AP Finals Compilation

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Quiz by rachelerica66, updated more than 1 year ago
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Created by rachelerica66 almost 7 years ago
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Quiz on AP Finals Compilation, created by rachelerica66 on 12/17/2014.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
The name given to a portion of Earth's surface is called
Answer
  • location
  • site
  • situation
  • toponym

Question 2

Question
Situation identifies a place by its
Answer
  • location relative to other objects
  • mathematical location on the Earth's surface
  • nominal location
  • unique physical characteristics

Question 3

Question
New York City's _________ is on the Hudson River, approximately 100 miles northeast of Philadelphia and 100 miles southwest of Boston.
Answer
  • location
  • site
  • situation
  • toponym

Question 4

Question
Which is true?
Answer
  • Every meridian is actually a circle rather than a line
  • Every meridian is the same length and has the same beginning and end
  • Every parallel begins and ends at the poles
  • Every parallel is the same length

Question 5

Question
A ship's position is given at 0 degrees latitude and 27 degrees west longitude. We can conclude from this information that the ship is located
Answer
  • on the equator
  • at the North or South Pole
  • on the Prime Meridian
  • astride the International Date Line

Question 6

Question
According to environmental determinism,
Answer
  • the physical environment causes social development
  • the physical environment sets limits on human actions
  • people can adjust to the physical environment
  • people can choose a course of action from many alternatives offered by the physical environment
  • people determine their physical environmnent

Question 7

Question
A hearth is
Answer
  • a region from which a phenomenon
  • the process in which a feature or trend spreads
  • an area defined by one or more distinctive features or trends
  • the modification of a culture as the result of contact with a more powerful one

Question 8

Question
A system for transferring locations from a globe to a flat map is
Answer
  • distribution
  • interruption
  • scale
  • projection

Question 9

Question
Culture means to
Answer
  • care about something
  • take care of something
  • develop new variations
  • both A and B

Question 10

Question
Which of the following is most correct regarding the origins of geography?
Answer
  • Geography was invented as a science in the late 18th century
  • Geography owes its existence to the Renaissance period in Western Europe
  • Humans have practiced geography at least since the ancient Greek civilization
  • Human geography was not practiced until powerful computers capable of mapping

Question 11

Question
Scale is
Answer
  • the system used by geographers to transfer locations from a globe to map
  • the extent of spread of a phenomenon over a given area
  • the difference in elevation between 2 points in an area
  • the relationship between the length of an object on a map and that feature on the landscape

Question 12

Question
What elements of study do human and physical geography have in common?
Answer
  • They are sometimes found as part of the same department in major universities
  • They are concerned with where things occur and why they occur where they do
  • They are trying to solve the problem of how to manage the natural environment
  • They are trying to solve the problem of how to manage the human population

Question 13

Question
What map would have the largest scale?
Answer
  • World
  • continent
  • state
  • city

Question 14

Question
The acquisition of data about Earth's surface orbiting the planet or from another long-distance method
Answer
  • GIS
  • GPS
  • remote sensing
  • aerial photography

Question 15

Question
Global Position Systems references what type of location?
Answer
  • relative
  • situation
  • mathematical
  • toponym

Question 16

Question
Which is not an example of a functioning region?
Answer
  • the circulation area of a newspaper
  • the are of dominance of a television station
  • the market area of a supermarket
  • the area dominated by a particular crop
  • area served by a sports franchise

Question 17

Question
The state of Texas is considered a formal region because
Answer
  • only one language is spoken everywhere in the region
  • the same state laws apply everywhere in the region
  • the climate is the same everywhere in the region
  • it is a part of the US

Question 18

Question
For each 15 degree in longitude, time changes by one hour
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 19

Question
Regions are found only where physical and economic characteristics are strongly related
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 20

Question
The Land Ordinance of 1785 divided each townships into 36 one by one mile sections
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 21

Question
The signal area of radio station WOXY is an example of a vernacular region?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 22

Question
If the scale of a map is 1:100,000, then I cm on the map represents ____ on Earth's surface
Answer
  • 1 kilometer
  • 10 kilometers
  • 10,000 kilometers
  • 100,000 kilometers
  • it depends on the size of the map

Question 23

Question
Which is a form of expansion diffusion?
Answer
  • contagious
  • hierarchical
  • stimulus
  • relocation
  • all of the above

Question 24

Question
Distortion is especially severe on
Answer
  • globes
  • small scale maps
  • large-scale maps
  • topographic maps
  • all maps

Question 25

Question
The science of map making is
Answer
  • demography
  • cartography
  • topography
  • geomorphology
  • meteorology

Question 26

Question
To geographers, the spread of McDonald's across the world represents
Answer
  • a popular fad
  • a unique taste in every location
  • the relocation diffusion of restaurants
  • economic and cultural globalization
  • on a global scale everyone loves to eat big macs

Question 27

Question
The study of how humans and the environment interact is called
Answer
  • environmental determinism
  • cultural ecology
  • cultural diffusion
  • natural science

Question 28

Question
The concept that the distribution of one phenomenon is related to the location of other phenomena is
Answer
  • regional analysis
  • spatial analsis
  • spatial association
  • spatial distribution
  • regional dissociation

Question 29

Question
The arrangement of a phenomenon across Earth's surface is
Answer
  • regional analysis
  • spatial analysis
  • spatial association
  • distribution
  • regional dissociation

Question 30

Question
An area distinguished by one or more unique characteristics is a
Answer
  • biome
  • landscape
  • region
  • uniform unit

Question 31

Question
The South is established as a vernacular region of the United States by
Answer
  • climate
  • the Baptist Church
  • low high school graduation rates
  • high cotton production
  • all of the above

