DC Bio Cell structure & function

Kara Hauber
Quiz by Kara Hauber, updated more than 1 year ago
Kara Hauber
Created by Kara Hauber over 5 years ago
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Description

Unit 3 Dual Credit Biology pretest

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
What are the four tenets of the cell theory?
Answer
  • Every living organism consists of one or more cells
  • Cells arise spontaneously from abiotic factors.
  • All living cells arise by division of preexisting cells.
  • The cell is the smallest unit of life.
  • Cells pass genetic information to their offspring when they divide.
  • Atoms contain cells so they are considered biotic.

Question 2

Question
Cellular membranes are made up of which type of molecule?
Answer
  • Proteins
  • Nucleic Acids
  • Phospholipids
  • Enzymes

Question 3

Question
Most cells are very small because their cell size is limited by the surface-to-volume ratio.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 4

Question
What type of microscopy image is shown?
Answer
  • TEM
  • SEM
  • Light Microscopy

Question 5

Question
What type of microscopy image is shown?
Answer
  • TEM
  • SEM
  • Light Microscopy

Question 6

Question
What type of microscopy image is shown?
Answer
  • TEM
  • SEM
  • Light Microscopy

Question 7

Question
Cell membranes are called a fluid mosaic because... (check all that apply
Answer
  • They are made of many different types of molecules
  • They are a liquid
  • They have a fluid like motion
  • They are multi-tiled

Question 8

Question
Semi-permeable means that any material can pass into and out of a cell.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 9

Question
Which type of cell lacks a nucleus?
Answer
  • Prokaryotic cell
  • Eukaryotic cell

Question 10

Question
If you found a cell that was very small what type of cell would you expect it to be? Would you expect it to have a nucleus?
Answer
  • Prokaryote; Yes
  • Prokaryote; No
  • Eukaryote; Yes
  • Eukaryote; No

Question 11

Question
What is an organelle?
Answer
  • Small compartments that carries out the cells metabolic functions
  • Small organs that give the cell energy
  • Small compartments that can eliminate wastes from a cell

Question 12

Question
#7 label on the cell is....
Answer
  • Vesicle
  • Nucleus
  • Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
  • Golgi Apparatus
  • Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
  • Nucleolus

Question 13

Question
#3 label on the cell is....
Answer
  • Nucleus
  • Golgi Apparatus
  • Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
  • Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
  • Vesicle
  • Nucleolus

Question 14

Question
#5 label on the cell is....
Answer
  • Golgi Apparatus
  • Nucleus
  • Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
  • Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
  • Vesicle
  • Nucleolus

Question 15

Question
The net movement of molecules or ions into an adjoining region where they are not as concentrated.
Answer
  • Gradient
  • Concentration
  • Diffusion

Question 16

Question
The gradual change in the concentration of solutes between two regions.
Answer
  • Gradient
  • Concentration
  • Diffusion

Question 17

Question
A dissolved substance
Answer
  • Solute
  • Solvent
  • Concentration

Question 18

Question
When the substance’s concentration is uniform through all regions.
Answer
  • Diffusion
  • Equilibrium
  • Gradient

Question 19

Question
Liquid that can dissolve other substances
Answer
  • Solute
  • Solvent
  • Concentration

Question 20

Question
Amount of solute in a given amount of solvent
Answer
  • Concentration
  • Gradient
  • Solution

Question 21

Question
If an amoeba (uni-cellular, no cell wall, typically found in ponds) was placed in ocean water, what might happen to it?
Answer
  • Swell
  • Shrink

Question 22

Question
If you placed red blood cells in distilled water, what might happen to them?
Answer
  • Swell
  • Shrink

Question 23

Question
How could you use osmosis to revive some droopy carrot sticks?
Answer
  • Repot them in fresh soil
  • Water them
  • Fertilize them with salt

Question 24

Question
Passive transport requires the use of ATP to move things from low concentrations to high concentrations.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 25

Question
Active Transport requires the use of ATP in order to move ions ______________ the concentration gradient.
Answer
  • down
  • against

Question 26

Question
The calcium and the sodium-potassium pumps are examples of...
Answer
  • Facilitated diffusion
  • Osmosis
  • Active Trasnport
  • Passive Transport

Question 27

Question
#1 label is the...... structure
Answer
  • Nucleus
  • Chloroplast
  • Cell Wall
  • Central vacuole
  • Vesicle

Question 28

Question
#4 label is the ........ structure
Answer
  • Nucleus
  • Cell Wall
  • Chloroplast
  • Central Vacuole
  • Vesicle

Question 29

Question
Label the microscope: #1
Answer
  • Arm
  • Ocular lens
  • Objective lens
  • Diaphragm

Question 30

Question
Label the microscope: #9
Answer
  • Condensor
  • Ocular lens
  • Nosepiece
  • Stage
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