Weeks 1 - 4 HUBS1406

Jessica Bulley
Quiz by Jessica Bulley, updated more than 1 year ago
Jessica Bulley
Created by Jessica Bulley over 1 year ago
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Weeks 1 - 4 HUBS1406
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Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Blood is a fluid connective tissue that circulates continually around the body
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 2

Question
Blood is not a fluid connective tissue that circulates continually around the body
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 3

Question
Blood has a pH of 7.35 - 7.45 - slightly alkaline
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 4

Question
Average volumes of blood select 2
Answer
  • 5-6l for males 4-5l for females
  • 6-7l for males 5-6l for females

Question 5

Question
Select three functions of blood
Answer
  • Homeostasis
  • Transport
  • Defence
  • primarily keeping warm

Question 6

Question
What is transported by blood? (5)
Answer
  • Dissolved gases, O2 and CO2
  • Nutrients
  • Fat
  • Metabolic wastes
  • Hormones
  • CSF

Question 7

Question
Blood is involved in homeostasis by regulating body temp, pH and regulating the blood volume
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 8

Question
Blood is not involved in homeostasis by regulating body temp, pH and regulating the blood volume
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 9

Question
Blood is 55% plasma and 45% formed elements (erythrocytes, leuko, platelets etc)
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 10

Question
Blood is mostly plasma and but also has formed elements (erythrocytes, leuko, platelets etc)
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 11

Question
Is plasma the same as serum?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 12

Question
Serum has no clotting factor
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 13

Question
Serum is plasma without the clotting factor
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 14

Question
Plasma proteins are mostly produced by the liver
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 15

Question
Plasma does not stay in the blood
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 16

Question
Plasma proteins are too big to escape through the blood vessels
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 17

Question
Plasma proteins are made of albumin, globulins, clotting factors and regulatory enzymes and hormones
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 18

Question
Sodium ions are involved in water balance
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 19

Question
Potassium ions are involved in neuronal and muscle activation
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 20

Question
Calcium ions are important in nerve transmission
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 21

Question
Chloride ions, bicarb ions and phosphate ions are important electrolytes
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 22

Question
Venipuncture is a superficial vein puncture at anterior surface of elbow
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 23

Question
Venipuncture is a superficial vein puncture at posterior surface of elbow
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 24

Question
Capillary puncture is a finger tip, ear lobe, big toe or heel
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 25

Question
Arterial puncture is used to check efficiency of pulmonary gas exchange
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 26

Question
Haemopoiesis is the forming of blood cells
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 27

Question
Haemopoiesis occurs in flat and irregular bone marrow
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 28

Question
Haemopoietic stem cells form into myeloid stem and lymphoid stem cells
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 29

Question
Haemopoietic stem cells do not form into myeloid stem and lymphoid stem cells
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 30

Question
Select 4 types of cells the myeloid stem cell can develop into
Answer
  • RBC
  • Platelets
  • Granulocytes
  • Lymphocytes
  • Monocyte

Question 31

Question
Select 3 different cells lymphoid stem cells can develop into
Answer
  • Natural killer cells
  • T Lymphocytes
  • B Lymphocytes
  • RBC

Question 32

Question
Erythrocyte life span is 100 - 120 days
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 33

Question
Macrophages phagocytose worn out RBC's
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 34

Question
Haemoglobin is broken down into haemoglobin when RBC's are being destroyed
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 35

Question
Iron from haem is recycled to make new haemoglobin
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 36

Question
Globin is broken down into amino acids and released into the bloodstream when the RBC is being broken down.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 37

Question
Erythropoiesis - production of red blood cells from precursor stem cells
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 38

Question
Stem cells take 7 days to form into RBC's
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 39

Question
Erythropoiesis requires amino acids, folic acid and vit B12
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 40

Question
Erythropoietin acts on the bone marrow to stimulate erythropoiesis
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 41

Question
Erythropoietin does not stimulate erythropoiesis
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 42

Question
Lack of functioning RBC's can result in hypoxia
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 43

Question
EPO can produce 30 million red blood cells per second
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 44

Question
EPO can produce 100 million red blood cells per second
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 45

Question
Kidneys secrete Erythropoetin into the blood
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 46

Question
Leukocyte rolling - when leukocytes leave the bloodstream and move to the site of infection
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 47

Question
Leukocytes make up ....
Answer
  • 1% of the blood stream
  • 25% of the blood stream

Question 48

Question
A Granulyte is a ....
Answer
  • a white blood cell which does not granules in its cytoplasm, i.e. a neutrophil, basophil, or eosinophil.
  • a white blood cell with secretory granules in its cytoplasm, i.e. a neutrophil, basophil, or eosinophil.

