Pocket Prep Practice Exam

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Quiz by grayere, updated more than 1 year ago
grayere
Created by grayere over 6 years ago
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These questions are from practice exams I've found.

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Question 1

Question
During the Excitation-Contraction Coupling Phase of a muscle, calcium ions are released so that they can bind to ______, a protein located at regular intervals along the actin filament.
Answer
  • Myosin
  • Troponin
  • Tropomyosin

Question 2

Question
An 18-year-old, 120lb female collegiate cross country skier has the following average energy intake: 500 grams of carbs, 25 grams of protein and 50 grams of fat. What nutritional guideline should be recommended?
Answer
  • Increase fat intake
  • Increase carb intake
  • Increase protein intake

Question 3

Question
When you move a muscle, neurons in your brain fire to recruit motor units. When a motor unit is activated by a neuron, every muscle fiber in that motor unit fully contracts because:
Answer
  • the principle of total recruitment
  • the all-or-none law
  • Moore’s law

Question 4

Question
If I know I’m going to participate in some training, when should I consume some liquid and how much should I consume to ensure I am both hydrated and have adequate time to lose any excess?
Answer
  • 2 hours – 1 pint
  • 1 hour – 1 pint
  • 30min – 1pint

Question 5

Question
You have an athlete who wants to add 16lbs to his frame over 8 weeks. How many extra calories should he consume over the course of a week? Assume all of the weight will be lean tissue.
Answer
  • 7000
  • 5000
  • 3000

Question 6

Question
Usain Bolt has decided to work towards breaking the 400m record, and is interval training 400m repeats. His 400m personal best is ~46 seconds, but for answering this question assume the exercise duration is 1 minute. What should his rest interval be?
Answer
  • 1 minute
  • 2 minutes
  • 3 minutes

Question 7

Question
During a baseball pitch, which of the following muscles is involved in the concentric action of shoulder internal rotation?
Answer
  • Infraspinatus
  • Teres Minor
  • Subscapularis

Question 8

Question
During a maximal inhalation and gas exchange, where is the highest partial pressure of oxygen?
Answer
  • Lungs
  • Rightventricle
  • Pulmonary Valve

Question 9

Question
What is the most important, followed by the second most important factor in determining what type of fuel your body burns during exercise?
Answer
  • exercise intensity, exercise duration
  • exercise mode, exercise duration
  • exercise duration, exercise intensity

Question 10

Question
Which of the following muscles does not contribute to the strongest muscle group used during the initial portion of the swing phase of running
Answer
  • Sartorius
  • Iliacus
  • Psoas Major

Question 11

Question
Which of the following guidelines is not appropriate for providing fluid for athletes during activity?
Answer
  • When the athletes are thirsty?
  • Ensure the beverages are cold
  • Provide approximately six ounces every fifteen minutes

Question 12

Question
An athlete is performing maximum intensity exercise, which of the following energy pathways will contribute the most to ATP production?
Answer
  • Anaerobic glycolysis
  • Oxidization of fats and proteins
  • Oxidization of carbs

Question 13

Question
When estimating the recommended protein intake of any individual, which two factors must be considered?
Answer
  • Negative caloric balance and the biological value of the protein
  • Caloric intake and the biological value of the protein
  • Caloric intake and the intensity of the sport

Question 14

Question
An athlete is having some issues with body weight management and reaching his desired body composition. Which of the following factors could be contributing to these issues?
Answer
  • Infrequent meals and a large meal at the end of the day
  • Frequent meals throughout the day and a small meal at the end of the day
  • Frequent meals and maintaining hydration levels

Question 15

Question
During training, anaerobic athletes should consume how many grams of carbs per kg of body weight?
Answer
  • 8-10g/kg/day
  • 5-6g/kg/day
  • 2-4g/kg/day

Question 16

Question
What is the difference between essential and non essential amino acids?
Answer
  • Non-essential amino acids are synthesized within the body, and essential amino acids are from foods.
  • Both essential and non essential amino acids are synthesized within the body
  • Non-essential amino acids are from foods, and essentials amino acids are synthesized within the body