Question 32

Question
The division of the United States into nine regions by the Census Bureau is an example of a
Answer
  • vernacular region
  • functional region
  • nodal region
  • formal region

Question 33

Question
Which of the following BEST describes the idea of a cultural landscape
Answer
  • a landscape that is so modified that it is no longer, like a city center
  • a landscape set aside for historical preservation, like a Civil War battlefield
  • a landscape where human activity has modified the natural environment in any way
  • a landscape untouched by human activity, featuring mountains, rivers, and plants

Question 34

Question
The frequency of something within a given unit of area is
Answer
  • concentration
  • density
  • distribution
  • pattern
  • diffusion

Question 35

Question
The spread of something over a given study area is
Answer
  • concentration
  • density
  • distribution
  • pattern
  • diffusion

Question 36

Question
The spatial distribution created by the U.S. Land Ordinance of 1785 is an example
Answer
  • concentration
  • density
  • distribution
  • category
  • pattern

Question 37

Question
A hearth is
Answer
  • a region from which a phenomenon originates
  • the process by which a feature or trend spreads
  • an area defined by one or more distinctive features or trends
  • the modification of a culture as a result of contact with a more powerful one
  • perimeter of a regional feature

Question 38

Question
The historic diffusion of HIV/AIDS on the United States is an example of which type of diffusion?
Answer
  • contagious
  • hierarchical
  • relocation
  • stimulus
  • osmosis

Question 39

Question
Elements of globalization of culture include all but
Answer
  • uniform consumption preferences
  • enhanced communications
  • unequal access to cultural elements
  • maintaining local traditions
  • uniformity of cultural beliefs and forms

Question 40

Question
The global movement of money has been enhanced primarily by
Answer
  • establishment of new stock exchanges in London, New York, and Tokyo
  • improvements in electronic communications
  • relocation of production from core to peripheral regions
  • uneven developments
  • a proliferation of currencies

Question 41

Question
Globalization of the economy has
Answer
  • leveled economic differences between places
  • heightened economic differences among places
  • decreased investment in less developed countries
  • drained resources from more developed countries
  • decreased regional specialization of production

Question 42

Question
The International Date Line is measured approximately from
Answer
  • 0 degrees latitude
  • 0 degrees longitude
  • 90 latitude
  • 180 degrees longitude
  • 90 degrees longitude

Question 43

Question
Moving toward the Southern border of the United States, English becomes less common and Spanish is more often spoken. What type of region does this gradual change of language reflect?
Answer
  • formal
  • functional
  • vernacular
  • bilingual

Question 44

Question
Hurricane Katrina's landfall on the United States is an interesting geographic case study because
Answer
  • the effects are an intersection of human and physical geography
  • the winds reached incredible speeds near the eye of the hurricane
  • the damage was largely a result of flooding from rivers and a storm surge, not the winds
  • people of all races were equally devastated by the storm

Question 45

Question
A high degree of dispersion withing an area high density
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 46

Question
The idea that the physical environment limits human actions but that people have the ability to adjust to that environment is called possibilism
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 47

Question
A functional region can exhibit the distance decay phenomenon
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 48

Question
The spread of an idea through the movement of people is known as stimulus diffusion
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 49

Question
the spread of a new fashion first in large cities, and later to smaller towns is an example diffusion
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 50

Question
The lowest crude birth rates are found in countries in which stage of the demographic transition
Answer
  • stage 1
  • stage 2
  • stage 3
  • stage 4

Question 51

Question
The highest crude death rates are found in countries in which stage of the demographic transition?
Answer
  • stage 1
  • stage 2
  • stage 3
  • stage 4

Question 52

Question
Country X has a crude birth rate of 40 and crude death rate of 15, while Country Y has a crude birth rate of 20 and a crude death rate of 9. Which country has a higher NIR?
Answer
  • Country X
  • Country Y
  • the rate is the same in both countries
  • the rate can't be computed

Question 53

Question
For every 1,000 babies born in Mozambique this year, nearly 150 of them will die before they reach their first birthday. The rate of 150 deaths per 1,000 births is known as the
Answer
  • crude death rate
  • infant mortality rate
  • life expectancy
  • total fertility rate

Question 54

Question
More developed countries moved from Stage 1 to Stage 2 of the demographic transition 200 years ago in part because of
Answer
  • the agricultural revolution
  • invention of new technology
  • people moving to cities
  • women choosing to enter the labor force

Question 55

Question
The population pyramid of Naples, Florida is "upside-down" because the city has a large percentage of
Answer
  • elderly people
  • young people
  • immigrants
  • females

Question 56

Question
The annual population growth rate increased approximately 200 years ago because of
Answer
  • Agricultural Revolution
  • Demographic Transition
  • Industrial Revolution
  • Medical Revolution

Question 57

Question
Of the following countries, the highest NIR is found in
Answer
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Denmark
  • Uganda

Question 58

Question
Of the following countries, the lowest crude birth is found in
Answer
  • China
  • Cololmbia
  • Denmark
  • Uganda

Question 59

Question
One important feature of the world's population with the most significant future implications is that
Answer
  • it is increasing more slowly than in the past
  • there are more people alive in the world now than at any time in the past
  • the most rapid growth is occurring in the less developed countries
  • people are uniformly distributed across Earth

Question 60

Question
the most populous country in the world is
Answer
  • China
  • India
  • Russia
  • United States

Question 61

Question
A country with a large amount of arable land and a small number of farmers will have a
Answer
  • high physiological density
  • low physiological density
  • high agricultural density
  • low agricultural density

