NMS 1 Anatomy booklet - The brain and the cranial nerves.

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NMS 1 Anatomy booklet - The brain and the cranial nerves.
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Resource summary

Question 1

Answer
  • Cerebral cortex
  • Diencephalon
  • Corpus callosum
  • Motor cortex

Question 2

Answer
  • Diencephalon
  • Corpus callosum
  • Midbrain
  • Cerebellum

Question 3

Answer
  • Midbrain
  • Pons
  • Medulla
  • Cerebellum

Question 4

Answer
  • Midbrain
  • Pons
  • Medulla
  • Diencephalon

Question 5

Answer
  • Medulla
  • Midbrain
  • Pons
  • Diencephalon

Question 6

Answer
  • Cerebellum
  • Diencephalon
  • Midbrain
  • Corpus callosum

Question 7

Answer
  • Spinal cord
  • Medulla
  • Central canal
  • Oesophagus

Question 8

Answer
  • Pre-central gyrus
  • Post-central gyrus
  • Lateral sulcus
  • Parieto-occipital gyrus

Question 9

Answer
  • Central sulcus
  • Pre-central gyrus
  • Parieto-occipital gyrus
  • Lateral sulcus

Question 10

Answer
  • Pre-central gyrus
  • Post-central gyrus
  • Lateral sulcus
  • Parieto-occipital gyrus

Question 11

Answer
  • Parieto-occipital sulcus
  • Parieto-occipital gyrus
  • Central sulcus
  • Lambdoid sulcus

Question 12

Answer
  • Lateral sulcus
  • Temporal gyrus
  • Coronal gyrus
  • Temporal sulcus

Question 13

Question
What feature connects the left and right cerebral hemispheres?
Answer
  • Diencephalon
  • Corpus callosum
  • Superior colliculus
  • Longitudinal fissure

Question 14

Question
What deep groove separates the left and right cerebral hemispheres?
Answer
  • Longitudinal fissure
  • Central sulcus
  • Medial sulcus
  • Corpus collosum

Question 15

Answer
  • Corpus collosum
  • Globus pallidus
  • Third ventricle
  • Motor cortex

Question 16

Answer
  • Lateral ventricles
  • Caudate nucleus
  • Putamen
  • Insula

Question 17

Answer
  • Caudate nucleus
  • Internal capsule
  • Lateral ventricles
  • Globus pallidus

Question 18

Answer
  • Internal capsule
  • Putamen
  • Lateral ventricles
  • Insula

Question 19

Answer
  • Putamen
  • Corpus collosum
  • Third ventricle
  • Caudate nucleus

Question 20

Answer
  • Caudate nucleus
  • Lateral ventricles
  • Insula
  • Globus pallidus

Question 21

Answer
  • Third ventricle
  • Lateral ventricles
  • Corpus collosum
  • Basal ganglia

Question 22

Question
Label 8 shows what
Answer
  • Insula
  • Corpus collosum
  • Caudate nucleus
  • Putamen

Question 23

Question
Which cranial nerves do not have brainstem nuclei?
Answer
  • Olfactory
  • Optic
  • Abducens
  • Oculomotor
  • Hypoglossal
  • Glossopharyngeal

Question 24

Question
Which cranial nerves are purely motor?
Answer
  • Oculomotor
  • Trochlear
  • Abducens
  • Hypoglossal
  • Accessory
  • Olfactory
  • Trigeminal
  • Facial

Question 25

Question
Which cranial nerves are purely sensory?
Answer
  • Olfactory
  • Optic
  • Vestibulocochlear
  • Vagus
  • Facial
  • Abducens
  • Accessory
  • Trigeminal

Question 26

Question
The trigeminal nerve is split into what three divisions?
Answer
  • Mandibular
  • Maxillary
  • Ophthalmic
  • Olfactory
  • Masticatory

Question 27

Question
What is the function of the olfactory nerve (CN 1)?
Answer
  • Perception of smell from the nasal cavity
  • Vision of the retina
  • To turn the eye laterally
  • Assists in swallowing

Question 28

Question
What is the function of the optic nerve (CN 2)?
Answer
  • Vision of the retina
  • To the superior oblique muscle which abducts and depresses the eye
  • To abduct the eye
  • Taste perception

Question 29

Question
What muscles does the oculomotor nerve innervate?
Answer
  • Superior rectus
  • Inferior rectus
  • Medial rectus
  • Inferior oblique
  • Levator palpebrae superioris
  • Superior oblique
  • Lateral rectus

Question 30

Question
What is the function of the oculomotor nerve (CN 3)?
Answer
  • Turn the eye superiorly
  • Turn the eye inferiorly
  • Raises the upper eyelid
  • Adducts the eyeball
  • Constricts the pupil
  • Abducts the eyeball
  • Relaxes the pupil

Question 31

Question
What is the function of the Trochlear nerve (CN 4)?
Answer
  • Innervates the superior oblique muscle which turns the eyeball inferiorly and abducts it.
  • Innervates the superior oblique muscle which turns the eyeball superiorly and abducts it.
  • Innervates the superior oblique muscle which turns the eyeball inferiorly and adducts it.
  • Innervates the superior oblique muscle which turns the eyeball superiorly and adducts it.

