Western Civilization-Final Exam Study Guide

Miranda Murphy
Quiz by Miranda Murphy, updated more than 1 year ago
Miranda Murphy
Created by Miranda Murphy almost 6 years ago
30
1

Description

The Black Death and Social Crisis Decline of the Church and the Great Schism Renaissance The Reformation The Counter-Reformation Age of Exploration War and Chaos-The Thirty Years War and its consequences Louis XIV and the Age of Absolutism The English Experience- Constitutional Monarchy

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
What century was labeled as the Age of Adversity? [blank_start]14th Century[blank_end]
Answer
  • 14th Century

Question 2

Question
What were the years of the Great Famine? [blank_start]1314-1322[blank_end]
Answer
  • 1314-1322

Question 3

Question
During the Great Famine, what percent of the population died and what were they typically? [blank_start]10% and Malnourished[blank_end]
Answer
  • 10% and Malnourished

Question 4

Question
What was another name for the Bubonic Plague? [blank_start]Black Death[blank_end]
Answer
  • Black Death

Question 5

Question
What were the years of the Bubonic Plague? [blank_start]1347-1350[blank_end]
Answer
  • 1347-1350

Question 6

Question
What were the repercussions of the Black Death? [blank_start]years of terrible harvest and less food[blank_end]
Answer
  • years of terrible harvest and less food

Question 7

Question
Where did the Black Plague come from and how much of the population did it kill? [blank_start]1/3 and Asia[blank_end]
Answer
  • 1/3 and Asia

Question 8

Question
What does the black Plague do to society in Europe? [blank_start]Shapes thoughts, morals, politics.[blank_end]
Answer
  • Shapes thoughts, morals, politics.

Question 9

Question
What was fought by France and England lasted from 1337 to 1453? [blank_start]Hundred Years war[blank_end]
Answer
  • Hundred Years war

Question 10

Question
Who was the English Reformer who attacked the Papacy an advocated translating the Bible into vernacular in the 1300's? [blank_start]John Wycliffe[blank_end]
Answer
  • John Wycliffe

Question 11

Question
Who was the Czech reformer later burned at the Stake? [blank_start]Jan Hus[blank_end]
Answer
  • Jan Hus

Question 12

Question
What is the name of the French Peasant revolt that occurred in 1358? [blank_start]Jacquerie[blank_end]
Answer
  • Jacquerie

Question 13

Question
Who invented the Printing Press? [blank_start]Johannes Gutenberg[blank_end]
Answer
  • Johannes Gutenberg

Question 14

Question
Which English Kings desire for a divorce from his first wife(he later had 5 more) sparked the English reformation? [blank_start]Henry VIII[blank_end]
Answer
  • Henry VIII

Question 15

Question
Lorenzo Valla used his extensive knowledge of Latin to demonstrate that which document was a forgery? [blank_start]Donation of Constantine[blank_end]
Answer
  • Donation of Constantine

Question 16

Question
Which protestant reformer nailed his 95 theses to the door of the Wittenburg church in 1517? [blank_start]Martin Luther[blank_end]
Answer
  • Martin Luther

Question 17

Question
What do we call the disease that decimated the European population from 1347-1351? [blank_start]Bubonic Plague[blank_end] [blank_start]Black Death[blank_end]
Answer
  • Bubonic Plague
  • Black Death

Question 18

Question
Which Protestant reformer wrote the Institutes of the Christian Religion in 1536? [blank_start]John Calvin[blank_end]
Answer
  • John Calvin

Question 19

Question
Who is often referred to as the "Father of Humanism"? [blank_start]Petrarch[blank_end]
Answer
  • Petrarch

Question 20

Question
What did the people think the Jews were doing to the wells during the times of Bubonic Plague? [blank_start]Poisoning them[blank_end]
Answer
  • Poisoning them

Question 21

Question
The Defenestration of Prague set off which international religious war? [blank_start]Thirty Years' War[blank_end]
Answer
  • Thirty Years' War