Question 62

Question
India and the United Kingdom have approximately the same arithmetic density. From this, we can conclude that the 2 countries have the same
Answer
  • level of output per farmer
  • number of people per area of land
  • pressure placed by people on the land to produce food
  • all of the above

Question 63

Question
Most people live in cities in which of these regions
Answer
  • East Asia
  • South Asia
  • Southeast Asia
  • Western Europe

Question 64

Question
A country in stage 2 of the Demographic Transition is likely to have higher crude birth and crude death rates than a country in stage 4
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 65

Question
Nearly half of the people in the world live in East and South Asia
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 66

Question
A country in stage 4 of the demographic transition is likely to have a population pyramid with a flatter base than a country in stage 2
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 67

Question
A country in stage 4 of the demographic transition is likely to have a population pyramid with a flatter base than a country in stage 2
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 68

Question
Geographers define overpopulation as
Answer
  • too many people in the world
  • too many compared to resources
  • too many in a region
  • all of the above

Question 69

Question
The world's largest concentration of people is located in
Answer
  • East Asia
  • SW Asia
  • SE Asia
  • Western Europe

Question 70

Question
Physiological density is the number of
Answer
  • acres of farmland
  • farmers per area of farmland
  • people per area of land
  • persons per area suitable for agriculture

Question 71

Question
If the physiological density is much larger than the arithmetic density, then a country has
Answer
  • insufficient farmers
  • a large number of farmers
  • a small percentage of land suitable for farming
  • too many people for the available resources

Question 72

Question
The most populous country in Southeast Asia is
Answer
  • Singapore
  • Indonesia
  • China
  • Bangladesh

Question 73

Question
The annual global population growth rate increased approximately ten thousand years ago because of the
Answer
  • Agricultural Revolution
  • Demographic Transition
  • Industrial Revolution
  • Medical Revolution

Question 74

Question
The average number of births women bear in their lifetimes is
Answer
  • CBR
  • CDR
  • TFR
  • NIR

Question 75

Question
The global annual NIR is currently approximately
Answer
  • 1.25%
  • 12%
  • 1.25 million
  • 125 million

Question 76

Question
Of the following four countries, the highest NIR is found in
Answer
  • China
  • COlombia
  • Denmark
  • Uganda

Question 77

Question
The world's population in 1995 was approximately 6 billion and was expected to reach 12 billion in 45 years. The period of 45 years is known as
Answer
  • Overpulation
  • NIR
  • Life Expectancy
  • Doubling Time

Question 78

Question
Which of the following rates are NOT typically found to be low in LDCs?
Answer
  • CBR
  • CDR
  • IMR
  • NIR

Question 79

Question
Life expectancy is lowest in
Answer
  • Asia
  • North America
  • Africa
  • Western Europe

Question 80

Question
The total number of live births per 1,000 people in a society is the
Answer
  • NIR
  • CBR
  • CDR
  • TFR

Question 81

Question
The percentage of people who are too young or too old to work is the
Answer
  • Life expectancy
  • Dependency ratio
  • Sex ratio
  • Population pyramid

Question 82

Question
In contrast to the MDCs, LDCs entered stage 2 of the demographic transition through
Answer
  • Creation of higher levels of wealth
  • Diffusion of the Industrial Revolution
  • Diffusion of medial technology from other countries
  • Profound changes in their economy and social systems

Question 83

Question
Thomas Malthus concluded that
Answer
  • Population increased arithmetically while food production increased geomeetrically
  • The world's rate of population increase was higher than the development of food supplies
  • Moral restraint was producing lower CDRs
  • Population growth was outpacing available resources in every country

Question 84

Question
the principle reason for declining NIRs in LDCs today is
Answer
  • Increasing CBRs
  • Declining CDRs
  • Increasing CDRs
  • Declining CBRs

Question 85

Question
India's most controversial family planning program today has been to
Answer
  • Allocate housing on the basis of one child per family
  • Sterilize people
  • Legalize abortions
  • Prohibit marriages until age 27 for men and 25 for women

Question 86

Question
According to Malthus, population increased geometrically, while food supply increases arithmetically
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 87

Question
As the wealth of a country increases the NIRs decrease
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 88

Question
A country of 30,000,000 people has a CBR of 10. This means that in one year, 3,000,000 babies were born
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 89

Question
More people are alive now than at any time in the past
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 90

Question
The ability to move from one location to another is
Answer
  • Migration
  • Mobility
  • Net migration
  • Voluntary migration
  • Variable migration

Question 91

Question
A permanent move to another location is
Answer
  • Migration
  • Mobility
  • Net migration
  • Net in migration
  • Net out migration

Question 92

Question
A country has net in migration if emigration__________ immigration
Answer
  • Equals
  • Exceeds
  • Is closer to net migration than
  • Is less than
  • Varies more than

Question 93

Question
Which of the following would be considered a migration pull factor?
Answer
  • Revolutionary takeover of a government
  • Failed harvest
  • Flooding of a river
  • Opening of a new factory
  • Civil war

Question 94

Question
The most important pull factor for migrants to north America today is
Answer
  • Economic
  • Environmental
  • Forced
  • Cultural
  • Geomagnetic

Question 95

Question
A physical feature, such as a body of water, which hinders migration, is an example of
Answer
  • An environmental push factor
  • A forced migration
  • An intervening obstacle
  • A cultural pull factor
  • An environmental incentive

Question 96

Question
People are forced to migrate primarily because of which factor?
Answer
  • Economic
  • Environmental
  • International
  • Cultural
  • Mobility

Question 97

Question
Which of the following is not presently one of the three largest migration flows in the world?
Answer
  • To Europe from Asia
  • To Europe from Africa
  • To North America from Asia
  • To North America from Latin america

