0654 Transport in Animals Quiz

Jeffrey Piggott
Quiz by , created 10 months ago

Quiz for 0654 IGCSE Coordinated Sciences on Transport in Anaimals.

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Jeffrey Piggott
Created by Jeffrey Piggott 10 months ago
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Question 1

Question
Which substances are dissolved in human blood plasma?
Answer
  • A carbon dioxide, haemoglobin and glucose
  • B carbon dioxide, oxygen and haemoglobin
  • C glucose, hormones and urea
  • D oxygen, urea and starch

Question 2

Question
Which chamber of the heart has the thickest muscle wall?
Answer
  • A left atrium
  • B left ventricle
  • C right atrium
  • D right ventricle

Question 3

Question
The diagram shows the human heart and some of the blood vessels connected to it. Before blood in W reaches Z it must......
Answer
  • A gain glucose.
  • B give up heat to the skin.
  • C pass through capillaries.
  • D travel to the head.

Question 4

Question
Which blood vessel has a high carbon dioxide concentration, a low oxygen concentration and a high blood pressure?
Answer
  • A aorta
  • B pulmonary artery
  • C pulmonary vein
  • D renal artery

Question 5

Question
The diagram shows a section through the heart. Which part pumps blood to the aorta?
Answer
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

Question 6

Question
The diagram shows a section through a blood vessel in the leg. Which type of blood vessel is shown, and in which direction does the blood flow?
Answer
  • A Type of blood vessel: Artery; Direction of flow: P to Q.
  • B Type of blood vessel: Artery; Direction of flow: Q to P.
  • C Type of blood vessel: Vein; Direction of flow: P to Q.
  • D Type of blood vessel: Vein; Direction of flow: Q to P:.

Question 7

Question
Which statement is correct for most veins in the human body?
Answer
  • A They carry blood at high pressure.
  • B They have a pulse.
  • C They have valves.
  • D They take blood away from the heart.

Question 8

Question
The diagram shows a vertical section through a human heart. What are X and Y?
Answer
  • A X = left atrium; Y = right ventricle
  • B X = left ventricle; Y = right atrium
  • C X = right atrium; Y = left ventricle
  • D X = right ventricle; Y = left atrium

Question 9

Question
The diagrams show some components of the blood of a mammal. Which component causes the blood to start clotting?
Answer
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

Question 10

Question
The diagrams show four different stages in one heart beat. What is the correct order for the stages after stage P?
Answer
  • A Q → R → S
  • B R → Q → S
  • C R → S → Q
  • D S → R → Q

Question 11

Question
Where does haemoglobin become oxyhaemoglobin?
Answer
  • A heart
  • B kidneys
  • C liver
  • D lungs

Question 12

Question
What is the correct sequence for blood being pumped from the heart to the lungs?
Answer
  • A left atrium → left ventricle → pulmonary artery
  • B left atrium → left ventricle → pulmonary vein
  • C right atrium → right ventricle → pulmonary artery
  • D right atrium → right ventricle → pulmonary vein

Question 13

Question
 Why is the circulatory system of mammals described as a double circulation?
Answer
  • A Blood flows firstly through arteries and then through veins.
  • B Blood flows through the heart twice on one complete circuit of the body.
  • C In the heart, blood flows firstly through atria and then through ventricles.
  • D The atria and the ventricles contract alternately.

Question 14

Question
Which substance is transported by haemoglobin?
Answer
  • A nitrogen
  • B oxygen
  • C urea
  • D water

Question 15

Question
The diagram shows human blood as seen through a light microscope. A person’s blood is unable to clot. Which component of the blood is not functioning properly?
Answer
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

Question 16

Question
In which list do all three blood vessels carry oxygenated blood?
Answer
  • A aorta, pulmonary artery, renal artery
  • B aorta, pulmonary vein, renal artery
  • C vena cava, pulmonary artery, renal vein
  • D vena cava, pulmonary vein, renal vein

Question 17

Question
 In a person with a low platelet level, which process is slower than normal?
Answer
  • A antibody formation
  • B blood clotting
  • C oxygen transport
  • D phagocytosis

Question 18

Question
Which blood vessel contains valves?
Answer
  • A arteriole
  • B capillary
  • C renal artery
  • D renal vein

