APUSH End-of-Year Cram Exam: Set 2

Nathaniel Rodriguez
Quiz by Nathaniel Rodriguez, updated more than 1 year ago
Nathaniel Rodriguez
Created by Nathaniel Rodriguez over 3 years ago
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Description

10 More AP-Styled Multiple Choice Questions, prepared with passages and connections between ideas and events throughout history.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
The following question is based on the following passage: ------------ "It is emphatically the province and duty of the judicial department to say what the law is. Those who apply the rule to particular cases, must of necessity expound and interpret that rule. If two laws conflict with each other, the courts must decide on the operation of each." -Chief Justice John Marshall, Marbury v. Madison majority opinion, 1803. ------------ What was the overall impact of this decision among the federal government?
Answer
  • The power of the judicial branch was vastly increased.
  • The power of the executive branch was vastly increased.
  • The power of the legislative branch was vastly increased.
  • The power of state governments were vastly increased.

Question 2

Question
The following question is based on the following passage: ------------ "It is emphatically the province and duty of the judicial department to say what the law is. Those who apply the rule to particular cases, must of necessity expound and interpret that rule. If two laws conflict with each other, the courts must decide on the operation of each." -Chief Justice John Marshall, Marbury v. Madison majority opinion, 1803. ------------ Which of the following represents this idea being used against other branches of the federal government?
Answer
  • The Insular Cases, which confirmed tariff use on U.S. territories.
  • Northern Securities Co. v. U.S., which reinforced the Sherman Anti-Trust Act.
  • Roe v. Wade, which ruled that states could not restrict abortions during the first trimester of pregnancy.
  • Clinton v. Jones, which ruled against "temporary immunity" from lawsuits outside the realm of official duties.

Question 3

Question
This question is based on the following two passages: ----------- "The alarming development and aggressiveness of great capitalists and corporations, unless checked, will inevitably lead to the pauperization and hopeless degradation of the toiling masses. It is imperative, if we desire to enjoy the full blessings of life, that a check be placed upon unjust accumulation, and the power for evil of aggregated wealth. This much-desired object can be accomplished only by the united efforts of those who obey the divine injunction, 'In the sweat of they face shalt thou eat bread.'" -Preamble, Constitution of the Knights of Labor, 1885. ------------ "We are born in a Pullman house. We are fed from a Pullman shop, taught in a Pullman school, catechized in the Pullman church and when we die we shall be buried in a Pullman cemetery and go to a Pullman hell." -Pullman employee on life in a Pullman town, 1883. ------------ These excerpts highlight what defining characteristic in this era?
Answer
  • Waves of migrant labor and resulting work conditions.
  • Conflict between capitalists and unions.
  • The rise and dominance of "big business."
  • Federal stance of laissez-faire economics.

Question 4

Question
This question is based on the following two passages: ----------- "The alarming development and aggressiveness of great capitalists and corporations, unless checked, will inevitably lead to the pauperization and hopeless degradation of the toiling masses. It is imperative, if we desire to enjoy the full blessings of life, that a check be placed upon unjust accumulation, and the power for evil of aggregated wealth. This much-desired object can be accomplished only by the united efforts of those who obey the divine injunction, 'In the sweat of they face shalt thou eat bread.'" -Preamble, Constitution of the Knights of Labor, 1885. ------------ "We are born in a Pullman house. We are fed from a Pullman shop, taught in a Pullman school, catechized in the Pullman church and when we die we shall be buried in a Pullman cemetery and go to a Pullman hell." -Pullman employee on life in a Pullman town, 1883. ------------ What most directly conflicts with the ideas expressed by the Knights of Labor?
Answer
  • Huey Long's "Share Our Wealth" program.
  • The political structure of Quaker colonies, such as in Pennsylvania.
  • Reaganomics.
  • Carnegie's "Gospel of Wealth."

