Clinical Diseases Chapter 8

alyssa Reynolds
Quiz by alyssa Reynolds , updated more than 1 year ago
alyssa Reynolds
Created by alyssa Reynolds about 2 years ago
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Description

Quiz on Clinical Diseases Chapter 8, created by alyssa Reynolds on 03/24/2019.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
What is the functional cell of the nervous system?
Answer
  • Neuron
  • Epithelial
  • Striated
  • Non-striated

Question 2

Question
The nerve fibers that conduct impulses rapidly are called ______________.
Answer
  • Myelinated
  • Non-myelinated
  • PNS cells
  • CNS cells

Question 3

Question
The nerve fibers that conduct impulses much slower are called ____________.
Answer
  • Myelinated
  • Non-myelinated
  • PNS cells
  • CNS cells

Question 4

Question
A direct injury to the brain as a result of trauma is called a _______________.
Answer
  • Primary event
  • Secondary event
  • Counter event
  • Uptundant event

Question 5

Question
What does ICP mean in veterinary terminology?
Answer
  • Insane clown posee
  • Intracranial perfusion
  • Intracranial pressure
  • Intracardiac puncture

Question 6

Question
ICP is caused by all of the following EXCEPT:
Answer
  • Edema
  • Hemorrhage
  • Herniation of nervous tissue
  • Cardiac output

Question 7

Question
All of the following can be signs of head trauma EXCEPT:
Answer
  • T3-L3 lesion of the spine
  • Cardiac arrhythmias
  • Bleeding from the nose and mouth
  • Ocular hemorrhage

Question 8

Question
All of the following are treatments of head trauma EXCEPT:
Answer
  • Mannitol (20%) in slow bolus
  • Corticosteroids
  • Nsaid therapy
  • Anti-seizure medication if needed

Question 9

Question
What disease process is seen in older dogs and has clinical signs that include ataxia, nystagmus, disorientation and usually resolves on its own?
Answer
  • Status epilepsy
  • Idiopathic vestibular disease
  • Invertebral disc disease
  • Degenerative myelopathy

Question 10

Question
What is the syndrome characterized by repeated episodes of seizures for which no demonstrated cause exists?
Answer
  • Idiopathic epilepsy
  • Status epilepsy
  • Ischemic myelopathy
  • Degenerative myelopathy

Question 11

Question
An emergency that is defined by continual seizures for a prolonged period of time?
Answer
  • Satus epilepticus
  • Ischemic myelopthay
  • Idiopathic epilepsy
  • Metabolic neuropathy

Question 12

Question
What is the time frame when a seizure is considered to reach status epilepticus?
Answer
  • Greater than 10 minutes
  • Greater than 15 minutes
  • Greater than 5 minutes
  • Greater than 3 minutes

Question 13

Question
What is considered the best drug for status epilepticus and how is it given?
Answer
  • Diazepam; IV
  • Pentobarbital; IV
  • Phenobarbital; IM
  • Hydromorphone; IM

Question 14

Question
What change in a specific vital sign will we see dramatic, life-threatening changes with status epilepticus?
Answer
  • Heart arrhythmias
  • Hypertension
  • Hyperthermia
  • Hemorrhage

Question 15

Question
What is the main goal with epilepsy and status epilepticus?
Answer
  • Cure the disease
  • Decrease the frequency
  • Decrease the severity
  • Decrease both the severity and the frequency

Question 16

Question
How long to seizures generally last with idiopathic epilepsy?
Answer
  • 3-5 minutes
  • Longer than 5 minutes
  • 1-2 minutes
  • Less than 1 minute

Question 17

Question
What disease is considered a true emergency and requires immediate action in veterinary medicine?
Answer
  • Idiopathic epilepsy
  • Status epilepticus
  • Megaesophagus
  • Laryngeal paralysis

Question 18

Question
What are the "cushions" of the spine called?
Answer
  • Intervestibular discs
  • Intervertebral discs
  • Intervertebral pockets
  • Atlantoaxial discs

Question 19

Question
Disc protrusion is a sign of what clinical disease?
Answer
  • Atlantoaxial sublaxation
  • Cervical spondomyelopathy
  • Intervertebral disc disease
  • Degenerative myelopathy

Question 20

Question
What type of disc herniation usually appears in younger dogs and involves acute rupture of the annulus fibrosis and extrusion of the nucleus pulposus up into the spinal canal?
Answer
  • Type 1
  • Type 2
  • Type 3
  • Type 4