Question 98

Question
The greatest total number of foreign born residents can be found in
Answer
  • China
  • Australia
  • Germany
  • United states

Question 99

Question
Most Asians are currently migrating to the U.S. througj the process of
Answer
  • Expansion diffusion
  • Brain drain
  • Chain migration
  • Illegal immigration
  • Global relocation

Question 100

Question
Wilbur Zelinsky's model of migration predicted
Answer
  • Women are more likely to migrate than men
  • Long migration distances are more likely than short
  • Migration characteristic vary with the demographic transition
  • Nitrate goons migration is more important than international
  • Migrants move most frequently for economic reasons

Question 101

Question
The largest level of interregional migration in the U.S. was caused by the
Answer
  • Arrival of the Europeans beginning in the 1600s
  • Illegal immigration from Latin america
  • Immigration of Asians beginning in the early 20th century
  • Opening of western territories
  • Industrial development in the northeast

Question 102

Question
Which is a current intraregional migration trend in the U.S.?
Answer
  • Rural to urban
  • Urban to suburban
  • Metropolitan to no metropolitan
  • Net emigration from the northeast
  • All of the above

Question 103

Question
Most migrants to the U.S. during the 1840s and 1850s came from
Answer
  • Europe
  • Latin America
  • Africa
  • Australia
  • Middle East

Question 104

Question
Human geographers use the 11 migration law from
Answer
  • Brettel
  • Rashman
  • Carvenstein
  • Ravenstein
  • Zelinsky

Question 105

Question
Europeans migrated to the U.S. primarily because of
Answer
  • Decreased economic opportunities as European countries experienced rapid population growth
  • Decreased political stability as European countries were wracked by revolutions
  • Religious freedom in the us as European countries oppressed their citizens
  • Discoveries of gold in California and Alaska

Question 106

Question
Most migrants to the U.S. during the early 20th century came from which part of Europe?
Answer
  • Central
  • North and west
  • South and east
  • South and west
  • North and east

Question 107

Question
The difference between people migrating to a place and the number leaving is called net migration
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 108

Question
Most migration occurs because a combination of push and pull factors
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 109

Question
The most common environmental push factor comes from having too much or too little water
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 110

Question
The major reason for illegal immigration to the u.s is to escape political prosecution
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 111

Question
Refugees migrate primarily because of what type of push factor?
Answer
  • Economic
  • Environmental
  • Political
  • All of the above

Question 112

Question
Several killion Irish migrated in the 1840s primarily because of what push factor?
Answer
  • The English forced them to bece refugees
  • Disastrous economic conditions pushed them out of the country
  • Poor environmental conditions induced them to migrate
  • They were attracted to the U.S.

Question 113

Question
The most important pull factor for migrants to North America is
Answer
  • Economic
  • Environmental
  • Forced
  • Political

Question 114

Question
Which factor usually induces voluntary migration?
Answer
  • Economic
  • Environmental
  • International
  • Political

Question 115

Question
The most popular destination for voluntary migrants from Great Britain has been
Answer
  • Asia
  • Australia
  • North America
  • South America

Question 116

Question
Most migrants to the United states during the 1960/1979 came from
Answer
  • Africa
  • Asia
  • Europe
  • Latin America

Question 117

Question
Most migrants to the us during the 1980s came from
Answer
  • Africa
  • Asia
  • Europe
  • Latin America

Question 118

Question
The largest number of immigrants to the us are
Answer
  • Women
  • Political refugees
  • Relatives of us residents
  • Talented professionals

Question 119

Question
Brain drain is
Answer
  • the large-scale emigration of talented people
  • the process by which people are given reference for migration
  • people forced to migrate for political reasons
  • a cultural feature that hinders migration

Question 120

Question
The largest number of legal immigrants to the United States come from what country?
Answer
  • Cuba
  • Mexico
  • the Philippines
  • South Korea

Question 121

Question
Guest workers in Europe and the Middle East are
Answer
  • illegal immigrants
  • low status foreigners
  • Muslims
  • southern Europeans

Question 122

Question
The largest level of interregional migration in the United States was caused by the
Answer
  • arrival of Europeans beginning in the 1600s
  • illegal immigration from Latin America
  • immigration if Asians beginning in the early 20th century
  • opening of the western territories

Question 123

Question
U.S. Center of Population has moved steadily to the
Answer
  • east
  • north
  • south
  • west

Question 124

Question
Many of the refugees from Vietnam became known as the
Answer
  • boat people
  • communists
  • Hindus
  • Okies

Question 125

Question
The United States has received the lowest number of refugees from which of these countries?
Answer
  • Cuba
  • Ethiopia
  • Haiti
  • Vietnam

Question 126

Question
The Brazilian government encouraged interregional migration by
Answer
  • making Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo more attractive
  • dictating optimal locations for factories
  • clearing the rain forests for agricultural in the interior
  • moving the capital to Brasilia

Question 127

Question
The most prominent intraregional migration in the world is
Answer
  • rural to urban
  • region to region
  • urban to rural
  • city to city

Question 128

Question
Counterurbanization is
Answer
  • the move from urban core to suburban area
  • due to expanding suburbs
  • increased migration to rural areas and small towns
  • the trend of the elderly retiring to rural locations

Question 129

Question
Suburbanization of more developed societies is due primarily to
Answer
  • expanding urban territory
  • increasing employment opportunities
  • desire to change lifestyle
  • development

Question 130

Question
The main impact of the 1920's quota laws on the national origin of immigrants to the United States was to
Answer
  • encourage migration from Asia and Latin America
  • admit migrants mostly from Europe
  • permit migrants from all regions of the world
  • all of the above

