Anatomy: Units 1-5 (Orientation, tissues, integument, skeletal, joints)

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Quiz on Anatomy: Units 1-5 (Orientation, tissues, integument, skeletal, joints), created by lknelin on 02/15/2015.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
The forearm is also known as the?
Answer
  • Crus
  • Sural region
  • Antebrachium
  • Antecubitum

Question 2

Question
The calf is also know as what region?
Answer
  • Crural region
  • Sural region
  • Peroneal region
  • Popliteal region

Question 3

Question
The right ear would be considered to be _______ to the left hand?
Answer
  • Ipsilateral
  • Transverse
  • Contralateral
  • Saggital

Question 4

Question
What defines the human body plan? Select all that apply.
Answer
  • Tube-within-a-tube body plan, pharyngeal pouches
  • Opposable thumbs, notochord
  • Segmentation, pharyngeal pouches, dorsal hollow nerve cord
  • Bilateral symmetry, mammary glands
  • Vertebrae, bipedal locomotion

Question 5

Question
What is contained in the cranial cavity?
Answer
  • Brain and associated cerebrospinal fluid
  • Meninges
  • Spinal cord
  • Parietal pleura

Question 6

Question
It would be appropriate to say that the stomach is more proximal than the sigmoid colon.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 7

Question
It would be appropriate to say that the internal carotid artery is more proximal than the inferior hypophyseal veinule.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 8

Question
The dorsal body cavities are lined with serous membranes (serosa).
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 9

Question
Which serous membrane surrounds and contacts the heart?
Answer
  • Parietal pleura
  • Visceral pericardium
  • Visceral peritoneum
  • Parietal pericardium
  • Visceral pleura

Question 10

Question
The visceral pleurae would be on the _______ of the _________.
Answer
  • Inner surface, lungs
  • Outer surface, lungs
  • Inner surface, heart
  • Outer surface, abdominopelvic cavity
  • Outer surface, heart

Question 11

Question
Select any/all examples of flexion
Answer
  • Moving the hand toward the shoulder at the elbow
  • Moving the hand away from the shoulder at the elbow
  • Movement of the heel toward the gluteus maximus
  • Movement of the knee forward from the hip

Question 12

Question
The movement of the leg posteriorly from the hip is an example of what?
Answer
  • Circumduction
  • Flexion
  • Extension
  • Adduction
  • Retraction

Question 13

Question
Select any/all examples of adduction of a joint
Answer
  • Movement of the arm inferiorly and laterally from the shoulder
  • Movement of the leg laterally and inferiorly from the hip
  • Movement of the leg superiorly and laterally from the hip
  • Movement of the heel superiorly from the knee

Question 14

Question
The movement of the arm in a superior direction, laterally, is an example of what?
Answer
  • Abduction
  • Adduction
  • Elevation
  • Lateral flexion

Question 15

Question
Movement of the hand so that the palms are facing upward is an example of what?
Answer
  • Circumduction
  • Supination
  • Adduction
  • Dorsiflexion
  • Pronation

Question 16

Question
In what position does the radius cross the ulna?
Answer
  • Pronation
  • Supination
  • Eversion
  • Retraction

Question 17

Question
Pronation of the foot is the same as what?
Answer
  • Inversion
  • Eversion
  • Plantar flexion
  • Hyperextension

Question 18

Question
Supination of the foot is the same as what?
Answer
  • Inversion
  • Eversion
  • Flexion
  • Lateral flexion

Question 19

Question
Select all incidences of hyperextension
Answer
  • Raising the arm laterally above the shoulder
  • Movement of the leg directly posterior to the leg from the hip
  • Movement of the heel toward the gluteus from the knee
  • Arching of the back from the lumbar vertebrae

Question 20

Question
The movement of the toes toward the shin is known as
Answer
  • Plantar flexion
  • Dorsiflexion
  • Hyperextension
  • Adduction
  • Extension

Question 21

Question
Select the correct example of plantar flexion
Answer
  • Pointing of the toes
  • Moving the shoulder superiorly and laterally
  • Moving the jaw anteriorly
  • Moving the vertebral column to the side

Question 22

Question
Retraction and protraction are the movement of the antebrachium in an anterior and posterior manner.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 23

Question
Select the correct example(s) of elevation
Answer
  • Movement of the hip superiorly and anteriorly
  • Movement of the arm superiorly and laterally
  • Movement of the scapula superiorly
  • Movement of the jaw superiorly
  • Movement of the jaw in an anterior horizontal plane

Question 24

Question
Movement of the jaw or scapula in an inferior direction is known as
Answer
  • Depression
  • Adduction
  • Abduction
  • Retraction

