Learning and Memory

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Quiz by up723339, updated more than 1 year ago
up723339
Created by up723339 about 4 years ago
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Degree Psychology (Biology) Quiz on Learning and Memory, created by up723339 on 01/21/2016.
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Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Which one of these basic definitions of learning, is NOT correct?
Answer
  • It is a behavioral experience associated with change
  • Knowledge acquired through study, experience or taught
  • It is where change allows some form of adaptation
  • The encoding of the learning experience

Question 2

Question
What are the 2 types of learning?
Answer
  • Disassociative learning and Associative learning
  • Associative learning and non-associative learning
  • None of the above

Question 3

Question
The task of a biological psychologist is to understand what in relation to learning and memory? (choose 3)
Answer
  • The psychology of this phenomena
  • The cardiology system
  • Brain regions involved
  • How it can be used for the destruction of the world
  • The cellular basis in terms of neurons and the connections between them

Question 4

Question
Which of these psychologists devised the theory on classical conditioning in 1927?
Answer
  • Freud
  • Skinner
  • Pavlov
  • Watson

Question 5

Question
Which psychologist developed the theory of Operant conditioning in 1938?
Answer
  • Pavlov
  • Watson
  • Skinner
  • Freud

Question 6

Question
Which one of these answers is NOT a function of associative and non-associative learning?
Answer
  • Offers an adaptive advantage
  • Allows organisms to respond to the environment
  • Develop efficient responses to positive stimuli
  • Develop efficient avoidance of negative stimuli
  • Allows people to develop their offspring into whoever they want

Question 7

Question
According to Pavlov, classical conditioning resulted in a strengthened connection between which two areas of the brain?
Answer
  • The CS (conditioned stimulus)
  • The Amygdala
  • The UCS (unconditioned stimulus)
  • None of the above

Question 8

Question
An Engram is (by hypothetical means) an area where memory traces are stored.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 9

Question
Frank Skinner made multiple deep cuts in the rats brain to try and find the engram.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 10

Question
Equipotentiality is when:
Answer
  • all parts of the cortex contribute equally to complex behaviours
  • when the cortex works as a whole
  • when the cortex reaches its full potential

Question 11

Question
Mass action is when:
Answer
  • There is impaired learning
  • The cortex works as a whole
  • All parts of the cortex contribute equally to complex behaviours

Question 12

Question
Modern searches for the Engram, Richard Thompson: Classical conditioning responses in the rabbit. Tone ([blank_start]CS[blank_end]) + Puff of air in the eye ([blank_start]UCS[blank_end]) --> Blink ([blank_start]UCR[blank_end]) Tone ([blank_start]CS[blank_end]) --> Blink ([blank_start]UCR[blank_end])
Answer
  • Conditioned stimulus
  • Unconditioned stimulus
  • Unconditioned response
  • Unconditioned stimulus
  • Conditioned response
  • Unconditioned response
  • Conditioned response
  • Unconditioned response
  • Conditioned stimulus
  • Conditioned response
  • Conditioned stimulus
  • Unconditioned response
  • Conditioned stimulus
  • Conditioned response
  • Unconditioned response
  • Conditioned response
  • Unconditioned stimulus
  • Unconditioned stimulus
  • Unconditioned stimulus
  • Conditioned stimulus

Question 13

Question
LIP stands for Lateral interpositus nucleus. Which is located in the cerebellum.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 14

Question
During a study, researchers found that when the LIP (lateral interpositus nucleus) was suppressed during conditioning, the rabbits in the study learned quicker.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 15

Question
Lateral interpositus nucleus (LIP) is:
Answer
  • An area for memory
  • An area of learning
  • An area of speech
  • An area for auditory response

Question 16

Question
Red Nucleus (midbrain structure which receives input from the cerebellum) is for:
Answer
  • An area of learning
  • A visual response
  • Performance of learned behaviour

Question 17

Question
Hebb (1949) suggested that the processes for immediate recall and past event recall were...
Answer
  • different
  • the same
  • quick
  • slow

Question 18

Question
Baddeley and Hitch (1974) introduced a new concept involving working memory. They said that working memory uses: (choose 3)
Answer
  • Stored information that is still in use
  • Information which is still relevant
  • Information which is irrelevant
  • Information crucial for complex cognitive activities

Question 19

Question
The pre-frontal cortex is involved with complex and executive cognitive functions
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 20

Question
Which of these change at a cellular level during learning? (choose 2)
Answer
  • Concentration levels
  • Habituation
  • Sensitization
  • Physical levels

Question 21

Question
Hebb (1949) proposed that 'The Hebbian Synapse' is when...
Answer
  • Simultaneous activity in the pre-synaptic and post-synaptic DECREASE the effectiveness of each action potential
  • Simultaneous activity in the pre-synaptic and post-synaptic INCREASE the effectiveness of each action potential
  • None of the above

Question 22

Question
LTP is short for what in regards to the cellular level?
Answer
  • Long term potency
  • Long time potential
  • Load the pony
  • Long term potentiation

Question 23

Question
LTD stands for long term dendrites
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 24

Question
[blank_start]Anterograde[blank_end] Amnesia is the loss of memory for events that happened [blank_start]after[blank_end] the brain damage [blank_start]Retrograde[blank_end] Amnesia is the loss of memory for events that happened a [blank_start]few years[blank_end] [blank_start]before[blank_end] brain damage
Answer
  • Anterograde
  • Retrograde
  • after
  • few years
  • before

Question 25

Question
Intact procedural memory is when there is an impaired ability to state memory in words - conscious memory.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 26

Question
Poor declarative memory is the impaired ability to state memory in words, conscious memory.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 27

Question
Which specialisations is a main role for the hippocampus? (choose 3)
Answer
  • Spatial memories
  • Processing auditory sounds
  • Configural learning
  • Declarative explicit memories
  • Processing visual images

Question 28

Question
Drag and drop the correct brain part to the function
Answer
  • Amygdala
  • Cortex
  • Hippocampus

Question 29

Question
Which of these are main causes for Korsakoff's syndrome? (Choose 3)
Answer
  • Thiamin (vitamin B1) deficiency
  • Calcium deficiency
  • Drinking alcohol for long periods of time without eating
  • Head injuries from falls
  • Depression

Question 30

Question
Alzheimer's disease is caused by a protein called:
Answer
  • Keratin
  • Oxytocin
  • Amyloid
  • Collagen
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