Psychology 306 Practice Final Quiz

pnguyen540
Quiz by pnguyen540, updated more than 1 year ago
pnguyen540
Created by pnguyen540 over 6 years ago
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Description

A practice quiz for Final.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
The differences between ordinary and major depression depend on:
Answer
  • geographic location and gender.
  • intensity and duration.
  • when they occur in one's lifetime.
  • society and diet.

Question 2

Question
On the average, those with the short form of the ________ transporter gene and a history of stressful experiences reported more than average symptoms of depression.
Answer
  • dopamine
  • calcium
  • serotonin
  • acetylcholine

Question 3

Question
In contrast to tricyclics, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs):
Answer
  • increase action potential velocity.
  • act on the left hemisphere while tricyclics act on the right.
  • block the reuptake of only serotonin.
  • block reuptake of both catecholamines and serotonin.

Question 4

Question
An example of a "negative symptom" of schizophrenia is:
Answer
  • poor emotional expression.
  • thought disorder.
  • hallucinations.
  • delusions.

Question 5

Question
Brain damage common to schizophrenia includes:
Answer
  • loss of axons between the substantia nigra and the basal ganglia
  • a heavier forebrain.
  • larger than normal cerebral ventricles.
  • a proliferation of glial cells.

Question 6

Question
A serious side effect that develops in some people after prolonged use of neuroleptic drugs is:
Answer
  • attention deficit disorder.
  • saccadic eye movements.
  • tardive dyskinesia.
  • seasonal affective disorder.

Question 7

Question
In most humans, control of language is centered in the:
Answer
  • right hemisphere.
  • corpus callosum.
  • left hemisphere
  • cerebellum

Question 8

Question
One way to test the hypothesis that people are biologically adapted to learn best during a critical period is to:
Answer
  • determine whether people learn a second language better than a first language.
  • compare the grammar use of children and adults.
  • determine whether people learn a second language if they start at various ages.
  • compare the vocabularies of children and adults.

Question 9

Question
More typical of dyslexic people than of other people is:
Answer
  • a bilaterally symmetrical cerebral cortex.
  • a planum temporale that is larger in the left hemisphere than the right hemisphere.
  • an overresponsive magnocellular pathway in the visual system.
  • damage to the posterior portion of the corpus callosum.

Question 10

Question
In many instances, spatial neglect appears to be linked to ________ problems.
Answer
  • Motor
  • Cognitive
  • Sensory
  • Attention

Question 11

Question
A symptom of right-hemisphere parietal lobe damage is the tendency to ignore the:
Answer
  • ventral areas of the body.
  • dorsal areas of the body.
  • contralateral side of the body and world.
  • ipsilateral side of the body and world.

Question 12

Question
A person with anomia would have the most difficulty with:
Answer
  • reaching out to touch objects.
  • speaking rapidly and fluently.
  • remembering the names of objects.
  • understanding written, as opposed to spoken, language.

Question 13

Question
Control of the emotional content of speech depends on
Answer
  • both hemispheres equally.
  • the right hemisphere.
  • the left hemisphere.
  • the corpus callosum.

Question 14

Question
In Pavlov's experiments he presented a sound followed by meat. Gradually the sound came to elicit salivation. The meat in this experiment was the:
Answer
  • conditioned stimulus.
  • conditioned response.
  • unconditioned stimulus.
  • unconditioned response.

Question 15

Question
Preventing learning is to ________ as suppressing a response is to ________.
Answer
  • the red nucleus; the lateral interpositus nucleus
  • the lateral interpositus nucleus; the red nucleus
  • classical conditioning; operant conditioning
  • operant conditioning; classical conditioning

Question 16

Question
HM was able to learn and remember:
Answer
  • how to find his way to a new residence.
  • events in recent history.
  • people's names.
  • skills like mazes and puzzles.

Question 17

Question
What might prevent many cases of Korsakoff's syndrome?
Answer
  • Alcoholic beverages fortified with thiamine.
  • Prohibition of the use of herbicides.
  • Warning labels on cigarettes.
  • Prohibition of the use of aluminum in cooking pots and pans.

Question 18

Question
Alzheimer's is associated with brain damage as a result of:
Answer
  • loss of cell bodies in the dorsomedial thalamus.
  • loss of the fibers connecting the substantia nigra to the basal ganglia.
  • tangles and plaques in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus.
  • an epileptic focus in the temporal lobe of the cortex.

Question 19

Question
Which of the following is an example of habituation?
Answer
  • After a tone is repeatedly paired with a shock, a person responds more strongly to the tone.
  • After repeated shocks, a person responds more strongly to the shock.
  • After a tone occurs many times, a person stops responding to it.
  • After repeated shocks, a person stops responding to other stimuli.

Question 20

Question
Blocking NMDA synapses has what effect, if any, on LTP?
Answer
  • There is no effect on LTP.
  • It prevents the establishment of LTP.
  • It enhances the establishment of LTP.
  • In prevents the maintenance of previously established LTP.

Question 21

Question
Psychologists typically define emotion in terms of the following three components:
Answer
  • actions, cognitions, and emotions.
  • feelings, actions, and emotions.
  • cognitions, feelings, and actions.
  • cognitions, actions, and emotions.

Question 22

Question
Which evidence is most detrimental to the James-Lange theory?
Answer
  • Changes in arousal are reported as changes in emotions.
  • Patients with pure autonomic failure experience emotions.
  • Some people feel stronger emotions than others do.
  • Sometimes people have trouble reporting what they are feeling.

Question 23

Question
Impulsive behavior and poor decisions are common symptoms of:
Answer
  • temporal damage.
  • parietal damage.
  • occipital damage.
  • prefrontal damage.

Question 24

Question
The concentration of 5-HIAA in the blood, cerebrospinal fluid, or urine provides an estimate of:
Answer
  • dopamine turnover.
  • serotonin turnover.
  • serotonin stores.
  • dopamine stores.

Question 25

Question
Suppose you want to DECREASE the aggressive behavior of an animal, and all you are allowed to use is a nutritional supplement. Which might be a good choice?
Answer
  • increase tryptophan
  • decrease lecithin
  • increase phenylalanine
  • decrease thiamine

Question 26

Question
A startle reflex occurs in response to:
Answer
  • depression.
  • anxiety.
  • grief.
  • an unexpected loud noise.

Question 27

Question
A combination of benzodiazepines and alcohol should be avoided because:
Answer
  • the combination produces excessive anxiety.
  • each magnifies the effects of the other.
  • they react with each other chemically to form a new compound.
  • each cancels the effects of the other.

Question 28

Question
Among identical twins, if one of them has PTSD, then the other is also likely to have a:
Answer
  • small hippocampus.
  • small adrenal gland.
  • large adrenal gland.
  • large hippocampus.

Question 29

Question
The ________, which is so important for emotional processing, is essential for the extreme emotional impact that produces PTSD.
Answer
  • thalamus
  • hippocampus
  • amygdala
  • cingulate

Question 30

Question
Are you ready for the Final?
Answer
  • True
  • False
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