Question 131

Question
Why have in recent years Latino immigrants found other U.S. areas, notably the Midwest as popular places to immigrate to?
Answer
  • the Midwest has more Spanish speakers
  • the food is very diverse and is similar to Latino food
  • the availability of occupations that are similar to those found in Latin America
  • the prominence of Catholic Churches

Question 132

Question
According to the 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act, undocumented immigrants were
Answer
  • increasingly deported in the United States
  • permitted become legal immigrants
  • encouraged to remain because of shortages of workers
  • no longer eligible for public services in the United States

Question 133

Question
The three major kinds of push factors are cultural/political, economic, and environmental
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 134

Question
During the 1990s most illegal immigrants to the United States were young Mexican men
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 135

Question
Migration is more likely to be from rural to urban areas with less developed countries, but from rural to urban to rural in more developed countries
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 136

Question
Positives towards immigrants in the United States are seen in new laws affording immigrants opportunities
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 137

Question
The frequent repetition of an act, to the extent that it becomes characteristic of a group of people is called a
Answer
  • custom
  • popular culture
  • habit
  • taboo

Question 138

Question
A repetitive act performed by an individual is a
Answer
  • custom
  • popular culture
  • habit
  • taboo

Question 139

Question
Folk cultures are spread mainly by
Answer
  • contagious diffusion
  • hierarchical diffusion
  • relocation diffusion
  • stimulus diffusion

Question 140

Question
Rapid diffusion of pop culture
Answer
  • encourages people in different places to adopt different customs
  • Depends on modern communication systems
  • Is an example of relocation diffusion
  • all of the above

Question 141

Question
In contrast to pop culture, folk cultures are more likely to vary
Answer
  • from place to place at a given time
  • from time to time at a given place
  • both from place to place and time to time
  • neither from place to place or time to time

Question 142

Question
Folk songs are distinguished from popular songs because they
Answer
  • tell a story about daily activities
  • can be understood by only one group
  • are never changed from one generation to the next
  • are only transmitted orally

Question 143

Question
The current distribution of soccer demonstrates that
Answer
  • a folk custom can become part of a pop culture
  • all sports are examples of folk culture
  • television has infused all sports into pop culture
  • american football is also an example of folk culture

Question 144

Question
A restriction on behavior imposed by social custom is a
Answer
  • folk culture
  • habit
  • pop culture
  • taboo

Question 145

Question
Which of the following is not an important source area for U.S. house types?
Answer
  • Lower Chesapeake
  • Middle Atlantic
  • Far Northeast
  • Upper New England

Question 146

Question
The main effect of modern communications on social customs has been to
Answer
  • preserve folk cultures, by increasing awareness of their uniqueness
  • stimulate the diffusion of folk cultures around the world
  • increase the similarity of social customs in different locations
  • have little effect on the diffusion of social customs
  • slow the rate of change

Question 147

Question
Folk cultures usually originate from
Answer
  • the availability of more leisure time
  • the application of industrial technology
  • familiar events in daily life
  • a famous historical event
  • global economic exchange

Question 148

Question
Pop culture
Answer
  • is transmitted from one location to another through small scale and local migration
  • diffuses through relocation diffusion
  • typically follows the process of hierarchical diffusion from nodes of innovation
  • is usually transmitted orally across time and location

Question 149

Question
Culture is promoted by
Answer
  • the relative isolation of a group from others
  • globalization
  • the movement of goods and services across borders
  • expansion diffusion

Question 150

Question
The diffusion of jeans is a good example primarily of the
Answer
  • diffusion of pop culture
  • adoption of unique folk culture
  • impact of high incomes on clothing habits
  • lack of barriers in communist countries

Question 151

Question
The choice of clothing Western countries is strongly influenced by
Answer
  • occupation
  • level
  • knowledge of fashion elsewhere
  • all of the above

Question 152

Question
In contrast to folk culture, popular culture is typical of
Answer
  • small heterogeneous groups
  • large heterogeneous groups
  • groups living in isolated rural areas
  • groups that have little interaction with other groups
  • groups of specialists

Question 153

Question
Popular customs most frequently originate in
Answer
  • more developed countries
  • less developed countries
  • former communist countries
  • countries with large rural populations
  • equally likely in all of the above

Question 154

Question
Popular customs are more likely than folk customs to
Answer
  • evolve from the isolation of different groups
  • rapidly diffuse through modern communications and transportation
  • reflect the unique characteristics of the landscape
  • have an unknown source of origin
  • vary from place to place

Question 155

Question
Typically, pop culture
Answer
  • originates in a number of locations at the same time
  • reflects the characteristics of a distinctive physical environment
  • experience frequent changes
  • is practiced by small heterogeneous groups
  • all of the above

Question 156

Question
Collections of customs can be used to define a culture
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 157

Question
The physical environment commonly plays an important role in the development of unique folk customs
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 158

Question
Two social groups living in close proximity will retain unique social customs if there is limited interaction between them
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 159

Question
Which of the following characteristics is more typical of a pop culture than a folk culture?
Answer
  • it has an anonymous origin
  • it diffuses slowly from its point of origin
  • it results in a more uniform landscapes
  • it is likely to be derived from physical conditions

Question 160

Question
The use of a horse and buggy by the Amish in the United States is an example of
Answer
  • folk culture
  • habit
  • pop culture
  • taboo

Question 161

Question
A taboo against pork is a characteristic
Answer
  • Judaism and Islam
  • Judaism and Buddhism
  • Christianity and Buddhism
  • Christianity and Hinduism