Question 5

Question
This question is based on the following two passages: ----------- "The alarming development and aggressiveness of great capitalists and corporations, unless checked, will inevitably lead to the pauperization and hopeless degradation of the toiling masses. It is imperative, if we desire to enjoy the full blessings of life, that a check be placed upon unjust accumulation, and the power for evil of aggregated wealth. This much-desired object can be accomplished only by the united efforts of those who obey the divine injunction, 'In the sweat of they face shalt thou eat bread.'" -Preamble, Constitution of the Knights of Labor, 1885. ------------ "We are born in a Pullman house. We are fed from a Pullman shop, taught in a Pullman school, catechized in the Pullman church and when we die we shall be buried in a Pullman cemetery and go to a Pullman hell." -Pullman employee on life in a Pullman town, 1883. ------------ What groups of people would not have supported the ideas expressed in either of these passages?
Answer
  • Republicans
  • Democrats
  • Socialists
  • Populists

Question 6

Question
This question is based on the following passage: ------------ "And you children that are unconverted, don't you know that you are going down to hell, to bear the dreadful wrath of that God that is now angry with you every day, and every night? Will you be content to be the children of the devil, when so many other children in the land are converted, and are become the holy and happy children of the King of kings? And let everyone that is yet out of Christ, and hanging over the pit of hell, whether they be old men and women, or middle aged, or young people, or little children, now hearken to the loud calls of God's Word and providence." -Jonathan Edwards, "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God," 1739. ------------ This sermon best represents the change from:
Answer
  • erudite sermons to strict Calvinism
  • Puritanism to Calvinism
  • emotional preaching to erudite sermons
  • erudite sermons to emotional preaching

Question 7

Question
This question is based on the following passage: ------------ "And you children that are unconverted, don't you know that you are going down to hell, to bear the dreadful wrath of that God that is now angry with you every day, and every night? Will you be content to be the children of the devil, when so many other children in the land are converted, and are become the holy and happy children of the King of kings? And let everyone that is yet out of Christ, and hanging over the pit of hell, whether they be old men and women, or middle aged, or young people, or little children, now hearken to the loud calls of God's Word and providence." -Jonathan Edwards, "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God," 1739. ------------ This type of preaching had the greatest effect on:
Answer
  • wealthy elites.
  • farmers.
  • lawmakers.
  • the founding fathers.

Question 8

Question
This question is based on the following passage: ------------ "It is impossible to read the history of the petty republics of Greece and Italy without feeling sensations of horror and disgust at the distractions with which they were continually agitated, and at the rapid succession of revolutions by which they were kept in a state of perpetual vibration between the extremes of tyranny and anarchy. If they exhibit occasional calms, these only serve as short-lived contrast to the furious storms that are to succeed." -Alexander Hamilton, The Federalist Papers No. 9, 1787. ------------ Hamilton is making what a reference to what factor of American government during this time?
Answer
  • The weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.
  • Possible violent reaction to the new Constitution.
  • The threat of foreign invasion just after the American Revolution.
  • The rise of tyrannical rulers if the Articles of Confederation were to be replaced.

Question 9

Question
This question is based on the following passage: ------------ "It is impossible to read the history of the petty republics of Greece and Italy without feeling sensations of horror and disgust at the distractions with which they were continually agitated, and at the rapid succession of revolutions by which they were kept in a state of perpetual vibration between the extremes of tyranny and anarchy. If they exhibit occasional calms, these only serve as short-lived contrast to the furious storms that are to succeed." -Alexander Hamilton, The Federalist Papers No. 9, 1787. ------------ What group of people during this time period would agree with Hamilton's views?
Answer
  • Rural farmers.
  • Urban merchants.
  • Wealthy bankers.
  • Puritans and Quakers.

Question 10

Question
This question is based on the following passage: ------------ "It is impossible to read the history of the petty republics of Greece and Italy without feeling sensations of horror and disgust at the distractions with which they were continually agitated, and at the rapid succession of revolutions by which they were kept in a state of perpetual vibration between the extremes of tyranny and anarchy. If they exhibit occasional calms, these only serve as short-lived contrast to the furious storms that are to succeed." -Alexander Hamilton, The Federalist Papers No. 9, 1787. ------------ Which of these historical events or ideas support Hamilton's claim?
Answer
  • Andrew Jackson's handling of the Nullification Crisis.
  • Harry Truman's "Truman Doctrine."
  • Theodore Roosevelt's "Big Stick" Diplomacy.
  • George Washington's handling of the Whiskey Rebellion.
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