Human Development pt. 2

Eleanor garvey
Quiz by Eleanor garvey, updated more than 1 year ago
Eleanor garvey
Created by Eleanor garvey about 1 year ago
6
1

Description

Test IV: 1, 11, 78, 127 Test V: 15, 37, 82, 84, 85, 86, 88, 89, 107 Test VI: 26, 37, 114, 118, 129, 130, 146

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Test 4 Question 1. Which one of the following is false regarding Freud’s theories of human development?
Answer
  • During development, sexual energy shifts to different areas of the body that are usually associated with eroticism
  • The anal phase is from 1 to 3 years of age
  • Latency is marked by a sharp increase in sexual interest
  • Freud thought that resolution of his stages was essential to normal adult functioning
  • The phallic stage is from 3 to 5 years of age

Question 2

Question
Test 4 Question 11. Object permanence develops during which one of Piaget’s developmental stages?
Answer
  • Sensorimotor
  • Preoperational thought
  • Concrete operations
  • Formal thought
  • Rapprochement

Question 3

Question
Test 4 Question By what age should a child have a six-word vocabulary, be able to self-feed, and be able to walk up steps with its hand being held?
Answer
  • 6 months
  • 9 months
  • 12 months
  • 18 months
  • 24 months

Question 4

Question
Test 4 Question 127. Which one of the following answer choices is central to Kohut’s theories of self psychology?
Answer
  • The theory of Oedipal conflict
  • The concept of the good enough mother
  • The paranoid–schizoid position
  • The necessity for parental mirroring and empathic responsiveness to the child
  • The importance of the depressive position

Question 5

Question
Test 5 Question 15. Which one of the following statements is false concerning development during the school-age years (ages 5 to 12)?
Answer
  • Children develop the ability to empathize with others during these years
  • Children have a basic grasp of grammar and syntax and can understand word play
  • Children learn social cues, rules, and expectations
  • Children become motivated by desire for approval and positive feedback
  • Children have developed the capacity for abstract thinking

Question 6

Question
Test 5 Question 37. Robert is arrested for assault and held in prison. Because of disorganized behavior a psychiatric evaluation is conducted by a forensic psychiatrist to determine Robert’s fitness to stand trial for the charges. Robert reports that 1 month earlier he was evaluated in a local emergency room for hearing voices. What is the difference between the evaluation done by the forensic psychiatrist and the evaluation done by the emergency room (ER) psychiatrist?
Answer
  • Only the ER evaluation requires a full medication history
  • Only the forensic evaluation contains details on Robert’s memory
  • The forensic psychiatrist does not have a doctor–patient relationship with Robert
  • The ER evaluation will be the only one to contain recommendations
  • Only the ER evaluation contains details on Robert’s memory

Question 7

Question
Test 5 Question 82. Which of the following is achieved during Piaget’s developmental stage of concrete operations?
Answer
  • Conservation
  • Animistic thinking
  • Deductive reasoning
  • Object permanence
  • Egocentricity

Question 8

Question
Test 5 Question 84. Infantile secure attachment is associated with which of the following outcomes?
Answer
  • Higher intellectual ability in adolescence and adulthood
  • Educational success throughout childhood and adolescence
  • Physical coordination and later athletic ability
  • Emotional and social competence
  • Easy temperament in childhood

Question 9

Question
Test 5 Question 85. A young girl performs in a school play and revels in the praise and pride displayed to her by her mother. In Kohut’s theory of self-psychology, this child is experiencing:
Answer
  • Idealization
  • Good enough mothering
  • Mastery
  • Primary narcissism
  • Mirroring

Question 10

Question
Test 5 Question 86. According to Margaret Mahler’s stages of separation–individuation, the period from 10 to 18 months of age, during which the infant’s ability to move autonomously increases its exploration of the outer world, is known as:
Answer
  • Object constancy
  • Rapprochement
  • Practicing
  • Differentiation
  • Symbiosis