Question 49

Question
Agranulocytes are...
Answer
  • Neutrophil, eosinophil and basophil
  • Monocyte and lymphocyte

Question 50

Question
Neutrophils make up
Answer
  • 40-75% of leukocytes
  • 10-75% of leukocytes

Question 51

Question
Neutrophils are also known as polymorphonuclear leukocytes due to the variable shapes of their nucleus
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 52

Question
Pseudopodium is a temporary protrusion of the surface of an amoeboid cell for movement and feeding.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 53

Question
Eosinophils are found at the sites of allergic reactions and digest parasitic worms that are too large to be phagocytosed
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 54

Question
Leukocytes are similar to mast cells and are involved in the inflammatory response.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 55

Question
There are three types of Lymphocytes: T Cells, B Cells and Natural killer cells.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 56

Question
Select the three types of Lymphocytes:
Answer
  • T Cells, B Cells and Natural killer cells.
  • T Cells, B Cells and Monocytes

Question 57

Question
Monocytes are actively motile and phagocytic, they are crucial against viruses, bacterial parasites and infections.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 58

Question
Platelets are cell fragments with no nucleus but lots of granules, lysosomes and mitochondria.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 59

Question
Blood clotting is also known as haemostasis
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 60

Question
Anaemia; blood either has a lower than normal number of RBC's or a lower than normal amount of haemoglobin in each RBC
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 61

Question
Leukocytosis: increased WBC due to infection of inflammation.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 62

Question
Leukopenia: decreased WBC, can be caused by chemotherapy, radiation, overwhelming infection.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 63

Question
Leukaemia is caused in the bone marrow by cancerous leukocytes, immature nonfunctional WBC's in the bloodstream.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 64

Question
Thrombocytopenia: decreased platelet numbers, results in bleeding.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 65

Question
Thrombocytosis: Increased platelet numbers, results in clotting within blood vessels.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 66

Question
Thrombocytopenia: : Increased platelet numbers, results in clotting within blood vessels.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 67

Question
Haematocrit is the ratio of the volume of red blood cells to the total volume of blood.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 68

Question
Haematopoeisis is the ratio of the volume of red blood cells to the total volume of blood.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 69

Question
A karyotype is simply a picture of a person’s chromosomes.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 70

Question
Cells differentiate to do different jobs, and need to express different genes
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 71

Question
How is a gene expressed?
Answer
  • Conversion from a code on DNA to a new protein ..
  • Conversion from a code on DNA to a nucleus

Question 72

Question
Ribosomes string together amino acids in the correct sequence (determined by the genetic code) to make proteins
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 73

Question
Ribosomes are Protein assembly machines.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 74

Question
The ER functions as a manufacturing and packaging system.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 75

Question
Rough ER: Protein folding and modification Smooth ER: Lipid production
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 76

Question
Smooth ER: Protein folding and modification Rough ER: Lipid production
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 77

Question
Golgi Apparatus: The protein packaging & shipping department.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 78

Question
Diffusion is the net passive movement of particles (atoms, ions or molecules) from a region in which they are in higher concentration to regions of lower concentration.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 79

Question
Osmosis is the net passive movement of particles (atoms, ions or molecules) from a region in which they are in higher concentration to regions of lower concentration.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 80

Question
Osmosis: a process by which molecules of a solvent tend to pass through a semipermeable membrane from a less concentrated solution into a more concentrated one.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 81

Question
The process of normal cell division:
Answer
  • Mitosis
  • Meiosis

Question 82

Question
Apoptotic genes:
Answer
  • Promote cell death
  • Promote cell division

Question 83

Question
Proto-oncogenes:
Answer
  • Promote cell division
  • Promote cell death

Question 84

Question
There are four main tissue types: Epithelial Tissue, Connective Tissue, Muscle Tissue & Nervous tissue
Answer
  • True
  • False
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