Which of the following was the most significant factor in the shift in American foreign policy toward imperialism in the late nineteenth century?
The popular influence of the yellow press of Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst
Construction of an American built isthmian canal between the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean
A missionary zeal to civilize and bring Christianity to the nonwhite peoples of the South Pacific, Caribbean, and Latin America
The need for overseas markets for increased industrial and agricultural production
What was the primary reason that Britain submitted its border dispute with Venezuela to international arbitration?
The growing tensions with Germany made Britain reluctant to engage in conflict with the United States
The discovery of vast gold reserves in India diminished the importance of the British land claims in the jungle boundary between British Guiana and Venezuela
Britain feared becoming embroiled in a dangerous land war in South America
Britain had accepted America's complete political and economic domination over Latin America
Why did the armed American effort to annex Hawaii fail to succeed in 1893?
It was fiercely opposed by American sugar loads, who feared that annexation would eliminate their favored labor and trade arrangements with Hawaii
Incoming President Cleveland rejected annexation because he believed that native Hawaiians had been wronged by U.S. government support for an armed, sugar interest supported overthrow of Queen Liliuokalani that enjoyed negligible support among native Hawaiians
Protestant missionaries believed that annexation would slow the conversion of native Hawaiians and Chinese and Japanese immigrants to Christianity
A japanese threat to declare war on the United States if America annexed Hawaii caused incoming President Cleveland to oppose annexation
Americans favored providing aid to the Cuban revolutionaries for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:
fear that the substantial American investment in Cuban sugar and other businesses would be lost
a belief that Spain's control of Cuba presented a grave national security threat to the United States
fear that Spanish misrule in Cuba menaced the Gulf of Mexico and the route to the proposed Panama Canal\
sympathy for Cuban patriots fighting for their freedom
What was the most important reason that President William McKinley asked Congress to declare war on Spain?
The Spanish government had directly provoked and insulted the United States
Spain refused to end the concentration camps and sign an armistice with Cuban rebels
McKinley felt that the Teller Amendment would guarantee that the United States would not establish control of Cuba
The American public, influenced by the yellow press, and many leading Republicans demanded war in the aftermath of the sinking of the Maine
Which statement most accurately characterizes the U.S. Army's performance in Cuba during the Spanish-American War?
A model of tactical brilliance in an essentially guerrilla campaign
Crippled by logistical chaos and disease that killed thousands of soldiers
Too dependent on the professional military leadership of Colonel Theodore Roosevelt
Weakened by lingering tensions between former Union and Confederate officers
What was the primary argument emphasized by American imperialists who advocated acquisition of the Philippines?
The strategic advantage of Philippine bases for American naval operations and defense of the Pacific
The economic potential for the Philippines to advance trade with China and other Asian nations
The opportunity the Philippines presented for Christian missionary work
The potential of the Philippine immigrants to serve as a source of cheap industrial labor
Anti-imperialists presented all of the following arguments against acquiring the Philippine Islands EXCEPT:
it would violate "the consent of the governed" philosophy of the Declaration of Independence
imperialism was likely to be more costly than profitable
the islands were still rightfully Spain's, since they were taken after the armistice had been signed
annexation would propel the United States into the political and military cauldron of East Asia
What was the direct cause of the Filipino insurrection in 1899?
Spanish citizens living in the Philippines allied with Filipino rebels to restore Spanish political control of the country
The United States refused to give the Filipino people their political independence
American missionaries were making efforts to convert Catholic Filipinos to Protestantism
The Japanese instigated the insurrection in an effort to establish Japan's geopolitical dominance of the Pacific
Why did many Americans become concerned about the increasing foreign intervention in China at the turn of the twentieth century?
They feared that U.S. missions would be jeopardized and Chinese markets closed to non-Europeans
They desired the United States to have exclusive trade rights with the Chinese
They believed that such intervention undermined Chinese sovereignty
They feared German military domination of China
All of the following characterized China's Boxer Rebellion EXCEPT:
a rebellion against the cultural and religious imperialism of American and European Christian missionaries
a murderous, destructive rampage against foreign nationals, Chinese Christians, and American and European economic interests
a nationalist uprising by patriotic Chinese against American and European efforts to dominate China politically and economically
an affirmation by Chinese nationals of the legitimacy of the Open Door policy to protecting Chinese sovereignty
What was the primary motivation for the efforts of the United States to secure construction of an isthmian canal across Central America?
A desire to improve defense by allowing rapid naval movements between two oceans
America's growing economic interests in Asia
The desire to ensure that a similar French government effort would not succeed
The British rejection of the Hay Pauncefote Treaty
What was one key international effect of President Theodore Roosevelt's aggressive involvement in and active support for the Panamanian revolt?
Making other nations reluctant to use the Panama Canal
Sparking nationalist revolts against American rule in Puerto Rico and the United States
Making all the Central American governments respect the United States
Increasing anti-American sentiment throughout Latin America
Which of the following was NOT a result of President Roosevelt's diplomatic ending of the Russo-Japanese war?
Roosevelt receiving the Nobel Peace Prize in 1906
Japan feeling cheated out of its due financial compensation
Russia accusing Roosevelt of robbing it of an impending military victory over Japan
A cessation of significant Japanese immigration to American's Pacific Coast