Question 25

Question
The spinal column can move laterally in what's known as
Answer
  • Lateral flexion
  • Adduction
  • Dorsiflexion
  • Inversion
  • Flexion

Question 26

Question
Touch the interior of your elbow. This region is known as the
Answer
  • Antecubital region
  • Acromial region
  • Sural region
  • Axillary region
  • Olecranal region

Question 27

Question
The peroneal region of the body is also known as the?
Answer
  • Fibular
  • Tibial
  • Gluteal
  • Popliteal
  • Sural

Question 28

Question
Select which organs can be found in the LUQ
Answer
  • Kidney, spleen, liver
  • Spleen, bladder
  • Stomach, pancreas, kidney
  • Large intestine, stomach
  • Gallbladder, liver

Question 29

Question
Which organs can be found in the RUQ?
Answer
  • Spleen, kidney, liver
  • Gallbladder, pancreas, stomach
  • Liver, gallbladder
  • Stomach, small intestine, liver
  • Liver, kidney, large intestine

Question 30

Question
Portions of the small intestine, large intestine, and the reproductive organs can best be palpated in the
Answer
  • RUQ
  • LLQ
  • RLQ
  • LUQ
  • Left iliac region
  • Right iliac region
  • Epigastric region

Question 31

Question
The greater and lesser omentum are a part of what?
Answer
  • Visceral peritoneum
  • Parietal peritoneum
  • Parietal pleura
  • Parietal pericardium
  • Visceral pleura

Question 32

Question
Mesenteries connect _____ to ______
Answer
  • Visceral peritoneum, parietal peritoneum
  • Parietal peritoneum, parietal pleura
  • Parietal pericardium, parietal pleura
  • Parietal pleura, mediastinum
  • Mediastinum, visceral pericardium

Question 33

Question
Synovial membranes are unique in that they:
Answer
  • Are composed of connective tissue
  • Produce serous fluid
  • Produce synovial fluid
  • Line body cavities

Question 34

Question
Where would tight junctions be found in the greatest concentration?
Answer
  • Capillaries
  • Simple squamous epithelial cells
  • Simple columnar epithelial cells
  • Stratified cuboidal epithelial cells

Question 35

Question
Adherens form from the binding of _____ and are primarily found in _______ cells
Answer
  • Cytoplasmic membrane, columnar epithelial
  • Transmembrane proteins, cuboidal epithelial
  • Cytoskeletal elements, columnar epithelial
  • Desmosomes, cuboidal epithelial

Question 36

Question
Elements that fasten cells together like rivets and are found in tissues under mechanical stress are called
Answer
  • Zonula adherens
  • Desmosomes
  • Zona occludens
  • Tight junctions
  • Gap junctions

Question 37

Question
Which abdominopelvic region(s) correspond to the RUQ?
Answer
  • Umbilical region
  • Right iliac region
  • Hypogastric region
  • Right lumbar region
  • Right hypochondriac region
  • Epigastric region

Question 38

Question
Which body membrane contains keratinized stratified squamous epithelial cells?
Answer
  • Cutaneous
  • Dense irregular
  • Mucous
  • Synovial
  • Serous

Question 39

Question
Mesothelium performs what function?
Answer
  • Covers the endothelium
  • Provides support for the epithelium
  • Lines the inner walls of blood and lymphatic vessels
  • Covers visceral organs and lines body cavities
  • Covers the dermis

Question 40

Question
Which of the following apply to epithelium?
Answer
  • High degree of cellularity, polarity
  • Large extracellular matrix composed of ground substance and fibers
  • Little extracellular matrix, apical and basal designation
  • Vascular, with basal lamina
  • Innervated with rapid rate of regeneration
  • Basal side of cell rests on basement membrane

Question 41

Question
The basement membrane is composed of what?
Answer
  • Reticular fibers, protein, and connective tissue cells
  • The basal lamina, proteins, and the reticular lamina
  • Basal fibers, reticular fibers, and protein
  • Glycoproteins, connective tissue, and reticular fibers

Question 42

Question
Which cell type would be found in the walls of capillaries?
Answer
  • Simple squamous epithelial
  • Stratified squamous epithelial
  • Simple cuboidal epithelial
  • Stratified cuboidal epithelial
  • Keratinized squamous epithelial

Question 43

Question
Simple squamous epithelium can also be mesothelium
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 44

Question
Simple squamous epithelial cells found in serous membranes would be considered
Answer
  • Endothelium
  • Mesothelium
  • Serosa
  • Hypodermis

Question 45

Question
The cells lining the heart and associated great vessels would be
Answer
  • Simple cuboidal epithelial
  • Transitional epithelial
  • Simple squamous epithelial
  • Stratified squamous epithelial

