Clinical Diseases Chapter 9

alyssa Reynolds
Quiz by alyssa Reynolds , updated more than 1 year ago
alyssa Reynolds
Created by alyssa Reynolds about 2 years ago
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Description

Quiz on Clinical Diseases Chapter 9, created by alyssa Reynolds on 03/24/2019.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Feline distemper virus is also known as what?
Answer
  • Feline panleukopenia
  • Feline leukemia
  • Feline infectious peritonitis
  • Toxoplasmosis

Question 2

Question
Feline panleukopenia is caused by a virus that is closely related to a virus that canines get. What is this virus?
Answer
  • Parvoviridae
  • Retrovirus
  • Dermacentor
  • Paramyxovirus

Question 3

Question
Panleukopenia primarily affects _________ felines, which are usually not vaccinated.
Answer
  • Young
  • Old
  • Feral
  • Both young and feral

Question 4

Question
How long will panleukopenia stay infectious in the environment and is shed if left untreated?
Answer
  • Days
  • Weeks
  • Months
  • Years

Question 5

Question
How long is the incubation period for panleukopenia?
Answer
  • 10-15 days
  • 4-5 days
  • 3 months
  • 1 year

Question 6

Question
At what age should felines initially be vaccinated for panleukopenia
Answer
  • 4-5 weeks
  • 8-10 weeks
  • 12-14 weeks
  • 16-18 weeks

Question 7

Question
What is the virus that is believed to cause feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) when it mutates in the feline host?
Answer
  • Parvo virus
  • Lentivirus
  • Coronavirus
  • Retrovirus

Question 8

Question
FIP can manifest in two forms. These two forms are ___________ (wet) and _____________ (dry).
Answer
  • Infective; non-infective
  • effusive; non-effusive
  • hemolytic; non-hemolytic
  • Immunodeficient; immune-resilient

Question 9

Question
What form of FIP results in ocular or neurologic lesions?
Answer
  • Effusive
  • Non-effusive
  • Infective
  • Non-infective

Question 10

Question
What form of FIP results in a protein rich fluid accumulation within the thoracic and abdominal cavity?
Answer
  • Effusive
  • Non-effusive
  • Infective
  • Non-infective

Question 11

Question
Regarding FIP, what information to the clients is FALSE?
Answer
  • Virtually every infected cat will die
  • The virus can be inactivated with most household cleaners
  • It is a disease of multi-cat households and catteries
  • With the proper treatment, the prognosis is good

Question 12

Question
Prevention of FIP can include all of the following EXCEPT:
Answer
  • A vaccine at 16 weeks of age
  • Isolating pregnant queens 2 weeks before birth
  • Removing male cats from the household
  • Remove weaning kittens from the queen at 5 weeks of age

Question 13

Question
What virus causes feline leukemia?
Answer
  • Lentivirus
  • Coronavirus
  • Retrovirus
  • Parvovirus

Question 14

Question
What virus causes feline immunodeficiency virus?
Answer
  • Lentivirus
  • Coronavirus
  • Retrovirus
  • Parvovirus

Question 15

Question
What disease process of felines can be diagnosed with a canine parvovirus ELISA test?
Answer
  • Feline leukemia virus
  • Feline panleukopenia
  • Feline immunodeficiency virus
  • Feline infectious peritonitis

Question 16

Question
What disease process is considered the "friendly disease" due to it's instability in the environment, requiring close contact between cats?
Answer
  • Feline leukemia virus
  • Feline panleukopenia
  • Feline immunodeficiency virus
  • Feline infectious peritonitis

Question 17

Question
What is the most common FeLV associated neoplastic disease?
Answer
  • Adenocarcinoma
  • Lymphoma
  • Squamous cell carcinoma
  • Melanoma

Question 18

Question
What information given to the client is FALSE regarding feline leukemia virus?
Answer
  • Cat should be kept indoors
  • Cats with FeLV should always be euthanized
  • Vaccines should be kept up to date
  • Cats should be tested for FeLV before vaccination

Question 19

Question
If a kitten is positive for feline leukemia, how long is it recommended to wait before re-testing to confirm?
Answer
  • 1-2 weeks
  • 1 year
  • 3-4 months
  • No need. A positive is a guaranteed infection.

Question 20

Question
What type of drug can CURE feline leukemia virus?
Answer
  • Immunomodulator drugs
  • Antiviral drugs
  • Chemotherapeutics
  • Nothing, no cure exists

Question 21

Question
What type of drugs can be used as TREATMENT to alleviate symptoms from feline leukemia virus?
Answer
  • Immunomodulator drugs
  • Antiviral drugs
  • Chemotherapeutics
  • All of the above
  • Nothing, there is no treatment

Question 22

Question
Male, sexually intact cats that are living outdoors are considered high risk for what disease process?
Answer
  • Feline panleukopenia
  • Feline infectious peritonitis
  • Feline corona virus
  • Feline immunodificiency virus