Question 162

Question
Which of the following is not an important factor in distinguishing different folk housing types in the United States?
Answer
  • choice of building materials
  • size of the building
  • form in which the structure is arranged
  • climate in which the structure is built

Question 163

Question
Today, housing types in the United States are distinguished by all but which of the following?
Answer
  • they can still be divided into three distinct regions
  • they display few regional fistinctions
  • they are usually mass produced
  • alternative styles have diffused throughout the country

Question 164

Question
In which state would alcohol consumption be relatively low?
Answer
  • Kentucky
  • Nevada
  • New York
  • Utah

Question 165

Question
Geographers are concerned with the distribution of which of the following aspects of T.V. service?
Answer
  • number of receivers per capita
  • method of government control
  • year service was adopted
  • all of the above

Question 166

Question
Features of the U.S. landscape, such as gas stations, supermarkets, and motels,
Answer
  • promote a uniform landscape
  • reflect the preservation of folk culture
  • provide diversity on the United States landscape
  • promote diffusion of folk culture

Question 167

Question
Many less developed countries fear the loss of folk culture because
Answer
  • they do not want to preserve traditional values
  • Western perspectives may become more dominant
  • pop culture values can promote environmental damage
  • they want to avoid political disputes

Question 168

Question
Western dominance of the news media is feared in less developed countries for all but which of these reasons?
Answer
  • Western countries supply a large percentage of the television programs to less developed countries
  • western countries control most of the newspapers in less developed countries
  • western radio newscasts can be heard in most countries
  • western values control the media

Question 169

Question
People maintain their folk culture despite familiarity with pop culture because of
Answer
  • the high cost of pop customs
  • concern for the physical environment
  • strong desire to preserve unique customs
  • lack of exposure to media

Question 170

Question
Pop culture and folk culture can both result in a higher level of
Answer
  • extinction of animal species
  • demand for raw materials
  • consumption of animal products
  • all of the above

Question 171

Question
As they have more contact with pop culture, women in less developed countries are more likely to
Answer
  • bear more children
  • obtain food for their family
  • gain more opportunities outside the home
  • reduce the practice of prostitution

Question 172

Question
One impact of large scale consumption if chicken in more developed countries is to
Answer
  • cause chickens to become an endangered species
  • make inefficient use of the world's grain supplies
  • diffuse agricultural products to the physical environment
  • encourage the development of a new food taboo

Question 173

Question
Pioneer farmers settling the grasslands of the American West often built houses of sod, while early settlers of the eastern forest built wooden structures like log cabins. This suggests that building materials
Answer
  • are strongly influenced by local resources
  • are commonly imported long distance because of folk sulture
  • are chosen because the diffusion of pop culture
  • are a uniform feature of folk culture
  • all of the above

Question 174

Question
Terroir refers to
Answer
  • a group's sense of place
  • a group's food taboos
  • the relationship between the physical environment and culture
  • the sum of the effects of the local environment on a food item

Question 175

Question
The origin of pop music is a good example of how folk culture orginates
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 176

Question
In general, folk culture is more likely to cause greater uniformity on the landscape than pop culture
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 177

Question
Food taboos usually derive from unique elements of the physical environment
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 178

Question
Leaders of many developing countries fear that the spread of American pop culture will destroy traditional social behavior
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 179

Question
Adoption of Western pop culture seldom results in the elimination of traditional folk culture
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 180

Question
The physical environment commonly plays an important role in the development of unique folk customs
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 181

Question
The adoption of a pop custom depends primarily on the amount of disposable income
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 182

Question
A literary tradition is
Answer
  • a form of a language used for official government business
  • a form of a language spoken in a particular area
  • a collection of languages related to another
  • the written form of a language

Question 183

Question
Which is the following is not a Romance language?
Answer
  • Bulgarian
  • Italian
  • Portuguese
  • Romanian

Question 184

Question
An isogloss is
Answer
  • a form of a language spoken in a local area
  • a collection of unique words
  • a boundary between language regions
  • all of the above

Question 185

Question
Dialects developed within England primarily because
Answer
  • different Germanic invaders settled in different regions
  • the Normans invaded in the South
  • the Viking invaders did not remain long in England
  • BRP became the standard dialect

Question 186

Question
British and American English differ in all but which of the following?
Answer
  • alphabet
  • pronunciation
  • spelling
  • vocabulary

Question 187

Question
Major differences in U.S. dialects originated because
Answer
  • early settlers were isolated from each other
  • of differences in dialects among the original settlers
  • of similarities in dialects among the original settlers
  • the early settlers originated from the same location

Question 188

Question
English is part of which language branch?
Answer
  • Germanic
  • North Germanic
  • West Germanic
  • Ind-European

Question 189

Question
The language spoken by the greatest number of people in the world is
Answer
  • Cantonese
  • English
  • Hindu
  • Mandarin

Question 190

Question
Russia is part of which language branch?
Answer
  • Balto-Slavic
  • Germanic
  • Indo-Iranian
  • Romance

Question 191

Question
When languages are depicted as leaves on trees, the trunk of the tree represents
Answer
  • dialects
  • language groups
  • language families
  • possible prehistoric superfamilies

Question 192

Question
A collection of languages through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago
Answer
  • dialect
  • language branch
  • language family
  • language group

Question 193

Question
A form of a language spoken in a local area is a
Answer
  • dialect
  • language branch
  • language family
  • language group

Question 194

Question
The geographic study of the distribution of languages provides a good example
Answer
  • the interplay between globalization and local diversity
  • the diffusion of folk culture in different areas of the world
  • the role and spread of religion across much of the world
  • political conflicts that arise due to ethnic tensions

