Research Methods in Counselling Lecture 6

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Research Methods in Counselling Lecture 6

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Question 1

Question
There are 2 related dimensions of evaluation. Summative is concerned with [blank_start]outcome[blank_end]
Answer
  • outcome
  • process

Question 2

Question
There are 2 related dimensions of evaluation. Formative is concerned with [blank_start]process[blank_end]
Answer
  • process
  • outcome

Question 3

Question
There is variation in the role of the evaluator. Pick the correct statement below, based on the lecture notes.
Answer
  • Outsiders are objective and insiders are involved
  • Outsiders are involved and insiders are objective

Question 4

Question
To inform decision making about a future program or a major review of an existing program, a [blank_start]proactive[blank_end] evaluation is required
Answer
  • proactive
  • clarificative
  • interactive
  • monitoring

Question 5

Question
When does a proactive evaluation take place:
Answer
  • Before program development
  • During program development
  • After program development
  • Never

Question 6

Question
Select all the relevant questions that apply when conducting a proactive evaluation:
Answer
  • What is the problem and what do we know about it?
  • Is there a need for the program?
  • What attempts to address the problem have been made in the past?
  • What is best practice in this domain?
  • What other sources of information can inform development of this program?
  • How is delivery going?

Question 7

Question
Select all of the items below that are concerned with proactive evaluation:
Answer
  • The extent of the need for a program among a defined population within a defined area of provision
  • Synthesising what is known about the identified problem
  • Critically reviewing ways in which an identified problem or issue can be addressed
  • Program change and improvement on a continuous basis

Question 8

Question
Select the three approaches to proactive evaluation from the list below:
Answer
  • Needs assessment
  • Research review
  • Review of best practice
  • Responsive evaluation
  • Action research
  • Quality review

Question 9

Question
A needs assessment looks at the needs of a particular population
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 10

Question
Taken directly from the lecture notes, a needs assessment identifies the discrepancy between:
Answer
  • an ideal or desired state and the actual state
  • competing views
  • path a and path b
  • the dependent variable and the independent variable

Question 11

Question
A needs assessment looks at what the priorities are amongst multiple needs. The term "need" is used as a [blank_start]noun[blank_end].
Answer
  • noun
  • verb
  • adjective

Question 12

Question
In a needs assessment, the "need" refers to the problem, not the proposed solution. "The need for accessible treatment" is:
Answer
  • a problem
  • a proposed solution

Question 13

Question
In a needs assessment, the "need" refers to the problem, not the proposed solution. "The need for better preventative health" is:
Answer
  • a problem
  • proposed solution

Question 14

Question
In a needs assessment, the "need" refers to the problem, not the proposed solution. "We need a safe sex education program" is:
Answer
  • a problem
  • a proposed solution

Question 15

Question
Identifying priorities and developing action plans are part of which needs assessment process:
Answer
  • Planning
  • Data management
  • Utilisation

Question 16

Question
A reasoned description or interpretation of a body of literature that is relevant to the problem is the product of which approach to proactive evaluation:
Answer
  • Needs assessment
  • Research review
  • Review of best practice

Question 17

Question
A research review identifies existing theoretical and applied research relevant to the issue or problem that may inform [blank_start]program development[blank_end]
Answer
  • program development
  • expected outcomes
  • the plan of attack

Question 18

Question
A review of best practice is commonly referred to as establishment of [blank_start]benchmarks[blank_end]
Answer
  • benchmarks
  • needs
  • rules

Question 19

Question
When reviewing best practice, organisational specific comparisons do NOT include:
Answer
  • identifying "cases" (who is doing best?)
  • analysis to identify common characteristics (how?)
  • Identify indicators of best practice (what can we translate to our situation?)
  • identify when the organisation achieved best practice (when?)

Question 20

Question
Taken directly from the lecture slide, clarificative evaluation forms aim to:
Answer
  • clarify program design and describe program delivery
  • describe program design and clarify program delivery

Question 21

Question
Clarificative forms of evaluation are not relevant to early stages of program implementation and delivery
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 22

Question
Select the questions that apply when conducting a clarificative evaluation:
Answer
  • What are the intended outcomes and how does the design fit these outcomes?
  • What is the underlying rationale for the program?
  • What components need to be modified in order to achieve or maximise outcomes?
  • Is the program plausible?
  • What aspects are evaluable?
  • Is there a need for the program?

Question 23

Question
Select all of the items below that are concerned with clarificative evaluation:
Answer
  • Description of program
  • Analysis of program logic
  • Plausibility of program design
  • Consistency between design and delivery
  • Planning for subsequent evaluation (e.g. of outcomes and impact)
  • Assistance in planning and conducting evaluations

Question 24

Question
Analysis of program logic leads to the [blank_start]rationale[blank_end]
Answer
  • rationale
  • conclusion
  • description of the program

Question 25

Question
Which is NOT an approach to clarificative evaluation:
Answer
  • Evaluability assessment
  • Examination of program logic
  • Empowerment evaluation

Question 26

Question
Which evaluation form "assumes people at the local level can create effective solutions to situational concerns"?
Answer
  • Interactive
  • Proactive
  • Monitoring
  • Impact

Question 27

Question
Interactive evaluation is relevant for early implementation or existing programs open to improvement, with the emphasis being on [blank_start]delivery[blank_end]
Answer
  • delivery
  • planning
  • feedback

Question 28

Question
Interactive evaluation integrates evaluation into the day to day processes of organisations that deliver programs or services
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 29

Question
Select all of the items below that are concerned with interactive evaluation:
Answer
  • The provision of systematic evaluation findings that local providers can use to make decisions about the direction of their programs
  • Assistance in planning and conducting evaluations
  • Synthesising what is known about the identified problem
  • Critically reviewing ways in which an identified problem or issue can be addressed
  • Program change and improvement on a continuous basis
  • Evaluation as a means of empowering providers and participants

Question 30

Question
Which of the interactive evaluation approaches meets these criteria: * responds to stakeholder needs for information * fieldwork - organisation case study approach * negotiated boundaries of the evaluation * increases stakeholder awareness
Answer
  • Responsive evaluation
  • Action research
  • Quality review
  • Developmental evaluation
  • Empowerment evaluation

Question 31

Question
Which of the interactive evaluation approaches meets these criteria: * local level solutions to on the job problems * collaborative, social action * cyclical process: develop plan of action to improve current program; implement plan' observe effects of action; reflect and refine; develop plan...
Answer
  • Responsive evaluation
  • Action research
  • Quality review
  • Developmental evaluation
  • Empowerment evaluation

Question 32

Question
Which of the interactive evaluation approaches meets these criteria: * institutional self-study * undertaken by program staff at the discretion of management in the context of a culture of evalution
Answer
  • Responsive evaluation
  • Action research
  • Quality review
  • Developmental evaluation
  • Empowerment evaluation

Question 33

Question
Which of the interactive evaluation approaches meets these criteria: * evaluator as key adviser * team approach to design and test new approaches in long-term continuous improvement
Answer
  • Responsiveness evaluation
  • Action research
  • Quality review
  • Developmental evaluation
  • Empowerment evaluation

Question 34

Question
Which of the interactive evaluation approaches meets these criteria: * emphasis on self-determination * meaningful change is underpinned by an increased capacity in stakeholders and participants to initiate and carry out social change
Answer
  • Responsive evaluation
  • Action research
  • Quality review
  • Developmental evaluation
  • Empowerment evaluation
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