Personality Theories

Jessica Handley
Quiz by Jessica Handley, updated more than 1 year ago
Jessica Handley
Created by Jessica Handley about 5 years ago
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Description

universitaty Anthrozoo (Personality) Quiz on Personality Theories, created by Jessica Handley on 01/04/2016.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Who defined personality as "Those relatively stable and enduring aspects of the individual which distinguish him from other people and at the same time, form the basis for our predictions concerning his future behaviour"
Answer
  • Wright et al 1970
  • Gross 1991
  • Wright et al 1981
  • Gross 1970

Question 2

Question
Who defined personality as "Relatively stable and enduring aspects of an individual which distinguishes them from other people making them unique, but which at the same time permits a comparison between individuals"
Answer
  • Wright et al 1970
  • Gross 1991
  • Wright et al 1981
  • Gross 1970

Question 3

Question
What theory was based on that personality was made up of the big 5
Answer
  • Psyche Apparatus
  • Trait Theory
  • Hardy Personality

Question 4

Question
What are the big five
Answer
  • Agreeableness
  • Secondary
  • Stable/Unstable
  • Conscientiousness
  • Extroversion
  • Primary
  • ID
  • Emotional Stabilty
  • Ego
  • Openness

Question 5

Question
The original founders of the trait theory was Allport & Odbery in 1936 and had 3 dispositions altruism central and secondary
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 6

Question
Who Reduced the clusters down to two main sets in 1963
Answer
  • Allport & Odbert
  • McCrae & Costa
  • Cattell
  • Eysenck

Question 7

Question
The two main sets Eysenck reduced Allport & Odbert's work to was introversion/extroversion and stable/unstable
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 8

Question
Cattell statsically broke the groups down further in 1971
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 9

Question
The big 5 was created by who in 1976?
Answer
  • Costa & McCrae
  • Cattell
  • Allport & Odbert
  • Eysenck

Question 10

Question
[blank_start]Friedman[blank_end] & Rosenman in [blank_start]1974[blank_end] believed that people can be divided into [blank_start]two[blank_end] types, these types will differ in [blank_start]behavioural patterns[blank_end]. Type [blank_start]A[blank_end] are [blank_start]highly[blank_end] motivated, restless, overly alert, competitive, don't have enough time to get everything done, seek admiration and are more likely to suffer from high [blank_start]blood pressure[blank_end] and other [blank_start]stress related[blank_end] disorders. Type [blank_start]B[blank_end] are just as ambitious as type [blank_start]a[blank_end] but doesn't let that ambition dominate their time and will [blank_start]make time for people[blank_end] and are [blank_start]less[blank_end] competitive.
Answer
  • Friedman
  • 1974
  • behavioural patterns
  • two
  • A
  • highly
  • blood pressure
  • stress related
  • B
  • a
  • make time for people
  • less

Question 11

Question
According to Kocasa in 1979, those people with a hardy personality will experience high stress levels but have low illness, this refers to them having more control in their lives and welcomes change as a challenge
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 12

Question
What theory does this image represent and who came up with it in what year?
Answer
  • Trait Theory
  • Psyche Apparatus
  • Freud
  • McCrae & Costa
  • 1923
  • 1900
  • 1905

Question 13

Question
What are the three entities in the psyche apparatus
Answer
  • ID
  • Cordinal
  • Morality
  • Superego
  • Reality
  • Pleasure Principle
  • Ego

Question 14

Question
What are the two instincts in ID
Answer
  • Morality
  • Ero
  • Ego
  • Thanatos
  • Superego

Question 15

Question
Ero is also referred to the [blank_start]life instinct[blank_end] and is used to help an individual to survive. It is based on the activities that sustain life such as [blank_start]respiration[blank_end], eating, drinking and [blank_start]reproducing[blank_end]. The energy that it creates is called [blank_start]libido[blank_end].
Answer
  • life instinct
  • death instinct
  • emotions
  • respiration
  • reproducing
  • being moral
  • libido
  • hormones

Question 16

Question
Thanatos is also referred to as the [blank_start]death instinct[blank_end], it produces energy that is directed [blank_start]towards[blank_end] other people or species. This is a set of destructive forces that is [blank_start]present[blank_end] in all humans and can manifest itself via [blank_start]aggression[blank_end] and [blank_start]violence[blank_end].
Answer
  • death instinct
  • towards
  • present
  • aggression
  • violence

Question 17

Question
Ego is based on
Answer
  • Satisfying the ID needs in a moral way
  • Satisfying the ID needs in a safe and socially acceptable way

Question 18

Question
Superego is based on
Answer
  • satisfying the ID needs in a moral way
  • Satisfying the ID needs in a safe and socially acceptable way
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