Question 17

Question
Which of the following are organic substances that cannot be synthesized by the body but are needed to perform certain metabolic functions?
Answer
  • Minerals
  • Vitamins
  • Carbs

Question 18

Question
How many grams of protein per kg of body weight should strength athletes consume?
Answer
  • 1.7g/kg/day
  • 1.2g/kg/day
  • 0.8g/kg/day

Question 19

Question
Which vitamin can help decrease delayed onset muscle soreness when consumed adequately?
Answer
  • Vitamin E
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin K

Question 20

Question
An athlete is performing steady state exercise that has crossed the lactate threshold, what type of muscle fiber's use increases after this point?
Answer
  • large
  • small
  • slow twitch

Question 21

Question
The classification of foods by how high and for how long they raise blood glucose levels is accomplished through the use of what measurement?
Answer
  • Maximal oxygen uptake
  • METs
  • Glycemic index or GI

Question 22

Question
The diagnostic criteria for what condition includes recurrent binge eating, engagement in either self induced vomiting, misuse of laxative, diurectics, or enemas, rigorous dieting or fasting or excessive exercise?
Answer
  • Anorexia nervosa
  • Bulimia nervosa
  • Poor eating habits

Question 23

Question
Under what conditions should a strength and conditioning professional be cautious about excessively high intakes of protein?
Answer
  • When athlete is experiencing impaired renal function
  • Both of these are correct
  • When the athlete's calcium intake is low

Question 24

Question
What is the recommended daily intake of carbs for an endurance athlete who takes in 2000 calories per day?
Answer
  • 450 grams
  • 300 grams
  • 200 grams

Question 25

Question
For an athlete looking to gain one to two pounds per week, how many calories per day must they consume above their current caloric intake.
Answer
  • 350 to 700 kcal
  • 500 to 1000 kcal
  • 1000 to 2000 kcal

Question 26

Question
Which of the following is considered a high quality protein?
Answer
  • Yogurt
  • Kale
  • Rice

Question 27

Question
A female amenorrheic athlete is a vegetarian who dislikes supplements and dairy foods. Which of the following foods should she be consuming?
Answer
  • Dark leafy vegetables, broccoli and soybeans
  • Potatoes, rice and pasta
  • Lentils, pulses and carrots

Question 28

Question
An athlete is likely to collapse when as little as which percentage of the body's water is lost.
Answer
  • 0.07
  • 0.05
  • 0.10

Question 29

Question
An athlete increase the risk of inadequate protein, iron, zinc and vitamin B when __________ is eliminated from the diet.
Answer
  • Milk and dairy
  • Grains
  • Meats

Question 30

Question
Which of the following is not included in the dietary goals of most athletes?
Answer
  • Maximizing performance
  • Obtaining optimal body compisition
  • Maintaining the lowest possible body mass index

Question 31

Question
Which of the following must occur in order to increase muscle mass and bodyweight?
Answer
  • More protein consumed
  • Positive caloric balance
  • Negative caloric balance

Question 32

Question
When as aerobic athlete is forced to begin to use protein as an energy source, how would their caloric balance be described?
Answer
  • Positive
  • Negative
  • Regenerative

Question 33

Question
What function does an increased protein consumption serve in endurance athletes?
Answer
  • Tissue repair and the use of branched-chain amino acids for auxiliary fuel
  • Tissue and positive nitrogen balance maintenance
  • The gluconeogenesis of body fat

Question 34

Question
When testing body composition, what is the desired percent body fat range for a 21 year old female skier?
Answer
  • 6-19%
  • 8-15%
  • 10-20%

Question 35

Question
Which of the following ergogenic aids does not result in increased protein synthesis?
Answer
  • Branched chain amino acids
  • Testosterone
  • Creatine

