Head, Neck and Back 2nd Sem- Anatomy 2nd Year- PMU

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Anatomy Year 2 - Head, Neck and Back

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Regio Scapularis is a back region
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 2

Question
The anterior rami of C1 through C4 take part in the formation of cervical plexus.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 3

Question
The boundaries between the thoracic region and the back are the anterior axillary lines
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 4

Question
Sternocleidomastoid is a superficial muscle of the back.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 5

Question
M.latissimus dorsi is a powerful extensor of the arm
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 6

Question
Superficial muscles of the back are supplied by dorsal branches of spinal nerves
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 7

Question
Auscultation triangle on the back is located medial to the scapula
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 8

Question
Serratus posterior superior muscle is a muscle of inspriation
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 9

Question
Muscles of the back are arranged in three groups with distinct functions.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 10

Question
Erector spinae muscle is made of three colunms.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 11

Question
Intermediate muscles of the back are respiratory muscles.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 12

Question
Platysma is innervated by a branch of the facial nerve.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 13

Question
The platysma is a superficial muscle that overlaps the sternocleidomastoid
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 14

Question
Accessory nerve is a branch of cervical plexus
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 15

Question
Phrenic nerve (C3-C5 (primarily C4)) innervates thoracic diaphragm.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 16

Question
Internal carotid artery has two cervical branches.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 17

Question
The upper end of the jugular vein dilates into internal jugular fossa
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 18

Question
Near the termination of the internal jugular vein is a smaller dilation, the inferior bulb.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 19

Question
The inferior thyroid artery is a branch of the external carotid artery
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 20

Question
The submandibular gland is in infrahyoid region
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 21

Question
Which one of the listed is not a muscle of the back:
Answer
  • M. Serratus posterior superior
  • M. Serratus Anterior
  • M. iliocostalis
  • M. longissimus
  • M. spinalis

Question 22

Question
Which of the muscles listed below is a deep muscle of the back
Answer
  • Levator costae
  • Latissimus dorsi
  • Levator scapulae
  • Rhomboidei
  • Splenius

Question 23

Question
Interruption of cranial nerve XI would paralyze which muscle?
Answer
  • Deltoid
  • Latissimus dorsi
  • Levator scapulae
  • Rhomboideus major
  • Trapezius

Question 24

Question
If the right dorsal scapular nerve was cut near its origin, what would result:
Answer
  • Skin of the upper back on the right side would be numb
  • The point of the right shoulder would droop
  • Scapular retraction on the right would be weakened
  • Extension of the right arm would be weakened
  • Inability to ADduct the right arm

Question 25

Question
The cutaneous branch of the posterior primary ramus of C2 is called the:
Answer
  • Accessory nerve
  • Great auricular nerve
  • Greater occipital nerve
  • Lesser occipital nerve
  • Superior ramus of the ansa cervicalis

Question 26

Question
Which muscle is innervated by posterior primary rami?
Answer
  • Latissimus dorsi
  • Levator scapulae
  • Rhomboideus major
  • Erector spinae
  • Trapezius

Question 27

Question
Which of the elements listed below is not in the subcutaneous layer of the neck?
Answer
  • M.platysma
  • V.jugularis anterior
  • V.jugularis externa
  • Plexus cervicalis
  • Transverse cervical nerve

Question 28

Question
Which of the following does NOT belong to the infrahyoid muscles?
Answer
  • M. sternothyroiseus
  • M. omohyoideus
  • M. sternocleidomastoideus
  • M. steronhyoideus
  • M. thyrohyoideus

Question 29

Question
Which one of the following structures is NOT related to infrahyoid region?
Answer
  • gl. thyroidea
  • m. thyrohyoideus
  • n. vagus
  • m. cricothyroideus
  • v. jugularis anterior

Question 30

Question
Which one of the following structures is NOT related to the carotid triangle?
Answer
  • Hypoglossal nerve
  • Superior laryngeal nerve
  • Facial artery
  • Thyrohyoid muscle
  • Sternohyoid muscle

Question 31

Question
*Loss of sensation from the temporal region and loss of secretory function of the parotid gland would be caused by interruption of which nerve?
Answer
  • Auriculotemporal
  • Chorda tympani
  • Deep temporal, posterior
  • Facial
  • Great auricular

Question 32

Question
*An elderly man presented with severe pain beneath the left eye, radiating into the lower eyelid, lateral side of the nose and upper lip. What nerve was involved?
Answer
  • Buccal
  • Infraorbital
  • Mental
  • Supratrochlear
  • Zygomatic

