Abnormal Uterine Bleeding/ Amenorrhea/ Hyperandrogenic Disorders

Mary L
Quiz by , created about 3 years ago

bleeding/endocrine disorders

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Mary L
Created by Mary L about 3 years ago
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Question 1

Question
The normal cycle length is [blank_start]21 to 35 days[blank_end]. The normal length of menstrual flow is [blank_start]2 to 7 days[blank_end]. The normal amount of menstrual blood loss is [blank_start]20 - 60 ml[blank_end].
Answer
  • 21 to 35 days
  • 20 to 30 days
  • 21 to 30
  • 18 to 35
  • 2 to 8 days
  • 1 to 8 days
  • 3 to 9 days
  • 4 to 7 days
  • 20 - 80 ml
  • 10 - 90 ml
  • 20 - 40 ml
  • 10 - 100 ml

Question 2

Question
Abnormal uterine bleeding is defined as any of the following except
Answer
  • frequency of menses
  • duration of flow
  • amount of blood loss
  • pain with menstruation
  • bleeding between periods

Question 3

Question
Broad classifications of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding include Ovulatory and Anovulatory. Accurate terminology includes the following terms: check all that apply
Answer
  • acute uterine bleeding
  • menorrhagia
  • heavy menstrual bleeding
  • polymenorrhea
  • prolonged menstrual bleeding
  • oligomenorrhea
  • menometrorhagia

Question 4

Question
All of the following complaints may be classified as Abnormal Uterine Bleeding except:
Answer
  • 16 yo dancer who is concerned because she only gets her period every 60 days
  • 49 yo who reports reports heavy uterine bleeding and that her last period before this episode was 18 months ago
  • 25 year old who complains that she has spotting requiring the use of a light pad usually for 1-2 days between periods most months
  • 29 yo who has severe cramps with regular menstrual cycle and menses lasting for 9 days each month

Question 5

Question
When the etiology of AUB is structural, the most common cause is
Answer
  • polyps
  • fibroids
  • ectopic pregnancy
  • traumatic injury

Question 6

Question
Choose all of the risk factors for endometrial cancer:
Answer
  • Age > 35
  • anovulation
  • PCOS
  • family hx of endometrial cancer
  • grandmultiparity
  • new onset of heavy, irregular bleeding, particularly after menopause
  • BMI <25
  • tamoxifen

Question 7

Question
In the PALM-COEIN classification, PALM stands for:
Answer
  • Polymenorrhea, amenorrhea, Leukorrhea, and Metrorrhagia
  • Polymenorrhea, amenorrhea, Leukorrhea, and Menorrhagia
  • Polyps, Adenomyosis, Leiomyoma, Malignant and Premalignant
  • Polyps, Adenomyosis, Leiomyoma, Menorrhagia

Question 8

Question
In the PALM-COEIN classification, COIEN stands for:
Answer
  • Coagulapathy, Ovulatory dysfunction, Endometrial, Iatrogenic, Not classified
  • Coagulapathy, Ovulatory dysfunction, Endometrial, Immunologic, Neoplasia
  • Coagulapathy, Ovulatory dysfunction, Endemic, Iatrogenic, Neoplasia
  • Coagulapathy, Ovulatory dysfunction, Endometrial, Immunologic, Not classified

Question 9

Question
AUB that is ovulatory is likely the result of endocrine process in which estrogen is stimulating endometrial growth without progesterone opposition, then is sloughed only once the endometrium outgrows its blood supply/loses nutrients.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 10

Question
A 41 yo female presents with a complaint of heavy but regular periods occuring at her usual 29-30 intervals. She states that her last period was very heavy and lasted for 8 days. She has had no problems with abdominal pain, menstrual cramping or pain with sex. She does occasionally feel some pressure in her pubic area. Expected pelvic examination findings with this client would include:
Answer
  • diffusely enlarged uterus
  • irregularly enlarged uterus
  • fixed retroverted uterus
  • prolapsed uterus

Question 11

Question
You have prescribed your patient the first line therapy for her AUB, you tell her that you are prescribing
Answer
  • continuous COCs and that it can take up to 3 months to be effective.
  • Cyclic COCs and that she should results after 1 month treatment.
  • NSAIDS which will help reverse the prostglandin imbalance and be effective within the first 12 hours.
  • Estrogen therapy to calm the hyperactive growth of her uterine lining.

Question 12

Question
Progestins are the first line of treatment for an acute bleeding episode due to a denuded endometrium because it will stimulate the synthesis of PgF2 alpha which is vasoconstrictive.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 13

Question
A woman brings her daughter in to see you because she is not menstruating. You would evaluate her for all of the following except:
Answer
  • primary amenorrhea because she is 16 years, 7 months old and has never menstruated
  • primary amenorrhea because she is 14, has no breast budding, no pubic and has never menstruated
  • nothing because she is a 17 year old with previous regular periods, but they stopped after joining cross country team six months ago. this is secondary amenorrhea and you know that this is not uncommon for athletes
  • nothing because she is a 17 year old and had regular periods, but she started taking depo and her periods stopped. Secondary amenorrhea is a normal side effect of depo.

Question 14

Question
You suspect that your patient's AUB is annovulatory so you order _________ to confirm the diagnosis.
Answer
  • serum progesterone on day 1 of her cycle
  • serum progesterone on day 22 of her cycle
  • prolactin
  • quantitative serum hCG

Question 15

Question
The following pts present for AUB. Match their complaints with the supplemental labs you would order: [blank_start]TSH[blank_end] - hair loss, cold intolerance [blank_start]Prolactin[blank_end] - headaches and peripheral vision changes [blank_start]PTT/PT[blank_end] - easy bruising, heavy periods [blank_start]Progesterone[blank_end] - irregular bleeding
Answer
  • Prolactin
  • TSH
  • Progesterone
  • PTT/PT

Question 16

Question
A client comes in asking more about GnRH agonists, you could tell her all of the following except:
Answer
  • They are appropriate for short term use while a woman is awaiting surgical treatment for her heavy bleeding.
  • They should not be used long term because of menopausal side effects including negative impact on bone density
  • They are a first line therapy for women who are anemic
  • There is an estridiol "flare" that occurs around day 5, accompanied by heavy bleeding that lasts for several days.

Question 17

Question
In evaluating a client for primary amenorrhea, you administer a progesterone challenge test. Check off all the following things that are true for this test
Answer
  • You administer micronized progesterone 400mg daily X10 days, medroxyprogesterone acetate 5-10mg daily for 5-10 days, or progesterone in oil 200mg IM
  • If the challenge is positive, should should observe a withdrawal bleed while taking the progesterone.
  • If the challenge is positive, it confirms that the client has functioning ovaries which produce enough circulating endogenous estrogen
  • If the challenge is positive, it confirms rules out an obstruction of the genital tract
  • If the challenge is negative, it confirms exercise induced annovulation.

Question 18

Question
The Rotterdam PCOS Consensus Group requires 2 of the following 3 criteria to diagnose PCOS EXCEPT:
Answer
  • oligo- or annovulation
  • Clinical and/or biochemical signs of hyperandrogenism
  • polycystic ovaries
  • exclusion of other androgen excess or related disorders