Question 36

Question
Which of the following statements about MyPyramid is false?
Answer
  • MyPyramid shows both the recommended types and amounts of foods to be included in one's daily diet.
  • The food groups displayed in MyPyramid include grains, vegetables, fruits, milk, meat and oils.
  • MyPyramid does not include any of the food groups from the USDA's original Food Guide Pyramid

Question 37

Question
What is the goal of consuming fluid before beginning exercise?
Answer
  • To avoid dehydration during exercise
  • To replace lost fluid
  • To rehydrate before the next training session

Question 38

Question
When an endurance athlete injects erythropoietin, they will definitely achieve all of the following except which of the following benefits?
Answer
  • Increased red blood cell count
  • Increase hematocrit
  • Increased oxygen consumption

Question 39

Question
Which of the following is the most common monosaccharide and the primary energy substrate for cells?
Answer
  • Glucose
  • Fructose
  • Sucrose

Question 40

Question
Dylan lost three pounds during his lacrosse game. How much water does he need to consume to replace the fluids that he lost?
Answer
  • 3 liters
  • 2 pints
  • 1.5 liters

Question 41

Question
A marathon runner requires a high amount of which of the following for optimal performance?
Answer
  • Liver glycogen
  • Liver fat stores
  • muscle ATP stores

Question 42

Question
Which of the following hormones interacts with the cell membrane to elicit a change within the cell?
Answer
  • Testosterone
  • Cortisol
  • Growth Hormone

Question 43

Question
Where is the muscle that flexes the elbow located?
Answer
  • Posterior
  • The top of the arm
  • Anterior

Question 44

Question
Which quadriceps muscle is located closest to the midline of the body?
Answer
  • Vastus lateralis
  • Vastus intermedius
  • Vastus medialis

Question 45

Question
Which of the following muscles assists the deltoids in pressing a barbell over the head?
Answer
  • Supraspinatus
  • Teres Major
  • Infraspinatus

Question 46

Question
The major muscle group used when performing leg extensions in compromised of how many specific muscles?
Answer
  • 2
  • 4
  • 3

Question 47

Question
During the pull-up, many muscles of the back assist the latissimus dorsi (primary mover). Which of the following muscles does not?
Answer
  • Rhomboids
  • Teres major
  • Erector Spinae

Question 48

Question
A football athlete has been instructed to improve posterior chain strength to increase running speed and jump height. Their training program should include which of the following exercises?
Answer
  • Good Mornings
  • Leg Extension
  • Leg Raises

Question 49

Question
How many joints are in the area where the deltoid muscles are located?
Answer
  • 4
  • 2
  • 3

Question 50

Question
When curling a dumbbell, the most muscular torque occurs when the elbow is flexed to which angle?
Answer
  • 90 degrees
  • 45 degrees
  • 105 degrees

Question 51

Question
The push up during running is immediately followed by which motion of the knee?
Answer
  • Extension
  • Flexion
  • Abduction

Question 52

Question
The Romanian Deadlift is assisted by which of the following muscles?
Answer
  • Hamstrings
  • Erector spinae
  • Quadriceps

Question 53

Question
During intense exercise, forcing air out of the lungs is performed by which muscle?
Answer
  • External intercostals
  • Diaphragm
  • Internal intercostals

Question 54

Question
During a normal ECG, which of the following electrical occurrences is masked by the QRS complex?
Answer
  • Repolarization of the ventricles
  • Repolarization of the atria
  • Depolarization of the atria

Question 55

Question
The muscle which is the primary plantar flexor and synergist of knee flexion has how many heads?
Answer
  • 2
  • 3
  • 1

Question 56

Question
When assessing athletes, which of the following can group body categories?
Answer
  • Somatotype
  • Isomatotype
  • Body Mass Index

Question 57

Question
By increasing the angle of the bench press exercise, the emphasis of the primary mover is changes to which area of the muscle?
Answer
  • Clavicular head
  • Sternal head
  • Pectoral head