Question 22

Question
Which French king exemplifies Absolutism? [blank_start]Louis XIV[blank_end]
Answer
  • Louis XIV

Question 23

Question
Which Spanish conquistador was responsible for the destruction and subjugation of the Aztec empire? [blank_start]Hernan Cortez[blank_end]
Answer
  • Hernan Cortez

Question 24

Question
Which palace, built by Louis XIV is a symbol of absolutism? [blank_start]Palace of Versailles[blank_end]
Answer
  • Palace of Versailles

Question 25

Question
What is the name of the French Peasant Revolt? [blank_start]Jacquerie[blank_end]
Answer
  • Jacquerie

Question 26

Question
What was the French Peasant revolt? [blank_start]rise up against land lords over 20k died[blank_end]
Answer
  • rise up against land lords over 20k died

Question 27

Question
When was the English Peasant Revolt? [blank_start]1381[blank_end]
Answer
  • 1381

Question 28

Question
Who led the English Peasant revolt? [blank_start]Walt Tyler and John Ball[blank_end]
Answer
  • Walt Tyler and John Ball

Question 29

Question
What kind of message did the English Peasant Revolt teach? [blank_start]Equality[blank_end]
Answer
  • Equality

Question 30

Question
Why did the Peasants start revolting? [blank_start]Ks wanted peasants treated poorly again[blank_end]
Answer
  • Ks wanted peasants treated poorly again

Question 31

Question
What were the years of the Hundred Years' War? [blank_start]1337-1453[blank_end]
Answer
  • 1337-1453

Question 32

Question
What does the Hundred Years' War contain? [blank_start]Black Death and Peasant Revolts[blank_end]
Answer
  • Black Death and Peasant Revolts

Question 33

Question
What was the problem between in the Hundred Years War?
Answer
  • War Between England and France
  • War between Egypt and France
  • Norway and England

Question 34

Question
What was the conflict in the Hundred Years' War?
Answer
  • Charles 1st dies without an heir.
  • Closest Heir of king is the King of England
  • French Nobility create the Salic Law not allowing a king to rule over two places.

Question 35

Question
Who declares war on England? [blank_start]Edward III[blank_end]
Answer
  • Edward III

Question 36

Question
What adds to the decline of the Church?
Answer
  • Popes asserting the doctrine of papal supremacy
  • Popes dont assert any power leading to mass chaos.

Question 37

Question
What years did Boniface VII rule? [blank_start]1294-1303[blank_end]
Answer
  • 1294-1303

Question 38

Question
Who was the head of Christendom? [blank_start]Boniface VII[blank_end]
Answer
  • Boniface VII

Question 39

Question
What was the conflict between Boniface VII and the French King Phillip IV over?
Answer
  • Indulgences
  • Right to tax church land,
  • clergy
  • punish bishops who disobey the law
  • Food Supply
  • Money to church

Question 40

Question
Who threatened to excommunicate Phillip IV in 1303? [blank_start]Boniface VII[blank_end]
Answer
  • Boniface VII

Question 41

Question
How does Pope Boniface VII die?
Answer
  • Natural Death
  • King Phillip defeats him
  • Clergy poisons him

Question 42

Question
Who were the two popes that were elected favorable of? [blank_start]Phillip IV[blank_end]
Answer
  • Phillip IV

Question 43

Question
What were the years of the Babylonian Captivity? [blank_start]1309-1377[blank_end]
Answer
  • 1309-1377

Question 44

Question
Where does the Papacy move to from Rome? [blank_start]Avignon[blank_end]
Answer
  • Avignon

Question 45

Question
What were the consequences of the Babylonian Captivity?
Answer
  • Popes favor England
  • Popes favor French Monarchy
  • Seen as worldly tools

Question 46

Question
Do the Popes gain influence or lose influence during the Babylonian Captivity?
Answer
  • Gain
  • Lose

Question 47

Question
What does Marsillius of Padua argue?
Answer
  • Popes should have all power, immortal and worldly
  • Pope has spiritual authority but shouldnt have earthly power.