Question 19

Question
When blood is flowing through a vena cava, which main blood vessel will it flow through next?
Answer
  • A hepatic portal vein
  • B hepatic vein
  • C pulmonary artery
  • D pulmonary vein

Question 20

Question
Which heart valves are open and which are closed when blood passes out of the right ventricle towards the lungs?
Answer
  • A bicuspid (mitral) valve closed, tricuspid valve open
  • B bicuspid (mitral) valve open, semi-lunar valve closed
  • C tricuspid valve closed, semi-lunar valve open
  • D tricuspid valve open, bicuspid (mitral) valve open

Question 21

Question
The diagram shows the circulatory system of a mammal. What describes the blood in vessels X and Y?
Answer
  • A X: deoxygenated; Y: deoxygenated
  • B X: deoxygenated; Y: oxygenated
  • C X: oxygenated; Y: deoxygenated
  • D X: oxygenated; Y: oxygenated

Question 22

Question
The diagram shows a double circulatory system. Which vessels carry oxygenated blood?
Answer
  • A 1 and 2
  • B 1 and 4
  • C 2 and 3
  • D 2 and 4

Question 23

Question
The photograph shows two blood cells, X and Y.
Answer
  • A cell X: carries out phagocytosis; cell Y: carries oxygen
  • B cell X: carries oxygen; cell Y: produces antibodies
  • C cell X: carries oxygen; cell Y: carries carbon dioxide
  • D cell X: produces antibodies; cell Y: carries oxygen

Question 24

Question
What shows the sequence of organs through which urea passes as it travels from where it is produced to where it is removed from the blood?
Answer
  • A kidneys → heart → lungs → heart → liver
  • B kidneys → heart → liver → lungs → heart
  • C liver → heart → lungs → heart → kidneys
  • D liver → lungs → heart → kidneys → heart

Question 25

Question
The graph shows the effect of several minutes of vigorous (hard) exercise on heart rate. Which letter on the graph is at a time when the person is doing this exercise?
Answer
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

Question 26

Question
Which blood vessel, if it becomes blocked, could lead directly to a heart attack?
Answer
  • A coronary artery
  • B pulmonary artery
  • C pulmonary vein
  • D vena cava

Question 27

Question
Which diagram shows the human double circulatory system?
Answer
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

Question 28

Question
The centre diagram shows the heart as seen from the front. Which section shows the heart cut through line P-Q?
Answer
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

Question 29

Question
What is the characteristic feature of a double circulation?
Answer
  • A In each circuit, blood passes from the gut to the liver before going back to the heart.
  • B In each circuit, blood passes from the heart to the lungs and then back to the heart before going to other parts of the body.
  • C In each circuit, blood passes through atria and ventricles before going to other parts of the body.
  • D In each circuit, blood passes through the arteries and the capillaries before returning to the heart in veins.

Question 30

Question
Which group contains substances that are all carried in the blood?
Answer
  • A amino acids, carbon dioxide and cellulose
  • B glucose, glycogen and lactic acid
  • C oestrogen, oxygen and starch
  • D salts, testosterone and urea

Question 31

Question
How often must a blood cell in the renal artery pass through the heart before it again reaches the renal artery?
Answer
  • A once
  • B twice
  • C three time
  • D four times

Question 32

Question
The photograph shows human blood cells as seen under a microscope at high power. Which are red cells?
Answer
  • A P and Q
  • B Q and R
  • C R and S
  • D S and P

Question 33

Question
The diagram shows the human heart. Which two chambers contract at the same time?
Answer
  • A W and X
  • B W and Z
  • C X and Z
  • D X and Y

Question 34

Question
The diagram shows a double circulatory system. Which two vessels carry blood at the highest pressure?
Answer
  • A 1 and 2
  • B 1 and 4
  • C 2 and 3
  • D 2 and 4

Question 35

Question
The diagram shows blood as seen under a microscope. Which identifies parts P, Q, R and S of the blood?
Answer
  • A plasma: P, platelet: Q, white blood cell: R, red blood cell: S.
  • B plasma: Q, platelet: P, white blood cell: S, red blood cell: R.
  • C plasma: R, platelet: S, white blood cell: Q, red blood cell: P.
  • D plasma: S, platelet: R, white blood cell: P, red blood cell: Q.

Question 36

Question
The diagram shows part of the human circulatory system. Which part carries oxygenated blood at low pressure?
Answer
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D