Sociology Practice EXAM 1

deannahgaston
Quiz by deannahgaston, updated more than 1 year ago
deannahgaston
Created by deannahgaston over 5 years ago
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This is to practice so we don't fail. Yay fun!

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
What is sociology?
Answer
  • The knowledge, language, values, customs, and material objects that are passed from generation to generation in a society.
  • Lifelong process of social interaction through which individuals acquire self identity and social/mental skills.
  • Systematic study of human society and social interaction.

Question 2

Question
What is the sociological imagination?
Answer
  • It is essential for survival and communication with other people.
  • Ability to see relationships between individual experiences and the larger society.
  • It shapes our attitudes, values, and beliefs.

Question 3

Question
How might one view a personal trouble as a social issue?
Answer
  • Personal troubles can lead to social issues if they are reoccurring or prominent in society.
  • Personal troubles aren't linked to social issues.
  • Personal troubles are the same thing as social issues.

Question 4

Question
Summarize the views of Comte.
Answer
  • Priority of social over the individual. Societies are built on social facts such as rules and norms.
  • Social class conflict produced social change and a better society. Clash of conflicting ideas and forces.
  • Father of sociology. Knowledge come from science and not religion, the world can be understood by scientific inquiry.

Question 5

Question
Summarize the views of Durkheim.
Answer
  • Father of sociology. Knowledge comes from science and not religion, world can be understood by scientific inquiry.
  • priority of social over the individual. Societies are built on social facts such as, rules and norms.
  • Social class conflict produced social change and a better society. Clash between conflicting ideas and forces.

Question 6

Question
Summarize the views of Marx.
Answer
  • Social class conflict produced social change and a better society. Clash between conflicting ideas and forces.
  • Father of sociology. Knowledge comes from science and not religion, world can be understood by scientific inquiry.
  • Conflict theory. Groups are engaged in a continuous power. Struggle for resources. Major institutions protect the rich instead of the poor.

Question 7

Question
Summarize the views of Weber.
Answer
  • Functionalism. Society is a stable and orderly system.
  • Verstehen: ability to understand social phenomena. Study of how religion produces social change.
  • Groups are engaged in a continuous power, struggle for resources, and major institutions protect the rich instead of the poor.

Question 8

Question
What is the difference between macro-sociology and micro-sociology?
Answer
  • Macro: focuses on broad features of the social structure. (looks at forrest) (functionalism & conflict) Micro: focuses on small groups and interpersonal interactions. (looks at trees) (symbolic interaction & exchange)
  • Micro: focuses on broad features of the social structure. (looks at forrest) (functionalism & conflict) Macro: focuses on small groups and interpersonal interactions. (looks at trees) (symbolic interaction & exchange)

Question 9

Question
What are the claims of the functionalist theory?
Answer
  • Major institutions and the arrangement of society is the most efficient way of satisfying societies basic needs.
  • Groups are engaged in a continuous power.
  • Focus on small groups and interpersonal interactions.

Question 10

Question
What are the claims of the conflict theory?
Answer
  • Affect a large group of people.
  • Groups are engaged in a continuous power, major institutions protect the rich instead of the poor.
  • Priority of social over the individual.

Question 11

Question
What are the claims of the symbolic-interactionist theory?
Answer
  • Allows rich to exercise power over poor, exploit poor and grow richer.
  • Orderliness of society, society contributes to stability.
  • Society is the sum of the interactions of individuals and groups.

Question 12

Question
What are the claims of social exchange theory?
Answer
  • Pursue interactions from which profit is derived, social order emerges from individuals actors pursuing interactions.
  • Held together by norms, values, and common morality.
  • Society is the sum of the interactions of individuals and groups.
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