Question 46

Question
The cells lining the surface of the ovary are
Answer
  • Simple squamous epithelial
  • Stratified cuboidal epithelial
  • Simple cuboidal epithelial
  • Pseudostratified columnar epithelial
  • Stratified squamous epithelial

Question 47

Question
Simple cuboidal cells can be found in (select all that apply)
Answer
  • Kidney tubules, capillaries
  • Ovary surface, kidney tubules
  • Glandular ducts
  • Alveoli, glandular ducts, kidney tubules

Question 48

Question
The lining of the lower GI tract is primarily
Answer
  • Simple cubiodal epithelium
  • Ciliated stratified cuboidal epithelium
  • Ciliated simple columnar epithelium
  • Stratified squamous epithelium
  • Simple columnar epithelium

Question 49

Question
Simple columnar epithelium can be found
Answer
  • Trachea, fallopian tube, gallbladder
  • Gallbladder, ovarian tube, trachea
  • Lower GI tract, ovarian tube
  • Excretory ducts, bronchi
  • Gallbladder, ovarian tube

Question 50

Question
Which tissue is found in the upper respiratory tract?
Answer
  • Simple ciliated squamous epithelial
  • Pseudostratified columnar ciliated epithelial
  • Simple columnar ciliated epithelial
  • Simple cuboidal ciliated epithelial
  • Stratified cuboidal ciliated epithelial

Question 51

Question
Where can pseudostratified columnar epithelium be found?
Answer
  • Upper respiratory tract, trachea
  • Trachea, ovarian tubes
  • Ducts of large glands, trachea
  • Upper respiratory tract, sperm carrying ducts
  • Sperm carrying ducts, ovarian tubes

Question 52

Question
Stratified squamous epithelium can be found where?
Answer
  • Epidermis, vaginal lining
  • Lining the mouth, lining of the vas deferens
  • Epidermis, trachea
  • Vaginal lining, esophagus
  • Lining of the mouth, esophagus, bronchi

Question 53

Question
Stratified cuboidal epithelium can be found where?
Answer
  • Small ducts of exocrine glands, vaginal canal
  • Large ducts of salivary glands, large ducts of mammary glands
  • Large ducts of mammary glands, large ducts of apocrine and eccrine glands
  • Tubules of kidney, large ducts of salivary glands
  • Upper respiratory tract, large ducts of salivary glands

Question 54

Question
Stratified columnar epithelium can be found where?
Answer
  • Male urethra, female urethra
  • Large ducts in exocrine glands, male urethra
  • Female urethra, upper respiratory tract
  • Ovarian tubes, Large ducts in exocrine glands
  • Ovarian tubes, female urethra

Question 55

Question
Transitional epithelium can be found where?
Answer
  • Lining of ureters, lining of urethra
  • Lining of uterine tubes, trachea
  • Upper respiratory tract, lining of urinary bladder
  • Lining of ureters, lining of bladder

Question 56

Question
Goblet cells are a type of
Answer
  • Unicellular endocrine gland
  • Unicellular exocrine gland
  • Multicellular exocrine gland
  • Multicellular endocrine gland

Question 57

Question
Compound tubuloalveolar glands have ______ ducts and are found in _______
Answer
  • Branched; salivary glands
  • Branched; mammary glands
  • Unbranched; salivary glands
  • Unbranched; Sebaceous glands
  • Branched; sebaceous glands

Question 58

Question
Compound alveolar glands are __________ and are found in __________
Answer
  • Branched; Gastric glands
  • Unbranched; duodenal glands
  • Branched; Sebaceous glands
  • Unbranched; Salivary glands
  • Branched; Mammary glands

Question 59

Question
Compound tubular glands are ____________ and are found in ____________
Answer
  • Branched; duodenal glands
  • Unbranched; Mammary glands
  • Branched; Salivary glands
  • Unbranched; Gastric glands
  • Branched; sebaceous glands

Question 60

Question
Simple branched alveolar glands can be found in
Answer
  • Mammary glands
  • Sebaceous glands
  • Gastric glands
  • Intestinal glands
  • Salivary glands

Question 61

Question
Simple branched tubular glands can be found in
Answer
  • Gastric glands
  • Mammary glands
  • Duodenal glands
  • Sebaceous glands
  • Salivary glands

Question 62

Question
Simple tubular glands can be found in
Answer
  • Intestinal glands
  • Gastric glands
  • Salivary glands
  • Mammary glands
  • Duodenal glands

Question 63

Question
The submandibular gland is an example of what?
Answer
  • Mixed exocrine gland
  • Mixed endocrine gland
  • Compound tubular endocrine gland
  • Compound alveolar endocrine gland