Question 48

Question
What were the years of the Great Schism? [blank_start]1378-1417[blank_end]
Answer
  • 1378-1417

Question 49

Question
What was the Conciliar Movement? [blank_start]attempt to limit power of pope[blank_end]
Answer
  • attempt to limit power of pope

Question 50

Question
In what year did the Pope deem the Conciliar Movement heretical? [blank_start]1460[blank_end]
Answer
  • 1460

Question 51

Question
What did John Wycliffe advocate? [blank_start]personal relationship with God[blank_end]
Answer
  • personal relationship with God

Question 52

Question
What did John Wycliffe argue? [blank_start]Bible is ultimate authority, not Pope[blank_end]
Answer
  • Bible is ultimate authority, not Pope

Question 53

Question
What was the DOB AND DOD of John Wycliffe? [blank_start]1320-1384[blank_end]
Answer
  • 1320-1384

Question 54

Question
How did John Wycliffe die?
Answer
  • In war
  • Peacefully, as a heretic
  • Burnt at the Stake

Question 55

Question
Who was Jan Hus?
Answer
  • reformer from Bohemioa-Wycliffe's ideas
  • part of western migration
  • reformer from egypt supporting Wycliffe

Question 56

Question
How did Jan Hus die?
Answer
  • Burnt at stake as heretic
  • in war
  • died peacefully at home as a heretic

Question 57

Question
What was the DOD and DOB of Jan Hus? [blank_start]1369-1415[blank_end]
Answer
  • 1369-1415

Question 58

Question
What were the years of the rebirth of the Renaissance? [blank_start]1350-1600[blank_end]
Answer
  • 1350-1600

Question 59

Question
Where did the Renaissance begin? [blank_start]Italy[blank_end]
Answer
  • Italy

Question 60

Question
What are some facts about the rebirth of the renaissance?
Answer
  • focused on medeval worldview
  • Product of italian city states
  • originated in egypt
  • republican tradition focusing more on talent and ability
  • Rulers are elected based on talent and ability

Question 61

Question
What was an idea of Renaissance?
Answer
  • Humanism
  • aristocracy
  • Self-Indulgence

Question 62

Question
What was humanism? [blank_start]Dignity and excellence of man[blank_end]
Answer
  • Dignity and excellence of man

Question 63

Question
Who was the father of Humanism?
Answer
  • Aristotle
  • Petrarch
  • King James III

Question 64

Question
Who was Petrarch
Answer
  • Father of Humanism
  • Italian Poet
  • English Writer

Question 65

Question
What was Petrarchs DOD and DOB? [blank_start]1304-1374[blank_end]
Answer
  • 1304-1374

Question 66

Question
What is the donation of Constantine?
Answer
  • document stating Constantine grants temporal power to worldly Pope
  • selling Constantine land

Question 67

Question
What did the Popes use to claim they had power over the Western Empire? [blank_start]Donation of Constantine[blank_end]
Answer
  • Donation of Constantine

Question 68

Question
Who is Lorenzo Valla? [blank_start]renaissance humanist educated in latin[blank_end]
Answer
  • renaissance humanist educated in latin

Question 69

Question
Why was the Donation of Constantine proved false?
Answer
  • It had errors and misspellings
  • the words used didnt fit into the time frame, according to Lorenzo Valla.