Question 23

Question
Fighting and bite wounds appear to be the major route of transmission for what disease process?
Answer
  • Feline panleukopenia
  • Feline infectious peritonitis
  • Feline corona virus
  • Feline immunodeficiency virus

Question 24

Question
What client information regarding feline immunodeficiency virus is FALSE?
Answer
  • FIV is zoonotic and cats should be kept away from immunodificient humans
  • Cats may survive prolonged periods before experiencing advance stages of the disease
  • Keep your cat indoors to prevent infection
  • Keeping an infected cat free from stress is extremely important

Question 25

Question
The feline is considered the only ____________ host for toxoplasma gondii.
Answer
  • Intermediate
  • Reservoir
  • Transient
  • Definitive

Question 26

Question
Toxoplasma gondii can be spread by 3 routes. Which of these is NOT a viable route?
Answer
  • Contaminated meat from intermediate host
  • Saliva and mucus membranes
  • Fecal-oral route
  • Transplacental route

Question 27

Question
What human does toxoplasma gondii pose the MOST risk to?
Answer
  • Pregnant woman
  • Adult male
  • Adult female
  • Elderly

Question 28

Question
Why is diagnosis of toxoplasma gondii so difficult in felines?
Answer
  • Toxoplasma hides in the spinal cord
  • Toxoplasma is old shed in the stool every 3rd day
  • High presence of antibodies from the infection are found in the general population
  • Cats die before diagnosis can be made

Question 29

Question
What is the treatment of choice for toxoplasma gondii?
Answer
  • Cephalexin
  • Clindamycin
  • Ketoconazole
  • There is no treatment available

Question 30

Question
What information should a technician give a pregnant woman who has a cat?
Answer
  • Where gloves while gardening
  • Cook all meat properly
  • Don't panic
  • All of the above

Question 31

Question
Rabies is a _______- induced neurologic disease of warm blooded animals.
Answer
  • Bacterial
  • Viral
  • Protozoal
  • Fungal

Question 32

Question
How long will it take for the onset of clinical signs to occur after a bite from a rabid animal?
Answer
  • 2-3 days
  • 1 year
  • immediately
  • 3-8 weeks

Question 33

Question
How is rabies spread?
Answer
  • Saliva
  • Urine
  • Feces
  • Hugging raccoons

Question 34

Question
Rabies virus has three stages noted in veterinary medicine. Which choice is NOT a stage of the virus?
Answer
  • Wind up stage
  • Prodormal stage
  • Excitative stage
  • Paralytic stage

Question 35

Question
What stage of rabies is characterized by hyperreactivity and unprovoked attacks on living beings or inanimate objects?
Answer
  • Wind up stage
  • Prodormal stage
  • Excitative stage
  • Paralytic stage

Question 36

Question
What stage of rabies is characterized by changes in behavior and when people are at the greatest risk of exposure?
Answer
  • Wind up stage
  • Prodormal stage
  • Excitative stage
  • Paralytic stage

Question 37

Question
What is the ONLY way a definitive diagnosis can be made regarding rabies?
Answer
  • Intact brain tissue
  • Bloodwork
  • Spinal tap
  • Urinalysis

Question 38

Question
How long is a vaccinated animal to be quarantined after it bites a human?
Answer
  • 6 months
  • 10 days
  • 1 month
  • The animal must be euthanized

Question 39

Question
How is canine distemper virus transmitted?
Answer
  • Bite wounds
  • Transdermal absorption
  • None of the above
  • Aerosolization of body secretions

Question 40

Question
What type of virus causes canine distemper?
Answer
  • Rhabdovirus
  • Retrovirus
  • Coronavirus
  • Paramyxovirus

Question 41

Question
Canine distemper virus is the most common cause of what clinical sign in dogs under 6 months of age?
Answer
  • Seizures
  • Hematuria
  • Peritonititis
  • Cough

Question 42

Question
The hallmark of infection by canine distemper virus is ____________ followed by secondary infections.
Answer
  • Hemolytic anemia
  • Immunsuppression
  • Uncontrolled diarrhea
  • Hyprexcitability

Question 43

Question
Canine parvovirus is closely related to what feline pan systemic disease?
Answer
  • Feline leukemia
  • Feline immunodeficiency virus
  • Feline panleukopenia
  • Toxoplasma gondii

Question 44

Question
Canine parvovirus is diagnosed by what process?
Answer
  • Fecal ELISA
  • Blood ELISA
  • Urine ELISA
  • Blood IFA

Question 45

Question
How long can parvovirus survive in the environment?
Answer
  • Days
  • Weeks
  • Months
  • Years

Question 46

Question
When should puppies get their initial vaccine for canine parvovirus?
Answer
  • 4 weeks
  • 6-8 weeks
  • 12-14 weeks
  • 16 weeks

Question 47

Question
What aspect of treatment should be avoided if possible when treating parvovirus?
Answer
  • Prolonged IV fluids
  • Subcutaneous fluids
  • Fluoroquinolones
  • Both subcutaneous fluids and fluoroquinolones
  • All of the above
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