Question 64

Question
Merocrine secretion is an example of ___________ and is found in __________
Answer
  • Secretory vesicle discharge; goblet cells
  • Cell death with secretion; salivary glands
  • Cytoplasm of cell becoming secretory product; lactiferous glands

Question 65

Question
In apocrine secretion, secretion occurs via ___________ and occurs in __________
Answer
  • The cytoplasm becoming the secretory product; lactiferous glands
  • Secretory vessels being discharged; goblet cells
  • Cell death to release secretory contents; sebaceous glands

Question 66

Question
Holocrine solution occurs when ______________ and occurs in ____________
Answer
  • The cell dies as secretory products are released; sebaceous glands
  • The cytoplasm becomes the secretory product; lactiferous glands
  • Secretory vessels are discharged; goblet cells

Question 67

Question
Check all that apply as functions of connective tissue
Answer
  • Diffusion
  • Nutrient transport
  • Structural framework
  • Protection
  • Energy storage
  • Defense
  • Locomotion

Question 68

Question
Cells that can differentiate into several different CT cells are
Answer
  • Mesenchymal cells
  • Mast cells
  • Adipocytes
  • Macrophages
  • Fibroblasts

Question 69

Question
CT cells that aid in blood clotting and produce a histamine response are
Answer
  • Adipocytes
  • Mast cells
  • Macrophages
  • Mesenchymal cells
  • Fibroblasts

Question 70

Question
Which of the following is false about connective tissue
Answer
  • It resists compression
  • It stores water
  • It protects organs
  • It stores nutrients
  • It is always produced by the primary cell type that inhabits it

Question 71

Question
Where can CT proper - Loose Alveolar CT be found?
Answer
  • Surrounding small nerves and vessels
  • Lymphoid organs
  • Beneath the basement membrane of epithelial cells
  • Submucosa of digestive tract
  • Epiglottis

Question 72

Question
Where can Loose CT proper - Adipose CT be found?
Answer
  • Intervertebral discs and pubic symphysis
  • Hypodermis and mesenteries
  • Around the kidneys, heart, and eyes
  • In bone marrow
  • Breasts

Question 73

Question
Where can Loose CT proper - Reticular CT be found?
Answer
  • Around medium sized vessels
  • In the spleen and other lymphoid organs
  • In the hypodermis
  • In bone marrow
  • In certain muscles

Question 74

Question
Where can Dense CT proper - Dense regular CT be found?
Answer
  • In aponeuroses
  • In ligaments
  • Surrounding organs
  • In tendons and fascia
  • Directly beneath the epidermis

Question 75

Question
Where can Dense CT proper - Dense irregular CT be found?
Answer
  • In fibrous organ capsules and the dermis
  • In fascia and the dermis
  • In tendons and ligaments
  • Submucosa of digestive tracts and the dermis
  • In tendons and fibrous organ capsules

Question 76

Question
Where can hyaline cartilage be found?
Answer
  • The pinnae and embryonic skeleton
  • The embryonic skeleton and joint cavities of bones
  • The epiglottis and costal cartilage
  • Costal cartilage and trachea
  • The cartilage of the nose and larynx

Question 77

Question
Where can elastic cartilage be found?
Answer
  • In the trachea and nasal cartilage
  • In the costal cartilage of the ribs
  • In the pinnae and fibrous joint capsules
  • The ends of long bones
  • In the pinnae and epiglottis

Question 78

Question
Where can fibrocartilage be found?
Answer
  • Intervertebral discs, pubic symphysis
  • Ends of long bone, fibrous joint capsules
  • Intervertebral discs, fascia
  • Pubic symphysis, meniscus of knee

Question 79

Question
Which layer is thin skin missing?
Answer
  • Stratum basale
  • Stratum lucidum
  • Stratum granulosum
  • Stratum corneum
  • Stratum spinosum

Question 80

Question
Which layers of the skin contain keratinocytes
Answer
  • Stratum basale
  • Stratum spinosum
  • Stratum granulosum
  • Stratum germinativum
  • Stratum lucidum

Question 81

Question
Where are melanocytes found?
Answer
  • Stratum germinativum
  • Stratum lucidum
  • Stratum basale
  • Hypodermis
  • Stratum corneum

Question 82

Question
In what layer of the skin do calluses occur?
Answer
  • Stratum granulosum
  • Stratum spinosum
  • Stratum germinativum
  • Stratum basale
  • Stratum corneum

Question 83

Question
In which layer of the skin do the nuclei begin to disintigrate
Answer
  • Stratum granulosum
  • Stratum Spinosum
  • Stratum basale
  • Stratum lucidum
  • Stratum corneum

