chapter 4 self quizzes

natali Gutierrez
Quiz by natali Gutierrez, updated more than 1 year ago
natali Gutierrez
Created by natali Gutierrez over 1 year ago
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Quiz on chapter 4 self quizzes , created by natali Gutierrez on 02/24/2019.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
The term metacognition refers to the study of cognitive research?
Answer
  • the study of cognitive research
  • thinking about thought and processess
  • cognition that is sublimnal
  • stream of consciousness thinking

Question 2

Question
All of the following are examples of the automatic processes except?
Answer
  • a student solving a math problem
  • a runner jogging
  • a person talking to a friend
  • a taxi driver operating a car.

Question 3

Question
Sleep and dreams are most accuraetly viewed as
Answer
  • the absence of conciousness
  • intermittent consciousness
  • low levels of conciousness
  • high levels of consciousness

Question 4

Question
xavier is a student in intro psych. he has attended every class and taken detailed notes. before the first exam he studies and take practices test on the morning of the test however he feels suddenly blank. xavier takes a deep d=breath and starts answering each question one by one taking guesses on many questions the next week Xavier is thrilled to learn that he got a 100 percent not he exam he later tells a friend "i just took guesses and still got a perfect score next time i should not even bother studying" which of the following is true of saviors plan?
Answer
  • it is a bad idea xavier grade shows that controlled and subconscious processes work together controlled processes helped him learn the material so that he was able to take good guesses
  • it is a good idea since a lot of psychology is common sense.
  • Xavier plan is not a good idea, because his subconscious helped him on this test but such processing cannot be counted on to work all the time.
  • Xavier plan us a good one. His experience demonstrates that controlled processes are generally not helpful in academic work.

Question 5

Question
The brain structure that is responsible for the synchronization of circadian rhythm is the ___________.
Answer
  • cerebral cortex
  • hypothalamus
  • reticular formation
  • suprachiasmatic nucleus

Question 6

Question
immediately entering REM sleep is a symptom of _____________.
Answer
  • sleep apnea
  • narcolepsy
  • night terrors
  • somnambulism

Question 7

Question
The brain waves that are active when we are awake and focused are?
Answer
  • alpha waves
  • beta waves
  • delta waves
  • theta waves

Question 8

Question
Bobby and Jill have a friendly conversation going in their psychology class. both have spent several hours studying for the final exams over the last few weeks of schools. The night before the final, bobby declares that he is going to pull an all nighter, adding 12 full hours to his study time compared to Jill.
Answer
  • Bobby will do better because he studied much more than Jill did.
  • Jill will do better because she studied a great deal and has the benefit of a goodnights sleep allowing her memory for course material to consolidate.
  • Bobby will do better because even though he missed some hours of sleep his memories will be fresher than jills
  • Jill will do better because bobby is probably over prepared- 35 hours is too long to study anything.

Question 9

Question
The most widely consumed drug in the world as whole is?
Answer
  • nicotine
  • marijuana
  • cocaine
  • caffeine

Question 10

Question
Roger used to feel the effect of one or two alcoholic drink; he now needs four or five to feel the same effect. Roger is experiencing
Answer
  • physical dependence
  • psychological dependence
  • withdrawal symptoms
  • tolerance

Question 11

Question
of the following drugs, the one that is not a depressant is?
Answer
  • nicotine
  • alchol
  • barbiturates
  • opiates

Question 12

Question
In high school Kareem was a star student, and drinking alcohol did not fit with his academic ambitions. In college, he started drinking and eventually drank heavily every weekend. He has a lot of trouble making it to his Monday classes, and his grades have dropped from mostly A's to C's, but otherwise he feels he is doing pretty well. A friend asks him about his drinking, and Kareem declares, "I will definitely stop drinking once I am out of college. Besides, no one in my family has ever been an alcoholic, so I am not as risk." Which of the statements below is an accurate assessment of Kareem's belief?
Answer
  • Kareem is clearly already suffering from alcohol-related problems. Despite his lack of family history, his alcohol use could put him at risk for dependence. Furthermore, if kareem is binge drinking, he is risking death by alcohol poisoning.
  • Kareem is probably not at risk for alcoholism but he might be putting himself at risk for alcohol related problem such as drunk driving .
  • Kareem is at risk for alcohol related problems only if he also drives while drinking
  • Kareem appears to have his alcohol use under control and accurately use under control and accurately states his lack of risk

Question 13

Question
The type of brain waves that hypnotized people display include ______________-
Answer
  • alpha waves
  • delta waves
  • gamma waves
  • theta waves

Question 14

Question
The dividend consciousness theory of hypnosis receives support from evidence that?
Answer
  • hypnosis can block sensory input.
  • hypnosis can affect voluntary but not involuntary but not involuntary, behaviors
  • hypnotized people often seem to play the role of " good hypnotic subjects"
  • hypnotized people can be aware of pain sensation without experiencing emotional distress

Question 15

Question
Hypnosis treatments tend to work best when they are accompanied by _______________.
Answer
  • daily meditation
  • physical excercise
  • yoga
  • psychotherapy

Question 16

Question
Ryan and his friends attend a show by the Great Chorizo, a hypnotist. Chorizo asks for volunteers to be hypnotized, and he picks the first five people who raise their hands. He puts the five people into a trance, and within minutes he has them lying on stage sizzling like slices of bacon in a frying pan. When it is all over, one of Ryan's friends remarks that Chorizo must have amazing powers: "That guy could make a person do anything!" Ryan, who has been working on his critical thinking and the psychology of hypnosis, wisely notes which of the following about Chorizo's act?
Answer
  • As long as Chorizo followed the steps of hypnosis described in this text, he probably does have amazing powers of suggestion.
  • Ryan would need to see Chorizo's training and qualifications prior to rendering judgment.
  • Chorizo selected the first five volunteers, and these individuals may have been especially motivated, suggestible, and likely to believe in the effects of hypnosis. There is no way to gauge whether Chorizo could have influence over anyone else.
  • Hypnotizability is similar for all people, so if Chorizo was able to get five people to act like frying bacon, he could probably do just about anything.

Question 17

Question
a pre-sleep state of calmness and wellness with an accompanying feeling of optimism is called _______________.
Answer
  • a trance
  • a hypnagogic reverie
  • meditation
  • mindfulness

Question 18

Question
Which of the following statements about mindfulness is true?
Answer
  • it involves cleaning the mind of all thoughts
  • it has not been demonstrated to be effective in pain management
  • it increases activation of the right hemisphere of the brain.
  • it focuses thoughts on specific bodily sensations

Question 19

Question
In terms of physiology, meditation shows characteristics of?
Answer
  • sleep and wakefulness
  • sleep and hypnosis
  • sleep and hallucinations
  • sleep and daydreaming

Question 20

Question
Patricia enjoys walking by a river next to her apartment building nearly every day. As she walks, she loses track of time and just thinks quietly about her life and experiences, letting her thoughts come and go without concern. Sometimes she stops to gaze at the river and enjoys its quiet glistening. After her walks, she always feels refreshed and ready for life's next challenges. One day a friend sees her while walking and says, "Oops, I didn't mean to interrupt your meditation." Patricia says, "Oh I'm not meditating, I'm just taking a walk." Is Patricia right?
Answer
  • Patricia is right. If she does not think she is meditating, then she cannot be meditating.
  • Patricia is right because she is not sitting down, and she is not repeating a word over and over.
  • Patricia is not correct. She may not know it, but she is engaged in a contemplative state.
  • Patricia is not correct. She is meditating because she is in a hypnotic state
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