Astronomy Practice Quiz

cbruner
Quiz by cbruner, updated 8 months ago
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Science quiz over astronomy.
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Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Earth's rotation takes about 365 days.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 2

Question
Select the best answer for what causes day and night.
Answer
  • Earth's rotation on its axis
  • solar and lunar eclipses
  • the tilt of the Earth's axis
  • Earth's revolution around the sun

Question 3

Question
One complete revolution of Earth around the sun takes about one season
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 4

Question
Select the best answer(s): Earth has seasons because:
Answer
  • Earth's axis is tilted causing the sun to shine more directly on one portion of the Earth and less on another.
  • the Earth is closer to the sun at different times of the year
  • the tilt of the axis causes the sun's rays to strike the Earth with more intensity at certain times of the year.
  • the temperature of the sun is different during certain times of the year
  • when the Earth is tilted towards the sun, there is more sunlight for longer periods of time.

Question 5

Question
What causes a solar eclipse?
Answer
  • the sun must be directly between the Earth and the moon.
  • the moon must be directly behind the Earth
  • the moon must be directly between the Earth and the sun
  • Earth must be directly between the sun and the moon.

Question 6

Question
Ocean tides are mainly caused by differences in how much the moon's gravity pulls on different parts of the Earth.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 7

Question
What caused maria to form on the moon's surface?
Answer
  • meteoroid impacts
  • lava flows
  • ice flows
  • oceans

Question 8

Question
The moon is about the same diameter as Earth.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 9

Question
_________________ attracts all objects to each other.
Answer
  • friction
  • gravity
  • mass
  • inertia

Question 10

Question
Because the moon rotates once for each revolution around Earth, you see some phases more than others.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 11

Question
Why does the temperature of the moon and other planets vary greatly from day to night?
Answer
  • They have no gravity.
  • They have ice rings.
  • They have dust storms.
  • They have no atmosphere.

Question 12

Question
When a meteoroid enters the Earth's atmosphere, it produces a streak of light called a comet.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 13

Question
Select the best answer(s). Life exists on Earth because:
Answer
  • there is an atmosphere to protect our planet
  • Water is plentiful and essential to life
  • the Earth's proximity to the sun prevents us from getting too hot and too cold.
  • there are mountains on Earth.

Question 14

Question
What does the diagram depict?
Answer
  • Lunar Phases
  • Solar Storm
  • Lunar Eclipse
  • Solar Eclipse

Question 15

Question
Satellites are NOT a natural object in our solar system.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 16

Question
Space is so large we must use special units of measurement called: select the best answer(s)
Answer
  • AU's or Astronomical Units
  • none of the choices are correct
  • Light Years

Question 17

Question
The four planets closes to the sun are:
Answer
  • generally warmer than the other planets in the Solar System
  • called the "Terrestrial" planets
  • rocky and dense
  • called the inner planets

Question 18

Question
Which is NOT true about the outer planets?
Answer
  • They are called the "gas" giants
  • Their orbits around the sun take longer.
  • They are rocky and dense
  • They are colder than the inner planets.

Question 19

Question
During the Northern Hemisphere's winter the days are much longer and the nights are shorter.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 20

Question
All objects in our Solar System revolve around Earth.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 21

Question
All objects in our Solar System revolve around the sun.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 22

Question
Jupiter is the largest object in the Solar System.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 23

Question
Our solar system contains 7 planets, comets, asteroids and other galaxies.
Answer
  • True
  • False
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