Question 84

Question
The reticular layer of the dermis is composed of what type of tissue?
Answer
  • Dense CT proper - dense regular
  • Dense CT proper - dense irregular
  • Loose CT proper - reticular
  • Loose CT proper - areolar

Question 85

Question
Where are stretch marks formed?
Answer
  • The hypodermis
  • Papillary layer of the dermis
  • Reticular layer of the dermis
  • Stratum lucidum of the epidermis
  • Stratum germinativum of the epidermis

Question 86

Question
The hypodermis is composed primarily of what kind(s) of tissue?
Answer
  • Largely adipose with some areolar
  • Largely areolar with some adipose
  • Largely adipose with some reticular
  • Largely areolar with some elastic
  • Largely areolar with some dense irregular

Question 87

Question
All skin glands are exocrine glands
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 88

Question
What is true of eccrine glands?
Answer
  • Found everywhere on skin, particular abundant in the axillary and genital regions
  • Their secretion is via merocrine secretion
  • Their secretion is via holocrine secretion
  • They are coiled tubular glands made from simple cuboidal epithelium
  • They empty into hair follicles

Question 89

Question
What is true of apocrine sweat glands?
Answer
  • They are particularly numerous on the palms of the hands and forehead
  • Their ducts empty into hair follicles
  • Their secretions include fatty substances and proteins
  • Cerumineous glands are modified apocrine glands
  • Their secretion method is merocrine

Question 90

Question
What is true of sebaceous glands?
Answer
  • Their secretion method is apocrine
  • They are found everywhere except the palms and soles
  • They are compound alveolar glands
  • They are primarily responsible for the development of acne
  • They secrete sweat

Question 91

Question
Coarse hair is known as ________ hair and is dependent on the _______
Answer
  • Terminal; diameter
  • Vellous; diameter
  • Vellous; shape in cross section
  • Terminal; shape in cross section

Question 92

Question
Which Merkel cells are found in the papillary layer of the dermis?
Answer
  • Meissner's corpsucles
  • Free nerve endings
  • Pacinian corpuscles
  • Ruffini endings

Question 93

Question
Which feature corresponds to the outer layer of the stratum corneum?
Answer
  • The free edge of the nail
  • The lunula or nail matrix
  • The cuticle of the hair
  • The cortex of the hair
  • The nail

Question 94

Question
In what layer of the epidermis are Langerhans cells found?
Answer
  • Stratum spinosum
  • Stratum corneum
  • Stratum basale
  • Stratum lucidum
  • Stratum granulosum

Question 95

Question
Lines of tension are caused by
Answer
  • Orientation of collagen fibers in the dermis
  • Orientation of collagen fibers in the epidermis
  • Directionality of underlying muscle fibers
  • Organization of reticular fibers in the reticular layer of the dermis

Question 96

Question
What are the functions of the perichondrium?
Answer
  • Resist outward forces during compression of skeletal cartilage
  • Supply nutrients to skeletal cartilage
  • Vascularize osteons through Sharpey's fibers
  • Provide support to trabeculae
  • Provide support to diploe

Question 97

Question
What is/are examples of long bone?
Answer
  • Patella
  • Metatarsals
  • Femur
  • Cuboid bone
  • Scapula

Question 98

Question
What is/are examples of short bones
Answer
  • Metacarpals
  • Pisiform
  • Hyoid
  • Talus
  • Patella

Question 99

Question
What is/are examples of flat bones?
Answer
  • Parietal bone
  • Clavicle
  • Patella
  • Ribs
  • Coxal

Question 100

Question
What is/are examples of irregular bones?
Answer
  • Scapula
  • Coxal bone
  • Patella
  • Atlas
  • Sacrum

Question 101

Question
Diploe is present in
Answer
  • Long bone epiphyses
  • Long bone diaphyses
  • Short bones
  • Membrane bones

Question 102

Question
What type of tissue is the periosteum composed of?
Answer
  • Dense CT proper - regular
  • Dense CT proper - irregular
  • Loose CT proper - adipose
  • Loose CT proper - reticular
  • Loose CT proper - areolar

Question 103

Question
Which type of tissue is articlar cartilage?
Answer
  • Hyaline cartilage
  • Elastic cartilage
  • Dense CT proper - elastic
  • Fibrocartilage

Question 104

Question
Long bones begin to ossify by ____ weeks post conception
Answer
  • 6
  • 3
  • 10
  • 12
  • 8

Question 105

Question
What are the two forms of bone growth?
Answer
  • Interstitial (length) and appositional (width)
  • Interstitial (width) and appositional (length)
  • Lamellar (width) and appositional (length)
  • Interstitial (length) and lamellar (width)

