AQA A2 English Language (B)- Child language acquisition and language change

Bethany.
Quiz by Bethany., updated more than 1 year ago
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Question 1

Question
In the stages of phonological development, which of the stages are at 12-18 months approximately?
Answer
  • Vegetative
  • Cooing
  • Babbling
  • Proto-words
  • Holophrastic
  • Two word
  • Telegraphic
  • Post-telegraphic

Question 2

Question
During what stage do children of different nationalities sound different?
Answer
  • Vegetative
  • Cooing
  • Babbling
  • Holophrastic
  • Two word
  • Telegraphic
  • Post-telegraphic

Question 3

Question
In the stages of phonological development, which of the stages are at 12-18 months approximately?
Answer
  • Vegetative
  • Cooing
  • Babbling
  • Proto-words
  • Holophrastic
  • Two word
  • Telegraphic
  • Post-telegraphic

Question 4

Question
The consonants 'm' and 'n' are what type of sound?
Answer
  • Nasals
  • Laterals
  • Plosives
  • Fricatives
  • Affricatives
  • Approximants

Question 5

Question
What are the types of phonological errors?
Answer
  • Substitution
  • Overextension
  • Deletion
  • Cluster reduction
  • Virtuous errors and overgeneralisations
  • Addition
  • Assimilation
  • Reduplification
  • Proto

Question 6

Question
Skinner believed there was an innate mechanism known as the LAD.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 7

Question
What are the problems of the LAD?
Answer
  • All children gain the same features at the same time.
  • Similar grammar is used throughout languages.
  • No location of the mechanism is found.
  • Underestimates the significance of Skinner's imitation theory.
  • It is based on anecdotal evidence.

Question 8

Question
Which of the following are contextual cues?
Answer
  • Intonation, stress and non-verbal communication.
  • Intonation, person's name and contextual cues.
  • Holophrases, stress and grammatical structures.
  • LADs, stress and non-verbal communication.

Question 9

Question
Name the types of holophrases.
Answer
  • Imperatives, exclamatives, intergratives and declaratives.
  • Exclamatives, telegraphic, naming and modifiers.
  • Interrogatives, declaratives, exclamatives and imperatives.
  • Declaratives, proto-word, actions and events.

Question 10

Question
Name the types of holophrases.
Answer
  • Imperatives, exclamatives, intergratives and declaratives.
  • Exclamatives, telegraphic, naming and modifiers.
  • Interrogatives, declaratives, exclamatives and imperatives.
  • Declaratives, proto-word, actions and events.

Question 11

Question
50%of first words were nouns.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 12

Question
What was the percentage of personal/social words?
Answer
  • 18%
  • 8%
  • 28%
  • 80%

Question 13

Question
Nouns are function words.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 14

Question
Calling a cat a dog is underextension.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 15

Question
Who said overextension is more common?
Answer
  • Eve Clark
  • Leslie Rescorla
  • Jean Aitchinson

Question 16

Question
What are the three stages of linking lexical and semantic development?
Answer
  • Labelling, packaging and network building.
  • Labelling, requesting and protesting.
  • Holophrase, two word and telegraphic.

Question 17

Question
Inflectional morphology is where new words are created through prefixes and suffixes.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 18

Question
How do you work out the mean letter utterance?
Answer
  • Add morphemes. This does not include bound morphemes.
  • Add morphemes. This includes bound morphemes.
  • Divide by the number of people.
  • Divide by the number of utterances.

Question 19

Question
Which of the following account for the morphemes developed in the post-telegraphic stage of morphological development?
Answer
  • Present tense progressive: -ing.
  • Determiners.
  • Quantifiers.
  • Plural: -s.
  • Possessive: 's
  • Past tense regular -ed.

Question 20

Question
Discovery learning is learning through doing as thought shapes language.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 21

Question
Adverbials are parts of the clause that can't be removed.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 22

Question
Wh- questions are more difficult to form than yes/no questions.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 23

Question
Aitchinson developed the stages of questions and negatives.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 24

Question
Jean Berko proved overgeneralisations occur through the Wug test.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 25

Question
Instrumental, regulatory, interactional, personal, representational, imaginative and heuristic were introduced by who?
Answer
  • Dore
  • Halliday

Question 26

Question
In play, young children often we use props/pivots, whereas, older children use their imagination.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 27

Question
Concrete operational is the stage where object permanence develops.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 28

Question
Name the features common in CDS.
Answer
  • Prosodic features, e.g. high pitch.
  • Wh- questions.
  • Repetition of sentence frames.
  • Short elliptical sentences.
  • Abstract nouns.
  • Few verbs/modifiers.

Question 29

Question
Why are animals used as characters in reading books?
Answer
  • They are not humans and they are boring.
  • Able to personify emotion, they are fun and subvert the stereotype.

Question 30

Question
What are the stages of Brumer's LASS in developing reading?
Answer
  • Gaining attention.
  • Sensorimotor.
  • Query.
  • Feedback
  • Labelling.
  • Practicing.
  • Heuristic.

Question 31

Question
What factors influence language change?
Answer
  • Volcanic eruptions.
  • Wars and invasions.
  • Migration, travel and globalisation.
  • Science and technology.
  • New inventions.
  • Social, cultural and ideological changes.
  • Shakespeare's hairstyle.

Question 32

Question
Diminutive suffix softens the meaning.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 33

Question
One of the ways that language changes is through adapting/reusing words, examples include:
Answer
  • Eponym
  • Grammatical conversion
  • Neologism/coinage
  • Affixiation
  • Proprietary names
  • Obsolete
  • Compound
  • Back formation
  • Blend

Question 34

Question
Amelioration is where language loses status and takes a more negative meaning.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 35

Question
Orthography is the study of punctuation.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 36

Question
ſ was replaced by the s in the 19th century.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 37

Question
When was Johnson's dictionary developed which was the most popular and important in the process of standardisation?
Answer
  • 1755
  • 1775
  • 1975
  • 1875
  • 1777

Question 38

Question
Jean Aitchinson believed in the 'crumbling castle view', the 'infectious disease assumption' and the 'damp spoon'.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 39

Question
What are the features that Jonathan Swift believed language was decaying as a result?
Answer
  • Contracted words
  • Shortening verbs
  • Monosyllabic verbs
  • Elongating verbs
  • Barbarism

Question 40

Question
Dr Johnson invented the first dictionary.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 41

Question
Why is language standardised?
Answer
  • Prescriptivists hate all language.
  • It gives language prestige.
  • It gives language a national identity.
  • It reintroduces Morse code.
  • It allows people of the same language to communicate effectively.
  • It prevents language being stolen.

Question 42

Question
Norman Fairclough brought forward the idea of informalisation.
Answer
  • True
  • False
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