The Heart Quiz

Cassandra Bilodeau
Quiz by , created over 3 years ago

Heart quiz

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Cassandra Bilodeau
Created by Cassandra Bilodeau over 3 years ago
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Question 1

Question
External features of the heart include
Answer
  • Ventricles
  • Auricles
  • Atria
  • Apex
  • Coronary sulcus
  • Interventricular sulcus
  • Valves
  • Vessels

Question 2

Question
Internal features of the heart include
Answer
  • Pericardium
  • Vessels
  • Ventricles
  • Atria
  • Valves
  • Apex
  • Coronary sulcus
  • Interventricular sulcus

Question 3

Question
Select the correct order of the heart wall's 3 layers from outside of the heart to inside of the heart
Answer
  • epicardium -> endocardium -> myocardium
  • myocardium -> epicardium -> endocardium
  • epicardium -> myocardium -> endocardium
  • endocardium -> myocardium -> epicardium
  • endocardium -> epicardiium -> myocardium

Question 4

Question
The right and left ventricles are receiving chambers that collect blood
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 5

Question
The ventricles are discharging chambers.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 6

Question
Select the characteristics of the right ventricle
Answer
  • wall is 3x thicker
  • crescent shaped cavity
  • less wall thickness
  • cavity is circular
  • low pressure pump
  • high pressure pump
  • pulmonary circuit
  • systemic circuit
  • squeezes blood against the opposite ventricle as pumping action
  • squeezes blood like fist and apex curls up

Question 7

Question
List the characteristics of the left ventricle
Answer
  • low pressure pump
  • high pressure pump
  • wall 3x thicker
  • circular cavity
  • crescent shaped cavity
  • squeezes blood like fist and apex curls up
  • squeezes blood against opposite ventricle
  • less wall thickness

Question 8

Question
The epicardium layer of the heart wall consists of [blank_start]epithelium[blank_end] and loose connective tissue. The myocardium layer of the heart wall consists of [blank_start]cardiac muscle[blank_end] and connective tissue. The endocardium layer of the heart wall consists of [blank_start]endothelium[blank_end] and loose connective tissue.
Answer
  • epithelium
  • cardiac muscle
  • endothelium

Question 9

Question
The atrioventricular (AV) valves or cuspid valves prevent backflow from the [blank_start]ventricles[blank_end] into the [blank_start]atria[blank_end].
Answer
  • ventricles
  • atria

Question 10

Question
Semilunar valves prevent backflow from [blank_start]arteries[blank_end] to [blank_start]ventricles[blank_end].
Answer
  • arteries
  • ventricles

Question 11

Question
The following relates to which valves: upon contraction, closed flaps are held in place by chordeae tendinae that are attached to papillary muscles.
Answer
  • semilunar valves
  • antrioventricular valves

Question 12

Question
The following relates to which valves: upon contraction, pressure increases, flattening the pockets and opening the valve.
Answer
  • semilunar valves
  • atrioventricular valves

Question 13

Question
Upon relaxation, AV valves [blank_start]open[blank_end] and back flow from vessels [blank_start]close[blank_end] semilunar valves.
Answer
  • open
  • close
  • close
  • open

Question 14

Question
The pathway of the heart begins at the superior and inferior vena cava, and continues to the [blank_start]right atrium[blank_end], [blank_start]tricuspid AV valve[blank_end], [blank_start]right ventricle[blank_end], [blank_start]pulmonary semilunar valve[blank_end], pulmonary trunk, [blank_start]pulmonary arteries[blank_end], lungs, [blank_start]pulmonary veins[blank_end], [blank_start]left atrium[blank_end], [blank_start]bicuspid AV valve[blank_end], [blank_start]left ventricle[blank_end], [blank_start]aortic semilunar valve[blank_end], [blank_start]aorta[blank_end], body and back to the vena cava.
Answer
  • right atrium
  • tricuspid AV valve
  • right ventricle
  • pulmonary semilunar valve
  • pulmonary arteries
  • pulmonary veins
  • left atrium
  • bicuspid AV valve
  • left ventricle
  • aortic semilunar valve
  • aorta

Question 15

Question
The pulmonary circuit involves the left side of the heart.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 16

Question
The systemic circuit involves the left side of the heart.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 17

Question
The coronary circuit is the shortest one in the body and supply the tissues of the heart.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 18

Question
The conducting system [blank_start]conducts[blank_end] the heart beat whereas the autonomic nervous system [blank_start]modifies[blank_end] it. The sympathetic nervous system [blank_start]accelerates[blank_end] the heart beat while the parasympathetic [blank_start]slows down[blank_end] the heart beat.
Answer
  • conducts
  • modifies
  • modifies
  • conducts
  • accelerates
  • slows down
  • slows down
  • accelerates

Question 19

Question
At the lungs, which exchange of gases occurs?
Answer
  • pulmonary arteries carry oxygen-poor blood and pulmonary veins pick up oxygen-rich blood
  • pulmonary arteries carry oxygen-rich blood and pulmonary veins pick up oxygen-poor blood