Question 33

Question
*To study the compensatory response of selective suprahyoid muscles in elevating the hyoid bone, an experiment was designed in which the posterior belly of the digastric and stylohyoid muscles were paralysed by drugs. The muscular branches of which of the following nerves must be chemically interrupted to produce paralysis in both muscles?
Answer
  • Inferior alveolar
  • Facial
  • Hypoglossal
  • Glossopharyngeal
  • Lingual

Question 34

Question
*Which nerve provides motor innervation to the buccinator muscle?
Answer
  • Auriculotemporal nerve
  • Buccal branches of VII
  • Buccal Nerve
  • Mandibular division of V
  • Marginal mandibular nerve

Question 35

Question
*Which nerve provides cutaneous innervation to the skin of the angle of the mandible?
Answer
  • Auriculotemporal nerve
  • Lesser petrosal nerve
  • Buccal branches of VII
  • Marginal mandibular nerve
  • Great auricular nerve

Question 36

Question
*Which nerve carries postganglionic parasympathetic fibers to the parotid gland?
Answer
  • Auriculotemporal nerve
  • Lesser petrosal nerve
  • Glossopharyngeal nerve
  • Great auricular nerve
  • Marginal mandibular nerve

Question 37

Question
*A patient is unable to wink; what muscle is affected?
Answer
  • Frontalis
  • Levator palpebrae superioris
  • Orbicularis oculi
  • Superior tarsal
  • Zygomaticus major

Question 38

Question
*What structure lies deepest in the parotid gland?
Answer
  • External carotid artery
  • External Jugular Vein
  • Facial artery
  • Facial nerve
  • Retromandibular vein

Question 39

Question
*A deep laceration of the face in the middle of the parotid gland could affect the
Answer
  • External jugular vein
  • Facial nerve
  • Glossopharyngeal nerve
  • Hypoglossal nerve
  • Lingual artery

Question 40

Question
*Pain elicited from an infected facial wound is primarily conveyed by what nerve?
Answer
  • Facial
  • Great auricular
  • Hypoglossal
  • Transverse cervical
  • Trigeminal

Question 41

Question
*Inability to close the lips relates to the action of which muscle?
Answer
  • Anterior belly of the digastric
  • Mylohyoid
  • Orbicularis oris
  • Platysma
  • Zygomaticus major

Question 42

Question
*Which muscle will not be affected when the mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve (V3) is anesthetized?
Answer
  • Anterior belly of digastric
  • Buccinator
  • Medial pterygoid
  • Mylohyoid
  • Temporalis

Question 43

Question
*The parotid space contains all EXCEPT:
Answer
  • External carotid artery
  • Facial nerve
  • Intraparotid lymph nodes
  • Medial pterygoid muscle
  • Retromandibular vein

Question 44

Question
*The facial muscle most responsible for moving the lips both upward and laterally to produce a smile is:
Answer
  • Buccinator
  • Levator anguli oris
  • Levator labii superioris
  • Platysma
  • Zygomaticus major

Question 45

Question
*The muscle which separates the submandibular triangle from the paralingual space is the:
Answer
  • Digastric, posterior belly
  • Hyoglossus
  • Mylohyoid
  • Stylohyoid
  • Styloglossus

Question 46

Question
*The predominant muscle most associated with retraction of the mandible is the:
Answer
  • Lateral pterygoid
  • Masseter
  • Medial pterygoid
  • Temporalis
  • Mylohyoid

Question 47

Question
*At the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), hinge movements occur between the:
Answer
  • Condyle and articular eminence
  • Articular disc and articular eminence
  • Condyle and articular disc
  • Articular disc and articular cavity
  • Condyle and articular cavity

Question 48

Question
*Incapacity to protrude the mandible indicates a dysfunction of which muscle?
Answer
  • Anterior belly of digastric
  • Buccinator
  • Lateral pterygoid
  • Mylohyoid
  • Temporalis

Question 49

Question
*Damage to the facial nerve near the stylomastoid foramen would likely cause each of the following motor deficits EXCEPT:
Answer
  • Paralysis of the buccinator muscle
  • Inability to whistle
  • Paralysis of the muscles that elevate the mandible
  • Inability to close the lips

Question 50

Question
What bony feature of the mandible can be used to find and palpate the facial artery?
Answer
  • Oblique line
  • Mental trigone
  • Angle
  • Premasseteric notch

Question 51

Question
Which of the following suprahyoid muscles would be paralyzed if the inferior alveolar nerve was severed at its origin?
Answer
  • Geniohyoid m.
  • Hyoglossus m.
  • Mylohyoid m.
  • Stylohyoid m.