Question 32

Question
What sensory information does the Ophthalmic branch of the Trigeminal nerve (CN 5) carry?
Answer
  • Cornea
  • Eyelids
  • Nose
  • Skin of the scalp
  • Upper teeth

Question 33

Question
What sensory information does the Maxillary branch of the Trigeminal nerve (CN 5) carry?
Answer
  • Upper lip
  • Maxillary teeth
  • Mucosa of the nose
  • Maxillary sinuses and palate
  • Skin of the face over the maxilla
  • Mandibular teeth
  • Sensation from the cornea

Question 34

Question
What muscles does the Mandibular branch of the Trigeminal nerve (CN 5) innervate?
Answer
  • Muscles of mastication
  • Mylohyoid
  • Tensor villi palatini
  • Tensor tympani
  • Sternohyoid
  • Sternocleidomastoid

Question 35

Question
What is the function of the Abducens nerve (CN 6)?
Answer
  • To abduct the eye via the lateral rectus
  • To adduct the eye via the superior oblique
  • To adduct the eye via the lateral rectus
  • To abduct the eye via the superior oblique

Question 36

Question
What is the function of the Facial nerve (CN 7)?
Answer
  • Taste from the anterior 2/3 of the tongue
  • Motor function to the muscles of facial expression
  • Motor function to the muscles of mastication
  • Taste from the posterior 1/3 of the tongue

Question 37

Question
What is the function of the Vestibulocochlearnerve (CN 8)?
Answer
  • Balance
  • Hearing
  • Visual information from the retina
  • Motor supply to the sternocleidomastoid

Question 38

Question
What is the function of the Glossopharyngeal nerve (CN 9)?
Answer
  • Swallowing
  • Taste perception from the posterior 1/3 of the tongue
  • Taste perception from the anterior 2/3 of the tongue
  • Motor supply to the intrinsic muscles of the tongue

Question 39

Question
What is the function of the Vagus nerve (CN 10)?
Answer
  • Motor function to the pharyngeal constrictors
  • Intrinsic muscles of the larynx
  • Motor function of the palate muscles
  • Swallowing
  • Taste perception from anterior 1/3 of the tongue

Question 40

Question
What is the function of the Accessory nerve (CN 11)?
Answer
  • Motor function to the sternocleidomastoid
  • Motor function to the trapezius
  • Motor function to the serratus anterior
  • Motor function to the muscles of mastication

Question 41

Question
What is the function of the Hypoglossal nerve (CN 12)?
Answer
  • Intrinsic muscles of the tongue
  • Extrinsic muscles of the tongue
  • Intrinsic muscles of the larynx
  • Extrinsic muscles of the pharynx

Question 42

Question
What foramen does the olfactory nerve exit via?
Answer
  • Cribiform plate
  • Optic canal
  • Foramen rotundum
  • Foramen ovale

Question 43

Question
What foramen does the optic nerve exit via?
Answer
  • Optic canal
  • Foramen ovale
  • Internal acoustic meatus
  • Jugular foramen

Question 44

Question
What foramen do CN 3,4,6 and the Ophthalmic branch of the Trigeminal nerve exit via?
Answer
  • Superior orbital fissure
  • Optic canal
  • Jugular foramen
  • Hypoglossal canal

Question 45

Question
What foramen does the Maxillary branch of the Trigeminal nerve exit via?
Answer
  • Foramen rotundum
  • Foramen spinosum
  • Foramen ovale
  • Jugular foramen

Question 46

Question
What foramen does the Mandibular branch of the Trigeminal nerve exit via?
Answer
  • Foramen ovale
  • Jugular foramen
  • Hypoglossal canal
  • Carotid canal

Question 47

Question
What foramen does CN 7 and 8 exit via?
Answer
  • Internal acoustic meatus
  • Hypoglossal canal
  • Superior orbital fissure
  • Jugular foramen

Question 48

Question
What foramen does CN 9, 10 and 11 exit via?
Answer
  • Jugular foramen
  • Hypoglossal canal
  • Superior orbital fissure
  • Foramen ovale

Question 49

Question
What foramen does the hypoglossal nerve exit via?
Answer
  • Hypoglossal canal
  • Optic canal
  • Cribiform plate
  • Foramen rotundum
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