Magento 2 Cloud

Oleksiy P
Quiz by Oleksiy P, updated more than 1 year ago
Oleksiy P
Created by Oleksiy P about 1 year ago
165
0

Description

Question from "Magento Cloud for Developers On-Demand" course

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
What are 3 key benefits of the Magento Cloud production architecture? (3 of 5)
Answer
  • Is limited to 1 Availability Zone
  • Guaranteed site uptime
  • Highly resilient and fault tolerant
  • Allows for zero-downtime upsizing
  • Scaling of the entire server stack rather than just the application layer

Question 2

Question
What are 3 key benefits of leveraging Fastly for full page cache on Magento Cloud? (3 of 5)
Answer
  • Improved response times across the globe
  • Significantly reduced load at the origin
  • Improved page load performance across the globe
  • Automatic translation of all content
  • Improved troubleshooting capabilities

Question 3

Question
What are the 2 key benefits of the read-only core file system? (Pick 2)
Answer
  • Core files can be easily overwritten in the production environment
  • Significantly reduces the surfaces available to attack
  • Improves website performance
  • Guarantees all changes to production environment are tracked

Question 4

Question
What type of users are you able to add through the onboarding UI?
Answer
  • Environment admin
  • Magento Admin
  • Content Manager

Question 5

Question
Which of these resources can you access from the UI?
Answer
  • Environment link
  • Help Center
  • DNS
  • Dev docs links
  • Google

Question 6

Question
Can users access the Cloud project interface from the onboarding UI?
Answer
  • Yes
  • No
  • Partially

Question 7

Question
Who should be provided shared access under the Magento account?
Answer
  • Any person
  • Dev team
  • Project manager
  • Person who is supposed to file tickets for the Magento account

Question 8

Question
What are three main advantages of the Pro account over the Starter account?
Answer
  • It runs on a shared infrastructure
  • It includes a dedicated Launch Manager
  • It combines the powerful benefits of Magento Commerce with a cloud hosting agreement for smaller merchants
  • It runs on an isolated and dedicated hardware setup in the underlying Infrastructure-as-a-Service
  • It has extended core features

Question 9

Question
Which two actions are the most common use cases for the Integration environment?
Answer
  • To develop and fix code changes
  • To test functionality of new complete modules
  • To test environment and Magento settings
  • To merge to production environment

Question 10

Question
What are two key features of the Magento Cloud CLI tool?
Answer
  • It helps automatically build and deploy your Cloud projects
  • It helps with Magento management and Git interactions
  • It allows you to use the hooks to run shell commands during the build, deploy, and post-deploy phases
  • It duplicates the Magento Cloud Admin UI

Question 11

Question
When updating Magento Cloud specific configuration files, what folder do you find them under?
Answer
  • .magento
  • update
  • m2-hoftixes
  • /etc

Question 12

Question
What are the only writeable folders in the application root on a remote cloud project?
Answer
  • m2-hotfixes, var, pub/static, app/etc
  • update, var, app/etc, m2-hotfixes
  • var, app/etc, pub/media, pub/static, /tmp
  • .magento, pub/media, app/etc, m2-hotfixes

Question 13

Question
What is the name of the flexible toolset that is used to deploy Magento to Magento Cloud?
Answer
  • magento-cloud-metapackage
  • ece-tools
  • magento-cloud
  • Jenkins

Question 14

Question
How would you apply a patch to a package under vendor on Magento Cloud? Solution: Place the .patch file into the m2-hotfixes folder in the project root. It will be applied automatically during the build phase (before the code is moved to a read-only mount).
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 15

Question
Where is the latest sample .magento.env.yaml file stored?
Answer
  • .magento
  • application root
  • vendor
  • update

Question 16

Question
What is the limitation for a build script?
Answer
  • A script cannot write to files
  • No connections to any service
  • Must not take more than 30 seconds systime
  • Only shell scripts can be run

Question 17

Question
Which two actions can be used to retrieve connection data for services installed on the environment?
Answer
  • $_ENV[‘MAGENTO_CLOUD_RELATIONSHIPS’]
  • CLI command magento-cloud relationships
  • ece-tools command relationships
  • From the Cloud UI

Question 18

Question
You have installed a new composer package, committed the changed composer.json file but the package is not present in the successful integration build. What is the possible cause?
Answer
  • The updated composer.lock file wasn’t committed
  • The package repository was offline
  • A newer version of the package has been marked as stable and needs to be used
  • A conflict with another package in the version installed on integration stopped composer from installing the new package