Question 21

Question
What type of disc herniation happens in older, large breed dogs with the extrusion occurring over a long period of time?
Answer
  • Type 1
  • Type 2
  • Type 3
  • Type 4

Question 22

Question
Which clinical sign is NOT seen with intervertebral disc disease?
Answer
  • Paresis
  • Paralysos
  • Apparent pain
  • Seizures

Question 23

Question
In type 1 intervertebral disc disease, the animal should be kept in strict confinement (cage rest) for how long?
Answer
  • 2 weeks
  • 2 months
  • 48 hours
  • Usually fine after initial treatment

Question 24

Question
If an animal lacks deep pain for longer than _________ the prognosis is said to be poor.
Answer
  • 48 hours
  • 2 hours
  • 24 hours
  • 1 week

Question 25

Question
Atlantoaxial subluxation is usually seen in dogs less than __________ of age and ___________ breeds.
Answer
  • 1 year; miniature/toy
  • 5 years; medium/large
  • 1 year; medium/large
  • 5 years; giant

Question 26

Question
What should be avoided when obtaining radiographs for at atlantoaxial aubluxation?
Answer
  • Stretching the back
  • Dorsoventral views
  • Anesthesia
  • Crainial radiographs

Question 27

Question
Atlantoaxial subluxation is considered a ____________ disease.
Answer
  • Congenital
  • Traumatic
  • Auto-immune
  • Both congenital and traumatic
  • All of the above

Question 28

Question
What is the medical terminology for "wobblers syndrome"
Answer
  • Degenerative myelopathy
  • Vertebral osteomyelitis
  • Cervical spondomyelopathy
  • Atlantoaxial subluxation

Question 29

Question
What disease process is a result of spinal compression due to malformation or misarticulation of caudal vertebrae C5-C7?
Answer
  • Degenerative myelopathy
  • Cervical spondomyelopathy
  • Atlantoaxial subluxation
  • Degenerative myelostitis

Question 30

Question
Wobblers syndrome is most commonly seen in what breed of dog?
Answer
  • Miniature poodles
  • Golden retrievers
  • Bull dogs
  • Doberman pinschers

Question 31

Question
What is the most common clinical sign associated with cervical spondomyelopathy?
Answer
  • Swinging or wobbly gait in rear limbs
  • Hemiparesis
  • Hyperesthesia over lesion
  • Fever of unknown origin

Question 32

Question
What progressive disease is defined as a lesion consisting of diffuse degeneration of white matter in both the ascending and descending tracts in all segments of the spinal cord?
Answer
  • Cervical spondomyelopathy
  • Discospondylitis
  • Ischemis myelopathy
  • Degenerative myelopathy

Question 33

Question
What disease process is the result of bacteria or fungi becoming implanted in the bones of the vertebral spinal column?
Answer
  • Discospondylitis
  • Cervical spondomyelopathy
  • Ischemic myelopathy
  • Degenerative myelopathy

Question 34

Question
What disease process is caused by fibrocartilaginous embolism in large or giant breed dogs?
Answer
  • Discospondylitis
  • Cervical spondomyelopathy
  • Ischemic myelopathy
  • Degenerative myelopathy

Question 35

Question
Which of these disease processes are associated with metabolic neuropathy?
Answer
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Osteochondritis
  • Intervertebral disc disease

Question 36

Question
What viral disease is associated with laryngeal paralysis?
Answer
  • Rabies
  • Distemper
  • Feline leukemia
  • Rhinotracheitis

Question 37

Question
The hereditary form of laryngeal can be seen at what age?
Answer
  • 1.5-13 years
  • 4-6 months
  • 2-5 years
  • 9+ years

Question 38

Question
What disease process involves regurgitation of food, respiratory signs, and lack of growth in its congenital form?
Answer
  • Degenerative myelopathy
  • Laryngeal paralysis
  • Megaesophagus
  • Polyradiculoneuritis

Question 39

Question
Polyradiculoneuritis is also known by what name?
Answer
  • Doberman paralysis
  • Coonhound paralysis
  • Poodle paralysis
  • Retriever paralysis

Question 40

Question
Many, but not all cases of polyradiculoneuritis are caused by a bite from what animal?
Answer
  • Feline
  • Opossum
  • Tick
  • Raccoon
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