Question 195

Question
When people who speak a given language migrate to a different location from other members of their group,
Answer
  • their language usually shows very little change even over a long period of time
  • they immediately develop a literary tradition
  • isolation usually results in the differentiation of one language into two
  • they lose their linguistic abilities

Question 196

Question
The main difference between languages in the same family, branch, or group is how
Answer
  • recently in time the languages were once the same
  • closely the speakers of each language live to each other
  • similar the cultures of the speakers of each language are
  • all of the above

Question 197

Question
The uniform language of the Western U.S. can be credited to the mobility of Americans
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 198

Question
The dominant language spoken in Southeastern Canada French
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 199

Question
The language branch that makes up most of Eastern Europe is Balto-Slavic
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 200

Question
The language branch makes up most of North Western Europe is Romance
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 201

Question
A group languages that share a common ancestor before recorded history is a
Answer
  • dialect
  • language branch
  • language family
  • language group

Question 202

Question
A group of languages of languages that share a common origin but have since evolved into individual languages is a
Answer
  • dialect
  • language branch
  • language family
  • language group

Question 203

Question
The four most frequently spoken branches of Indo-European include all but
Answer
  • Balto-Slavic
  • Celtic
  • Indo-Iranian
  • Romance

Question 204

Question
The most widely spoken language in Brazil is
Answer
  • Creole
  • French
  • Portuguese
  • Spanish

Question 205

Question
Recent evidence points to the first speakers of the Indo-European language as the ancient
Answer
  • Celts
  • Germans
  • Kurgans
  • Russians

Question 206

Question
English is part of what language family?
Answer
  • Germanic
  • North-Germanic
  • West-Germanic
  • Indo-European

Question 207

Question
The Icelandic language has changed less than any other Germanic languages because of
Answer
  • Iceland's close contact with other people and activities
  • Migration by Germanic tribes
  • Iceland's relative isolation from other places
  • The extinction of the East Germanic group

Question 208

Question
A creolized language is
Answer
  • extinct
  • a mix of indigenous and colonial languages
  • an isolated language family
  • a possible prehistoric superfamily

Question 209

Question
The 2 most important languages in South America are
Answer
  • Dutch and English
  • English and Spanish
  • French and Spanish
  • Portuguese and Spanish

Question 210

Question
According to the Anotolian hearth theory, Indo-European languages diffused across Europe
Answer
  • entirely by sea
  • by way of the Kurgan homeland
  • by warriors on horseback
  • with the diffusion of agriculture

Question 211

Question
The two largest language families in the world are
Answer
  • Indo-Iranian and Balto-Slavic
  • Sino-Tibetan and Indo-European
  • Afro-Asiatic and Sino-Tibetan
  • Balto-Slavic and Sino-Tibetan

Question 212

Question
The language family encompassing the languages of the People's Republic of China is
Answer
  • Indo-European
  • Indo-Iranian
  • Mandarin
  • Sino-Tibetan

Question 213

Question
Hebrew is an example of
Answer
  • an isolated language
  • an extinct language
  • a revived language
  • a language family

Question 214

Question
The large number of individual languages documented in Africa has resulted primarily from
Answer
  • thousands of years of isolation between tribal groups
  • repeated invasions by outsiders
  • introduction of of many different languages by the colonial powers
  • frequent migration by the different tribal groups

Question 215

Question
A lingua franca is
Answer
  • an English word that has entered the French language
  • a language that is mutually understood by people who have 2 different native languages
  • an extinct language that has been revised
  • an official language in a region of the world different from where the language originated

Question 216

Question
Basque is spoken primarily in
Answer
  • Brittany
  • The Swiss Alps
  • The Pyrenees Mountains
  • Barcelona, Spain

Question 217

Question
An Indo-European language is spoken in which of these European countries?
Answer
  • France
  • Finland
  • Hungary
  • All of the above

Question 218

Question
Spanglish
Answer
  • the lingua franca of Spain
  • a dialect of Spanish
  • the standard language of Mexico
  • the use of English in the Spanish language

Question 219

Question
English has received unprecedented acceptance globally due to
Answer
  • the role of colonialism and imperialism
  • its role as the common language of a global economy and culture
  • the rise of popular culture and the decline of folk culture
  • the diffusion of religion from MDCs to LDCs

Question 220

Question
Germanic, Romance, and Latin are all branches of Indo-European
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 221

Question
The most popular language in China is Cantonese
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 222

Question
The most frequently spoken Afro-Asiatic is Arabic
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 223

Question
Nearly half of the people in the world speak an Indo-European language
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 224

Question
Ebonics is a dialect that developed from African Americans diffusing into the large the large northern cities
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 225

Question
With respect to the relationship between culture, religion and the physical environment
Answer
  • few religions derive meaningful events from the physical environment
  • religious ideas may be responsible for some of the changes people make in the physical environment
  • religion is no longer an important source of identification for a distinct cultural group
  • all of the above are true

Question 226

Question
a universalizing religion
Answer
  • is based on the physical characteristics of a particular location on Earth
  • appeals to people living in a wide variety of locations on Earth
  • is rarely transmitted through missionaries
  • is intentionally developed to be a world religion

Question 227

Question
The world's largest universalizing religion is
Answer
  • Buddhism
  • Christianity
  • Hinduism
  • Islam

Question 228

Question
The world's largest ethnic religion is
Answer
  • Confucianism
  • Daoism
  • Hinduism
  • Shintoism

Question 229

Question
Christianity first diffused from its hearth through
Answer
  • contagious diffusion
  • hierarchical diffusion
  • relocation diffusion
  • all of the above are equally important