Question 20

Question
The [blank_start]medulla oblongata[blank_end] is the cardiac center for the autonomic nervous system.
Answer
  • medulla oblongata

Question 21

Question
The path of impulse of the contraction is [blank_start]SA node[blank_end], [blank_start]AV node[blank_end], [blank_start]AV bundle[blank_end], [blank_start]right and left bundle[blank_end], [blank_start]Purkinje fibers[blank_end].
Answer
  • Purkinje fibers
  • SA node
  • AV bundle
  • right and left bundle
  • AV node
  • AV node
  • SA node
  • Purkinje fibers
  • right and left bundle
  • AV bundle
  • right and left bundle
  • SA node
  • AV bundle
  • AV node
  • Purkinje fibers
  • right and left bundle
  • SA node
  • AV bundle
  • Purkinje fibers
  • AV node
  • AV bundle
  • SA node
  • right and left bundle
  • Purkinje fibers
  • AV node

Question 22

Question
An electrocardiogram (ECG) are the
Answer
  • electrical events that follow the contraction
  • electrical events that proceed the contraction
  • electrical events that occur at the same time as the contraction

Question 23

Question
The order of the electrical events of the ECG are
Answer
  • T wave, QRS complex, P wave
  • QRS complex, P wave, T wave
  • P wave, QRS complex, T wave
  • P wave, T wave, QRS complex

Question 24

Question
What occurs at the P wave?
Answer
  • ventricular repolarization
  • depolarization of the ventricles signal for contraction, and repolarization of the atria
  • depolarization of atrium
  • ventricular contraction

Question 25

Question
What occurs at the QRS complex?
Answer
  • ventricular repolarization
  • depolarization of the atrium
  • depolarization of the ventricles signal for contraction, repolarization of the atria
  • time for conduction from SA nodes to ventricles

Question 26

Question
What occurs at the T wave?
Answer
  • ventricular repolarization
  • depolarization of the atrium
  • depolarization of the ventricles signal for contraction, repolarization of the atria
  • ventricular contraction (depolarization thru repolarization of ventrices)

Question 27

Question
The QT interval in the ECG is ventricular contraction, ie depolarization and repolarization of the ventricles
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 28

Question
The PQ interval is the time for conduction from ventricles to SA nodes.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 29

Question
At systole, [blank_start]contraction[blank_end] occurs which includes isovolumetric ventricular [blank_start]contraction[blank_end] and ventricular [blank_start]ejection[blank_end].
Answer
  • contraction
  • relaxation
  • relaxation
  • contraction
  • ejection
  • relaxation

Question 30

Question
At diastole, [blank_start]relaxation[blank_end] occurs which includes isovolumetric ventricular [blank_start]relaxation[blank_end] and ventricular [blank_start]relaxation[blank_end].
Answer
  • relaxation
  • contraction
  • contraction
  • relaxation
  • relaxation
  • contraction

Question 31

Question
Blood flowing thru the heart is controlled by increasing and decreasing pressure reflecting contraction and relaxation.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 32

Question
Which event does the following describe?: QRS complex occurs, ventricles contract, atria relax, pressure rises in ventricles which causes the AV + semilunar valves close (2nd heart sound)
Answer
  • ventricular filling: late diastole
  • atrial systole
  • ventricular systole
  • isovolumetric relaxation and ventricular filling: early diastole

Question 33

Question
Which event does the following describe?: low pressure, blood flowing through atria and ventricles, AV valves open, semilunar valves are closed
Answer
  • ventricular filling: late diastole
  • atrial systole
  • ventricular systole
  • isovolumetric relaxation and ventricular filling: early diastole

Question 34

Question
Which event does the following describe?: P wave occurs at 70% filling, and atria contract, AV valves close (1st heart sound), semilunar valve is closed, at this point ventricles are at their largest volume (end diastolic volume)
Answer
  • ventricular filling: late diastole
  • atrial systole
  • ventricular systole
  • isovolumetric relaxation and ventricular filling: early diastole

Question 35

Question
Which event does the following describe?: semilunar valves are closed, AV valves are closed, ventricles begin to relax and pressure in ventricles drops; blood flows back against cusps of semilunar valves and forces them closed. Blood flows into the relaxed atria
Answer
  • ventricular filling: late diastole
  • atrial space
  • ventricular systole
  • isovolumetric relaxation and ventricular filling: early diastole

Question 36

Question
The first heart sound LUB occurs when
Answer
  • semilunar valves open
  • AV valves close
  • AV valves open
  • semilunar valves close

Question 37

Question
The second heart sound DUB occurs when
Answer
  • AV valves open
  • semilunar valves close
  • AV valves close
  • semilunar valves open

Question 38

Question
Murmurs occur when the two heart sounds are normal.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 39

Question
Stroke volume is calculated by ESV - EDV
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 40

Question
Cardiac output is calculated by SV x HR
Answer
  • True
  • False