Practice Exam 1

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Quiz by , created almost 6 years ago

Psych 101 Quiz on Practice Exam 1, created by mjheg on 02/05/2013.

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Question 1

Question
The notion that health is governed by a complex interaction of biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors is referred to as the:
Answer
  • Medical Model
  • Multifactoral Model
  • Biopsychosocial Model
  • Interactive Model

Question 2

Question
Which of the following is not a method for practicing focus and flow?
Answer
  • Meditation
  • Mindfulness
  • Imagery
  • Analysis
  • Refocusing Plan

Question 3

Question
What percentage of psychology majors do not go into a psychology-related career?
Answer
  • 10-20%
  • 40-50%
  • 60-70%
  • 80-90%

Question 4

Question
As a sports psychologist, what would you suggest to a client who is having trouble with "choking" during his baseball games?
Answer
  • Think ahead and balance what is happening at the moment with what may happen later on
  • Analyze and evaluate mistakes
  • Practice Mindfulness-Acceptance Commitment
  • Practice Zone-Commitment exercises
  • Question the trustworthiness of his automatic reactions

Question 5

Question
Stereotypes:
Answer
  • Are widely held beliefs that people have certain characteristics because of their membership in a particular group
  • Reflect normal cognitive processes that frequently are automatic
  • Tend to be broad overgeneralizations that ignore the diversity within social groups
  • All of the above

Question 6

Question
Ron Swanson tells Leslie Knope that the best place to get a flat tire is on a country road as compared to a highway. This advice relates to the psychological idea of
Answer
  • groupthink because she is put into danger by the large crowd of a highway
  • bystander effect because she is less likely to get help on the highway full of people
  • polarization because the drivers on a highway will be less likely to help her
  • observational learning because a driver on an empty country road is more likely to notice her

Question 7

Question
A father suggests that his son's low marks in school are due to the child's laziness. The father has made __________ attribution.
Answer
  • an external
  • an internal
  • a situational
  • a high consensus
  • a judgemental

Question 8

Question
The fundamental attribution error refers to the tendency of
Answer
  • observers to favor external attributions in explaining the behavior of others
  • observers to favor internal attributions in explaining the behavior of others
  • actors to favor external attributions in explaining the behavior of others
  • actors to favor internal attributions in explaining their behavior

Question 9

Question
Harry Potter wants very badly to ask Cho Chang for a date, but he is afraid to risk rejection. He is experiencing:
Answer
  • an approach-avoidance conflict
  • an avoidance-avoidance conflict
  • optimized arousal
  • conformity pressure

Question 10

Question
The four principal types of stress are
Answer
  • frustration, conflict, pressure, and anxiety
  • frustration, anger, pressure, and change
  • anger, anxiety, depression, and annoyance
  • frustration, conflict, pressure, and change
  • annoyance, change, anxiety, conflict, anger

Question 11

Question
The Kitty Genovese murder was infamous because 39 neighbors saw the brutal attack, and yet no one came to her aid or called the police. This is an example of
Answer
  • groupthink
  • bystander effect
  • conformity
  • obedience

Question 12

Question
Which of the following is not a strategy for performing at your peak?
Answer
  • Goal-setting
  • Imagery/Stimulation
  • Sufficient amount of distractions
  • Automatic coping skills
  • Thought control strategies

Question 13

Question
All of the following are differences between psychologists and therapists/counselors except
Answer
  • Salary
  • Experience and training
  • Ability to prescribe medicines
  • Employability and demand
  • Psychological testing

Question 14

Question
The results of Milgram's study imply that
Answer
  • in the real world, most people will refuse to follow orders to inflict harm on a stranger.
  • many people will obey an authority figure even if innocent people get hurt.
  • most people are willing to give obviously wrong answers when ordered to do so.
  • most people stick to their own judgment, even when group members unanimously agree.

Question 15

Question
Cathy is an average freshman at UNC and is getting stressed about rushing sororities, but she can't seem to be cheerful at the events because of the distress over her and her boyfriend's breakup. She turns to alcohol and hardcore partying with friends to cope; she also thinks it will help her to win a bid if she seems like a fun partyer. She is most likely to head down the pathway of
Answer
  • Anger-Dependence
  • Deviance-Proneness
  • Stress-Negative
  • Anxiety-Negative
  • Pressure-Acceptance

Question 16

Question
Which of the following variables does not tend to facilitate persuasion?
Answer
  • Source credibility
  • Source trustworthiness
  • Forewarning of the receiver
  • A two-sided argument

Question 17

Question
Miley Sirus had too much fun and too much to drink at the house party tonight. She is having trouble walking, experiencing disorientation, and couldn't feel it when she ran into the cab car. She is most likely has a BAC level of
Answer
  • .08
  • .13-.15
  • .16-.19
  • .21

Question 18

Question
Cognitive dissonance theory predicts that after people engage in behavior that contradicts their true feelings, they will:
Answer
  • convince themselves they didn't really perform the behavior
  • change their attitude to make it more consistent with their behavior
  • change their attitude to make it less consistent with their behavior
  • do nothing
  • eat a bucket of cookie dough ice cream and cry

Question 19

Question
Groupthink occurs when members of a cohesive group
Answer
  • are initially unanimous about an issue
  • stress the importance of caution in group decision making
  • emphasize the occurrence at the expense of critical thinking in arriving at a decision
  • shift toward a less extreme position after group discussion
  • All of the above

Question 20

Question
Lord Tyrion really dislikes Little Finger. After a late night discussion with some female "companions" who also dislike him, the group has deepened their hate for the former Master of Coin even further. This an example of
Answer
  • groupthink
  • group polarization
  • group cohesiveness
  • bystander effect

Question 21

Question
The natural yielding to social pressure was exhibited by the
Answer
  • Asch Experiment
  • Milgram Experiment
  • Marshall Erikson Experiment
  • Olds and Milner Experiment
  • Freud Experiment

Question 22

Question
Which of the following is not an example of a common DSM-IV Symptom?
Answer
  • Tolerance
  • Alcohol use despite social problems
  • Drinking more and longer than intended
  • Withdraw

Question 23

Question
Daryl's dad is a violent alcoholic, and his mother died when he was young. A freshman in high school, Daryl began skipping classes to hang out with his new group of friends who are very into underage drinking and smoking. He has been failing his classes, but his father is too much of a wreck to care. Which pathway is Daryl headed down?
Answer
  • Stress-Negative
  • Deviance-Proneness
  • Apathy-Learned
  • Relation-Positive
  • Pressure-Proneness