustus became Rome's first emperor.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 40

Question
Check what is true about the Pax Romana.
Answer
  • It started during the time of Augustus.
  • It started during the time of Julius Caesar.
  • It lasted from 27 BC to 180 AD.
  • It lasted from 180 BC to 27 AD.
  • Pax Romana means "Roman Peace".
  • Pax Romana means "A New Beginning".

Question 41

Question
Most of Rome's citizens were...
Answer
  • farmers.
  • traders.
  • chariot racers.
  • gladiators.

Question 42

Question
It took [blank_start]8[blank_end] years to build the Colosseum.
Answer
  • 8
  • 25
  • 7
  • 6

Question 43

Question
The Roman government used Jewish captives from the sacking of [blank_start]Jerusalem[blank_end] to build the Colosseum.
Answer
  • Jerusalem

Question 44

Question
The Colosseum had a retractable roof.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 45

Question
The emperor [blank_start]Vespasian[blank_end] began construction of the Colosseum.
Answer
  • Vespasian

Question 46

Question
Archaeological evidence has proven that the Colosseum could not have been flooded to stage naval battles.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 47

Question
The Pantheon was built by the emperor [blank_start]Hadrian[blank_end].
Answer
  • Hadrian

Question 48

Question
Romans invented the use of [blank_start]concrete[blank_end] which allowed them to construct stronger and more durable buildings.
Answer
  • concrete

Question 49

Question
roman baths were called [blank_start]thermae[blank_end].
Answer
  • thermae

Question 50

Question
A wealthy Roman might spend all day at the baths.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 51

Question
The Roman baths were heated by steam from an underfloor heating system called a [blank_start]hypocaust[blank_end].
Answer
  • hypocaust

Question 52

Question
Circus Maximus literally means [blank_start]greatest circle[blank_end].
Answer
  • greatest circle
  • large oval
  • magnificent show

Question 53

Question
Chariot racers completed [blank_start]7[blank_end] laps around the Circus Maximus (number, not word).
Answer
  • 7

Question 54

Question
Select the two legends that provide an explanation for the founding of Rome.
Answer
  • Romulus and Remus
  • The Aeneid
  • History of Rome
  • Politics
  • The Founding of Rome
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