Question 52

Question
*After the mandibular condyle is moved forward onto the articular eminence (e.g., by opening the mouth widely), what muscle can then retract the mandible?
Answer
  • Superficial head of masseter m.
  • Deep head of masseter m.
  • Posterior part of temporalis m.
  • Anterior part of temporalis m.

Question 53

Question
*Two nerves usually emerge from between the two heads of the lateral pterygoid muscle: the anterior deep temporal nerve and the:
Answer
  • Masseteric n.
  • Buccal n.
  • Lingual n.
  • Inferior alveolar n.

Question 54

Question
*Paralysis of which of the following muscles would impede retraction of the mandible?
Answer
  • Buccinator
  • Lateral pterygoid, lower portion
  • Lateral pterygoid, upper (sphenomeniscus) portion
  • Medial pterygoid
  • Temporalis

Question 55

Question
*A cranial fracture through the foramen ovale that compresses the enclosed nerve, will have an effect on all muscles EXCEPT:
Answer
  • Tensor tympani
  • Masseter
  • Buccinator
  • Mylohyoid
  • Temporalis

Question 56

Question
*Which muscle is also known as the sphenomeniscus?
Answer
  • Inferior head of the lateral pterygoid
  • Masseter
  • Medial pterygoid
  • Superior head of the lateral pterygoid
  • Temporalis

Question 57

Question
*Forward movement of the condyle of the mandible during wide opening of the jaws is accomplished mainly by the:
Answer
  • Anterior part of temporalis muscle
  • Lateral pterygoid muscle
  • Masseter
  • Medial pterygoid muscle
  • Posterior part of the temporalis muscle

Question 58

Question
*The middle meningeal artery:
Answer
  • Enters the skull through the foramen ovale
  • Passes through a split in the trunk of the mandibular nerve (V3)
  • Is typically a branch of the second part of the maxillary artery
  • Supplies blood to the temporal lobe of the brain
  • Usually arises deep to the neck of the mandible

Question 59

Question
*The temporomandibular joint is characterized by all EXCEPT:
Answer
  • A capsule strengthened by ligaments on its lateral side only
  • A completely flat surface for its gliding action
  • An articular disc
  • Extracapsular ligaments
  • Two joint cavities of different shapes

Question 60

Question
*There is arterial bleeding on superficial surface of the posterior third of the tongue; which of the following arteries was involved?
Answer
  • Deep lingual
  • Dorsal lingual
  • Facial
  • Sublingual
  • Tonsillar

Question 61

Question
*There is difficulty in swallowing due to involvement of which muscle that elevates the tongue?
Answer
  • Genioglossus
  • Hyoglossus
  • Styloglossus
  • Stylohyoid
  • Stylopharyngeus

Question 62

Question
Cutting of the hypoglossal nerve in the hypoglossal canal would not interrupt the nerve supply to the:
Answer
  • Hyoglossus muscle
  • Genioglossus muscle
  • Palatoglossus muscle
  • Styloglossus muscle

Question 63

Question
*The contents of the paralingual space do NOT include the:
Answer
  • Hypoglossal nerve
  • Lingual artery
  • Lingual nerve
  • Submandibular gland
  • Sublingual gland

Question 64

Question
*A patient is unable to taste a piece of sugar placed on the anterior part of the tongue. Which cranial nerve is most likely to have a lesion?
Answer
  • Facial nerve
  • Glossopharyngeal nerve
  • Hypoglossal nerve
  • Trigeminal nerve
  • Vagus nerve

Question 65

Question
The chorda tympani contains which component before it joins the lingual nerve?
Answer
  • Preganglionic sympathetics
  • Postganglionic sympathetics
  • Preganglionic parasympathetics
  • Postganglionic parasympathetics
  • Taste fibers to the posterior third of the tongue

Question 66

Question
*Which of the following structures is located in the vestibule of the oral cavity?
Answer
  • Tongue
  • Opening of the parotid duct
  • Opening of the submandibular duct
  • Sublingual fold
  • Uvula

Question 67

Question
The muscle responsible for raising the floor of the mouth in the early stages of swallowing is the:
Answer
  • genioglossus
  • geniohyoid
  • hyoglossus
  • mylohyoid
  • palatoglossus

Question 68

Question
In accessing the submandibular gland in the submandibular triangle, what vessel coursing through the gland and triangle would need to be protected?
Answer
  • External jugular vein
  • Facial artery
  • Maxillary artery
  • Retromandibular vein
  • Superior thyroid artery