Question 230

Question
Which of the following is not a universalizing religion?
Answer
  • Buddhism
  • Christianity
  • Islam
  • Judaism

Question 231

Question
Muslims are clustered in
Answer
  • Sub-Saharan Africa
  • The Middle East
  • Eastern Europe
  • East Asia

Question 232

Question
What is the holiest book in Hinduism?
Answer
  • the Bible
  • the Old Testament
  • the Qu'ran
  • none of the above

Question 233

Question
Which of the following is the most important religion in the homeland of the man of the man who founded it?
Answer
  • Buddhism
  • Christianity
  • Hinduism
  • Islam

Question 234

Question
Animists believe that
Answer
  • people should compete God's creations of the Earth
  • inanimate objects and natural events have spirits
  • people should make complete use of the Earth's resources
  • natural disasters are preventable

Question 235

Question
Which is not an ethnic Asian religion?
Answer
  • Buddhism
  • Confucianism
  • Shintoism
  • Daoism

Question 236

Question
Especially important in Confucianism is to
Answer
  • perform public services
  • reflect on the mystical and magical aspects
  • respect forces of nature as divine
  • believe in one all-powerful God

Question 237

Question
Especially important in Daoism is to
Answer
  • perform public service
  • reflect on the mystical and magical aspects of life
  • respect forces of nature as divine
  • believe in one all-powerful God

Question 238

Question
Which is not a characteristic of a hierarchical religion?
Answer
  • It has a well-defined hierarchical stucture
  • It encourages each congregation to be self-sufficient
  • It organizes territory into local administrative units
  • It fosters interaction among different congregations

Question 239

Question
Jerusalem is a Holy City to all but which of these religions?
Answer
  • Christianity
  • Judaism
  • Hinduism
  • Islam

Question 240

Question
The Ganges is the most holy river for the Muslims
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 241

Question
Jerusalem is a holy city to all three universalizing religions
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 242

Question
Natural landscape features features are the holiest places in Islam
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 243

Question
Pilgrimages play a significant role in ethnic religions but not in universalizing religions
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 244

Question
Christianity has the most widespread geographic distribution of any religion
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 245

Question
A large and fundamental division withing a religion is a
Answer
  • branch
  • denomination
  • sect
  • dialect

Question 246

Question
A relatively small group that has broken away from an established church is a
Answer
  • branch
  • denomination
  • sect
  • dialect

Question 247

Question
Protestants in Ireland are
Answer
  • dispersed throughout the island
  • recent immigrants from Great Britain
  • highly clustered in one part of the island
  • highly integrated with the Roman Catholic population

Question 248

Question
Lutheranism is an example of a Christian
Answer
  • branch
  • denomination
  • religion
  • sect

Question 249

Question
The dominant branch of Islam is
Answer
  • Druze
  • Eastern Orthodoxy
  • Shiite
  • Sunni

Question 250

Question
Hinduism's caste system
Answer
  • assigns everyone to a distinct calss
  • Decrees the pilgrimages which should be taken
  • is a substitute for the lack of a holy book
  • identifies a families' important deities

Question 251

Question
For most of the past 2,000 years, most Jews have been
Answer
  • highly clustered in present in present-day Israel
  • dispersed around the world
  • concentrated in the United States
  • forced to live in ghettos

Question 252

Question
A mosque differs from a church a church, because a mosque
Answer
  • is not a sanctified place
  • is not a place of worship
  • displays a variety of architectural styles
  • contains a relic of the founder

Question 253

Question
The situation in Northern Ireland is a result of
Answer
  • countries in Northern Ireland voting to remain in the UK
  • Catholic protests against discrimination by Protestants
  • British control which contributed to poor economic conditions
  • violence committed by extreme partisans on both sides
  • all of the above

Question 254

Question
Palestinians include all but which of the following groups?
Answer
  • residents of refugee camps
  • residents of territories occupied by Israel
  • citizens of other states calling themselves Palestinians
  • Jewish citizens of Israel
  • Muslim citizens of Israel

Question 255

Question
Adherents of which region have controlled the Holy Land for most of the past 1,500 years?
Answer
  • Judaism
  • Hinduism
  • Islam
  • Christianity

Question 256

Question
Jerusalem's geography represents a particularly difficult religious conflict because
Answer
  • sacred sites to Jews and Muslims are literally built one on top of the other
  • the population of Jerusalem is majority Christian but surrounded by majority Jewish and Muslim populations
  • the Israeli government has separated the most sacred sites with a massive concrete wall
  • Israeli captured the Sinai peninsula from Egypt

Question 257

Question
Which of the following penalties were imposed by the Taliban?
Answer
  • Men were beaten for shaving their beards
  • Homosexuals were buried alive
  • Prostitute were hanged in public, and men were stoned for committing adultery
  • Thieves' hands were cut off, and women with nail polish had their fingers cut off
  • all of the above

Question 258

Question
What policy did the British follow in India?
Answer
  • They divided India into 2 countries
  • They forced all of the Hindus to migrate
  • They turned the problem over to the United Nations
  • They encouraged the abolishment of the caste system
  • They required all education to be conducted in English

Question 259

Question
From the Russian Revolution to the fall of the communist government, what was the policy of the government towards religion?
Answer
  • All churches were closed
  • The old church was replaced by Eastern Orthodoxy
  • Churches remained open but played a limited role
  • Youth were encouraged to attend so that they could be indoctrinated into communism
  • All marriages were performed by clergy

Question 260

Question
Lutherans in the United States are concentrated in the southeast
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 261

Question
The most troublesome religious boundary in Western Europe is in Ireland
Answer
  • True
  • False
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