Question 58

Question
During the concentric phase of a leg curl, which of the following muscles acts as a synergist?
Answer
  • Gastrocnemius
  • Hamstrings
  • Quadriceps

Question 59

Question
The primary joint of a cable triceps extension is what type of synovial joint?
Answer
  • Ball and socker
  • Pivot
  • Hinge

Question 60

Question
What is the role of the transverse abdominus during maximum effort squats?
Answer
  • To increase intra-abdominal pressure
  • To decrease intra-abdominal pressure
  • To stabilize breathing during exercise

Question 61

Question
Which of the following describes trunk flexion?
Answer
  • The leg move away from the chest
  • The chest moves towards the legs
  • The back moves away from the chest

Question 62

Question
A rowing athlete is training to increase knee extension strength which exercise should be added to their program?
Answer
  • Leg Curl
  • Lunge
  • Calf Press

Question 63

Question
Which joint action is occuring when the angle between the radius and humerus increases?
Answer
  • Extension
  • Flexion
  • Abduction

Question 64

Question
During the dumbbell lateral raise exercise, what action are the arms performing?
Answer
  • Abduction
  • Adduction
  • Rotation

Question 65

Question
A high jumper is attempting to maximize her knee extensor strength. Which of the following muscles should she target in her training?
Answer
  • Rectus Femoris
  • Bicep Femoris
  • Gastrocnemius

Question 66

Question
During the knee extension movement in a squat, what pulls actin across itself?
Answer
  • Thin filament
  • Myosin
  • Tropomyosin

Question 67

Question
The glenohumeral joint is known to perform movement in which anatomical plane(s)?
Answer
  • Transverse
  • Frontal
  • Both of these

Question 68

Question
The body is divided into right and left halves by which of the following?
Answer
  • The midline
  • The pole
  • The centrifuge

Question 69

Question
Which of the following can perform movement in all 3 planes of motion?
Answer
  • Hip
  • Wrist
  • Knee

Question 70

Question
A basketball player lands heavily after grabbing a rebound. Which of the following connective tissue of the knee is necessary to absorb the shock of landing?
Answer
  • Ligaments
  • Tendons
  • Menisci

Question 71

Question
Which of the following muscles is not involved with maintaining the stability of the should joint?
Answer
  • Infraspinatus
  • Supraspinatus
  • Teres Major

Question 72

Question
By changing the angle of the bench press to a negative angle, the emphasis of the primary mover is changed to which area of the muscle?
Answer
  • Clavicular head
  • Pectoral head
  • Sternal head

Question 73

Question
The iliotibial band inserts just below which of the following joints?
Answer
  • Knee
  • Hip
  • Shoulder

Question 74

Question
The muscle that is the antagonist to the biceps brachii during elbow flexion has how many heads?
Answer
  • 2
  • 1
  • 3

Question 75

Question
All three heads of the deltoid insert into which of the following?
Answer
  • Humerus
  • Scapula
  • Ribcage

Question 76

Question
As a personal trainer, what advice would you offer your client if he requested a nutritional plan for weight loss?
Answer
  • Counsel the client and then prescribe a weight loss plan
  • Provide general recommendations, but refer the client to a registered dietitian if specific needs are requested.
  • Conduct a nutrition assessment with the client

Question 77

Question
What is the recommended carb intake for a strength and power athlete?
Answer
  • 8-10 grams per kilogram of body weight
  • 5-6 grams per kilogram of body weight
  • 16-20 grams per kilogram of body weight

Question 78

Question
Which of the following food is considered a complete protein?
Answer
  • Egg
  • Kidney Beans
  • Broccoli

Question 79

Question
Why must athletes be conscious of their sodium levels?
Answer
  • To replace electrolytes, maintain a normal osmotic equilibrium and increase performance.
  • To replace serum blood plasma, maintain a normal osmotic equilibrium and increase performance
  • To replace phosphocreatine, improve muscle blood flow and increase performance.