Question 70

Question
Who created the School of Athens and when? [blank_start]Raphael and 1509-1511[blank_end]
Answer
  • Raphael and 1509-1511

Question 71

Question
Who invented the Printing Press? [blank_start]Johannes Gutenberg[blank_end]
Answer
  • Johannes Gutenberg

Question 72

Question
When did Johannes Gutenberg invent the printing press?
Answer
  • 1414
  • 1452
  • 1453

Question 73

Question
What is the DOB and DOD of Ulrich Zwingli? [blank_start]1484-1531[blank_end]
Answer
  • 1484-1531

Question 74

Question
Who is John Calvin? [blank_start]grew international Protestantism[blank_end]
Answer
  • grew international Protestantism

Question 75

Question
What is the DOB and DOD of John Calvin? [blank_start]1509-1564[blank_end]
Answer
  • 1509-1564

Question 76

Question
What did John Calvin do? [blank_start]shaped luthers revolt and fled to Geneva[blank_end]
Answer
  • shaped luthers revolt and fled to Geneva

Question 77

Question
Why does Henry VIII force the English Parliament to pass an act denying the popes authority in 1533? [blank_start]Henry VIII wants a divorce.[blank_end]
Answer
  • Henry VIII wants a divorce.

Question 78

Question
What does the Parliament pass in 1534?[blank_start]declared king the supreme head of church[blank_end]
Answer
  • declared king the supreme head of church

Question 79

Question
What is Erasmus of Rotterdam interested in? [blank_start]going back to original sources.[blank_end]
Answer
  • going back to original sources.

Question 80

Question
What was the DOB and DOD of Martin Luther? [blank_start]1483-1546[blank_end]
Answer
  • 1483-1546

Question 81

Question
Who was Marin Luther? [blank_start]Monk and professor of theology[blank_end]
Answer
  • Monk and professor of theology

Question 82

Question
What does Martin Luther believe about salvation? [blank_start]Faith alone is necessary for salvation[blank_end]
Answer
  • Faith alone is necessary for salvation

Question 83

Question
What is the lutheran Revolt? [blank_start]public criticism of indulgences[blank_end]
Answer
  • public criticism of indulgences

Question 84

Question
When does Martin Luther nail his 95 theses to the Wittenburg Church door? [blank_start]October 31, 1517[blank_end]
Answer
  • October 31, 1517

Question 85

Question
When does Luther break away from the church? [blank_start]1520[blank_end]
Answer
  • 1520

Question 86

Question
What does the Catholic church do in regards to Luthers ideas? [blank_start]attacks them[blank_end]
Answer
  • attacks them

Question 87

Question
What does Martin Luther do in 1519 after being accused of heresy? [blank_start]debates yohan ek[blank_end]
Answer
  • debates yohan ek

Question 88

Question
What did the Pope do to Martin Luther in 1520? [blank_start]Excommunicates him[blank_end]
Answer
  • Excommunicates him

Question 89

Question
What happened in 1492?
Answer
  • muslim attack on iberian penninsula
  • Spanish Kingdoms defeat Granada

Question 90

Question
What did Prince Henry the Navigator lead? [blank_start]Portugese Explorations[blank_end]
Answer
  • Portugese Explorations

Question 91

Question
What are the years of Prince Henry the Navigators life? [blank_start]1394-1460[blank_end]
Answer
  • 1394-1460

Question 92

Question
Who rounded the Cape of Good Hope in 1488? [blank_start]Bartolomeu Dias[blank_end]
Answer
  • Bartolomeu Dias

Question 93

Question
What does Vasco de Gama do in 1498? [blank_start]sails to India[blank_end]
Answer
  • sails to India

Question 94

Question
Who led the Spanish Exploration? [blank_start]Christopher Columbus[blank_end]
Answer
  • Christopher Columbus

Question 95

Question
Who discovers the Caribbean Islands in 1492? [blank_start]Christopher Columbus[blank_end]
Answer
  • Christopher Columbus

Question 96

Question
What did Ferdinand Magellan do in 1520-1522? [blank_start]Circumnavigated the world[blank_end]
Answer
  • Circumnavigated the world

Question 97

Question
Who conquered the Aztec Empire in 1519?
Answer
  • Christopher Columbus
  • Hernan Cortes
  • Francisco Pizarro