Question 106

Question
Which bones rely on intramambranous ossification from fibrous membranes?
Answer
  • Parietal bone and occipital bone
  • Scapula and frontal bone
  • Coxal bone and scapula
  • Clavicle and frontal bone

Question 107

Question
When do osteoblasts become osteoclasts?
Answer
  • Once they have secreted enough osteoid to become trapped in a lacuna in the matrix.
  • Once they no longer have contact with the periosteum
  • They don't; osteoblasts and osteoclasts perform difference functions
  • They don't; osteoblasts remain osteoblasts

Question 108

Question
What is the correct order of the steps of intramembranous ossification?
Answer
  • Ossification center appears, osteoblasts form, osteod traps osteocytes, osteocytes form woven bone, periosteum forms
  • Osteocytes form woven bone, periosteum forms, compact bone collar forms, vascular tissue becomes red marrow
  • Vascular tissue becomes red marrow, periosteum forms, bone collar forms, osteoid traps osteocytes, osteocytes form woven bone
  • Periosteum forms, osteocytes form woven bone, compact bone collar forms, ossification center appears
  • Osteoblasts form, ossification center appears, periosteum forms, compact bone collar forms, vascular tissue becomes red marrow

Question 109

Question
To which bones does endochondrial ossification apply?
Answer
  • Scapula, vertebrae, femur
  • Radius, ulna, metacarpals
  • Coxal bone, ribs, patella
  • Femur, frontal bone
  • Frontal bone, scapula, clavicle

Question 110

Question
What type of tissue is used in endochondrous ossification?
Answer
  • Hyaline cartilage
  • Reticular cartilage
  • Fibrocartilage
  • Elastic cartilage

Question 111

Question
Where does the primary ossification center form in endochondrous ossification?
Answer
  • The epiphyses of long bones
  • The diaphyses of long bones

Question 112

Question
What is the correct order of endochondrous ossification?
Answer
  • Perichondrium becomes periosteum, osteoid bone collar forms, dying matrix opens up medullary cavity
  • Periosteal bud invades medullary cavity, trabeculae form from calcified cartilage, ossification moves along diaphyses, secondary ossification centers appear in epiphyses
  • Osteoid bone collar forms, perichondrium becomes periosteum, osteoid bone collar forms, periosteal bud invades medullary cavity
  • Dying matrix opens up medullary cavity, trabeculae form from calcified cartilage, periosteal bud invades medullary cavity, secondary ossification centers appear in epiphyses
  • Trabeculae form from calcified cartilage, ossification moves along diaphyses, periosteal bud invades medullary cavity, secondary ossification centers appear in epiphyses

Question 113

Question
Interstitial growth in adolescence occurs ________________ through the action of _____________________
Answer
  • At the epiphyseal plate; creation of cartilage which is then calcified and covered with bone matrix
  • Along the medullary cavity; erosion of osteoid from early bone formation by osteoclasts
  • In the Epiphyses; osteid secretion by osteoblasts
  • Around the circumference of the disaphyses; osteoid secretion and creation of osteons by osteoblasts

Question 114

Question
What types of tissue are generated from embryonic mesoderm?
Answer
  • Nervous tissue
  • Inner lining of GI tract
  • Inner lining of respiratory tract
  • Muscle and connective tissue

Question 115

Question
What types of tissue are generated from embryonic endoderm?
Answer
  • Epithelium
  • Inner lining of digestive system
  • Inner lining of respiratory system
  • Nervous tissue
  • Muscle and connective tissue

Question 116

Question
What types of tissue are generated from embryonic ectoderm?
Answer
  • Nervous tissue
  • Epithelium
  • Inner lining of digestive tract
  • Muscle and connective tissue

Question 117

Question
Bone tissue is involved in energy metabolism
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 118

Question
Appositional growth in adolescence occurs as
Answer
  • Osteoblasts at the periosteal border secrete osteoid, and osteoclasts at the endosteal border break osteoid down
  • Osteocytes in osteons add osteoid to to the concentric lamellae
  • Osteocytes in osteons add osteoid to the circumferential lamellae
  • Osteocytes at the periosteal border become encased in lacunae

Question 119

Question
A comminuted fracture indicates that the bone is
Answer
  • Splintered into several fragments
  • Bent on one side and broken on the other
  • Driven inward and broken
  • Driven into another bone

Question 120

Question
The metaphysis is considered to be
Answer
  • Part of the diaphysis
  • Part of the epiphyseal plate
  • Part of the epiphysis
  • Part of the medullary cavity