Question 69

Question
Which of the following structures are boundaries of lateral cervical region?
Answer
  • Posterior border of m. sternocleidomastoideus
  • Venter anterior of m. digastricus
  • Anterior border of m. trapezius
  • Venter superior of m. omohyoideus
  • Middle third of clavicle

Question 70

Question
All of the following may be found in the paralingual space EXCEPT:
Answer
  • Hypoglossal nerve
  • Lingual nerve
  • Sublingual gland
  • Submandibular gland duct
  • Superficial lobe of the submandibular gland

Question 71

Question
Lamina superficialis of the deep cervical fascia
Answer
  • Covers entire neck
  • Forms fascia masseterica
  • Extends from the skull base to the bodies of T3-T4
  • Forms fascia of submandibular gland
  • Extends posteriorly to proc. transversi

Question 72

Question
Which of the following structures are elements of lateral cervical region?
Answer
  • Mm. scaleni
  • A. carotis communis
  • V. jugularis interna
  • A. subclavia
  • V. subclavia

Question 73

Question
Which of the following are from the superficial muscles of the back?
Answer
  • M. trapezius
  • M. pectoralis major
  • M. latissimus dorsi
  • M. rectus abdominis
  • M. levator scapulae

Question 74

Question
The deep muscles of the back
Answer
  • divide into three subgroups
  • erect the body and the neck in bilateral contraction
  • are located dorsally to the vertebral column
  • are supplied by the ventral branches of the spinal nerves
  • are autochtonous (own) muscles of the back

Question 75

Question
The cervical plexus of nerves
Answer
  • supplies motor branches to the infrahyoid muscles
  • supplies motor branches to the muscles of the suboccipital triangle
  • supplies motor branches to the trapezius muscle
  • supplies sensory branches to the diaphragm
  • supplies sensory branches to the front of the scalp

Question 76

Question
The sternocleidomastoid muscle
Answer
  • is attached to the temporal bone deep to the splenius capitis muscle
  • is active if the head is flexed against resistance
  • has a motor supply from the cervical plexus
  • is an anterior relation of the scalenus anterior muscle
  • is crossed superficially by the external jugular vein

Question 77

Question
The thyroid gland
Answer
  • clasps the upper part of trachea
  • is highly vascular
  • doesn’t move with the larynx
  • is ductless gland
  • consists of only one lobe

Question 78

Question
The brachiocephalic vein
Answer
  • collects blood only from the head and neck
  • ends by joining the opposite one to form the superior vena cava
  • has no valves
  • the right one crosses the median plain
  • the right one is laterally to the brachiocephalic artery

Question 79

Question
The vertical neurovascular bundle of the neck
Answer
  • lies on each side of the median airway and foodway
  • extends from the base of the skull to the root of the neck
  • contains glossopharyngeal nerve in its lower part
  • is enclosed by the layers of the deep cervical fascia
  • lies on the sympathetic trunk

Question 80

Question
The internal jugular vein
Answer
  • in the upper part of the neck is posterolateral to the internal carotid a.
  • is accompanied superiorly by the last four cranial nerves
  • is posterior to vagus nerve
  • has inferiorly the sympathetic trunk lying between the vein and common carotid artery
  • lies on the cervical plexus

Question 81

Question
A. carotis externa:
Answer
  • is in the carotid triangle
  • gives off a. thyroidea inferior
  • supplies head and neck structures
  • has baroreceptors at its origin - the bifurcation of the common carotid artery
  • occurs at the upper border of the thyroid cartilage

Question 82

Question
Which of the following are NOT anterior branches of external carotid artery?
Answer
  • A. pharyngea ascendens
  • A. thyroidea superior
  • A. sternocleidomastoidea
  • A. lingualis
  • A. occipitalis

Question 83

Question
Anterior branches of external carotid artery are:
Answer
  • A. thyroidea superior
  • A. occipitalis
  • A. lingualis
  • A. subscapularis
  • A. facialis

Question 84

Question
The following elements are located in the carotid triangle:
Answer
  • N. laringeus superior
  • N. hypoglossus
  • Glandula thyroidea
  • Ansa cervicalis
  • A. thyroidea inferior

Question 85

Question
The internal carotid artery
Answer
  • enters the skull through the foramen lacerum
  • divides into the anterior and middle cerebral arteries
  • gives of the ophthalmic artery
  • is accompanied within the skull by preganglionic sympathetic nerve fibres
  • usually begins about the level of the cricoid cartilage

