27 Empire and Expansion, 1890 - 1909

Shari Anderson
Quiz by , created 10 months ago

American Pageant Chapter 27

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Shari Anderson
Created by Shari Anderson 10 months ago
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Question 1

Question
Which of the following was the most significant factor in the shift in American foreign policy toward imperialism in the late nineteenth century?
Answer
  • The popular influence of the yellow press of Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst
  • Construction of an American built isthmian canal between the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean
  • A missionary zeal to civilize and bring Christianity to the nonwhite peoples of the South Pacific, Caribbean, and Latin America
  • The need for overseas markets for increased industrial and agricultural production

Question 2

Question
What was the primary reason that Britain submitted its border dispute with Venezuela to international arbitration?
Answer
  • The growing tensions with Germany made Britain reluctant to engage in conflict with the United States
  • The discovery of vast gold reserves in India diminished the importance of the British land claims in the jungle boundary between British Guiana and Venezuela
  • Britain feared becoming embroiled in a dangerous land war in South America
  • Britain had accepted America's complete political and economic domination over Latin America

Question 3

Question
Why did the armed American effort to annex Hawaii fail to succeed in 1893?
Answer
  • It was fiercely opposed by American sugar loads, who feared that annexation would eliminate their favored labor and trade arrangements with Hawaii
  • Incoming President Cleveland rejected annexation because he believed that native Hawaiians had been wronged by U.S. government support for an armed, sugar interest supported overthrow of Queen Liliuokalani that enjoyed negligible support among native Hawaiians
  • Protestant missionaries believed that annexation would slow the conversion of native Hawaiians and Chinese and Japanese immigrants to Christianity
  • A japanese threat to declare war on the United States if America annexed Hawaii caused incoming President Cleveland to oppose annexation

Question 4

Question
Americans favored providing aid to the Cuban revolutionaries for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:
Answer
  • fear that the substantial American investment in Cuban sugar and other businesses would be lost
  • a belief that Spain's control of Cuba presented a grave national security threat to the United States
  • fear that Spanish misrule in Cuba menaced the Gulf of Mexico and the route to the proposed Panama Canal\
  • sympathy for Cuban patriots fighting for their freedom

Question 5

Question
What was the most important reason that President William McKinley asked Congress to declare war on Spain?
Answer
  • The Spanish government had directly provoked and insulted the United States
  • Spain refused to end the concentration camps and sign an armistice with Cuban rebels
  • McKinley felt that the Teller Amendment would guarantee that the United States would not establish control of Cuba
  • The American public, influenced by the yellow press, and many leading Republicans demanded war in the aftermath of the sinking of the Maine

Question 6

Question
Which statement most accurately characterizes the U.S. Army's performance in Cuba during the Spanish-American War?
Answer
  • A model of tactical brilliance in an essentially guerrilla campaign
  • Crippled by logistical chaos and disease that killed thousands of soldiers
  • Too dependent on the professional military leadership of Colonel Theodore Roosevelt
  • Weakened by lingering tensions between former Union and Confederate officers

Question 7

Question
What was the primary argument emphasized by American imperialists who advocated acquisition of the Philippines?
Answer
  • The strategic advantage of Philippine bases for American naval operations and defense of the Pacific
  • The economic potential for the Philippines to advance trade with China and other Asian nations
  • The opportunity the Philippines presented for Christian missionary work
  • The potential of the Philippine immigrants to serve as a source of cheap industrial labor

Question 8

Question
Anti-imperialists presented all of the following arguments against acquiring the Philippine Islands EXCEPT:
Answer
  • it would violate "the consent of the governed" philosophy of the Declaration of Independence
  • imperialism was likely to be more costly than profitable
  • the islands were still rightfully Spain's, since they were taken after the armistice had been signed
  • annexation would propel the United States into the political and military cauldron of East Asia

Question 9

Question
What was the direct cause of the Filipino insurrection in 1899?
Answer
  • Spanish citizens living in the Philippines allied with Filipino rebels to restore Spanish political control of the country
  • The United States refused to give the Filipino people their political independence
  • American missionaries were making efforts to convert Catholic Filipinos to Protestantism
  • The Japanese instigated the insurrection in an effort to establish Japan's geopolitical dominance of the Pacific

Question 10

Question
Why did many Americans become concerned about the increasing foreign intervention in China at the turn of the twentieth century?
Answer
  • They feared that U.S. missions would be jeopardized and Chinese markets closed to non-Europeans
  • They desired the United States to have exclusive trade rights with the Chinese
  • They believed that such intervention undermined Chinese sovereignty
  • They feared German military domination of China

Question 11

Question
All of the following characterized China's Boxer Rebellion EXCEPT:
Answer
  • a rebellion against the cultural and religious imperialism of American and European Christian missionaries
  • a murderous, destructive rampage against foreign nationals, Chinese Christians, and American and European economic interests
  • a nationalist uprising by patriotic Chinese against American and European efforts to dominate China politically and economically
  • an affirmation by Chinese nationals of the legitimacy of the Open Door policy to protecting Chinese sovereignty

Question 12

Question
What was the primary motivation for the efforts of the United States to secure construction of an isthmian canal across Central America?
Answer
  • A desire to improve defense by allowing rapid naval movements between two oceans
  • America's growing economic interests in Asia
  • The desire to ensure that a similar French government effort would not succeed
  • The British rejection of the Hay Pauncefote Treaty

Question 13

Question
What was one key international effect of President Theodore Roosevelt's aggressive involvement in and active support for the Panamanian revolt?
Answer
  • Making other nations reluctant to use the Panama Canal
  • Sparking nationalist revolts against American rule in Puerto Rico and the United States
  • Making all the Central American governments respect the United States
  • Increasing anti-American sentiment throughout Latin America

Question 14

Question
Which of the following was NOT a result of President Roosevelt's diplomatic ending of the Russo-Japanese war?
Answer
  • Roosevelt receiving the Nobel Peace Prize in 1906
  • Japan feeling cheated out of its due financial compensation
  • Russia accusing Roosevelt of robbing it of an impending military victory over Japan
  • A cessation of significant Japanese immigration to American's Pacific Coast