Question 121

Question
Select the materials that are stored in bone
Answer
  • Calcium, iron
  • Sodium, fluorine
  • Strontium, fat
  • Calcium, phosphorus, magnesium

Question 122

Question
Which of the following are associated bones?
Answer
  • Hyoid bone
  • Patella
  • Malleus, incus, and stapes
  • Clavicle

Question 123

Question
Select the structures transmitted through the supraorbital foramen
Answer
  • Supraorbital nerve
  • Internal carotid artery
  • Supraorbital vein
  • Ophthalmic nerve, vertebral arteries
  • Ophthalmic nerve, supraorbital artery

Question 124

Question
Select the structures transmitted through the parietal foramen
Answer
  • Mental nerve and vessels
  • Palatine nerves, nasopalatine nerves
  • Facial nerve
  • Emissary vein of superior saggital sinus
  • Ophthalmic nerve, zygomaticofacial nerve

Question 125

Question
The common carotid artery is transmitted through the carotid canal
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 126

Question
Select the structures transmitted through the internal acoustic meatus
Answer
  • Vestibulocochlear nerves
  • Facial nerves and internal auditory vessels
  • Vein from transverse sinus, ophthalmic nerve
  • Mental nerve and vessels
  • Accessory meningeal artery

Question 127

Question
The stylomastoid foramen transmits the
Answer
  • Hypoglossal nerve
  • Nasopalatine nerves
  • Olfactory nerves
  • Vein from transverse sinus
  • Facial nerve

Question 128

Question
The mastoid foramen transmits the
Answer
  • Meningeal artery
  • Vein from sigmoid sinus
  • Optic nerve
  • Emissary vein of superior saggital sinus
  • Supraorbital nerve

Question 129

Question
The jugular foramen transmits the
Answer
  • Olfactory nerves and internal jugular vein
  • Internal jugular vein, glossopharyngeal nerves
  • Vagus and accessory nerves
  • Ophthalmic artery
  • Facial nerve

Question 130

Question
Alongside the spinal cord and vertebral arteries, the foramen magnum also transmits the
Answer
  • Vein from transverse sinus
  • Internal carotid artery
  • Accessory nerve
  • Ophthalmic artery
  • Palatine nerves

Question 131

Question
The hypoglossal nerves are transmitted by the
Answer
  • Hypoglossal canal
  • Stylomastoid foramen
  • Mental foramen
  • Foramen magnum

Question 132

Question
The condylar canal transmits the
Answer
  • Olfactory nerves
  • Internal jugular vein
  • Vein from transverse sinus
  • Internal auditory vessels
  • Nasopalatine nerves

Question 133

Question
Foramen ovale transmits
Answer
  • MAndibular trigeminal nerve, accessory meningeal artery
  • Accessory meningeal artery, maxillary trigeminal nerve
  • Spinosal nerve, middle meningeal artery
  • Mandibular trigeminal nerve, optic nerve

Question 134

Question
The maxillary trigeminal nerve is transmitted by
Answer
  • Foramen rotundum
  • Foramen spinosum
  • Hypoglossal canal
  • Foramen ovale
  • Infraorbital foramen

Question 135

Question
Foramen spinosum transmits the
Answer
  • Palatine nerves
  • Internal carotid artery
  • Maxillary trigeminal nerve, accessory meningeal artery
  • Mandibular trigeminal nerve, spinosal nerve
  • Spinosal nerve, middle meningeal artery

Question 136

Question
The optic nerve and ophthalmic artery are transmitted by
Answer
  • Optic foramen
  • Superior orbital fissure
  • Infraorbital foramen
  • Foramen rotundum

Question 137

Question
The superior orbital fissue transmits the
Answer
  • Oculomotor, trochlear, and abducens nerves
  • Ophthalmic veins, ophthalmic trigeminal nerve
  • Ophthalmic trigeminal nerve, maxillary trigeminal nerve
  • Oculomotor and abducens serves, zygomaticofacial nerves
  • Ophthalmic veins, supraorbital nerve

Question 138

Question
The olfactory nerves are transmitted by the
Answer
  • Olfactory foramina
  • Infraorbital foramen
  • Foramen lacerum
  • Optic foramen

Question 139

Question
The infraorbital nerve and its associated vessels are transmitted by
Answer
  • The infraorbital foramen
  • Mental foramen
  • Foramen spinosum
  • Parietal foramen

Question 140

Question
The nasopalatine nerves are transmitted by the
Answer
  • Infraorbital foramen
  • Olfactory foramina
  • Incisive foramen
  • Mandibular foramen
  • Greater palatine foramen