Question 86

Question
The scalenus anterior muscle
Answer
  • is anterior to the nerves forming the brachial plexus
  • is attached to the posterior tubercles of the transverse processes of some of the cervical vertebrae
  • is medial to the vertebral artery
  • is anterior to the subclavian artery
  • is lateral to the inferior cervical ganglion

Question 87

Question
The external carotid artery
Answer
  • is crossed anteriorly by the hypoglossal nerve
  • usually divides into its terminal branches at the level of the angle of the jaw
  • at its origin is lateral to the internal carotid artery
  • is the only source of blood to the thyroid gland
  • is superficial to the glossopharyngeal nerve

Question 88

Question
The recurrent laryngeal nerve
Answer
  • has fibres whose cell bodies are in the nucleus ambiguus of the hindbrain
  • is entirely a motor nerve
  • is a close relation of the inferior thyroid artery
  • supplies all the muscles of the larynx
  • supplies the intrinsic muscles of the larynx

Question 89

Question
The cricoid cartilage
Answer
  • has an anterior arch which moves upwards and backwards due to the contraction of the cricothyroid muscle
  • lengthens the vocal fold (true vocal cord) when its anterior part moves upwards and backwards
  • has the vocal folds attached to it
  • gives attachment to the in inferior constrictor muscle of the pharynx
  • is at the level of the fourth cervical vertebra

Question 90

Question
The scalenus medius muscle
Answer
  • is posterior to the nerves forming the brachial plexus
  • is attached to the scalene tubercle
  • is used in deep breathing
  • is posterior to the subclavian artery
  • is crossed anteriorly by the omohyoid muscle

Question 91

Question
The internal jugular vein
Answer
  • is, along its whole course, directly lateral to the internal carotid artery
  • has no valves
  • is anterior to the phrenic nerve
  • receives all the venous blood from the thyroid gland
  • is anterior to the thoracic duct on the left side

Question 92

Question
The digastric muscle
Answer
  • has a motor innervation from nerves of the branchial arches
  • is inferior to the submandibular gland
  • is attached to the ramus of the mandible
  • is superficial,to the hypoglossal nerve
  • is deep to the carotid sheath

Question 93

Question
The scalenus anterior muscle
Answer
  • is anterior to the subclavian vein
  • is anterior to the phrenic nerve
  • is anterior to the suprascapular artery
  • is used in deep respiration
  • is attached to the first and second ribs

Question 94

Question
Trigonum submandibulare contains:
Answer
  • glandula submandibularis
  • accessory nerve
  • phrenic nerve
  • facial artery
  • lingual nerve

Question 95

Question
The following elements are part of trigonum submandibulare:
Answer
  • n. mylohyoideus
  • n. hypoglossus
  • glandulathyroidea
  • trigonum pirogovi
  • a. thyroidea inferior

Question 96

Question
Match each numbered term with most proper lettered one A. M. latissimus dorsi [blank_start]4[blank_end] B. M. levator scapulae [blank_start]3[blank_end] C. M. platysma [blank_start]1[blank_end] D. M. trapezius [blank_start]5[blank_end] E. M. erector spinae [blank_start]2[blank_end] 1. N. facialis 2. Rr. dorsales of nn. spinales 3. N. dorsalis scapulae 4. N. thoracodorsalis 5. N. accessories
Answer
  • 4
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 5
  • 3
  • 1
  • 2
  • 4
  • 5
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 5
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 2
  • 1
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5

Question 97

Question
Which of the following A to F supplies the muscles 1 to 6? A. Cervical plexus [blank_start]2[blank_end] B. Spinal accessory nerve [blank_start]3[blank_end] C. Cranial accessory nerve [blank_start]none[blank_end] D. Facial nerve [blank_start]1[blank_end], [blank_start]5[blank_end] E. None of these [blank_start]4[blank_end] 1 Platysma 2 Infrahyoid 3 Sternocleidomastoid 4 Levator veli palatini 5 Orbicularis oculi
Answer
  • 2
  • 1
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • none
  • 3
  • 1
  • 2
  • 4
  • 5
  • none
  • none
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • none
  • 5
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • none
  • 4
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 5
  • none

Question 98

Question
Match each numbered term with the most proper lettered one A. Anterior cervical triangle [blank_start]2[blank_end], [blank_start]4[blank_end] B. Posterior(lateral) cervical triangle [blank_start]1[blank_end], [blank_start]3[blank_end] 1. Omotrapezoid (Subclavian triangle) 2. Carotid 3. Omoclavicular (Occipital triangle) 4. Digastric triangle
Answer
  • 2
  • 1
  • 3
  • 4
  • 4
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 3
  • 1
  • 2
  • 4
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