Question 80

Question
A nutritionist suspects that an athlete's diet is lacking in fiber. What are the consequences of this type of inadequate diet?
Answer
  • Respiratory disease, high blood pressure, breast cancer and leukemia.
  • Heart disease, stroke, cancer of the stomach and constipation
  • Diverticulitis, heart disease, cancer of the colon, constipation, and diabetes

Question 81

Question
jane is a 25-years old endurance athlete. She consumes a strict vegetarian diet and does not take supplements. Which of the following supplements should Jane be taking for optimal running performance?
Answer
  • Iron and riboflavin
  • Iron and folic acid
  • Iron and cobalamin (B12)

Question 82

Question
Which of the following statements is false regarding the role of amino acids in the body?
Answer
  • It interrupts fluid and electrolyte balance
  • It aids in muscle hypertrophy
  • It maintains fluid and electrolyte balance

Question 83

Question
Which of the following are necessary for the formation of healthy cell membranes, the development and function of the brain and the nervous system and the production of hormones?
Answer
  • Saturated and polyunsaturated fats
  • Linoeic and linolenic acid
  • Protein, calcium and iron

Question 84

Question
During knee flexion of the leg curl exercise, which of the following structures within a sarcomere of the biceps femoris decreases in length and eventually disappears?
Answer
  • Z line
  • A band
  • H zone

Question 85

Question
A dumbbell biceps curl and a barbell deadlift are examples of which two categories of the kinetic chain?
Answer
  • Anterior and Posterior
  • Open and Closed
  • Maximum and Minimum

Question 86

Question
Which of the following knee extensor muscles is responsible for the last few degree of the movement?
Answer
  • Rectus femoris
  • Vastus medialis
  • Vastus intermedius

Question 87

Question
An exercise that involves which action will target the muscles on the back of the thighs?
Answer
  • Knee flexion
  • Plantar flexion
  • Knee Extension

Question 88

Question
During the back squat, what concentric muscle action do the quadriceps perform?
Answer
  • Flexion
  • Extension
  • Abduction

Question 89

Question
Which type of training uses structural stress to elicit adaptations to the muscular system?
Answer
  • Cardio training
  • Weight training
  • Balance training

Question 90

Question
When a muscle contraction occurs, which connective tissue within the muscle pulls directly on the tendon
Answer
  • Both of these
  • Perimysium
  • Endomysium

Question 91

Question
An athlete is performing repeated sprints. In which of the following areas of the circulatory system will the concentration of carbon dioxide be the highest?
Answer
  • Inferior vena cava
  • Pulmonary vein
  • Aorta

Question 92

Question
The biceps femoris contracts concentrically to produce which of the following movements of the knee?
Answer
  • Flexion
  • Extension
  • Rotation

Question 93

Question
Before the electrical signal of the heart travels from the atria to the ventricles, it is delayed in what region?
Answer
  • AV Node
  • SA Node
  • Purkinje Fibers

Question 94

Question
When an athlete is jumping, in regards to the plantar flexion action of the ankle, which muscle plays the role of synergist?
Answer
  • Soleus
  • Hamstirngs
  • Gastrocnemius

Question 95

Question
Blood doping can be accomplished through infusion of an individual's own red blood cells or those from someone else's, or through administration of
Answer
  • Erythropoietin
  • Insulin
  • IGF-1

Question 96

Question
Which chamber of the heart is responsible for pumping oxygenated blood throughout the body?
Answer
  • Right Ventricle
  • Left Ventricle
  • Left Atrium

Question 97

Question
With the increase volume, the myocardial fibers becomes more than stretched than at rest, resulting in a more forceful contraction and an increase in force of systolic ejection and greater cardiac emptying. This principle is called.
Answer
  • Franks-Starling mechansim
  • Cardiac Output
  • Maximal Oxygen Uptake

Question 98

Question
This term refers to a period of life before the development of secondary sex characteristics.
Answer
  • Preadolescence
  • Puberty
  • Peak height velocity
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