31 American Life in the "Roaring Twenties" 1919-1929

Shari Anderson
Quiz by Shari Anderson, updated more than 1 year ago
Shari Anderson
Created by Shari Anderson about 2 years ago
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American Pageant Chapter 31

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Responding to continuing upheavals in the postwar world order and to significant social changes that up-ended traditional American culture and values, most Americans in the 1920's did all of the following EXCEPT
Answer
  • condemn un-American lifestyles
  • struggle to achieve economic prosperity
  • shun diplomatic commitments to foreign countries
  • support severe restrictions on immigration

Question 2

Question
The "red scare" of early 1920s was set up by:
Answer
  • the Sacco-Vanzetti case
  • the rise of Radical Industrial Workers of the World
  • the Bolshevik revolution in Russia
  • an influx of radical immigrants

Question 3

Question
How did the business sector use the red scare to its advantage in the 1920s?
Answer
  • It cooperated with Federal and State Governments to destroy fledgling unions such as the IWW
  • It generally accepted the rights of the unions to organize and collectively bargain in order to gain labor peace
  • It secured passage of a federal law making most union-organizing activity illegal
  • Business people refused to hire any socialists, communists, or other workers advocating radical ideologies

Question 4

Question
Besides attacking minorities like Catholics, Blacks, and Jews, the Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s opposed contemporary cultural and social changes such as:
Answer
  • Evolution and Birth Control
  • Prohibition and Higher Education
  • Automobiles and Airplanes
  • Patriotism and Immigration Restriction

Question 5

Question
The quota system established for immigration in 1920s was based partly on the idea that:
Answer
  • America could accept the refugees created by war and revolution in Europe
  • Immigrants from Northern and Western Europe were superior to those from Southern and Eastern Europe
  • Immigration from Europe would be largely replaced by immigration from Asia
  • Priority in immigration would be based on family relations, profession, and education

Question 6

Question
Which of the following was most important in prompting Americans to support the Immigration Act of 1924?
Answer
  • Increased migration of blacks to the North
  • A nativist belief that northern Europeans were culturally superior to the waves of Eastern and Southern Europeans who had arrived in America over the last forty years
  • A desire to abolish the quota system in the United States
  • A desire to halt immigration from Latin America

Question 7

Question
The separation of many American ethnic groups into separate neighborhood with their own distinct institutions, cultures, and values meant that:
Answer
  • English was no longer the dominant language in U.S.
  • the U.S. was intolerant of ethnic differences
  • Catholics and Jews had a political base from which to gain the presidency
  • it was almost impossible to organize the American working class across ethnic and religious lives

Question 8

Question
Which of the following would a cultural pluralist such as Horace Kallen, Randolph Bourne, or Louis Brandeis NOT support
Answer
  • An American melting-pot cultural ideology that advocated eliminating ethnic differences
  • Tighter legal restrictions on immigration from all parts of Europe
  • Greater cross-fertilization among all immigrants to promote a cosmopolitan interchange of customs, cultural ideas, and traditions
  • Permitting immigrants to celebrate their respective cultural and religious holidays publicly in the United States

Question 9

Question
One clear result of prohibition was:
Answer
  • a rise in criminal organizations that supplied illegal liquor
  • an improvement in family relations and the general moral tone of the society
  • a turn from alcohol to other forms of substance abuse
  • the rise of voluntary self-help organizations like Alcoholics Anonymous

Question 10

Question
Which of the following represented a key obstacle to working class solidarity and union organizing in the United States during this period?
Answer
  • Employers' devious use of ethnic tensions and rivalries among workers to thwart union activities and working-class solidarity
  • The absence of a progressive reform impulse in America
  • The growing influence of communists and other radicals in the labor movement
  • The general satisfaction of most workers with the wages, benefits, and working conditions provided by their employers

Question 11

Question
All of the following undermined the effective enforcement of prohibition laws against alcohol in America EXCEPT:
Answer
  • historically weak central government control over the private spheres of Americans' lives
  • the fierce hostility of the majority - or a strong minority - of Americans to the prohibition of alcohol
  • alcohol smuggling and distribution operations sponsored in Canada and the West Indies and by organized crime syndicates
  • overwhelming popular opposition to prohibition in the South and the West

Question 12

Question
The American city where gangsterism flourished most blatantly in the 1920s was?
Answer
  • New York City
  • Los Angeles
  • Chicago
  • New Orleans