Question 141

Question
The inferior orbital fissure carries the
Answer
  • Maxillary trigeminal nerve
  • Zygomatic nerve, infraorbital nerve
  • Infraorbital vessels
  • Zygomaticofacial nerve
  • Zygomaticotemporal nerve

Question 142

Question
The palatine nerves are transmitted by the
Answer
  • Greater palatine foramen
  • Lacrimal foramen
  • Hypoglossal canal
  • Olfactory foramina
  • Infraorbital foramen

Question 143

Question
The zygomaticfacial foramen transmits the zygomaticofacial nerve
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 144

Question
The zygomaticotemporal foramen transmits the zygomaticotemporal nerve
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 145

Question
The mental foramen transmits both the mental nerve and its associated vessels
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 146

Question
The mandibular foramen transmits
Answer
  • Inferior alveolar nerves, mental nerve
  • Vessels to the lower teeth
  • Inferior alveolar nerves
  • Maxillary trigeminal nerve
  • Mandibular trigeminal nerve

Question 147

Question
Synarthrotic joints are ________________ and an example is ____________
Answer
  • Immovable; the cranial bones of the skull
  • Slightly movable; the pubic symphysis
  • Fully articulate; the shoulder

Question 148

Question
Amphiarthrotic joints are ___________ and could include the _______________
Answer
  • Immovable; facial bones
  • Slightly moveable; joint between L5 and the sacrum
  • Freely movable; knee

Question 149

Question
Diarthroses are considered to be ____________. Another name for them is ___________.
Answer
  • Freely movable; synovial joints
  • Immovable; sutures
  • Slightly movable; symphyses

Question 150

Question
Fibrous joints are (select all)
Answer
  • Synarthrotic
  • Amphiarthrotic
  • Diarthrotic
  • Connected via dense regular CT
  • Connected via dense irregular CT
  • Between two bones
  • Between muscle and bone

Question 151

Question
Sutures are considered
Answer
  • Amphiarthrotic
  • Diarthrotic
  • Synarthrotic
  • Fibrous
  • Cartilagenous

Question 152

Question
Synostoses form from ossified fibrous tissue in the skull
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 153

Question
Syndesmoses are
Answer
  • Synarthrotic
  • Amphiarthrotic
  • Diarthrotic
  • Fibrous
  • Held together by interosseus ligaments
  • Held together by interosseus tendons

Question 154

Question
Examples of syndesmoses would be
Answer
  • The joint between the ulna and humerus
  • The joint between the parietal and occipital lobe
  • The joint between the distal radius and ulna
  • The joint between the distal tibia and fibula
  • The articulation between vertebrae

Question 155

Question
The joint between the distal radius and ulna is synarthrotic
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 156

Question
The joint between the distal tibia and fibula is synarthrotic
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 157

Question
A peg-in-socket joint is known as a __________; and is a type of _____________ joint
Answer
  • Gomphosis; fibrous
  • Syndesmosis; fibrous
  • Gomphosis; cartilagenous
  • Synarthoroses; fibrous

Question 158

Question
Cartilagenous joints can be
Answer
  • Symphyses
  • Fibrous
  • Synchondroses
  • Amphiarthrotic
  • Diarthrotic
  • Synarthrotic

Question 159

Question
Costochondral joints are an example of
Answer
  • Cartilagenous synchondrous synarthroses
  • Fibrous synovial epiphyseal
  • Cartilagenous amphiarthrotic symphyses
  • Fibrous syndesmoses

Question 160

Question
Synovial joints are
Answer
  • Diarthrotic
  • Amphiarthrotic
  • Fibrous
  • Cartilaginous
  • Vertebral

Question 161

Question
Synovial joints have
Answer
  • A synovial cavity, fibrocartilage
  • Periodontal ligaments
  • A synovial cavity, hyaline cartilage, synovial fluid
  • Articular capsules
  • Reinforcing ligaments and menisci

Question 162

Question
The articular capsule is...
Answer
  • Found in synovial joints
  • Synarthrotic
  • Composed of a single layered fibrous capsule
  • Composed of an external fibrous capsule
  • Composed of an internal synovial membrane

Question 163

Question
The inner layer of the articular capsule
Answer
  • Is the Fibrous capsule
  • IS the Synovial membrane
  • Composed of loose CT
  • Composed of dense regular CT
  • Covers the entire inner surface

Question 164

Question
Intrinsic ligaments are
Answer
  • Part of the articular capsule
  • Found outside of the articular capsule
  • Found inside of the synovial cavity

Question 165

Question
Epiphyseal joints are and example of
Answer
  • Fibrous synarthroses
  • Cartilaginous symphyses
  • Cartilagenous synchrondroses
  • Fibrous amphiarthroses
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