Question 19

Question
During which phase is the site in downtime?
Answer
  • Build
  • Pre-Deploy
  • Deploy
  • Post-Deploy

Question 20

Question
Where can you find information that a patch was applied?
Answer
  • var/log/cloud.log
  • /var/cloud.log
  • Cloud UI deployment history log
  • CLI command output if redeployment was triggered by this command
  • Open a support ticket to request information

Question 21

Question
Why should you not extend the build script at the end which generates/modifies static content?
Answer
  • The file system is read-only at this point
  • All generated files were already moved to the init directory by the main script
  • You need to add this script in the deploy phase
  • If the last script is not the ece-tools, it won’t be run

Question 22

Question
If you want to have the maximum verbosity level for the deploy script only, what changes should you make?
Answer
  • Set stage/global/VERBOSE_COMMANDS as "" and stage/deploy/VERBOSE_COMMANDS as “-vvv”
  • Set stage/global/VERBOSE_COMMANDS as "" and stage/deploy/VERBOSE_COMMANDS as “-v”
  • Set only stage/build/VERBOSE_COMMANDS as "” as by default all stages have “-vvv”
  • Set only stage/deploy/VERBOSE_COMMANDS as "-vvv"

Question 23

Question
What is the cause if after a deployment with SKIP_SCD: true the static content looks broken? Note that on the previous deployment SCD was run on the Build phase with default settings SKIP_SCD: false and STATIC_CONTENT_SYMLINK: true.
Answer
  • You have enabled CLEAN_STATIC_FILES which removes all previously generated static files
  • You have broken symlinks in the pub/static directory
  • You have enabled STATIC_CONTENT_SYMLINK which remove files from pub/static and create symlinks
  • SCD_MATRIX configuration has an empty array for all themes

Question 24

Question
What is the best configuration to minimize the next deployment time when using SCD with the compact strategy?
Answer
  • Use stage/global/SCD_ON_DEMAND: true and stage/global/SCD_STRATEGY: compact
  • Move SCD to the Build phase and use stage/global/SCD_STRATEGY: compact with stage/global/SKIP_HTML_MINIFICATION: true
  • Leave SCD on the Deploy phase and use stage/global/SCD_STRATEGY: compact
  • Move SCD to the Build phase and use stage/global/SKIP_SCD: true with stage/global/SKIP_HTML_MINIFICATION: true

Question 25

Question
What is the best configuration to store previously generated static content for the next deployment? The previous deployment generated static content on the Deploy phase
Answer
  • Use stage/global/CLEAN_STATIC_FILES: false
  • Use stage/global/SCD_ON_DEMAND: true
  • Use stage/global/SKIP_SCD: true
  • Move SCD to the Build phase and use stage/global/SKIP_SCD: false and stage/global/STATIC_CONTENT_SYMLINK: false

Question 26

Question
Magento has the following data for timezone field (path general/locale/timezone ) • DB has records for: - ‘default’ scope – America/Los_Angeles - ‘stores’ scope and code ‘default’ – America/Chicago • app/etc/config.php has system/default/general/locale/timezone => Europe/London • app/etc/env.php has system/default/general/locale/timezone => Europe/Stockholm What timezone does the store view have with code ‘default’?
Answer
  • America/Los_Angeles
  • America/Chicago
  • Europe/London
  • Europe/Stockholm

Question 27

Question
While reviewing a third-party extension you see the following constructor: public function __construct(Config $config, EntityFactory $factory = null) { $this->config = $config; $this->factory = $factory ?? ObjectManager::getInstance()->create(EntityFactory::class); } What step do you take during the review to ensure that the class is compatible with Magento Commerce Cloud?
Answer
  • Flag the class as incompatible because the ObjectManager is used
  • Check that the Entity base class of the factory exists
  • Mark the class as compatible
  • Change the code so the ObjectManager is also injected as a dependency

Question 28

Question
While reviewing a third-party extension you see the following constructor: public function __construct(Config $config) { $this->config = $config; $this->command = ObjectManager::getInstance()->create(Command\Proxy::class); } What step do you take during the review to ensure that the class is compatible with Magento Commerce Cloud?
Answer
  • Flag the class as incompatible because ObjectManager::create() is used to create the command proxy
  • Check that the Proxy base class exists
  • Mark the class as compatible
  • Change the code so that the Command\Proxy is passed as a constructor argument