Question 11

Question
Test 5 Question 88. The “addictive” nature of gambling behavior and the disorder of pathological gambling can best be explained by theories of:
Answer
  • Operant conditioning
  • Classical conditioning
  • Drive and neurotic impulses
  • Self psychology and pathological narcissism
  • Habituation and sensitization

Question 12

Question
Test 5 Question 89. A patient with depression tells the therapist about a variety of unpleasant personal circumstances that have occurred in the past week, worries about friends being sad and withdrawn, and a reluctance to watch the news on television because “the only news on television is bad news.” In the theory of cognitive psychology, this type of behavior is best formulated as:
Answer
  • Learned helplessness
  • Selective attention bias
  • Catastrophizing
  • Automatic negative thoughts
  • Information overload

Question 13

Question
Test 5 Question 107. Which one of the following statements is false concerning motor development during infancy?
Answer
  • The cerebellum is not fully formed until 1 year of age
  • Myelination of peripheral nerves is not complete until 2 years of age
  • The grasp and tonic neck reflexes begin to develop between 2 and 6 months
  • Fine pincer grasp develops around 9 to 12 months
  • The ability to sit without support occurs at 6 months

Question 14

Question
Test 6 Question 26. A 32-year-old patient was referred for neurologic evaluation owing to hand shaking. The history reveals that the shaking is present only when using the hands and is particularly bad when writing or bringing a cup to the mouth while drinking. Stress worsens the shaking. The shaking improves when the patient drinks a glass of wine. The patient’s older sibling also suffers from a similar disorder. From this history, the most likely diagnosis is:
Answer
  • Alcohol-withdrawal tremor
  • Wilson’s disease
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia
  • Early-onset Parkinson’s disease
  • Essential tremor

Question 15

Question
Test 6 Question 37. Which of the following famous therapists developed the “epigenetic principle”?
Answer
  • Erik Erikson
  • Melanie Klein
  • B.F. Skinner
  • Harry Stack Sullivan
  • Heinz Kohut

Question 16

Question
Test 6 Question 114. A female therapist is doing psychodynamic psychotherapy with a 29-year-old woman. She has been discussing issues surrounding her marriage and her relationship with her mother, who was distant emotionally when the patient was growing up. The patient becomes angry with the therapist when she requests therapy sessions three times per week and the therapist states that she cannot accommodate that with her schedule. She accuses the therapist of disliking her. This is an example of which of the following?
Answer
  • Rejection by the therapist
  • Delusion of an erotomanic nature
  • Transference on the part of the patient
  • A precursor to stalking by the patient
  • Displacement of anger onto the therapist

Question 17

Question
Test 6 Question 118. Which of the following is not one of the psychological issues of pregnancy?
Answer
  • Pregnancy as a means of self-realization
  • Fear of inadequate mothering
  • Projection of hope onto the child to be
  • Absence of desire for sexual activity
  • Unconscious ambivalence about the effect on the dyadic relationship

Question 18

Question
Test 6 Question 129. You have to interview a patient using an interpreter. Which of the following is the best way to proceed?
Answer
  • Speak in English but very loudly
  • Look at the patient while speaking
  • Look at the interpreter while speaking
  • Address all questions to the interpreter and let the interpreter ask the patient
  • Make sure you have not only an interpreter but also the patient’s family in the room so that they can all translate

Question 19

Question
Test 6 Question 130. In which of the following theories does human development move through predetermined steps and stages wherein each stage has its own characteristics and needs that must be negotiated before moving forward?
Answer
  • Levinson’s developmental theory
  • The epigenetic view of development
  • Vaillant theory of happy childhood
  • Neurodevelopmental theory
  • Normality as process

Question 20

Question
Test 6 Question 146. Regularly scheduled primary care appointments are a crucial and standard part of treating which one of the following diagnoses?
Answer
  • Panic disorder
  • Major depressive disorder
  • Illness anxiety disorder
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder
  • Delusional disorder somatic type
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