Question 98

Question
What did Francisco Pizarro do in 1530? [blank_start]Conquered the Incan Empire in S. America[blank_end]
Answer
  • Conquered the Incan Empire in S. America

Question 99

Question
What did Hernan Cortes do in 1519-1521? [blank_start]sails from cuba to mexico w 600 soldiers[blank_end]
Answer
  • sails from cuba to mexico w 600 soldiers

Question 100

Question
How were the Spanish Explorations different from the Portugese Explorations? [blank_start]established trading posts, guns, disease[blank_end]s
Answer
  • established trading posts, guns, disease

Question 101

Question
Name the four diseases brought along through the Spanish Exploration [blank_start]Small Pox, Typhus, Measles, Plague[blank_end]
Answer
  • Small Pox, Typhus, Measles, Plague

Question 102

Question
What were the years of the Atlantic Slave trade? [blank_start]1701-1810[blank_end]
Answer
  • 1701-1810

Question 103

Question
What were the routes of the Atlantic Slave trade? [blank_start]Africa to North/South/Middle America[blank_end]
Answer
  • Africa to North/South/Middle America

Question 104

Question
What does the Columbian Exchange contribute to? [blank_start]Population and European Economy[blank_end]
Answer
  • Population and European Economy

Question 105

Question
What happens to Europe following the Reformation? [blank_start]complex political system[blank_end]
Answer
  • complex political system

Question 106

Question
What years embodied the spread of Lutheranism? [blank_start]1520-1540[blank_end]
Answer
  • 1520-1540

Question 107

Question
Following the Reformation there were religious divisions in Germany and Europe.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 108

Question
The Peace of Augsburg states that the religion of the Prince would be the states religion [blank_start]yes[blank_end]
Answer
  • yes

Question 109

Question
How does the Catholic Church attempt to halt the Protestant Reformation? [blank_start]more organizations, schools, colleges[blank_end]
Answer
  • more organizations, schools, colleges

Question 110

Question
What are the members of the Society of Jesus called? [blank_start]Jesuits[blank_end]
Answer
  • Jesuits

Question 111

Question
When was the Council of Trent? [blank_start]1545-1563[blank_end]
Answer
  • 1545-1563

Question 112

Question
What council was called to clarify and define the church doctrine? [blank_start]Council of Trent[blank_end]
Answer
  • Council of Trent

Question 113

Question
The Council of Trent went through the doctrines of the Reformation and articulated each idea.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 114

Question
In what year did the conflicts between Protestant and Catholic erupt? [blank_start]1562[blank_end]
Answer
  • 1562

Question 115

Question
What is the St.Bartholomew's day massacre?
Answer
  • one man shooting and taking over Europe and the throne
  • Marriage of a leading catholic princess to a protestant leader where Catholics kill all the people gathered
  • Marriage of a leading protestant princess to a catholic leader where protestants kill all the people gathered

Question 116

Question
What is it called when King Henry IIII France allows protestant to hold religious services, schools in certain areas? [blank_start]Edict of Nantes 1598[blank_end]
Answer
  • Edict of Nantes 1598

Question 117

Question
What were the years of the Thirty Years' War? [blank_start]1618-1648[blank_end]
Answer
  • 1618-1648

Question 118

Question
When Ferdinand becomes the King of Bohemia he reimposes Catholicism into the Kingdom of Bohemia which starts the Thirty Years' War.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 119

Question
What do all the countries sign in 1648 to end the Thirty Years' War? [blank_start]Peace of Westphalia[blank_end]
Answer
  • Peace of Westphalia

Question 120

Question
What was the most Prominent system of government in Europe?
Answer
  • Limited Monarchy
  • Representative Government
  • Absolutism

Question 121

Question
What is absolutism?
Answer
  • a system of government in which monarchs asserted their dominance or sovereignty over the state
  • a form of government where all people have their own voice to represent the public
  • the king asks his council for help when needed.