Question 29

Question
What are three cloud specific variables?
Answer
  • BLACKFIRE_SERVER_ID
  • MAGENTO_CLOUD_APPLICATION
  • MAGENTO_CLOUD_RELATIONSHIPS
  • COMPOSER_AUTH
  • MAGENTO_CLOUD_VARIABLES

Question 30

Question
How often are Snapshots taken for Production and Staging environments on Commerce Pro?
Answer
  • Every 12 hours
  • Every 6 hours
  • Every 4 hours
  • Every 2 hours

Question 31

Question
How are snapshots initiated for the Production and Staging environments on Commerce Pro?
Answer
  • Automatic for both Pro and Stater
  • Manual for both Pro and Starter
  • Automatic for Pro and manual for Starter
  • Manual for Pro and Automatic for Starter

Question 32

Question
What is included in Snapshots of the Production and Staging environments on Magento Commerce Pro?
Answer
  • Files only
  • Files and database only
  • Everything on the EBS volume, including the persistent data from all running services
  • Everything on the EBS volume, except the persistent data from all running services

Question 33

Question
When backups are transferred to S3, which region are they stored in be default?
Answer
  • The region furthest from the customers production region
  • The same AWS region as the production environment
  • Any region other than the same AWS region as the production environment
  • All of the AWS regions

Question 34

Question
Are backups of the production environment encrypted and why?
Answer
  • No, backups are not encrypted because S3 storage is not encrypted by default
  • Yes, backups are encrypted because S3 storage is encrypted by default
  • No, backups are not encrypted because the production EBS volumes are not encrypted
  • Yes, backups are encrypted because the EBS volumes are encrypted

Question 35

Question
How are restores initiated in the Production environment for Pro and Starter?
Answer
  • Production restores can be initiated via the Cloud UI/CLI for both Starter and Pro
  • Production restores are initiated via a support ticket for both Starter and Pro
  • Production restores for Pro are initiated via a support ticket and production restores for Starter are initiated via the Cloud UI/CLI
  • Production restores for Pro are initiated via the Cloud UI/CLI and production restores for Starter are initiated via a support ticket

Question 36

Question
What's the preferred method of debugging on Magento Cloud?
Answer
  • Committing var_dump()s and die()s into your code
  • SSH'ing into the server and manually inserting var_dump()s and die()s into your code
  • Creating an extension and installing it via Composer which injects var_dump()s and die()s into your code
  • Using Xdebug

Question 37

Question
You have attempted to merge code up to the parent branch and the merge failed due to a conflict. How do you identify the conflicting files? (2 of 4)
Answer
  • Use the Magento CLI to view the system logs
  • Submit a support ticket
  • View the event log in the Cloud UI
  • Use the git CLI correct

Question 38

Question
You have identified the files that caused the Git merge conflict. Which tool will you use to resolve the conflicts? (2 of 5)
Answer
  • Magento Cloud UI
  • magento-cloud CLI
  • git CLI
  • git UI
  • Your analytics tool

Question 39

Question
Where should the domain name be pointed?
Answer
  • Fastly
  • Magento Cloud
  • Server

Question 40

Question
You are in the planning stage for a large promotion with 40% off all products and you expect a significant increase in traffic. When do you notify Magento of the event?
Answer
  • Immediately
  • At least 2-3 days prior to the even
  • The day of the event
  • Never

Question 41

Question
Which three key data points do you need to provide to Magento 72 hours prior to a planned traffic surge event? (pick 3)
Answer
  • When the event will occur
  • How much revenue the event will generate
  • % increase in traffic / orders
  • Expected duration of the event
  • Which products will be most popular during the event

Question 42

Question
When reviewing New Relic you notice a surge in requests, and you realize you are experiencing an unexpected traffic surge. When do you need to notify Magento for upsizing to occur?
Answer
  • Immediately
  • It is too late, your site will crash
  • Magento will upsize the environment as necessary to maintain the SLA
  • The next day

Question 43

Question
You have notified Magento of a planned traffic surge event that will occur in approximately 72 hours. What are the benefits of this prior notice? (pick 2)
Answer
  • The additional resources are available when the traffic arrives
  • The Support team will be aware of the event
  • Upsizing prior to a surge event guarantees a higher conversion rate
  • There are no benefits to prior notice
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