The Enlightenment Influencers: Montesquieu & John Locke

Reginald McKelvin
Quiz by Reginald McKelvin, updated 4 months ago
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Quiz on The Enlightenment Influencers: Montesquieu & John Locke, created by Reginald McKelvin on 08/20/2019.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
The founding fathers were creating a country like no other. They looked for inspiration from [blank_start]Enlightenment[blank_end] philosophers to solve the following issues: 1. Creating [blank_start]Governments[blank_end] 2. Writing [blank_start]Constitutions[blank_end] 3. [blank_start]Establishing[blank_end] rights 4. Creating a country and getting rid of the [blank_start]British[blank_end].
Answer
  • Enlightenment
  • Governments
  • Constitutions
  • Establishing
  • British

Question 2

Question
The [blank_start]Age of Enlightenment[blank_end] (or simply the Enlightenment or Age of [blank_start]Reason[blank_end]) was an era from the 1620s to the 1780s in which cultural and intellectual forced in western Europe emphasized reason, analysis, and individualism rather than traditional lines of authority.
Answer
  • Age of Enlightenment
  • Reason

Question 3

Question
In other words, during the enlightenment, people began to think about how [blank_start]life[blank_end] could be better. This included how [blank_start]government[blank_end] could be better.
Answer
  • life
  • government

Question 4

Question
The [blank_start]natural world[blank_end] and [blank_start]human behavior[blank_end] is governed by laws.
Answer
  • natural world
  • human behavior

Question 5

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Government should reflect [blank_start]natural law[blank_end].
Answer
  • natural law

Question 6

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One of the philosophers the founding fathers turned to was John Locke, who wrote a famous book “[blank_start]Two Treatise of Government[blank_end]”.
Answer
  • Two Treatise of Government

Question 7

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Locke is famous for his ideas on a “[blank_start]State of Nature[blank_end]”. He questioned what life would be like if there were no governments.
Answer
  • State of Nature

Question 8

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Locke said people are by nature [blank_start]good[blank_end] but greedy, and without [blank_start]rules[blank_end] they take advantage of each other
Answer
  • good
  • rules

Question 9

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According to John Locke, all people are entitled to certain “[blank_start]Natural Rights[blank_end]” that all governments should protect.
Answer
  • Natural Rights

Question 10

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The only purpose of government is to protect [blank_start]life[blank_end], [blank_start]liberty[blank_end], and [blank_start]property[blank_end].
Answer
  • life
  • liberty
  • property

Question 11

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John Locke is also famous for his ideas about the “[blank_start]Social Contract[blank_end]”.
Answer
  • Social Contract

Question 12

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A social contract is an implicit [blank_start]agreement[blank_end] among members of a society to cooperate for social benefits. For example, by sacrificing some individual freedom for state protection.
Answer
  • agreement

Question 13

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Thomas [blank_start]Jefferson[blank_end] used a lot of John Locke’s ideas when writing the Declaration of Independence.
Answer
  • Jefferson

Question 14

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Thomas Jefferson [blank_start]Unalienable[blank_end] rights [blank_start]Consent of the governed[blank_end] Life, liberty, and [blank_start]Pursuit of happiness[blank_end]
Answer
  • Unalienable
  • Consent of the governed
  • Pursuit of happiness

Question 15

Question
Another enlightenment philosopher that greatly influenced the founding fathers was [blank_start]Montesquieu[blank_end].
Answer
  • Montesquieu

Question 16

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He gave them the idea of separating the government into [blank_start]three[blank_end] branches.
Answer
  • three

Question 17

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The colonist thought that King [blank_start]George III[blank_end] of [blank_start]England[blank_end] had too much power.
Answer
  • George III
  • England

Question 18

Question
At the [blank_start]Constitutional Convention[blank_end] they made sure to divide power into three branches, like Montesquieu suggested.
Answer
  • Constitutional Convention

Question 19

Question
1. Legislative branch = [blank_start]Make[blank_end] laws 2. Executive branch = [blank_start]Executes[blank_end] ([blank_start]enforces[blank_end]) the law 3. Judicial branch = [blank_start]Interprets[blank_end] the law
Answer
  • Make
  • Executes
  • enforces
  • Interprets

Question 20

Question
The framers to the constitution also put “[blank_start]checks[blank_end]” on each branch of government to further limit their power.
Answer
  • checks
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