Group processes;Prejudice,conflict and conflict reduction

robinson.n1
Quiz by , created over 5 years ago

Quiz on Group processes;Prejudice,conflict and conflict reduction, created by robinson.n1 on 08/31/2013.

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robinson.n1
Created by robinson.n1 over 5 years ago
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Question 1

Question
The -------------------- had a profound influence on the ___________ of group influence
Answer
  • Physiology
  • First world war
  • psychology
  • Gulf war
  • Second world war
  • Criminolgy

Question 2

Question
Theories were ------------------- ,arguing that prejudice is ------------,irrational and that it operates unconsciously in a personality or within their thinking
Answer
  • idealistic
  • individualistic
  • normal
  • paranormal
  • abnormal
  • inseperable

Question 3

Question
------------- depicted the 'authoritarian personality' ,a type of person whose ---------- respect for moral convention masks a repressed resentment towards all forms of traditional authority-unconscious anger is displaced onto scapegoats
Answer
  • sub-conscious
  • conscious
  • unconscious
  • Adorned
  • Abnormo
  • Adorno

Question 4

Question
--------------- argued that dogmatists suffer from a deep-seated --------------- of thought and attitude;prejudice is explained by an abnormal personality development. There is a cognitive rigidity ie inflexible ---------/---------/good/bad thinking which contains no grey areas
Answer
  • Roache
  • Rokeach
  • red/blue
  • Roker
  • black/white
  • red/white
  • flexibility
  • bendability
  • inflexibility

Question 5

Question
Individualistic approaches can't explain the reasons why groups are prejudiced against other groups.-------------- argues that when Catholics and__________ explain political violence in __________ both make the fundamental attribution error and blame the cause on internal dispositions of the opposition and explain the violence of their own groups in terms of the situation
Answer
  • Curry
  • Dyson
  • Dixon
  • Atheists
  • Protesters
  • Protestants
  • Middle East
  • Northern Ireland
  • United Kingdom

Question 6

Question
------------- Summer camp experiments established a relationship of negative goal interdependence between rival groups; a type of competition in which on group's victory necessarily comes at the other group's expense. The boys formed negative stereotypes of rival groups and both ======= and physically abused each other
Answer
  • Captain's
  • Sherif's
  • mentally
  • Cowboy's
  • verbally
  • emotionally

Question 7

Question
It was only when Sherif altered the underlying nature of relations between the groups,establishing a relationship of positive goal __________ that this pattern began to abate.Attributions are a -----------,objective response to parties in conflict over scarce resources. Intergroup conflict can be resolved through _______ goal interdependence.
Answer
  • negative
  • interdependence
  • positive
  • interacting
  • indifferent
  • irrational
  • rational
  • proportional
  • international

Question 8

Question
------------------------ - Also using field experiments argued that Sherif ignored the _______ patterning of intergroup conflict
Answer
  • Turner and Hooch
  • historical
  • Tajfel and Turner
  • Tajfel and Tonor
  • catagorical
  • psychological

Question 9

Question
Individuals categorise themselves by group identity (class,race,gender etc) and emphasise ___________ distinctions. Reality is depersonalised. Conflict defends cherished social identities.Individual prejudice must be seen in group/historical/social/-------------- context
Answer
  • ethical
  • me/you
  • hierarchical
  • him/her
  • us/them
  • class

Question 10

Question
Initial research treated ------------ as abnormal development,later approaches focusing on categorisation and stereotyping (realistic conflict and social identity) suggested that prejudice is not====== bias,it advances the material gains or identity of a group,it is not senseless
Answer
  • pride
  • racism
  • prejudice
  • irrational
  • rational
  • notional

Question 11

Question
Discursive Psychological Perspective: Edwards _________ and Wetherell- via --------------- analysis,the social influence on groups has been developed to include ideas such as 'socially shared ------------',social representations.
Answer
  • discourse
  • Miller
  • ignition
  • Potter
  • discount
  • Turner
  • disclosure
  • cognition
  • inclusion

Question 12

Question
Edwards and Potter focus on discourses and____________ repertoires. They argue that the formation of attitudes towards out-groups can only be possible because we share a common ------------ and are able to jointly --------------- relationships and identities
Answer
  • bond
  • interacial
  • language
  • construct
  • goal
  • interactive
  • interpretative
  • destruct
  • convince

Question 13

Question
Stereotyping,attitudes,categorisations,attribution of blame/defence are active,flexible and ========= constructions circulating in society serving social,__________ functions/interests
Answer
  • completing
  • personal
  • comparing
  • political
  • competing
  • parental

Question 14

Question
Brewer and _______ argue that contact works best when _______ differences are de-emphasised and emphasis is on individuals- attention on person replaces category ------------
Answer
  • personal
  • Turner
  • group
  • Baker
  • recognition
  • Miller
  • identity
  • gang
  • conception

Question 15

Question
Hewstone and _________ argue that group identity is _________ to ones identity,contact should be an intergroup process- participants should see others as representative of ------------- categories
Answer
  • Black
  • normal
  • Green
  • criminal
  • Brown
  • central
  • partial
  • social
  • racial

Question 16

Question
__________ and Dovidios suggest this works only if all _________ become a new in -group, as '=='
Answer
  • us
  • Gardener
  • members
  • we
  • participants
  • me
  • Gaertner
  • Gertrude
  • partners

Question 17

Question
Positive features of Groups/Conflict : '-----------------' conflict is inevitable theories overlook solidarity in groups.Conflict is not necessarily bad,but it provides for social change
Answer
  • Nuturistic
  • Naturalistic
  • Naturistic

Question 18

Question
Conflict helps disrupt inequitable ------------- orders.Conflict can be ___________,promote fairer distribution of resources
Answer
  • special
  • standard
  • social
  • transported
  • transformative
  • transferred

Question 19

Question
Conflict can forge a --------------- sense of collective identities and values.Identity politics requires a reflexive,varied and----------------- approach
Answer
  • positive
  • negative
  • contradictory
  • contextualised
  • constructive
  • possible

Question 20

Question
Limits of Conflict Hypothesis; The ----------------- ethos of celebrated differences can tip into prejudice,especially if group conflict has long history.The theory has been tested in laboratories and specialised situations where contact can be optimised,but can it deal with large structural divisions between communities who seldom meet (ie ; separate schools,places of ---------- ,communities etc)
Answer
  • multinational
  • study
  • multicultural
  • work
  • mulitifunctional
  • worship

Question 21

Question
------------------- perceptions may not change to shape intergroup perceptions.What if prejudice is grounded in member's collective construction of their groups 'positioning which is ------------- to day to day contact between individuals
Answer
  • Interpersonal
  • International
  • Interactive
  • imperial
  • impervious
  • impersonal

Question 22

Question
----------------- and Hopkins research on ----------------- Muslims suggest that contact must be perceived in ---------------- contexts
Answer
  • Randall
  • racial
  • historical
  • American
  • Hoskins
  • daily
  • Hopkins
  • Asian
  • British

Question 23

Question
Some Muslims advocate the contact model as a way of dispelling ---------------,but others argue that contact is likely to -------------Muslim identity,promote decadence and moral corruption. --------------- is necessary to preserve social identity
Answer
  • Arachnophobia
  • convert
  • Islamophobia
  • Quadrophenia
  • Diversification
  • Standardisation
  • subvert
  • divert
  • Isolation