Question 122

Question
What did Thomas Hobbes write? [blank_start]leviathan[blank_end]
Answer
  • leviathan

Question 123

Question
What was Thomas Hobbes DOB AND DOD? [blank_start]1588-1679[blank_end]
Answer
  • 1588-1679

Question 124

Question
Who believed that whoever didnt obey the Pope is condemned and is against the public peace? [blank_start]Jacques Bossuet[blank_end]
Answer
  • Jacques Bossuet

Question 125

Question
Who wrote the Divine Right of Kings? [blank_start]Jaques Bossuet[blank_end]
Answer
  • Jaques Bossuet

Question 126

Question
What was the DOD and DOB of King Louis XIV of France? [blank_start]1643-1715[blank_end]
Answer
  • 1643-1715

Question 127

Question
Who constructed the Palace of Versailles? [blank_start]King Louis XIV[blank_end]
Answer
  • King Louis XIV

Question 128

Question
Who was James I? [blank_start]King of England and Scotland[blank_end]
Answer
  • King of England and Scotland

Question 129

Question
Who advocated the divine right of the monarchy? [blank_start]King James I[blank_end]
Answer
  • King James I

Question 130

Question
What is the DOB and DOD of King James I? [blank_start]1603-1625[blank_end]
Answer
  • 1603-1625

Question 131

Question
Who attempted to raise taxes without Parliaments permission? [blank_start]Charles I[blank_end]
Answer
  • Charles I

Question 132

Question
What was Charles I time of rule? [blank_start]1625-1649[blank_end]
Answer
  • 1625-1649

Question 133

Question
When was the English Civil War? [blank_start]1640-1649[blank_end]
Answer
  • 1640-1649

Question 134

Question
What two groups fought during the English Civil War? [blank_start]Roundheads and Cavaliers[blank_end]
Answer
  • Roundheads and Cavaliers

Question 135

Question
When was Charles I executed? [blank_start]1649[blank_end]
Answer
  • 1649

Question 136

Question
What were the years of the Interregnum? [blank_start]1649-1660[blank_end]
Answer
  • 1649-1660

Question 137

Question
What was it called when England didn't have a King and was ruled by Parliament? [blank_start]Interregnum[blank_end]
Answer
  • Interregnum

Question 138

Question
Who was Oliver Cromwell? [blank_start]Lord Protector of England[blank_end]
Answer
  • Lord Protector of England

Question 139

Question
When did Charles II take the throne of England? [blank_start]1660[blank_end]
Answer
  • 1660

Question 140

Question
Who was elected King of England in 1685? [blank_start]James II[blank_end]
Answer
  • James II

Question 141

Question
How long was King James II the king of England? [blank_start]3 years[blank_end]
Answer
  • 3 years

Question 142

Question
What did James II try to do when appointed? [blank_start]attempts to provide catholic toleration[blank_end]
Answer
  • attempts to provide catholic toleration

Question 143

Question
When does William of Orange invade England? [blank_start]1688[blank_end]
Answer
  • 1688

Question 144

Question
When does the English Declaration of Rights come about? [blank_start]Glorious Revolution[blank_end]
Answer
  • Glorious Revolution

Question 145

Question
Where did the Renaissance begin? [blank_start]Italy[blank_end]
Answer
  • Italy

Question 146

Question
Which city became the city for International Protestantism? [blank_start]Geneva[blank_end]
Answer
  • Geneva

Question 147

Question
What did the Council of Trent do? [blank_start]Ended Babylonian Captivity[blank_end]
Answer
  • Ended Babylonian Captivity

Question 148

Question
Who was a renaissance painter? [blank_start]Michelangelo[blank_end]
Answer
  • Michelangelo

Question 149

Question
Catholic King of England in 1688? [blank_start]King James II[blank_end]
Answer
  • King James II

Question 150

Question
Who was the king of Absolutism and where did it originate? [blank_start]Louis XIV and France[blank_end]
Answer
  • Louis XIV and France
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