Question 13

Question
According to John Dewey, the primary goal of progressive education should be to:
Answer
  • instill discipline and character in young people
  • emphasize the liberal arts over the natural sciences in teaching curricula
  • develop specialized functional skills for employment
  • educate students for life through active, participatory learning methods

Question 14

Question
Which of the following was NOT an outcome of the 1925 Scopes Monkey Trial?
Answer
  • Fundamentalist religion continued to be a vibrant force in American spiritual life
  • It was a hollow victory for the fundamentalist cause because the scientific absurdities of its position were revealed
  • It was a complete legal vindication of a teacher's right to teach evolution in the public schools of Tennessee
  • It was the final appearance in influential civic life of former presidential candidate William Jennings Bryan

Question 15

Question
The essential issue in the Scopes Trial was whether:
Answer
  • scientists ought to be allowed to investigate the biological origins of humanity
  • the teachings of Darwin could be reconciled with those of religion
  • Darwinian evolutionary science could be taught in the public schools
  • Fundamentalist Protestantism could be taught in the public schools

Question 16

Question
How did American business in the 1920s attempt to solve the problem of developing enormous universal markets for its mass-produced goods?
Answer
  • American business developed a large range of product variations
  • American business nurtured the birth and development of consumer advertising
  • American business engaged in fierce price-competition wars
  • American business introduced direct selling through catalogs and door-to-door solicitations

Question 17

Question
What dark cloud hung over the economic prosperity enjoyed by Americans in the 1920s?
Answer
  • An enormous amount of American consumer debt
  • The inability of American business to produce sufficient numbers of products to meet increasing consumer demand
  • Superfluous government spending that threatened to crowd out private investment in the booming economy
  • An excessive level of savings by Americans that dampened consumer spending

Question 18

Question
The most highly acclaimed industrial innovator of the new mass-production economy was:
Answer
  • Babe Ruth
  • Bruce Barton
  • Ransom E. Olds
  • Henry Ford

Question 19

Question
One of the primary social effects of the new automobile age was:
Answer
  • a weakening of traditional family ties between parents and youth
  • closing of the gap between the working class and the wealthy
  • increased dependence of women on men
  • tightening of restrictions on women

Question 20

Question
What did the 1920 census reveal about the lives of Americans?
Answer
  • For the first time in the nations history, most adult women were employed outside the home
  • For the first time in the nations history, most men worked in manufacturing
  • For the first time in the nations history, more Americans lived in the cities than in the countryside
  • For the first time in the nations history, more American families had fewer than four children

Question 21

Question
Radio and the movies both had the cultural effect of:
Answer
  • increasing Americans' interest in history and literature
  • increasing mass standardization and weakening traditional forms of culture
  • undermining the tendency of industry toward big business and mass production
  • encouraging creativity and cultural independence among the people

Question 22

Question
In the 1920s the major changes pursued by American women were:
Answer
  • voting rights and political equality
  • economic equality and equal pay for equal work
  • social reform and family welfare
  • cultural freedom and expanded sexual experience

Question 23

Question
The primary achievement of the Universal Negro Improvement Association was:
Answer
  • its promotion of black jazz and blues
  • its positive impact of black racial pride
  • its economic development program in Harlem
  • its transportation of numerous blacks to Liberia

Question 24

Question
What did many Americans point to in order to justify their new sexual frankness?
Answer
  • The increased consumption of alcohol
  • The decline of fundamentalism
  • The rise of the women's movement
  • The theories of Sigmund Freud

Question 25

Question
The literacy figure who promoted many new writers of the 1920s in his magazine, The American Mercury, was?
Answer
  • H.L. Mencken
  • W.C. Haney
  • F. Scott Fitzgerald
  • Henry Adams

Question 26

Question
Which socioeconomic group bore the heaviest tax burden in the 1920s as a result of the tax policies of Secretary of the Treasury Andrew Mellon?
Answer
  • Middle-income groups
  • The Wealthy
  • The Working Class
  • The Business Community

Question 27

Question
Many of the prominent new writers of the 1920s were:
Answer
  • fascinated by their historical roots in old New England
  • disgusted with European influences on American culture
  • interested especially in nature and social reform
  • highly critical of American "Puritanism" and small-town life
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